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ROCKY MOUNTAIN REGION DISASTER MENTAL HEALTH INSTITUTE

ROCKY MOUNTAIN REGION DISASTER MENTAL HEALTH INSTITUTE

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Learning From The Past and Planning For The Future

WILDLAND FIRE INFORMATION

WILDFIRE INFORMATION AND RESOURCES

FIRE CAREER ASSISTANCE
http://www.firecareerassist.com

Fire Department & EMS jobs are everywhere. YOU just need to know what is available to be successful. We have helped Firefighters, Paramedics, EMT's, Fire Reserves & aspiring Firefighters find the right job opportunities. We cover all firefighter positions as well as wildland openings & EMS positions. Join now & get the advantage you need!

NATIONAL INTERAGENCY FIRE CENTER
http://www.nifc.gov

The National Interagency Fire Center (NIFC) in Boise, Idaho is the nation’s support center for wildland firefighting. Seven federal agencies call NIFC home and work together to coordinate and support wildland fire and disaster operations. These agencies include the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Bureau of Land Management, Forest Service, Fish and Wildlife Service, National Park Service, National Weather Service, and Office of Aircraft Services.

WILDFIRE NEWS
http://www.wildfirenews.com

Wildfire headlines, situation reports, archival reports and links to quite a few sites with unique and useful information and contacts. Lots of background information.

HENSEL FIRE INFORMATION PAGE - LARAMIE PEAK
http://wildfires.nwcg.gov/wyoming/hensel/index.html

Incident information about the Hensel Fire by Laramie Peak in northeast Albany County, WY. Potential for spread remains high and will persist until the fire area receives significant precipitation. Burnout on the southeast corner progressed with favorable winds. Blackhawk helicopters from the Wyoming National Guard arrived Sunday and on Monday. Fire containment could occur by June 30 under weather conditions predicted for the next few days. Thunderstorms in the fire area brought increased wind and lightning. Helicopters bringing slingloads to the line to support crews spiking out became a priority when it appeared that air operations may be shut down due to the thunderstorms in the area.

USDA FOREST SERVICE - FIRE AND AVIATION MANAGEMENT
http://www.fs.fed.us/fire/fire_new

The Fire and Aviation Management part of the USDA Forest Service is a diverse group of people working to advance technologies in fire management and suppression, maintain and improve the extremely efficient mobilization and tracking systems in place, and reach out in support of our Federal, State, and International fire partners.

SATELLITE OBSERVATIONS OF FOREST FIRES
http://fermi.jhuapl.edu/avhrr/gallery/fire/fire.html

Part of the The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Ocean Remote Sensing Group. These observations may be accessed by when they occurred or where they occurred. Unfortunately time did not permit complete examination of all available data, some significant fires are not included, some very small fires are. However this web site will give a good idea of what kind of observations are possible with the NOAA weather satellite AVHRR sensors.

NIFC - CURRENT WILDLAND FIRE INFORMATION
http://www.nifc.gov/information.html

This site was created by the National Interagency Fire Center. NIFC, Current Wildland Fire Information, National Interagency Coordination Center, Links to Related Sites, Prevention & Education, Safety, Science & Technology.

GEOSPATIAL MULTI-AGENCY COORDINATION GROUP
http://wildfire.usgs.gov

Links to Wildland Fire Manager Pages.

FIRE AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH APPLICATIONS TEAM
http://www.fs.fed.us/pnw/fera/

News from the Forefront of Fire and Smoke Research. Details about FERA's research funded through the National Fire Plan. Publications, articles, climate and environmental information, current research and related links.

FEMA - FACT SHEET: WILDLAND FIRES
http://www.fema.gov/library/wildlanf.htm

The threat of wildland fires for people living near wildland areas or using recreational facilities in wilderness areas is real. Advance planning and knowing how to protect buildings in these areas can lessen the devastation of a wildland fire.

NOVA - FIRE WARS
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/fire/

the companion Web site to "Fire Wars," originally broadcast on May 7, 2002. In the program, NOVA accompanies the men and women of a wildland firefighting crew known as the Arrowhead Hotshots as they battle one of the most destructive wildfire seasons ever, the summer of 2000.

WASHINGTON - FOREST FIRE PREVENTION
http://www.wa.gov/dnr/htdocs/rp/prevent.htm

The Department of Natural Resources is responsible for wildfire protection on 12 million acres of private and state forest land. While fire can play a beneficial role in the forest ecosystem, it can be a destructive force that endangers our natural resources, our property, and even our lives.

