Many of the following photographs were taken through Swarovski telescopes using various point-and-shoot digital cameras. However, the most recent photos have been taken directly with a Nikon Coolpix P510. Where sexual dimorphism exists, a photo of a female bird is indicated by (f). Most photos are formatted at 880x660 pixels.

Anyone interested in higher resolution images for publication purposes should feel free to contact me to discuss such use.

All images © Richard Garrigues.

[current species count: 475]



Great Tinamou

Tinamus major

Little Tinamou

Crypturellus soui





Black-bellied Whistling-Duck

Dendrocygna autumnalis

Fulvous Whistling-Duck

Dendrocygna bicolor

Muscovy Duck

Cairina moschata

Muscovy Duck (f)

Cairina moschata

Northern Shoveler

Anas clypeata

Masked Duck

Nomonyx dominicus





Gray-headed Chachalaca

Ortalis cinereiceps

Crested Guan

Penelope purpurascens

Black Guan

Chamaepetes unicolor

Great Curassow

Crax rubra

Great Curassow (f)

Crax rubra





Buffy-crowned Wood-Partridge

Dendrortyx leucophrys

Crested Bobwhite

Colinus cristatus





Least Grebe

Tachybaptus dominicus

Least Grebe (juvs)

Tachybaptus dominicus






Jabiru mycteria

Jabiru (juv)

Jabiru mycteria

Jabiru (on nest)

Jabiru mycteria

Wood Stork

Mycteria americana

Wood Stork (in flight)

Mycteria americana





Magnificent Frigatebird

Fregata magnificens

Magnificent Frigatebird (f)

Fregata magnificens

Magnificent Frigatebird (juv)

Fregata magnificens





Brown Booby (Pacific race male)

Sula leucogaster

Brown Booby (f)

Sula leucogaster

Brown Booby (juv)

Sula leucogaster





Neotropic Cormorant

Phalacrocorax brasilianus






Anhinga anhinga

Anhinga (with prey)

Anhinga anhinga

Anhinga (f)

Anhinga anhinga





Brown Pelican

Pelecanus occidentalis

Brown Pelican (juv)

Pelecanus occidentalis





Pinnated Bittern

Botaurus pinnatus

Fasciated Tiger-Heron

Tigrisoma fasciatum

Fasciated Tiger-Heron (juv)

Tigrisoma fasciatum

Bare-throated Tiger-Heron

Tigrisoma mexicanum

Bare-throated Tiger-Heron (sunning)

Tigrisoma mexicanum

Bare-throated Tiger-Heron (juv)

Tigrisoma mexicanum

Great Blue Heron

Ardea herodias

Great Egret

Ardea alba

Great Egret (in flight)

Ardea alba

Snowy Egret

Egretta thula

Little Blue Heron

Egretta caerulea

Tricolored Heron

Egretta tricolor

Cattle Egret

Bubulcus ibis

Green Heron

Butorides virescens

Green Heron (juv)

Butorides virescens

Agami Heron

Agamia agami

Agami Heron (juv)

Agamia agami

Black-crowned Night-Heron

Nycticorax nycticorax

Yellow-crowned Night-Heron (juv)

Nyctanassa violacea

Boat-billed Heron

Cochlearius cochlearius

Boat-billed Heron (juv)

Cochlearius cochlearius





White Ibis

Eudocimus albus

White Ibis (in flight)

Eudocimus albus

Glossy Ibis

Plegadis falcinellus

Green Ibis

Mesembrinibis cayennensis

Roseate Spoonbill (breeding)

Platalea ajaja

Roseate Spoonbill (nonbreeding)

Platalea ajaja

Roseate Spoonbill (in flight)

Platalea ajaja





Black Vulture

Coragyps atratus

Black Vulture (wingspread)

Coragyps atratus

Turkey Vulture

Cathartes aura

Turkey Vulture (in flight)

Cathartes aura

Turkey Vulture (juv)

Cathartes aura

King Vulture

Sarcoramphus papa

King Vulture (in flight)

Sarcoramphus papa






Pandion haliaetus





Pearl Kite

Gampsonyx swainsonii

White-tailed Kite

Elanus leucurus

White-tailed Kite (in flight)

Elanus leucurus

White-tailed Kite (juv)

Elanus leucurus

Hook-billed Kite (f in flight)

Chondrohierax uncinatus

Swallow-tailed Kite

Elanoides forficatus

Swallow-tailed Kite (in flight)

Elanoides forficatus

Ornate Hawk-Eagle (juv)

