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            The following ten carative factors form a framework for understanding nursing as the science of caring. Watson uses the term “carative” instead of “curative” to distinguish between nursing and medicine. “Whereas curative factors aim at curing the patient of disease, carative factors aim at the caring process that helps the person attain (or maintain) health or die a peaceful death” (Watson, 1985, p.7). As nurses you would use these carative factors in delivery of health care to your clients.


The 10 carative factors are:


bullet The formation of a humanistic-altruistic system of values
bullet The instillation of faith-hope
bullet The cultivation of sensitivity to one’s self and to others
bullet The development of a helping-trusting relationship
bullet The promotion and acceptance of the expression of positive and negative feelings
bullet The systematic use of the scientific problem-solving method for decision making
bullet The promotion of interpersonal teaching-learning
bullet The provision for a supportive, protective, and (or) corrective mental, physical, sociocultural, and spiritual environment
bullet Assistance with the gratification of human needs
bullet The allowance for existential-phenomenological forces

(Watson, 1985, p. 9-10)