CANADIAN WILDLAND FIRE INFORMATION SYSTEM
http://www.nofc.forestry.ca/fire/cwfis/

Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System, links to related Canadian sites, International Forest Fire Danger Rating, Canadian Forest Service National Forest Fire Situation Reports.

FIRE MANAGEMENT NETWORK
http://nofc.forestry.ca/fire/

The Fire Research Network (FRN) is one of 10 Science and Technology Research Networks of the Canadian Forest Service (CFS) of Natural Resources Canada (NRCan).

FOREST FIRE LOOKOUT ASSOCIATION
http://www.firelookout.org/about.htm

The Forest Fire Lookout Association (FFLA), founded in 1990, is an organization involved in research of former forest fire lookout sites, ground cabins and early forest fire detection methods. Anecdotes of Lookout operators both past and present are documented. The organization encourages efforts of public groups and others in the restoration of forest fire lookouts.

MSN ENCARTA - FOREST FIRES
http://encarta.msn.com/find.concise.asp?ti=048FD000

WOODS ABLAZE
http://whyfiles.news.wisc.edu/018forest_fire/

To an increasing number of homeowners, wildfires are a threat to life and limb. But to an increasing number of scientists and land managers, they're a part of nature that can be postponed but not denied. This edition of The Why Files examines the role of fire in natural systems, and the role of science in understanding wildfires.

SIMULATING FOREST FIRES - NCAR
http://www.scd.ucar.edu/vg/FIRE/ClarkFire.html

A numerical model of an explosive forest fire.

GLOBAL FIRE MONITORING CENTER
http://www.ruf.uni-freiburg.de/fireglobe/

The GFMC is an Activity of the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR)

US FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE - FIRE MANAGEMENT
http://fire.r9.fws.gov

The Fire Management Branch is a branch within the Division of Refuges, Washington Office. The Branch is located at the National Interagency Fire Center, Boise, Idaho, with the other wildland fire management cooperators from BLM, BIA, NPS and US Forest Service. The Branch is responsible for overall staff direction for the Service's fire management program which includes preparedness, fire use, suppression and emergency fire rehabilitation, which functions to support the Service missions. The Branch develops policy, operational procedures and standards, provides program oversight through the review process, is the lead and coordinator for national interagency involvements, represents the Service on the national interagency Multiagency Coordination Group (MAC Group) and serves as the contact for the Department's Fire Program Coordinator.

CANADIAN FOREST FIRE WEATHER INDEX SYSTEM
http://www.nofc.forestry.ca/fire/cwfis/fwi

The Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index (FWI) System consists of six components that account for the effects of fuel moisture and wind on fire behavior. The first three components are fuel moisture codes and are numerical ratings of the moisture content of litter and other fine fuels, the average moisture content of loosely compacted organic layers of moderate depth, and the average moisture content of deep, compact organic layers. The remaining three components are fire behavior indexes which represent the rate of fire spread, the fuel available for combustion, and the frontal fire intensity; their values rise as the fire danger increases.

COLORADO STATE FOREST SERVICE - FIRE DIVISION
http://www.colostate.edu/Depts/CSFS/fire/csfsfire.html

The CSFS Fire Division's program activities have two goals: 1) protection of people and the environment from damaging wildfires, and 2) the safe use of fire to help meet the needs of the resources and society. The program covers over 25 million acres of private and state watershed lands. Service is provided through outreach, technical assistance, and support. The program operates on a highly coordinated, cooperative basis with local, private, state, federal, and tribal partners. Specific program areas include Wildland/Urban Interface, Prescribed Fire, Fire Training, Suppression Coordination, Fire Information and Education, and Wildfire Equipment.

WESTERN FOREST FIRE RESEARCH CENTER
http://www.cnr.colostate.edu/FS/westfire/progpage.html

The Western Forest Fire Research Center (WESTFIRE) is an interdisciplinary research facility based at Colorado State University (data and maps presented in this home page are from a variety of sources and may not be complete or current).

HOT SHOT PHOTO JOURNAL
http://www.sover.net/~kenandeb/fire/hotshot.html

Follow a U.S. Forest Service Hotshot Crew as they fight forest fires in America's wilderness.

WSFIRE.COM
http://www.wsfire.com

Within the pages of WSFIRE you'll find links to State and Federal Agencies. There are Training Programs and links to resources relating to Emergency Preparedness; Emergency Medical Services; Fire Prevention; and Hazardous Materials.