Spizaetus ornatus

Double-toothed Kite

Harpagus bidentatus

Double-toothed Kite (CU)

Harpagus bidentatus

Double-toothed Kite (juv)

Harpagus bidentatus

Gray-bellied Hawk (juv)

Accipiter poliogaster

Common Black Hawk

Buteogallus anthracinus

Common Black Hawk (juv)

Buteogallus anthracinus

Savanna Hawk

Buteogallus meridionalis

Roadside Hawk (subadult)

Rupornis magnirostris

White Hawk

Pseudastur albicollis

Semiplumbeous Hawk (ventral)

Leucopternis semiplumbeus

Semiplumbeous Hawk (dorsal)

Leucopternis semiplumbeus

Broad-winged Hawk

Buteo platypterus

Gray Hawk (ventral)

Buteo plagiatus

Gray Hawk (dorsal)

Buteo plagiatus

Gray Hawk (juv)

Buteo plagiatus

Swainson's Hawk (in flight)

Buteo swainsoni

Zone-tailed Hawk (in flight)

Buteo albonotatus

Red-tailed Hawk

Buteo jamaicensis






Eurypyga helias


Eurypyga helias

Sunbittern (in flight)

Eurypyga helias

Sunbittern (on nest)

Eurypyga helias





White-throated Crake

Laterallus albigularis

Gray-necked Wood-Rail

Aramides cajaneus


Porzana carolina

Yellow-breasted Crake

Porzana flaviventer

Paint-billed Crake

Neocrex erythrops

Purple Gallinule

Porphyrio martinicus

Purple Gallinule (juv)

Porphyrio martinicus

Common Gallinule (adult w/juvs)

Gallinula galeata

American Coot

Fulica americana






Heliornis fulica






Aramus guarauna





Double-striped Thick-knee

Burhinus bistriatus





Black-necked Stilt

Himantopus mexicanus

American Avocet

Recurvirostra americana





American Oystercatcher

Haematopus palliatus





Southern Lapwing

Vanellus chilensis

Collared Plover

Charadrius collaris

Collared Plover (juv)

Charadrius collaris

Wilson’s Plover

Charadrius wilsonia

Wilson’s Plover (nonbreeding)

Charadrius wilsonia

Semipalmated Plover

Charadrius semipalmatus


Charadrius vociferus





Northern Jaçana

Jacana spinosa





Spotted Sandpiper

Actitis macularius

Solitary Sandpiper

Tringa solitaria

Greater Yellowlegs

Tringa melanoleuca


Tringa semipalmata

Upland Sandpiper

Bartramia longicauda


Numenius phaeopus

Long-billed Curlew

Numenius americanus


Calidris alba

Least Sandpiper

Calidris minutilla

Buff-breasted Sandpiper

Calidris subruficollis

Pectoral Sandpiper

Calidris melanotos

Semipalmated Sandpiper

Calidris pusilla

Western Sandpiper

Calidris mauri

Short-billed Dowitcher (breeding)

Limnodromus griseus

Short-billed Dowitcher (nonbreeding)

Limnodromus griseus

Wilson’s Phalarope

Phalaropus tricolor





Parasitic Jaeger (sub-adult)

Stercorarius parasiticus





Sabine's Gull

Xema sabini

Laughing Gull (nonbreeding)

Leucophaeus atricilla

Laughing Gull (first summer)

Leucophaeus atricilla

Gull-billed Tern (with nonbreeding Black Tern)

Gelochelidon nilotica

Gull-billed Tern (nonbreeding)

Gelochelidon nilotica

Gull-billed Tern (in flight)

Gelochelidon nilotica

Black Tern (nonbreeding)

Chlidonias niger

Common Tern (nonbreeding)

Sterna hirundo

Arctic Tern (nonbreeding)

Sterna paradisaea

Royal Tern (nonbreeding in flight)

Thalasseus maximus

Sandwich Tern (nonbreeding)

Thalasseus sandvicensis

Sandwich Tern (nonbreeding in flight)

Thalasseus sandvicensis

Black Skimmer (nonbreeding)

Rynchops niger





Pale-vented Pigeon

Patagioenas cayennensis

Scaled Pigeon

Patagioenas speciosa

Red-billed Pigeon

Patagioenas flavirostris

Band-tailed Pigeon

Patagioenas fasciata

Ruddy Pigeon

Patagioenas subvinacea

Short-billed Pigeon

Patagioenas nigrirostris

Inca Dove

Columbina inca

Common Ground-Dove

Columbina passerina

Common Ground-Dove (f)

