Aside from the General, Gothic Horror, Early Fantasy, and Medieval
sections, these links are organized by region and language group, with
those groups which produced written accounts of their myths and legends
earlier, generally appearing closer to the beginning.
Philip Burns' Mythology
& Folklore A description of mythology along with scores if not
hundreds of links. It's quite a stash. There is a greater emphasis on folklore
than here. He's been annotating them as well.
Song, Kang-hee maintains a
collection of world mythology links from his site in South Korea. Some
viewers may have difficulty with the non-Roman lettering of much of the
Julia's Ancient World
Web contains links to and reviews of a number of sites dealing with
archaeology, history, art, mythology and ancient religions. She used to
have a separate index for mythology and ancient religions but her site
is now undergoing a massive overhaul.
The University of Michigan has assembled a collection of Mythology
pages describing deities from around the world. Of note is that here they
are organized not only by cultural group, but by "sphere of influence"
The Probert Encyclopedia
- Mythology should probably be called a dictionary, given its extensive
number of rather brief (one or two line), entries. You'll need Netscape
or Internet Explorer to see it.
After the MIT incarnation of this page, Mark de la Hey's MythText was the
earliest site devoted entirely to mythology of which I was aware. Robert
O'Connell of Untangle has revived the non-commercial parts of that site
It includes articles on and links to sites dealing with various aspects
J. Cress' Mythology
page contains listings of deities and capsule retellings of myths and folklore
from various cultures.
of the World features brief entries on the Goddesses of Norway, Egypt,
Greece, and Rome, with those from Sumer forthcomming. She also has pages
on Greek Amazons, Faeries, and Mermaids reachable from her home
At the same site, Eliki, is a set of pages on Gods,
Goddesses and Myth featuring the Celtic pantheons, and such creatures
as the phoenix, dragons, and Pegasus.
Richard McLaughlin's Mythology
Notes present descriptions of gods, summaries of myths, and some historical
material on the mythologies of the Ancient Near East, Persia, Scandinavia,
and the Celts. His is one of the few sites to include a mythological treatment
of Judaic and Christian stories - some of the material he draws upon for
these is extracanonical.
JBL statue is out to sell
you statues of deities from all over the world. The cool thing is that
they show you pictures of these statues, but their brief descriptions of
the deity featured thereon are not always accurate.
Kim and Mike Burkhard's All
Things Ancient page is still growing but currently features Kim's extensive
mythology booklist FAQ - partially culled from USENET.
Mark Isaak now keeps his Mythological
Sources FAQ on his own page and features his picks of the better mostly
I too, have cobbled together a short list of Mythology
Sources but to escape redundancy I've added brief reviews of those
works I've encountered.
Myth and Story Collections
Mythology. It's first section, The Age of Fable includes Greek, some
Norse, and some Egyptian mythology in a sort of "Reader's Digest" format.
Its other sections on King Arthur, the Mabinogeon, and Charlemagne continue
in a similar format.
Bob Fisher has placed on-line a hypertext version of the Graeco-Roman section
of The Age of Fable
by Thomas Bulfinch.
Reality Software has large excerpts
from their books on the Origins of Mythology, and myths from the
British Isles, China, India, and Japan. They also have zipfiles of the
full texts, downloadable as shareware.
Students in Janice Cook's and Jeff Williamson's ESL and developmental writing
classes have retold a number of myths, legends and fables from their own
cultures, ranging from Bolivia through Vietnam, from China to Somalia in
Myths and Legends Project.
The Joseph Campbell Foundation Web Site
features bio- and bibliographical information on the popular mythologist,
an excerpt of his work, some other mythological links, and details of the
Aaron Rester's Mythology Home
Page contains several essays about mythological stories from numerous
cultures all relating to the idea of a savior/creator/fertility deity.
He also has a collection of links to other mythology sites.
Flute (Carolyn Maloney), Vickie Hamby and the rest of Creative
Minds have a site on which includes monthly articles on mythology.
They also feature poetry, the mystical, back articles and of course, links.