FIRE NET
http://www.anu.edu.au/Forestry/fire/firenet.html

FireNet is an on-line information service for everyone interested in rural and landscape fires. The service is available via the Internet. The information concerns all aspects of fire science and management - including fire behaviour, fire weather, fire prevention, mitigation and suppression, plant and animal responses to fire and all aspects of fire effects. It should be of interest to professional rural and forest fire managers, educators and trainers, researchers and students working in all aspects of fire, volunteer fire fighters and organisations, and all rural people concerned with fire on the land.

FOREST FIRES RAGE - INDONESIA
http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/briefings/indonesian_forest_fires.html

Forest fires are burning out of control in forest, plantations and scrub-land chiefly in Sumatra and Kalimantan (the Indonesian part of Borneo); it is now estimated that up to 1 million ha is burning. The fires have originated from timber and plantation companies burning land (often illegally) Conditions in the region are unusually dry because of a severe El Nino event, hastening the spread of the fire. In addition, much of the natural forest is very prone to fire because of the effects of heavy logging.

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA ASSOCIATION OF FORESTERS & FIRE WARDENS
http://users.tminet.com/rreiswig/ffw.html

The Southern California Association of Foresters and Fire Wardens hosts a yearly, two-day conference in the mountains of Southern California that is attended by as many as 300 firefighters. Attendees share a common interest in wildland firefighting and are employed by the Southland's CDF, USFS, county and municipal fire departments.

FIRE AND RESOURCE ASSESSMENT PROGRAM
http://frap.cdf.ca.gov/

The California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection's Fire and Resource Assessment Program (FRAP) assesses the amount and extent of California's forests and rangelands, analyzes their conditions and identifies alternative management and policy guidelines.

WILDLAND FIREFIGHTER MAGAZINE
http://www.forestindustry.com/wildlandfirefighter/

Comprehensive fire line news, info about jobs, wildland/urban interface fire fighting, fitness and nutrition, equipment reviews, air ops, strike teams, hotshot crews, smokejumping, contract crews, book reviews ... and much more.

SUNSET MAGAZINE - LIVING WITH WILDFIRE
http://www.findarticles.com/cf_dls/m1216/4_206/72704376/p1/article.jhtml

Last summer's fires were among the nation's worst. Experts believe more destructive fires are in our future. Now is the time to prepare for the coming fire season across the west.

CNN.COM
http://www.cnn.com

News and Weather

WILDFIRES AND DROUGHTS THREATEN HORSE & BURRO HERDS - abcNEWS.com
http://more.abcnews.go.com/sections/us/dailynews/fires_horses000820.html

As wildfires char more than a million acres of the West, conservation officials are trying to save a much-loved part of its heritage: the wild horses and burros.

CHEATGRASS AND WILDFIRES IN THE INTERMOUNTAIN WEST
http://caleppc.org/symposia/95symposium/young.html

Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum L.) has revolutionized most aspects of the ecology of sagebrush (Artemisia) ecosystems in the Intermountain area between the Sierra-Cascade and Rocky Mountains. A great deal has been written concerning cheatgrass in the American west. We will not attempt to review this extensive literature at this time, but refer interested readers to a categorized listing of some of the significant literature on the subject (Table 1). Our purpose is to summarize, from a historical perspective and from our research, aspects of fire ecology in the sagebrush-steppe impacted by cheatgrass.

WILDFIRES CONTINUE TO SCORCH WEST - ABC NEWS
http://abcnews.go.com/sections/us/DailyNews/fires000808.html

Montana’s largest wildfire, the Bitterroot Valley blaze, burned about 200,000 acres last year. Authorities say the flames destroyed more than 50 homes and forced the evacuation of as many as 800 others.

FEMA - CALIFORNIA FIGHTING LARGE WILDFIRES
http://www.fema.gov/nwz98/fire0902.htm

Washington, September 2, 1998 - New wildfire activity has increased significantly over the past several days in Southern California. Firefighters are battling four large fires of 500 acres or greater.

SCIENCE NEWS - WILDFIRES SPREAD ACROSS A PARCHED WEST
http://www.findarticles.com/cf_ds/m1200/7_158/65301540/p1/article.jhtml

Issue: August 12, 2000: Dozens of lightning-sparked wildfires seared the western United States last week, adding hundreds of thousands of acres of charred terrain to a tally that promises to make this fire season the worst in recent decades.