Columbina passerina

Plain-breasted Ground-Dove

Columbina minuta

Ruddy Ground-Dove

Columbina talpacoti

Ruddy Ground-Dove (f)

Columbina talpacoti

Blue Ground-Dove (m & f)

Claravis pretiosa

White-tipped Dove

Leptotila verreauxi

Gray-chested Dove

Leptotila cassinii

Buff-fronted Quail-Dove

Zentrygon costaricensis

Purplish-backed Quail-Dove

Zentrygon lawrencii

White-winged Dove

Zenaida asiatica

White-winged Dove (adult & juv)

Zenaida asiatica





Squirrel Cuckoo

Piaya cayana

Striped Cuckoo

Tapera naevia

Lesser Ground-Cuckoo

Morococcyx erythropygus

Rufous-vented Ground-Cuckoo

Neomorphus geoffroyi

Smooth-billed Ani

Crotophaga ani

Groove-billed Ani

Crotophaga sulcirostris

Groove-billed Ani (CU)

Crotophaga sulcirostris





Barn Owl

Tyto alba





Pacific Screech-Owl

Megascops cooperi

Tropical Screech-Owl

Megascops choliba

Vermiculated Screech-Owl

Megascops guatemalae

Bare-shanked Screech-Owl

Megascops clarkii

Crested Owl

Lophostrix cristata

Spectacled Owl (barred morph)

Pulsatrix perspicillata

Spectacled Owl (on nest)

Pulsatrix perspicillata

Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl

Glaucidium brasilianum

Black-and-white Owl

Ciccaba nigrolineata

Striped Owl

Pseudoscops clamator

Unspotted Saw-whet Owl

Aegolius ridgwayi





Common Nighthawk

Chordeiles minor

Short-tailed Nighthawk

Lurocalis semitorquatus

Common Pauraque

Nyctidromus albicollis





Great Potoo

Nyctibius grandis

Great Potoo (at night)

Nyctibius grandis

Common Potoo

Nyctibius griseus

Common Potoo (juv)

Nyctibius griseus






Steatornis caripensis





White-collared Swift

Streptoprocne zonaris





White-necked Jacobin

Florisuga mellivora

White-necked Jacobin (f)

Florisuga mellivora

Band-tailed Barbthroat

Threnetes ruckeri

Green Hermit (f)

Phaethornis guy

Long-billed Hermit

Phaethornis longirostris

Brown Violetear

Colibri delphinae

Green Violetear (ventral)

Colibri thalassinus

Green Violetear (dorsal)

Colibri thalassinus

Green-breasted Mango

Anthracothorax prevostii

Green-breasted Mango (juv)

Anthracothorax prevostii

Green Thorntail

Discosura conversii

Green Thorntail (f – ventral)

Discosura conversii

Green Thorntail (f - dorsal)

Discosura conversii

Black-crested Coquette

Lophornis helenae

Black-crested Coquette (f)

Lophornis helenae

White-crested Coquette

Lophornis adorabilis

Green-crowned Brilliant (ventral)

Heliodoxa jacula

Green-crowned Brilliant (dorsal)

Heliodoxa jacula

Green-crowned Brilliant (f)

Heliodoxa jacula

Green-crowned Brilliant (juv)

Heliodoxa jacula

Magnificent Hummingbird

Eugenes fulgens

Magnificent Hummingbird (dorsal)

Eugenes fulgens

Magnificent Hummingbird (f)

Eugenes fulgens

Long-billed Starthroat

Heliomaster longirostris

Plain-capped Starthroat

Heliomaster constantii

Fiery-throated Hummingbird (ventral)

Panterpe insignis

Fiery-throated Hummingbird (dorsal)

Panterpe insignis

White-bellied Mountain-gem

Lampornis hemileucus

White-bellied Mountain-gem (f)

Lampornis hemileucus

Purple-throated Mountain-gem

Lampornis calolaemus

Purple-throated Mountain-gem (display)

Lampornis calolaemus

White-throated Mountain-gem

Lampornis castaneoventris

Magenta-throated Woodstar

Calliphlox bryantae

Volcano Hummingbird (Talamanca)

Selasphorus flammula

Scintillant Hummingbird

Selasphorus scintilla

Scintillant Hummingbird (f)

Selasphorus scintilla

Scintillant Hummingbird (nest)

Selasphorus scintilla

Violet-headed Hummingbird

Klais guimeti

Scaly-breasted Hummingbird

Phaeochroa cuvierii

Violet Sabrewing (ventral)

Campylopterus hemileucurus

Violet Sabrewing (dorsal)