N. S. Gill has assembled a number of essays on Ancient/Classical
History for the Mining Company. Included is a section on mythology
Tired of a saccharine goddess image? Robin Weare's Dark
Goddess site examines the less sweet aspects of such deities as Artemis
and Kali from a bit of a neo-Pagan standpoint.
Creatures of Myth and Legend
The Guide to Unbiological
Species by Kyle Lindner is a bestiary with scores of brief descriptions
and definitions of mythological and legendary inhuman creatures. Also included
are a brief history of bestiaries and, of course, links.
Conrad Tolentino's The
Bestiary presents information on both mythcal beasts and cryptozoological
creatures such as Bigfoot.
Jennifer Walker's Here be Dragons!
provides mythic information as well as art and assorted links related to
these fearsome beasts.
Weyr is a collection of information about both literary and mythological
dragons as well as links to other dragon afficianados on the web.
The Dragon's Pearl
A brief article on Lake Tahoe's Tessie with mentions of a couple of other
U. Mass has a page on Snake
Mythology written by Scott Jackson and Peter Mirick with illustrations
by Nancy Haver.
Soror Ourania's Naga
page also focuses on the snake's role in myth.
Martin Gray invites folks to Explore
the Sacred Sites he has photographed. His commentary discusses the
religious, archeological and historical import of those sites with the
mythic and legendary content varying.
Whether or not they describe actual events, most modern religions
are not above invoking material which is mythic in character.
FAQ This page contains a description of the pantheon and cosmology
of the Sumerians, who lived in what is now southern Iraq over 4000 years
ago. Aspects of Sumerian culture are touched upon as are parallels with
Shemhazai's (Valis, Michael Tolle) Babyloniaca
brings you translations of Sumerian and Akkadian myths, hymns and incantations,
as well as information relavant to Mesopotamian oriented pagans.
Mythology FAQ This page contains a description of the pantheon, cosmology,
and history of the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians. These people lived
from about 4000 years ago to about 2500 years ago primarily in what is
now northern and central Iraq.
Papyrus of Ani: The Egyptian Book of the Dead translated by turn of
the century Egyptologist, E. A. Wallis Budge. It should be noted that Budge's
translations have fallen out of favor in the Egyptological community in
recent years. While the gist remains the same, the serious scholar is advised
to seek out something more current.
Jimmy Dunn and Interoz also have a copy of Budge's translation of the Book
of the Dead, but this version has a table of contents page which makes
it more nicely segmented.
The Legend of Osiris and Isis as told by Christine Hobson for the Baobab
Stephanie merry-Bast discusses the cat goddess in great detail in The
name of Bast.
Neith Preston's Mini-faq
about the goddess that is her namesake includes some prayers from Budge
and other sources.
Rebbecca Allbritton has a brief page on Sekmet,
which is her username. (Broken Link. 3/25)
This article briefly defines different classes of myths before describing
Gods and briefly recounting some myths.
Mike and Chris Ward of Colorado's Social Science Data Lab have an Egyptian
Gods Description page because of their computer naming scheme.
The House of Netjer, a Kemetic Orthodox church - basicly an Egyptian group
which uses the whole of ancient Egyptian religion - has put together a
large collection of brief descriptions of the Egyptian deities in Netjer
- the One God of the Ancient Egyptians
Palestine & the Levant
Mythology FAQ This page contains a description of the pantheon of the
people refered to as Canaanites in the Bible, as recovered from the city
of Ugarit in what is now western Syria. These people lived from at least
3800 years ago through 3000 years ago and were absorbed into neigboring
peoples including the Phoenicians and the Hebrews.
Lilinah biti-Anat's Qadash
Kinahnu - A Canaanite-Phoenician Temple as well as being a site for
Canaanite neo-pagan information contains a extensive amount of mythological
information about those gods. She also continues to translate many of the
myths from Ugarit and some later sources.
