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Amides

Amide is a group of organic compounds containing the carbonyl group that is bonded to a nitrogen atom, CONH2 and, usually, a hydrocarbon. It is formed by the reaction of an ester with an amine. All amides are solids at room temperature and are neutral compounds, neither acidic nor basic since they are formed in a neutralization.

To name amides,

  1. Determine the name of the alkane that indicates the same number of carbon atoms.

  2. Simply change the carboxylic acid reactant -oic acid ending and replace it with -amide.

    Example:

    CH3CONH2
    ethanamide