COSTA RICA ENDEMIC LIST

COSTA RICA ENDEMICS LIST

 

MAINLAND ENDEMICS (COSTA RICA ONLY)

Mangrove Hummingbird

Amazilia boucardi

Coppery-headed Emerald

Elvira cupreiceps

Black-cheeked Ant-Tanager

Habia atrimaxillaris

 

COCOS ISLAND ENDEMICS

Cocos Cuckoo

Coccyzus ferrugineus

Cocos Flycatcher

Nesotriccus ridgwayi

Cocos Finch

Pinaroloxias inornata

 

HIGHLAND ENDEMICS (COSTA RICA AND WESTERN PANAMA)

Black Guan

Chamaepetes unicolor

Black-breasted Wood-Quail

Odontophorus leucolaemus

Chiriqui Quail-Dove

Zentrygon chiriquensis

Buff-fronted Quail-Dove

Zentrygon costaricensis

Sulphur-winged Parakeet

Pyrrhura hoffmanni

Red-fronted Parrotlet

Touit costaricensis

Bare-shanked Screech-Owl***

Megascops clarkii

Costa Rican Pygmy-Owl

Glaucidium costaricanum

Dusky Nightjar

Antrostomus saturatus

Fiery-throated Hummingbird

Panterpe insignis

Black-bellied Hummingbird

Eupherusa nigriventris

White-tailed Emerald

Elvira chionura

Purple-throated Mountain-gem

Lampornis calolaemus

White-throated Mountain-gem

Lampornis castaneoventris

Magenta-throated Woodstar

Calliphlox bryantae

Volcano Hummingbird

Selasphorus flammula

Scintillant Hummingbird

Selasphorus scintilla

Orange-bellied Trogon

Trogon aurantiiventris

Prong-billed Barbet

Semnornis frantzii

Ruddy Treerunner

Margarornis rubiginosus

Streak-breasted Treehunter

Thripadectes rufobrunneus

Silvery-fronted Tapaculo

Scytalopus argentifrons

Dark Pewee

Contopus lugubris

Ochraceous Pewee

Contopus ochraceus

Black-capped Flycatcher

Empidonax atriceps

Golden-bellied Flycatcher

Myiodynastes hemichrysus

Yellow-winged Vireo

Vireo carmioli

Silvery-throated Jay

Cyanolyca argentigula

Ochraceous Wren

Troglodytes ochraceus

Timberline Wren

Thryorchilus browni

Black-faced Solitaire

Myadestes melanops

Black-billed Nightingale-Thrush

Catharus gracilirostris

Sooty Thrush

Turdus nigrescens

Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcher

Phainoptila melanoxantha

Long-tailed Silky-flycatcher

Ptilogonys caudatus

Flame-throated Warbler

Oreothlypis gutturalis

Collared Redstart

Myioborus torquatus

Black-cheeked Warbler

Basileuterus melanogenys

Wrenthrush (Zeledonia)

Zeledonia coronata

Sooty-capped Chlorospingus

Chlorospingus pileatus

Spangle-cheeked Tanager

Tangara dowii

Peg-billed Finch

Acanthidops bairdii

Slaty Flowerpiercer

Diglossa plumbea

Yellow-thighed Finch

Pselliophorus tibialis

Large-footed Finch

Pezopetes capitalis

Sooty-faced Finch

Arremon crassirostris

Volcano Junco

Junco vulcani

Black-thighed Grosbeak

Pheucticus tibialis

Golden-browed Chlorophonia

Chlorophonia callophrys

 

LOWLAND PACIFIC ENDEMICS (SOUTHERN COSTA RICA AND WESTERN PANAMA)

Costa Rican Swift

Chaetura fumosa

White-crested Coquette

Lophornis adorabilis

Garden Emerald*

Chlorostilbon assimilis

Charming Hummingbird

Amazilia decora

Snowy-bellied Hummingbird

Amazilia edward

Baird's Trogon

Trogon bairdii

Fiery-billed Aracari

Pteroglossus frantzii

Golden-naped Woodpecker

Melanerpes chrysauchen

Black-hooded Antshrike

Thamnophilus bridgesi

Turquoise Cotinga

Cotinga ridgwayi

Yellow-billed Cotinga

Carpodectes antoniae

Orange-collared Manakin

Manacus aurantiacus

Black-bellied Wren***

Pheugopedius fasciatoventris

Riverside Wren

Cantorchilus semibadius

Cherrie's Tanager

Ramphocelus costaricensis

Costa Rican Brush-Finch

Arremon costaricensis

Spot-crowned Euphonia

Euphonia imitans

 

CARIBBEAN SLOPE ENDEMICS (RANGES VARY FROM HONDURAS TO PANAMA)

Black-eared Wood-Quail

Odontophorus melanotis

Crimson-fronted Parakeet**

Psittacara finschi

Snowcap

Microchera albocoronata

White-bellied Mountain-gem

Lampornis hemileucus

Lattice-tailed Trogon

Trogon clathratus

Yellow-eared Toucanet***

Selenidera spectabilis

Rufous-winged Woodpecker**

Piculus simplex

Streak-crowned Antvireo

Dysithamnus striaticeps

Thicket Antpitta***

Hylopezus dives

Black-crowned Antpitta***

Pittasoma michleri

Tawny-chested Flycatcher

Aphanotriccus capitalis

Snowy Cotinga

Carpodectes nitidus

Bare-necked Umbrellabird

Cephalopterus glabricollis

Black-throated Wren

Pheugopedius atrogularis

Stripe-breasted Wren

Cantorchilus thoracicus

Black-and-yellow Tanager

Chrysothlypis chrysomelas

White-throated Shrike-Tanager**

Lanio leucothorax

Sulphur-rumped Tanager

Heterospingus rubrifrons

Blue-and-gold Tanager

Bangsia arcaei

Plain-colored Tanager

Tangara inornata

Nicaraguan Seed-Finch

Sporophila nuttingi

Nicaraguan Grackle

Quiscalus nicaraguensis

Yellow-crowned Euphonia**

Euphonia luteicapilla

Tawny-capped Euphonia***

Euphonia anneae

*also present on Caribbean slope

**also present on southern Pacific slope

***range extends to northwestern Colombia

Additionally, the Hoffmann's Woodpecker (Melanerpes hoffmannii) is unique in being the only dry forest species endemic to the region , it's range extends from southern Honduras to central Costa Rica.

And then there's the Three-wattled Bellbird (Procnias tricarunculatus) that breeds in the highlands and wanders widely throughout the lowlands after the breeding season—a bird radio-tagged in Monteverde, Costa Rica was even located in eastern Honduras!—and so does not easily fit in any one of the above geographical divisions.

All in all, fully 10% of Costa Rica's avifauna is restricted to very limited ranges within the southern half of the Central American isthmus, which is an exceptionally high rate of endemism, even for the neotropics.

 

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