Paul Brians et al. present an excerpt from their book Reading About
the World, Volume 1 discussing The
Hebrew Creation Narrative (Genesis 1-3) including a fair amount of
commentary. Genesis and the other books of the Pentateuch were assembled
in written form during the sixth century B.C.E., following the Babylonian
It's not to hard to find the Bible on-line - The King James translation
was one of the most widely distributed e-texts before the advent of the
web; however, if you want to find the books and stories that didn't make
it in (most of which were written after the canonical books - later than
200 B.C.E. for the Torah and later than 150 C.E. for the New Testament)
try the Wesley Center's Noncanonical
Homepage for Pseudepigrapha and Apocrypha - books that might have gotten
you tortured during the inquisition. This is where you'll find stories
about the Nephilim, and seven or ten heavens and all kinds of escatological
stuff. New! 7/2
Renee Rosen's Lilith
Shrine has extensive links and information about the legendary first
wife of Adam.
This doesn't quite fit in this section, but it will do for now.
and Jewish Mysticism explores some of the more legendary and esotaric
aspects of Judaism to spring out of the middle ages emphasizing the Kabbalah.
This site includes extensive discussion of the legend of the Golem of Prague.
Drawing on the legends of the fallen angels from Genesis 6 and various
extra-canonical sources, John Milton crafted his masterpiece Paradise
Lost in 1664 with a revision in 1667.
REF This page contains a description of the pantheon, and history of
the Hittites, who drew heavily upon the pantheon of their neighbors the
Hurrians. These peoples lived primarily in the central and eastern portions
of Anatolia during the second millenium B.C.E.
Handan Oz's Turkish
Mythology page contains Turkish myths (mostly in Turkish) as well as
myths set in Turkey (mostly Greek and written in English).
Miscellaneous Near East
Kephera claims to have assembled "the best collection of Middle Eastern
Mythology!" accessible from his Middle
Eastern Studies page. His ancient mythology page includes copies of
Stephanie Dalley's translations of four Akkadian language myths. He also
has a couple of Canaanite Myths, and five Egyptian myths. He also keeps
a dictionary of Sumerian, Babylonian, Egyptian, Hittite, and Hebrew gods
and assorted entities.
Well, it's archaeology, not mythology, but The
Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago has some interesting
stuff including ABZU
a guide to info on the Ancient Near East availible on the net.
Alf Layla wa LaylaThe
Thousand Nights and a Night translated by Sir Richard F. Burton. Early
versions of this collection of tales go back to the tenth century, but
the present collection includes material from as recent as the sixteenth.
It made its way to Europe, specifically France, in the early 1700's and
Burton's version was published in the late 1800's. The source tales come
from all over the Near East, as well as India. The frame story of Shaharazad
is Persian and if you're looking for Sindbad the Sailor, this book is his
home. Many of these tales feature the Caliph Harun al'Rashid, a historical
figure who ruled the Abbasids and was a correspondent of Charlemagne. This
is the 1850 version which is much less exhaustive and inclusive than his
famous 17 volume 1885 version. Nonetheless, the file is huge.
Genie, Djinn, Richard F. Burton had a fair amount to say abouth them
in the footnotes to his translation of the Nights.
Burton also had a fair amount to say about Ghuls,
more commonly known as ghouls.
The Zoroastrian religion contains much of what we know of the Persian mythology,
particularly in the Avesta,
a work attributed to Zarathustra, which likely preceeded him.
In the 800's CE, Ervad Zadspram compiled writings from the
Avesta and Zand, here translated by W. E. West for Exploring Ancient
World Cultures. This selection begins with a description of creation by
Ohrmazd and Ahriman.
Written around 1000 CE by Ferdowsi, the Shah
Nahmeh i.e. the Epic of the Kings, contains much of the balance of
known Persian myth and legend including tales of the Zal and of Rustram.
Pomona's Ancient Cosmology site features three articles on India
which describe the creations, Deities, and structure of the Vedic universe.
Dating back to at least 1200 BC to 900 BC, the Hymns
of the Rig Veda collected at Washington State University provide insight
into creation, the devas, and the ashuras.