Campylopterus hemileucurus

Bronze-tailed (Red-footed) Plumeleteer

Chalybura urochrysia

Crowned Woodnymph (ventral)

Thalurania colombica

Crowned Woodnymph (dorsal)

Thalurania colombica

Crowned Woodnymph (full display)

Thalurania colombica

Crowned Woodnymph (f)

Thalurania colombica

Stripe-tailed Hummingbird

Eupherusa eximia

Black-bellied Hummingbird

Eupherusa nigriventris

White-tailed Emerald (f)

Elvira chionura

Coppery-headed Emerald

Elvira cupreiceps


Microchera albocoronata

Blue-chested Hummingbird

Amazilia amabilis

Charming Hummingbird

Amazilia decora

Mangrove Hummingbird

Amazilia boucardi

Steely-vented Hummingbird

Amazilia saucerrottei

Rufous-tailed Hummingbird

Amazilia tzacatl

Cinnamon Hummingbird

Amazilia rutila

Blue-throated Goldentail

Hylocharis eliciae





Resplendent Quetzal

Pharomachrus mocinno

Resplendent Quetzal (ventral)

Pharomachrus mocinno

Resplendent Quetzal (f)

Pharomachrus mocinno

Resplendent Quetzal (male on nest)

Pharomachrus mocinno

Resplendent Quetzal (female on nest)

Pharomachrus mocinno

Lattice-tailed Trogon

Trogon clathratus

Slaty-tailed Trogon

Trogon massena

Slaty-tailed Trogon (f)

Trogon massena

Black-headed Trogon

Trogon melanocephalus

Black-headed Trogon (f)

Trogon melanocephalus

Baird’s Trogon

Trogon bairdii

Baird’s Trogon (f)

Trogon bairdii

Gartered Trogon

Trogon caligatus

Gartered Trogon (ventral)

Trogon caligatus

Gartered Trogon (f)

Trogon caligatus

Black-throated Trogon

Trogon rufus

Black-throated Trogon (f - ventral)

Trogon rufus

Black-throated Trogon (f – dorsal)

Trogon rufus

Black-throated Trogon (juv male)

Trogon rufus

Elegant Trogon

Trogon elegans

Elegant Trogon (f)

Trogon elegans

Orange-bellied Trogon

Trogon aurantiiventris

Collared Trogon

Trogon collaris

Collared Trogon (f)

Trogon collaris





Blue-crowned Motmot

Momotus momota

Blue-crowned Motmot (CU)

Momotus momota

Rufous Motmot

Baryphthengus martii

Keel-billed Motmot

Electron carinatum

Broad-billed Motmot

Electron platyrhynchum

Broad-billed Motmot

Electron platyrhynchum

Turquoise-browed Motmot

Eumomota superciliosa





Ringed Kingfisher

Megaceryle torquatus

Ringed Kingfisher (f)

Megaceryle torquatus

Amazon Kingfisher

Chloroceryle amazona

Amazon Kingfisher (f)

Chloroceryle amazona

Green Kingfisher

Chloroceryle americana

Green Kingfisher (f)

Chloroceryle americana

American Pygmy Kingfisher

Chloroceryle aenea

American Pygmy Kingfisher (f)

Chloroceryle aenea





White-necked Puffbird

Notharchus hyperrhynchus

Pied Puffbird

Notharchus tectus

White-whiskered Puffbird

Malacoptila panamensis

White-whiskered Puffbird (f)

Malacoptila panamensis

Lanceolated Monklet

Micromonacha lanceolata

Lanceolated Monklet (dorsal)

Micromonacha lanceolata

White-fronted Nunbird

Monasa morphoeus





Rufous-tailed Jacamar

Galbula ruficauda

Rufous-tailed Jacamar (dorsal)

Galbula ruficauda

Rufous-tailed Jacamar (f)

Galbula ruficauda





Red-headed Barbet

Eubucco bourcierii





Prong-billed Barbet

Semnornis frantzii





Emerald Toucanet

Aulacorhynchus prasinus

Collared Araçari

Pteroglossus torquatus

Fiery-billed Araçari

Pteroglossus frantzii

Black-mandibled Toucan

Ramphastos ambiguus

Black-mandibled Toucan (on nest)

Ramphastos ambiguus

Keel-billed Toucan

Ramphastos sulfuratus

Keel-billed Toucan (on nest)

Ramphastos sulfuratus





Olivaceous Piculet

Picumnus olivaceus

Acorn Woodpecker

Melanerpes formicivorus

Acorn Woodpecker (f)