NATIONAL WILDFIRE SUPPRESSION ASSOCIATION
http://www.nwsa.net

NWSA was formed in 1990 and registered in the State of Nevada as a not-for-Profit corporation. NWSA is managed by a member elected Board of Directors who are supported by staff specialist in a variety of fields. NWSA is a voluntary national association consisting of independent contractors who provide a variety of resources, (engines, crews, dozers, tenders, food services, and other specialized equipment) for all types of emergency or pre-emergency incident needs. NWSA is deeply concerned about the preservation, conservation and development of our natural resources. NWSA provides the private contractor a forum for the exchange of information and knowledge about a variety of items. NWSA members have a long history of being a vital part of the national efforts to deal with major incidents. NWSA is very concerned about the safety of personnel on incidents and have an outstanding safety record on incidents.

WILDFIRE EVACUATION STANDS FOR CALIFORNIA TOWN - CNN
http://www.cnn.com/2001/US/08/29/western.fires/index.html

August 29, 2001: About half of the residents of the Weaverville community were under evacuation Wednesday because of a rapidly moving wildfire that has been burning inside city limits.

FORT COLLINS INTERAGENCY WILDFIRE DISPATCH CENTER
http://www.fs.fed.us/arnf/fire/fire.html

Comprehensive links to information about: Northern Front Range Information; Fire Intelligence; Fire Weather; Fire Danger Severity; National Fire Danger Rating System (NFDRS); Remote Access Weather Stations (RAWS); News/Info; FTC Operating Guides/Mobilization Plan; Fire Training; Safety; Aviation; Radio Communications; Hazard Mitigation; Publications/Forms; Research Links; Miscellaneous Links.

LOS ALAMOS REAWAKENS AFTER WILDFIRE - CNN
http://cnn.com/2000/US/05/16/n.mex.fires.02/index.html

May 16, 2000: -- For the first time in more than a week, Los Alamos, New Mexico, came back to life Tuesday, the day after 80 percent of the wildfire-ravaged town was reopened by authorities.

CALIFORNIA WILDFIRE ARTICLE FROM CNN
http://www.cnn.com/US/9810/06/calif.fires.01/

October 6, 1998: Hot, dry Santa Ana winds were expected to pick up speed again Tuesday in Southern California, where wildfires have charred more than 22,000 acres and contributed to two deaths. A fire captain suffered a heart attack, and an air tanker pilot was presumed dead after his plane crashed.

FIRE RESEARCH NETWORK
http://www.nofc.forestry.ca/fire/

The Fire Research Network (FRN) is one of 10 Science and Technology Research Networks of the Canadian Forest Service (CFS) of Natural Resources Canada (NRCan).

TIME.COM - COLORADO WILDFIRES PHOTO ESSAY
http://www.time.com/time/photoessays/coloradofires/

A wildfire engulfs Red Mountain as seen from downtown Glenwood Springs. Authorities ordered the evacuation of several thousand homes as the fast-moving fire in western Colorado roared to the edges of Glenwood Springs Saturday, burning homes and closing a 50-mile stretch of a heavily traveled interstate highway.

WILDFIRE TOTAL GROWS: NEW MONTANA EVACUATION - CNN
http://www.cnn.com/2000/US/08/28/wildfires.02/index.html

August 28, 2000: RED LODGE, Montana -- Confronted by a fast-moving wildfire, hundreds of people were ordered to evacuate their homes in Red Lodge, a resort community in south-central Montana near the Wyoming border. Officials are evaluating whether it will be necessary to clear out the entire town of nearly 1,900.

BBCi - PROGRESS IN COLORADO FIRES FIGHT
http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/americas/newsid_2041000/2041940.stm

Firefighters have reported progress in their battle to extinguish several forest blazes in the US state of Colorado. A change in weather has meant that lighter winds are blowing the flames back on themselves, enabling firefighters to get closer to the flames and raising hopes that they can be brought under control.

WISCONSIN DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES - MOQUAH BARRENS SNA
http://www.dnr.state.wi.us/org/land/er/snas/snas83.htm

Moquah Barrens lies near the eastern edge of an extensive outwash sand plain in northwestern Wisconsin on rolling topography with sandy and sandy loam soils. Jack and red pines are associated with red oak, red maple, trembling aspen, large-toothed aspen, and white birch. Protective management has allowed the forest to close in on the barrens openings, in contrast to adjacent fire-restored barrens. The shrub layer is dominated by serviceberry, dewberry, blueberry, sweetfern, hazel, honeysuckle, and sand cherry, and the groundlayer has an abundance of bracken fern, large-leaved aster, Canada mayflower, wintergreen, and pearly everlasting. Breeding bird surveys have shown a gradual change from open barrens species through successional forest species to the closed-forest preference species now present.