Sri Aurobindo focuses on the tradition of spirituality and mysticism found
in the Rig Veda, and translates those hymms relating to Agni,
fire, in Rig Veda
- Hymms to the Mystic Fire.
Shrikanth maintains a page discussing the
Vedas, with links to essays and translations.
The Library of Hindu History includes a collection of links to essays concerning
Mahabharat including some which find it to be more grounded in history
Concerning events of 1000 BCE and written down between 400 BCE and 200
CE, the Ramayana tells of Rama, Sita, and the Rakshasha among others
and is attributed to Valmiki. Jean Johnson's Rama
and the Ramayana discusses the work and offers a synopsis.
This site also provides a summary of the Ramayana.
Mahesh Yadav has collected Sister Nivedita's retellings - Cradle
Tales of Hinduism as well as Aaron Shepherd's retelling of princess
Savitri's tale from the Mahabharata.
U. C. Computer (Shanghai) maintains a large collection of Chinese Historic
Legends & Tales including how Pan Gu created the world, how Nv
Wa patched up the sky, as well as tales of historical figures such as Emperors
Carlos Parada's Greek
Mythology Link provides information about the gods and heroes in brief
list form as well as extended entries on the more major deities. It also
allows the user to poll entries from his CDrom -
to Greek Mythology. Another useful feature here is the bibliography
of primary sources, indicating which myths they contain.
Hellas On Line provides information on The
Ancient Gods of Greece, including brief descriptions and a family tree.
Writing in the last half of the eighth century B.C.E. or perhaps the early
7th century B.C.E., Hesiod presents the earliest written works of Greek
Mythology. His Theogony
describes the creation of the world and the history of the titans and gods.
and Days focuses more on the acts of man, while containing a synopsis
of the myth of Prometheus and Pandora and the myth of the five ages of
Assembled in its present form by the sixth century B.C.E. The
Iliad is attributed to Homer and was probably composed around 750 B.C.E.
It tells part of the story of the Trojan War.
also by Homer, here translated by S. Butler, tells of the wanderings of
Odysseus following the capture of Troy, on his way home to his family in
David Camden's Forum
presents retellings of a number of Roman and Greek myths, as well as other
Roman cultural information and, of course, the requisite link pages.
Romana is a Roman pagan reconstructionist site which includes some
brief information on the dieties of Rome and promises to offer more information
on Roman legends.
Publius Vergilius Maro wrote his sequel to Homer's epics, The
Aeneid in 29 B.C.E. bringing Trojan glory to the ancient Latins in
the form of Aeneas.
Sverre Moe's Viking
History Web includes a good deal of information on Norse mythology
and deities. He's also working on a multi-lingual text archive of sagas
and Edda poems, but the primary focus of the site is on history.
Some students in Iceland have been putting together Fornfraedi
a Vesturlandi which has or will have info. on some a couple of sagas
as well as Snorri's Edda. That link will get you to the English version,
from which the more comprehensive Icelandic
version is also reachable.
Nicky Page provides a collection of translations on The
Norse Classics Page, including Paul Taylor and W. H. Auden's translation
of the Elder Edda, a translation of the Prose Edda, excerpts from a number
of sagas, and an essay or two on Norse Mythology.
Poetic Edda translated into English by Stephan Grundy. Also known as
Edda Saemundar and as the Elder Edda, the oldest written copy of this work
dates to 1270 in Iceland, about 30 years after the publication of Snorri
Sturlason's Prose Edda. Still, this work is often judged to be closer to
the source than Snorri's work and less colored by his clerical perceptions.
Composed around 1200 for an Austrian court wedding, the Nibelungenlied
tells of the Burgundians Gunther and Kriemhild, her lover, Siegfried, Gunter's
wooing of Brunhild, the treachery of Hagen, and the court of Etzel aka.
Attila the Hun.