Melanerpes formicivorus

Golden-naped Woodpecker

Melanerpes chrysauchen

Black-cheeked Woodpecker

Melanerpes pucherani

Black-cheeked Woodpecker (f)

Melanerpes pucherani

Hoffmann’s Woodpecker (dorsal)

Melanerpes hoffmannii

Hoffmann’s Woodpecker (ventral)

Melanerpes hoffmannii

Hoffmann’s Woodpecker (f)

Melanerpes hoffmannii

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus

Rufous-winged Woodpecker

Piculus simplex

Golden-olive Woodpecker

Colaptes rubiginosus

Cinnamon Woodpecker

Celeus loricatus

Chestnut-colored Woodpecker

Celeus castaneus

Lineated Woodpecker

Dryocopus lineatus

Lineated Woodpecker (f)

Dryocopus lineatus

Lineated Woodpecker (nest)

Dryocopus lineatus

Pale-billed Woodpecker

Campephilus guatemalensis

Pale-billed Woodpecker (f)

Campephilus guatemalensis





Crested Caracara

Caracara cheriway

Crested Caracara (juv)

Caracara cheriway

Yellow-headed Caracara

Milvago chimachima

Laughing Falcon

Herpetotheres cachinnans


Falco columbarius

Bat Falcon

Falco rufigularis

Peregrine Falcon

Falco peregrinus





Orange-chinned Parakeet

Brotogeris jugularis

Brown-hooded Parrot

Pyrilia haematotis

Blue-headed Parrot

Pionus menstruus

White-crowned Parrot

Pionus senilis

Red-lored Parrot

Amazona autumnalis

White-fronted Parrot (juv)

Amazona albifrons

Mealy Parrot

Amazona farinosa

Sulphur-winged Parakeet

Pyrrhura hoffmanni

Olive-throated Parakeet

Eupsittula nana

Orange-fronted Parakeet

Eupsittula canicularis

Brown-throated Parakeet

Eupsittula pertinax

Great Green Macaw

Ara ambiguus

Scarlet Macaw

Ara macao

Scarlet Macaw (on nest)

Ara macao

Crimson-fronted Parakeet

Psittacara finschi





Fasciated Antshrike

Cymbilaimus lineatus

Great Antshrike

Taraba major

Barred Antshrike

Thamnophilus doliatus

Barred Antshrike (f)

Thamnophilus doliatus

Black-crowned Antshrike

Thamnophilus atrinucha

Black-hooded Antshrike

Thamnophilus bridgesi

Streak-crowned Antvireo

Dysithamnus striaticeps

Dot-winged Antwren (f)

Microrhopias quixensis

Chestnut-backed Antbird

Myrmeciza exsul

Zeledon’s Antbird

Myrmeciza zeledoni

Bicolored Antbird

Gymnopithys leucaspis

Spotted Antbird

Hylophylax naevioides

Spotted Antbird (f)

Hylophylax naevioides

Ocellated Antbird

Phaenostictus mcleannani





Streak-chested Antpitta

Hylopezus perspicillatus





Tawny-throated Leaftosser

Sclerurus mexicanus

Ruddy Woodcreeper

Dendrocincla homochroa

Northern Barred-Woodcreeper

Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae

Cocoa Woodcreeper

Xiphorhynchus susurrans

Brown-billed Scythebill

Campylorhamphus pusillus

Streak-headed Woodcreeper

Lepidocolaptes souleyetii

Streaked Xenops

Xenops rutilans

Buffy Tuftedcheek

Pseudocolaptes lawrencii

Striped Woodhaunter

Automolus subulatus

Red-faced Spinetail

Cranioleuca erythrops

Pale-breasted Spinetail

Synallaxis albescens

Slaty Spinetail

Synallaxis brachyura





Mouse-colored Tyrannulet

Phaeomyias murina

Yellow Tyrannulet

Capsiempis flaveola

Yellow-bellied Elaenia

Elaenia flavogaster

Lesser Elaenia

Elaenia chiriquensis

Mountain Elaenia

Elaenia frantzii

Paltry Tyrannulet

Zimmerius vilissimus

Black-capped Pygmy-Tyrant

Myiornis atricapillus

Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant

Lophotriccus pileatus

Northern Bentbill

Oncostoma cinereigulare

Common Tody-Flycatcher

Todirostrum cinereum

Yellow-olive Flycatcher

Tolmomyias sulphurescens

Yellow-margined Flycatcher

Tolmomyias assimilis

Royal Flycatcher

Onychorhynchus coronatus

Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher

Terenotriccus erythrurus

Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher

Myiobius sulphureipygius

Bran-colored Flycatcher

Myiophobus fasciatus

Tufted Flycatcher

Mitrephanes phaeocercus

Dark Pewee

Contopus lugubris

Ochraceous Pewee

Contopus ochraceus

Western Wood-Pewee

Contopus sordidulus

Eastern Wood-Pewee

Contopus virens

Tropical Pewee

Contopus cinereus

White-throated Flycatcher

Empidonax albigularis

Yellowish Flycatcher (ventral)