WASHINGTON STATE INSURANCE COMMISSIONER
http://www.insurance.wa.gov/

NOAA - FIRE WEATHER INFORMATION CENTER
http://www.noaa.gov/fireweather/

NOAA's Fire Weather Information Center is a roundup of various NOAA Web sites and information on the latest fire weather forecasts, including satellite images and graphics. Some external links are included for your convenience.

LYNX RUFUS - FEIS
http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/animals/mammal/lyru

Bobcats are very mobile and can probably escape most fires. There are no reports of direct bobcat mortality due to fire [32]. Howard and others [22] saw a bobcat leaving burning brush in California, but found no animals that had been injured or killed by the fire.

ECOLOGY - SEED GERMINATION IN CALIFORNIA CHAPARRAL
http://www.findarticles.com/cf_dls/m2120/n7_v79/21231379/p1/article.jhtml

Wildfires are a natural and widespread feature of temperate ecosystems, and many plant species have seedling recruitment restricted to habitats created by such disturbances (Keeley 1994, Bond and van Wilgen 1996). Life-history approaches to timing of recruitment to postfire conditions include postfire dispersal to the site (e.g., many pines), fire-stimulated flowering leading to second-year recruitment (e.g., most geophytes), or maintenance of seed banks cued by fire. Seed banks accumulate either in serotinous cones and fruits, where seeds are maintained in a quiescent state within the canopy, or in the soil, where deep dormancy delays germination until fire. Many species with soil-stored seeds have evolved barriers to germination that are normally overcome only by fire-related cues.

DISASTER ORDER FOR MONTANA - ABC NEWS
http://abcnews.go.com/sections/us/DailyNews/fires000816.html

August 16: Montana has been the hardest hit by the Western wildfires. There have been 2,000 fires statewide, with more than 400,000 acres currently burning. Across the West, nine new fires were reported today, bringing the total to 96 major blazes burning more than 1 million acres in 13 states. The total number of acres burned this year — almost 5 million — is more than twice the 10-year average, the National Interagency Fire Center reports.

ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT OF ARUNDO DONAX
http://ceres.ca.gov/tadn/Arundo_ecology.html

YELLOWSTONE FIRES AND THEIR LEGACY
http://www.idahonews.com/yellowst/yelofire.htm

the Yellowstone National Park fires of 1988 began their mighty march through paradise, leaving much of the park in ashes and a debate over man and nature that continues today. In 1993 in the Midwest flood waters from the muddy Mississippi and its tributaries inundated dozens of communities and thousands of acres of farmland prompting a new ideological argument centered on the control of nature. Neither debate is likely to be settled soon.

FEMA FOR KIDS
http://www.fema.gov/kids/

This site teaches you how to be prepared for disasters and how you can prevent disaster damage. You can also learn what causes disasters, play games, read stories and become a Disaster Action Kid. A story about my search for a disaster-proof shell is great reading, too! Disasters aren't fun, but learning about them is!

MONTANA GOVERNOR DECLARES MILLIONS OF ACRES OFF LIMITS - CNN
http://www.cnn.com/2000/US/08/10/wildfires/index.html

August 10, 2000: HAMILTON, Montana -- Raging wildfires convinced the governor of Montana to order millions of acres of the state closed to the public as of midnight Thursday.

FIREFIGHTERS RETURN AFTER PRESIDENTIAL PRAISE - CNN
http://www.cnn.com/2000/US/08/08/wildfires.04/

August 8, 2000: PAYETTE NATIONAL FOREST, Idaho -- Overworked and overwhelmed firefighters -- some with blistered feet, smoke-blackened faces and soot-reddened eyes -- went back to work on Western fire lines Tuesday after President Clinton pledged $150 million in emergency funds to fight dozens of wildfires.

NEXT

To search for books on disasters and disaster mental
health topics, fire responses, post traumatic concerns
crisis intervention, crises, and related topics and
purchase them online, go to the following url:

http://www.angelfire.com/biz/odochartaigh/searchbooks.html
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Contact your local Mental Health Center or
check the yellow pages for counselors, psychologists,
therapists, and other Mental health Professionals in
your area for information on emotional impact and
assistance available in your area.
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George W. Doherty
Rocky Mountain Region
Disaster Mental Health Institute
and
O'Dochartaigh Associates
Box 786
Laramie, WY 82073-0786

MENTAL HEALTH MOMENT Online: http://www.angelfire.com/biz3/news



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