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Christine Donald

Nursing Theorist: Jean Watson



1. "The formation of a humanistic-altruistic system of values"(Watson, 1979). This factor develops at an early age and involves a broad awareness of self.

2. "The instillation of faith-hope"(Watson, 1979). An understanding of and sensitiviy to an individual's beliefs provides a sense of well-being for the client.

3. "The cultivation of sensitivity to one's self and to others"(Watson, 1979). This allows the nurse and the client to become increasingly sensitive, and therefore more genuine.

4. "The development of a helping-trust relationship"(Watson, 1979). Effective communication techniques such as congruence aids in the creation of this relationship.

5. "The promotion and acceptance of the expression of positive and negative feelings"(Watson, 1979). This factor recognizes that the

6. "The systematic use of the scientific problem-solving method for decision making"(Watson, 1979). The problem-solving method is foundational to the practice of nursing.

7. "The promotion of interpersonal teaching-learning"(Watson, 1979). The provision of information empowers a client to make informed decisions about health and healing.

8. "The provision for supportive, protective, and (or) corrective mental, physical, sociocultural, and spiritual environment"(Watson, 1979). This factor encompasses internal and external variables that the nurse is responsible for guiding.

9. "Assistance with the gratification of human needs"(Watson, 1979). Human needs include all acts of life, ranging from food to the need for achievement.

10. "The allowance for existential-phenomenological forces" (Watson, 1979). The nurse needs to view each person's reality through the individual's eyes.