Empidonax flavescens

Yellowish Flycatcher (dorsal)

Empidonax flavescens

Black-capped Flycatcher (ventral)

Empidonax atriceps

Black-capped Flycatcher (dorsal)

Empidonax atriceps

Black Phoebe

Sayornis nigricans

Black Phoebe (ventral)

Sayornis nigricans

Long-tailed Tyrant

Colonia colonus

Long-tailed Tyrant (dorsal)

Colonia colonus

Long-tailed Tyrant (juv)

Colonia colonus

Bright-rumped Attila (ventral)

Attila spadiceus

Bright-rumped Attila (dorsal)

Attila spadiceus

Rufous Mourner

Rhytipterna holerythra

Dusky-capped Flycatcher

Myiarchus tuberculifer

Nutting’s Flycatcher

Myiarchus nuttingi

Brown-crested Flycatcher

Myiarchus tyrannulus

Great Kiskadee

Pitangus sulphuratus

Great Kiskadee (dorsal)

Pitangus sulphuratus

Boat-billed Flycatcher

Megarynchus pitangua

Social Flycatcher

Myiozetetes similis

Gray-capped Flycatcher

Myiozetetes granadensis

White-ringed Flycatcher

Conopias albovittatus

Streaked Flycatcher (ventral)

Myiodynastes maculatus

Streaked Flycatcher (dorsal)

Myiodynastes maculatus

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher (ventral)

Myiodynastes luteiventris

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher (dorsal)

Myiodynastes luteiventris

Piratic Flycatcher

Legatus leucophaius

Tropical Kingbird

Tyrannus melancholicus

Western Kingbird

Tyrannus verticalis

Eastern Kingbird

Tyrannus tyrannus

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher

Tyrannus forficatus

Fork-tailed Flycatcher

Tyrannus savana





Purple-throated Fruitcrow

Querula purpurata

Bare-necked Umbrellabird

Cephalopterus glabricollis

Turquoise Cotinga

Cotinga ridgwayi

Three-wattled Bellbird

Procnias tricarunculatus

Snowy Cotinga (f)

Carpodectes nitidus





Long-tailed Manakin

Chiroxiphia linearis

Blue-crowned Manakin

Lepidothrix coronata

White-collared Manakin

Manacus candei

Orange-collared Manakin

Manacus aurantiacus

Red-capped Manakin

Ceratopipra mentalis





Black-crowned Tityra

Tityra inquisitor

Black-crowned Tityra (f & m)

Tityra inquisitor

Masked Tityra

Tityra semifasciata

Masked Tityra (f)

Tityra semifasciata

Cinnamon Becard

Pachyramphus cinnamomeus

Rose-throated Becard (f)

Pachyramphus aglaiae





Philadelphia Vireo

Vireo philadelphicus

Red-eyed Vireo (juv)

Vireo olivaceus

Yellow-green Vireo

Vireo flavoviridis

Rufous-browed Peppershrike

Cyclarhis gujanensis





White-throated Magpie-Jay (ventral)

Calocitta formosa

White-throated Magpie-Jay (dorsal)

Calocitta formosa

Brown Jay

Psilorhinus morio





Blue-and-white Swallow

Pygochelidon cyanoleuca

Northern Rough-winged Swallow

Stelgidopteryx serripennis

Southern Rough-winged Swallow

Stelgidopteryx ruficollis

Mangrove Swallow

Tachycineta albilinea

Mangrove Swallow (juv)

Tachycineta albilinea

Barn Swallow

Hirundo rustica

Barn Swallow (juv)

Hirundo rustica





Nightingale Wren

Microcerculus philomela

House Wren

Troglodytes aedon

Band-backed Wren

Campylorhynchus zonatus

Rufous-naped Wren

Campylorhynchus rufinucha

Spot-breasted Wren

Pheugopedius maculipectus

Rufous-and-white Wren

Thryophilus rufalbus

Plain Wren

Cantorchilus modestus

Riverside Wren

Cantorchilus semibadius

Bay Wren

Cantorchilus nigricapillus

Gray-breasted Wood-Wren

Henicorhina leucophrys





White-lored Gnatcatcher

Polioptila albiloris





American Dipper

Cinclus mexicanus





Black-faced Solitaire

Myadestes melanops

Black-billed Nightingale-Thrush

Catharus gracilirostris

Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush

Catharus aurantiirostris

Ruddy-capped Nightingale-Thrush

Catharus frantzii

Swainson’s Thrush

Catharus ustulatus

Sooty Thrush

Turdus nigrescens

Sooty Thrush (f)

