chemical formula for cholesterol is C27H45O-H. A monohydric
alcohol. The most abundant steroid in animal tissues, especially
in bile and gallstones; used as an emulsifying agent.
Hypercholesterolemia is an excessive amount of cholesterol in the
blood. About 80% of total body cholesterol is manufactured in the
liver, the other 20% is from dietary sources. The body produces
cholesterol because it is necessary in building cell membranes
and sex hormones, and it aids in digestion. Cholesterol becomes a
problem when excess of low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) are
present in the body. It is this excess of LDLs that can trigger
the formation of placque on artery walls. High density
lipoproteins (HDLs) are good because they sweep the body clean of excess
cholesterol. If the body has too little HDL or too much LDL,
there can be a problem. The levels of these substances are
greatly influenced by diet. Vegetarians have low LDL, while exercise,
vitamin C, and niacin elevate the good HDL.
It is generally healthier to have a total cholesterol reading
of less than 200 (combining both HDL and LDL), and the higher the
HDL fraction the better. If the HDL level is 80 and the LDL level
is 120, you are considered low risk for heart disease. As the HDL
level decreases, your potential for heart problems intensifies,
even if the total is on the low side. An HDL level under 35 is
Cholesterol is insoluble in water. It must be attached to a
protein in order for it to be carried in the blood. This link to
a protein is called a lipoprotein.
in cholesterol-containing foods is dangerous, causing elevated
blood cholesterol and triglycerides. These fats produce
placque-filled arteries that impede flow of blood to the brain,
kidneys, genitals, extremities, and the heart. High cholesterol
levels are the major cause of heart disease, fatty deposits in
the arteries , and cerebrovascular and
cardiac insufficiency. Also, high cholesterol is implicated in
gallstones, impotence, mental impairment, and high blood pressure.
Cholesterol, a yellowish, wax-like substance closely related
to fat, is obtained from eating animal products. The body
produces about 1000 mg. of cholesterol per day, while the average
American diet supplies another 500-900 mg. This is 2 or 3 times
more than should be eaten. Only 300 mg. per day should be eaten.
Even if there were no cholesterol in our diet, the liver, and to
a lesser degree the body cells, would produce enough cholesterol
for all the normal body functions.
Other factors that also play an important part in high blood
Lack of proper exercise
A diet high in saturated fatty acids
Sugar - high intake of sucrose
Age and sex - higher cholesterol levels are found in males and
High blood pressure
- Coenzyme Q10, taken 60 mg. per day,
improves heart function and improves circulation.
- Garlic capsules, 2 capsules 3 times per
day, helps lower cholesterol levels and blood pressure.
- Vitamin C, 3,000-6,000 mg. in divided
doses per day, improves adrenal function, lowers cholesterol
levels and reduces blood-clotting tendencies.
- Lecithin, taken as directed on the
label, emulsifies fat, improving liver function and
lowering cholesterol levels and blood pressure.
- Oat bran helps to lower cholesterol and
supplies needed fiber.
- Vitamin E, 200-1,000 IU, increase dosage
slowly, improves heart function and circulation.
- Kelp tablets, 5 tablets per day, is a
good source of minerals and natural iodine.
- Vitamin B complex, 100 mg. twice daily,
is important to circulatory function and for lowering
- Lipotropic factors, taken as directed on
the label, prevents fat deposits.
- Niacin (B3), 500 mg. per day, lowers
cholesterol (niacinamide is not effective).
- Plantain, narrow-leaved
- Honysuckle, Japanese
- Corn, oil
- Peanuts and oil
- Safflower oil
- Sunflower oil
- Olive oil
- Older people should take a walk daily outdoors, breathing
the fresh air for the added oxygen as they exercise.
- Oat bran and brown rice bran are the best foods for
lowering cholesterol. Since fiber absorbs the minerals
from the food it is in, take extra minerals separate from
- Meat and dairy products are the main offenders since they
contain high levels of cholesterol. Coffee, stress, and
sustained tension raise the serum cholesterol. Alcohol,
steroids, oral contraceptives, Lasix and other diuretics,
and L-Dopa (medication for Parkinsons disease) are
a few of the many drugs that elevate blood cholesterol.
- No salt, heated fats, or supermarket oils should be
eaten. Avoid red meats, animal products, white bread,
coffee, tea, alcohol, or tobacco. Reduce the amount of
fats in the diet. Make sure to take in plenty of fiber in
the form of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. A good
exercise program is very important. Carrot juice helps
flush fat from the bile in the liver and this helps lower
cholesterol. Vegetables and fruits are free of
cholesterol unless, in preparing for a meal, fats or
other cholesterol substances are used.
- Sometimes people use margarine or vegetable oils because
they contain no cholesterol, but once these are heated
and ingested, the system is overwhelmed by deadly fats.
- Cream substitutes (nondairy cream), are poor alternatives
to cholesterol heavy dairy products because many contain
coconut oil, which is a highly saturated fat. Soy or
almond milk is preferred.
- Pure virgin olive oil helps reduce serum cholesterol.
- Good fats are polyunsaturated fats. These are all
vegetable fats that are liquid at room temperature.
Examples of these are: olive oil, nuts, seeds, soybeans,
black currant oil, and flaxseed.
- The fats that should be avoided are saturated fats, which
are of animal origin: hydrogenated fats such as coconut
oil and palm kernel oils; and hardened fats and oils such
as margarine, lard, and butter.
- Some scientists claim that as the coffee consumed rises,
the amount of cholesterol in the blood goes up
- Saturated fatty acids are solid at room temperature.
These raise the blood cholesterol level and contributes
to the hardening of arteries. Monounsaturated fatty
acids are found in peanuts, peanut butter and oil,
avocados, olives and olive oil, most nuts including
cashews, pecans, and Brazil nuts, regular margarine, and
vegetable shortening. These reduce the total blood
cholesterol (reduce the LDL level leaving the HDL nearly
untouched. Polyunsaturated fatty acids are usually liquid
at room temperature. These are found in plant oils such
as corn, safflower, cotton seed, and sunflower oil, and
in salad dressings made from these oils. Exceptions to
this rule are coconut and palm oil, which are high in
saturated fatty acids. Polyunsaturated fatty acids tend
to lower the level of blood cholesterol, thus helping to
prevent strokes, coronary artery disease, and
There are home diagnostics kits available with new
finger-stick testing for cholesterol. Always check with the
doctor when high cholesterol is suspected.
A number of drugs lower blood cholesterol, but physicians have
been warned by drug companies of their serious side effects. Only
as a last resort should these drugs be used. Some cholesterol lowering
drugs can provoke or worsen psoriasis.
Many fast food restaurants use beef tallow (fat) in their
hamburgers, fish, chicken, and French-fries producing highly
toxic chemical substances in these foods.
There are claims that charcoal lowers cholesterol levels. Do
not consume activated charcoal daily because it also absorbs the
good nutrients. Do not take charcoal with other medication.