The story of Sigurd, Gudren, Grimhild and Brynhild is found in the 13th
century work Volsunga
Saga, a story which is also told in the Poetic Edda and the
Heritage Page, by Arlea Anschütz, includes a page of links to
and essays about Germanic folklore and mythology as well as Asatru, history,
A rise in the spirit of German unity, partially triggered by a rising French
influence during the reign of Napoleon inspired linguists Jacob and Wilhelm
Grimm to assemble a collection of Märchen
- most often translated as 'Fairy Tales', but also meaning 'Fables' or
'Legends', from across the German countryside, publishing them between
1812 and 1815.
Also in the 1800's, Richard Wagner composed Der
Ring des Nibelungen, an opera in the tradition of Nibelungenleid
Volsungsaga. This page by Erik Tempel contains a plot summary
and character descriptions of the cycle - in Dutch.
by Elias Lönnrot (in Finnish/Suomeksi). Lönnrot spent the years
from 1828 to 1845 collecting folk songs from the Karelia regions of Finland
and Russia and assembled and edited them into what became the Finnish national
epic. An early version was released in 1835, with the final version being
completed in 1849.
Another copy of the Kalevala
can be found at Project Runeberg.
Another project that Lönnrot compiled was the Kanteletar,
here also in Finnish. The Kantele is a stringed intstrument and this work
is a collection of lyrics to folk songs, some with mythic material.
Glenn Jakobsen's page on Sami
Culture contains sections on the folklore and religion of the people
from arctic Scandinavia.
Commentary on the Kalevipoeg,
the Estonian national epic.
Fred Hamori's extensive Hungarian
Heritage Page has been relocated and expanded. His section on mythology
includes links to his accounts of legends and with detailed linguistic
Dr. Josef Vegvari's Hungarian
organic culture page "does not contain any myths or legends in the
strict sense of the word - it presents original and largely unpublished
research relating to the origins of, and the ancient knowledge underlying,
all Hungarian folklore. This knowledge is cosmic in its origins and astrological
in its structure." - Dr. Vegvari.
Slavic and Baltic
Ainsley Friedberg's page on Slavic
Paganism & Witchcraft includes pages on Slavic Pagan Beliefs and
Slavic deities, demigods and faeryfolk in addition to spells and links
to related sites.
This page describing the deities of The
Slavic Mythos comes from a site dealing with a PBEM RPG.
Denice Szafran presents Lady
Okana's Web. Here you will find primarily Polish information including
pages on Polish Paganism, a listing of Slavic Deities, spirits, and faery
folk, a brief collection of folk tales, and other places to go for resources.
Jonathan Kaufman archived the Celtic section of Mark de la Hey's
to the Gods version 1.0 before the Guide vanished. It contains dictionary
style listings of Celtic deities from both the British Isles and the Continent.
From the Ulster cycle, it's
Story of MacDatho's Pig. Steve Taylor's site also contains a character
glossary/index and a collection of links to related sites.
Also found on Steve Taylor's pages is the culmination of the Ulster cycle,
Bo Cualnge, (The Cooley Cattle-raid). It is Cuchulain of Muirthemne's
triumph and tragedy, here translated by L. Winifred Faraday.
Crystal Miller's Celtic
Myth and Lore page contains a number of tales of the Fianna and some
other Irish legends.
Richard Marsh's Legendary Tours
in addition to promoting their services recounts some Irish legends, broken
down by region of origin.
Lady Charlotte Guest's 1848 translation of The
Mabinogion is that which Thomas Bulfinch sumarized in The Age of
Chivalry. It is a collection of tales containing Celtic myth, pseudo-historical
romance, and Arthurian legend with resonances of Chretien de Troyes. While
doubtlessly derived from pre-twelfth centrury oral antecedants, the earliest
written fragments of these tales date to the thirteenth century with more
complete versions appearing in The White Book of Rhydderch (1325)
and The Red Book of Hergest (1400). This is where to find tales
of Pwyll, Arwan, Annwvyn, Math, Rhiannon, and cauldrons which raise the
Dave D. retells the Pwyll stories from the Mabinogeon in Cfarwydd
Rhiannon Kerins also retells the Pwyll stories after giving a history of
and introduction to The
Bill Rowe's page on Cornish
Folklore contains stories of Jack the Giant Killer, and excerpts
from Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain among
Culture. Among other things, this page includes essays on religion,
heroes, legends, and folklore. This includes information on brownies and
faeries and the tales of the Sons of the North Wind and of Thomas the Rhymer.