Turdus nigrescens

Mountain Thrush

Turdus plebejus

Clay-colored Thrush

Turdus grayi

White-throated Thrush

Turdus assimilis





Tropical Mockingbird

Mimus gilvus





Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcher

Phainoptila melanoxantha

Long-tailed Silky-flycatcher

Ptilogonys caudatus

Long-tailed Silky-flycatcher (f)

Ptilogonys caudatus





Worm-eating Warbler

Helmitheros vermivorum

Louisiana Waterthrush

Parkesia motacilla

Northern Waterthrush

Parkesia noveboracensis

Golden-winged Warbler

Vermivora chrysoptera

Prothonotary Warbler

Protonotaria citrea

Tennessee Warbler (nonbreeding)

Oreothlypis peregrina

Gray-crowned Yellowthroat

Geothlypis poliocephala

Masked Yellowthroat

Geothlypis aequinoctialis

Mourning Warbler

Geothlypis philadelphia

Olive-crowned Yellowthroat

Geothlypis semiflava

Cape May Warbler (juv male)

Setophaga tigrina

Tropical Parula

Setophaga pitiayumi

Yellow (Northern) Warbler (juv male)

Setophaga petechia

Yellow (Mangrove) Warbler

Setophaga petechia xanthotera

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Setophaga pensylvanica

Chestnut-sided Warbler (dorsal)

Setophaga pensylvanica

Chestnut-sided Warbler (nonbreeding)

Setophaga pensylvanica

Chestnut-sided Warbler (f)

Setophaga pensylvanica

Palm Warbler (Western nonbreeding)

Setophaga palmarum

Yellow-rumped Warbler (nonbreeding)

Setophaga coronata

Rufous-capped Warbler

Basileuterus rufifrons

Black-cheeked Warbler

Basileuterus melanogenys

Collared Redstart

Myioborus torquatus





Gray-headed Tanager

Eucometis penicillata

White-shouldered Tanager

Tachyphonus luctuosus

Tawny-crested Tanager

Tachyphonus delatrii

White-lined Tanager (f)

Tachyphonus rufus

Crimson-collared Tanager

Ramphocelus sanguinolentus

Passerini’s Tanager

Ramphocelus passerinii

Passerini’s Tanager (f)

Ramphocelus passerinii

Cherrie’s Tanager

Ramphocelus costaricensis

Cherrie’s Tanager (f)

Ramphocelus costaricensis

Blue-gray Tanager

Thraupis episcopus

Palm Tanager

Thraupis palmarum

Golden-hooded Tanager

Tangara larvata

Golden-hooded Tanager (juv)

Tangara larvata

Speckled Tanager

Tangara guttata

Spangle-cheeked Tanager

Tangara dowii

Plain-colored Tanager

Tangara inornata

Bay-headed Tanager

Tangara gyrola

Emerald Tanager

Tangara florida

Silver-throated Tanager (ventral)

Tangara icterocephala

Silver-throated Tanager (dorsal)

Tangara icterocephala

Scarlet-thighed Dacnis

Dacnis venusta

Blue Dacnis

Dacnis cayana

Shining Honeycreeper

Cyanerpes lucidus

Shining Honeycreeper (f)

Cyanerpes lucidus

Red-legged Honeycreeper (ventral)

Cyanerpes cyaneus

Red-legged Honeycreeper (dorsal)

Cyanerpes cyaneus

Red-legged Honeycreeper (nonbreeding male)

Cyanerpes cyaneus

Red-legged Honeycreeper (f)

Cyanerpes cyaneus

Green Honeycreeper

Chlorophanes spiza

Green Honeycreeper (f)

Chlorophanes spiza

Slaty Flowerpiercer

Diglossa plumbea

Slaty Flowerpiercer (feeding)

Diglossa plumbea

Slaty Flowerpiercer (f)

Diglossa plumbea

Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch

Emberizoides herbicola

Blue-black Grassquit

Volatinia jacarina

Blue-black Grassquit (f)

Volatinia jacarina

Ruddy-breasted Seedeater

Sporophila minuta

Thick-billed Seed-Finch

Sporophila funereus

Thick-billed Seed-Finch (f)

Sporophila funereus

Nicaraguan Seed-Finch

Sporophila nuttingi

Variable Seedeater (Pacific race)

Sporophila americana aurita

Variable Seedeater (Caribbean race)

Sporophila americana corvina

White-collared Seedeater (juv male)

Sporophila torqueola

Yellow-bellied Seedeater (f)

Sporophila nigricollis

Slate-colored Seedeater

Sporophila schistacea


Coereba flaveola

Yellow-faced Grassquit

Tiaris olivaceus

Yellow-faced Grassquit (f)

Tiaris olivaceus

Buff-throated Saltator

Saltator maximus

Grayish Saltator

Saltator coerulescens

Streaked Saltator

Saltator striatipectus





Yellow-thighed Finch

Pselliophorus tibialis

White-naped Brushfinch

Atlapetes albinucha

Large-footed Finch

Pezopetes capitalis

Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch

Arremon brunneinucha

Olive Sparrow

Arremonops rufivirgatus

Black-striped Sparrow

Arremonops conirostris

White-eared Ground-Sparrow

Melozone leucotis

Prevost’s Ground-Sparrow

Melozone biarcuata

Stripe-headed Sparrow

Peucaea ruficauda

Rufous-collared Sparrow

Zonotrichia capensis

Volcano Junco

Junco vulcani

Sooty-capped Chlorospingus

Chlorospingus pileatus





Hepatic Tanager

Piranga flava

Summer Tanager

Piranga rubra

Summer Tanager (molting male)

Piranga rubra

Scarlet Tanager (nonbreeding male)

Piranga olivacea

Flame-colored Tanager

Piranga bidentata

White-winged Tanager

Piranga leucoptera

Red-crowned Ant-Tanager

Habia rubica

Red-throated Ant-Tanager

Habia fuscicauda

Carmiol's Tanager

Chlorothraupis carmioli

Black-faced Grosbeak

Caryothraustes poliogaster

Rose-breasted Grosbeak (f)

Pheucticus ludovicianus

Rose-breasted Grosbeak (juv)

Pheucticus ludovicianus

Blue Grosbeak

Passerina caerulea

Painted Bunting

Passerina ciris





Red-winged Blackbird

Agelaius phoeniceus

Red-winged Blackbird (f)

Agelaius phoeniceus

Eastern Meadowlark

Sturnella magna

Red-breasted Blackbird

Sturnella militaris

Melodious Blackbird

Dives dives

Great-tailed Grackle

Quiscalus mexicanus

Great-tailed Grackle (f)

Quiscalus mexicanus

Nicaraguan Grackle

Quiscalus nicaraguensis

Shiny Cowbird (juv)

Molothrus bonariensis

Bronzed Cowbird

Molothrus aeneus

Bronzed Cowbird (juv)

Molothrus aeneus

Giant Cowbird (f)

Molothrus oryzivorus

Giant Cowbird (juv)

Molothrus oryzivorus

Black-cowled Oriole

Icterus prosthemelas

Streak-backed Oriole

Icterus pustulatus

Spot-breasted Oriole

Icterus pectoralis

Baltimore Oriole

Icterus galbula

Baltimore Oriole (f)

Icterus galbula

Scarlet-rumped Cacique

Cacicus uropygialis

Crested Oropendola

Psarocolius decumanus

Chestnut-headed Oropendola

Psarocolius wagleri

Montezuma Oropendola

Psarocolius montezuma

Montezuma Oropendola colony

Psarocolius montezuma





Scrub Euphonia

Euphonia affinis

Scrub Euphonia (f)

Euphonia affinis

Yellow-crowned Euphonia

Euphonia luteicapilla

Thick-billed Euphonia

Euphonia laniirostris

Yellow-throated Euphonia

Euphonia hirundinacea

Yellow-throated Euphonia (f)

Euphonia hirundinacea

Yellow-throated Euphonia (juv)

Euphonia hirundinacea

Elegant Euphonia

Euphonia elegantissima

Spot-crowned Euphonia

Euphonia imitans

Olive-backed Euphonia

Euphonia gouldi

Olive-backed Euphonia (f)

Euphonia gouldi

Golden-browed Chlorophonia

Chlorophonia callophrys

Golden-browed Chlorophonia (f)

Chlorophonia callophrys

Yellow-bellied Siskin

Spinus xanthogastra





Tricolored Munia

Lonchura malacca


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To watch videos that I have taken of birds in Costa Rica, Ecuador, and Brazil, please visit the Internet Bird Collection.