From the on-line zine Thirteen comes this feature on Scottish
and Legend which includes stories of the King of the Fairies, the Brownies,
Prince Ian, and the Black bull of Norroway.
Jason Webb retells the tale of Angus
McDougal for Tall Tales on the Web, a storytelling society.
Translated from the Old English by Francis B. Gummere, Beowulf
was probably composed around 750 AD in Northumbria, although some of the
events it mentions occured over 200 years earlier on the continent and
features the titled hero's contests with Grendel, his mother the troll-wife,
and a dragon.
is an excellent site on the Matter of Britain. It includes an infopedia
of Arthurian characters and a collection of translations of the major Arthurian
works, including Lady Charlotte Guest's translation of the Welsh Mabinogion.
a 6th century monk who mentions Aurellius Ambrosius and the battle at Badon.
History a sixth century work which describes a battle led by Riothamus,
who may have been the historical King Arthur.
Geraint, a sixth century Welsh poem, here in translation presents its
subject as dying among Arthur's heroes.
The ninth century Welsh historian, Nennius authored some of the earlier
written references to Arthur in his Historia
Cambriae - written in Wales circa 970, this text mentiones Arthur at
Badon and Arthur's and Mordred's (Medraut's) deaths.
Under the patronage of Marie de Champagne from 1159 to 1191, Chretien de
Troyes composed the some of the earliest Arthurian romances. His first
and Enide was proably written in 1169. It corresponds to the Welsh
tale of Gereint and Enid, found in the
Chretien's The Knight
with the Lion was probably written at the same time as or shortly after
La Chevalier de la Charrette and focuses on the deeds of Yvain. This story
closely parallels that of Owein, or the Countess of the Fountain
from the Welsh Mabinogion.
was written around 1200 AD, drawing heavily from the tradition of Geoffrey
of Monmouth and Wace.
The Alliterative Morte
Arthure was written around 1400 AD, making use of the ending section
of the French Prose Lancelot-Grail Cycle, 'Le Mort le Roi Artu'.
In the late 15th century, Sir Thomas Malory composed what is probably the
definitive work of Arthurian literature based on several sources, including
the French prose Lancelot. In 1485, it was published after having a good
deal of editting done by William Caxton under the title Le
Morte D'Arthur(large file). Also found at Virginia is the second
volume (large file) of that work.
The library at the University of Rochester maintains a large variety of
Arthurian texts at their Camelot
Alfred, Lord Tennyson published his poetic novel, The Idylls of the
King in 1859. Lancelot
and Elaine is one episode from that work.
In the late ninteenth century, Richard Wagner composed his opera Parzival
based heavily on Wolfram von Eschenbach's Parsifal, a thirteenth century
work, which in turn draws on Chretien de Troyes' Percival (1187) and centers
on that knight's quest for the Sangraal.
grown from the old Camelot mailing list and maintained by Cindy Tittle
You've got to love the University of Rochester. In the same vein as their
Camelot collection listed above, is the Robin
Hood Project - a huge text archive of early works on Prince John's
bane as well as a collection of artwork featuring that character.
Sir Walter Scott's work Ivanhoe
has Robin as a feature character.
Allen Wright (Puck) is putting together his own Robin
Hood site. It has a great deal of information about the history of
the outlaw of Sherwood, as well as a bunch of links to other Robin Hood
sites and some historical information about Nottingham castle.
The Matter of France begins with The
Song of Roland, here translated by Charles Scott Mancrief.
By the early renaissance, the Italians had picked up the story of Charlemagne's
peers. Matteo Maria Boiardo's Orlando Innamorato was first published
in 1482 or 1483. He left it unfinished at his death, so Ludovico Ariosto
continued the story in Orlando
Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar, aka El
Cid was a Spanish
infanzon (baronet), who was put into exile
twice over politics in the late 1000's. While in exile, he fought for the
Moorish Emir Mu'taman of Saragossa and his exploits became legend with
the above romanticized poem being written around 1201-1207.
Well, it's not really a legend but I'll put it here anyway: Don
Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes, 1615; translated by John Ormsby.
Blas Uberuaga's Basque
Myths and Legends page is taken from a 1993 article by Angel Murua
and lies on Blas' extensive Basque page.
Glen Welker's Indigenous
Peoples' Literature page. While its strength is in its info from the
cultures of what is now Mexico and the southwestern U.S., this page has
links to a wealth of literature from all over the Americas and the world.
A new tale from a Native American group appears at StonE's
Weblodge every month. Old tales are archived here as well.
The Canadian Museum of Civilization presents a collection of stories from
the Algonquin, Abenaki, Inuvialuit, Metis-Cree, Mi'kmaq, and Nisga'a peoples
in it's exhibithion - Storytelling:
the Art of Knowledge.
Kathryn Gabriel's Indian
Gaming Mythology sketches myths involving gambling from tribes across
North America as an introduction and teaser to her book, Gambler Way.
Margaritta Barretto and Dr. Joaquin A. Barrio have put together a dictionary
of South American Mitos
y Leyendas en Espanol for the e-zine Noticias de Antropologia y
Mythology. Just what is the Voodoo view of the world anyway? Voodoun
is native to Haiti, but draws on West African and Christian sources.
Flavodoun presents his Haitian
Vodoun Culture page. Among other things, it includes a listing of the
deities and their families.
Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, Frankenstein:
A Modern Prometheus (1818). This tale was partly inspired by a proposal
that Lord Byron made to her, Percy Shelley, and John Polidori in June of
1816 that they each write a ghost story. Percy Shelley's story never came
of anything, Byron wrote a fragment
of a novel which inspired Polidori to write The
Vampyre (1819), with borrowings from Byron's plot.
"Scholars and historians of fantasy, such as my friend L. Sprague de
Camp, agree that it was the English novelist, poet, and artisan William
Morris (1834-96) who founded the genre of the heroic fantasy laid in imaginary
Medieval lands or worlds where magic works." - Lin Carter
"These tales have been compared with the work of Jules
Verne and there was a disposition on the part of literary journalists
at one time to call me the English Jules Verne. As of mater of fact there
is no literary resemblance whatever between the anticipatory inventions
of the Frenchman and these fantasies. His work dealt with almost always
with actual possibilities of the invention and discovery, and he made some
remarkable forecasts.... He helped his reader to imagine it done and to
realise what fun, excitement or mischief would ensue.... But these stories
of mine collected here do not pretend to deal with possible things..."
- H. G. Wells
"Folklore, legends, myths and fairy tales have followed childhood through
the ages, for every healthy youngster has a wholesome and instictive love
for stories fantastic, marvelous and manifestly unreal." - L.
Frank Baum, author of The Wizard of Oz (1900), the first of
fourteen of his Oz tales.
Edward John Moreton Drax Plunkett, Lord
Dunsany. Irish Lord and master of fantasy, Dunsany began publishing
in 1905 with The Gods of Pegana and kept churning out plays, poems,
and short stories until his death in 1957.
tales are here presented by Ambrosius Aurelianus.
Charles Vess has collected a huge amount of Plunkett's tales, some of which
may have only appeared in magazines, in Dunsany's
Burroughs' tales of fantastic adventure fiction have made a huge impact
on American culture. John Carter of Mars, the hero of his first novel A
Princess of Mars (1912), is said to be an inspiration for the creation
of Superman. His Tarzan stories have been made into numerous movies and
TV programs. Even this past summer has seen a movie spoof of the character.
A. Merrit's adventure novels, including The
Moon Pool, published in 1919, are full of elements of fantasy.
James MacDonald's Library
of the Fantastic is an archive of numerous public domain fantasy and
horror tales including some by the above authors, as well as Chalmers,
Lord Byron, Polidori, and others.