Intro and Content of Wife Number 19 by Ann Eliza Young
WIFE NO. 19
T H E S T O R Y O F
A L I F E I N B O N D A G E ,
Complete Exposť of Mormonism,
A N D R E V E A L I N G T H E
S O R R O W S , S A C R I F I C E S A N D S U F F E R I N G S O F
W O M E N I N P O L Y G A M Y ,
A N N E L I Z A Y O U N G ,
B R I G H A M Y O U N G 'S A P O S T A T E W I F E
W I T H I N T R O D U C T O R Y N O T E S B Y
J O H N B. G O U G H A N D M A R Y A. L I V E R M O R E.
I L L U S T R A T E D.
S O L D B Y S U B S C R I P T I O N O N L Y
DUSTIN, GILMAN & CO.
P U B L I C A T I O N O F F I C E : H A R T F O R D, C O N N.
B R A N C H O F F I C E: C H I C A G O, I L L., C I N C I N N A T I, O H I O.
Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1875,
By DUSTIN, GILMAN & CO.,
In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C.
Electrotyped at the Boston Stereotype Foundry,
19 Spring Lane.
M O R M O N W I V E S O F U T A H.
I Dedicate this Book to you, as I consecrate my life to your cause.
As long as God gives me life I shall pray and lead for your deliverance from the worse than Egyptian bondage in which you are held.
Despised. maligned, and wronged; kept in gross ignorance of the great world, its pure creeds, its high aims, its generous motives. you have been made to believe that the noblest nation of the earth was truly represented by the horde of miscreants who drove you from State to State. In early years murdering your sons and assassinating ,our leaders.
Hence, you shrink from those whom God will soon lead to your deliverance, from those to whom I daily present your claims to a hearing and liberation, and who listen
with responsive and sympathetic hearts.
But He will not long permit you to be so wickedly deceived nor will the People permit you to be so cruelly enslaved.
Hope and pray Come out of the house of bondage! Kind hearts beat for you! Open hands will welcome you! Do not fear that while God lives you shall suffer uncared for
in the wilderness! This Christian realm is not "Babylon," but THE PROMISED LAND!
Courage! The night of oppression is nearly ended, and the sun of liberty is rising in the heavens for you.
I N T R O D U C T O R Y N O T E ,
J O H N B. G O U G H.
SINCE Mrs. Young's pleasant visit to us. I have thought much of the important mission to which she has devoted herself, and I wish to say, and I do it most cordially, that having been reared and educated in Mormonism, from her experience and the sufferings she has endured, she is fully competent to expose the whole system, and show to the public the true side of it. as no other person can or will. I need not assure her of my entire confidence in her sincerity and ability to carry out the work to which she has devoted herself, and the talents God has given her. I believe she has been called to this mission, and by her experience and intense sympathy with the sufferings of her sex, has been wonderfully qualified, and prepared for the work.
The sympathy of our entire household is with her, and we earnestly pray that she may be enabled to overcome all opposition. and that God may give her abundant success, and that the blessing of many ready to perish may rest upon her.
J O H N B. G O U G H.
W O R C E S T E R, M A S S., J U L Y, 1875.
I N T R O D U C T O R Y N O T E ,
M R S. M A R Y A. L I V E R M O R E.
I HAVE read the advance sheets of Mrs. Ann-Eliza Young's book with painful interest, which has deepened into disgust and pity. Disgust at the hypocrisy, brutality. and diabolism of the Mormon leaders; pity for the wasted, joyless, sacrificial, lives of the poor women who immolate themselves on
the shrine of Mormonism, in the holy name of Religion.
Born and reared in the midst of these deluded people, removed from all counteracting influences, it was inevitable that Mrs. Young should accept their beliefs, and be drawn into their practices. And it must have required heroic resolution in her to break away from the Mormon Church, even when her vision was unsealed to its rottenness, knowing as she did that she would be compelled to flee from home, leaving a beloved mother and precious children in the hands of the enemy. I congratulate her on her complete emancipation, on her reunion with her beloved, whose obvious peril weighed so heavily on her filial and maternal heart, and on the possession of ability to give to the world an exposť of the Mormon horror, such as it has never before
received. My sympathies are entirely with her in the work to which she has consecrated herself. With her awakened conscience, she could not do otherwise than seek the disintegration of the Utah community, whose foundations are laid in the degradation of woman. May she have the largest success compatible with human effort.
M A R Y A. L I V E R M O R E.
M E L R O S E, M A S S., O C T. 1875.
TO THE WIVES OF BRIGHAM YOUNG.
SHOULD this book meet your eyes, I wish you most distinctly to understand that my quarrel is not with you. On the contrary, the warmest and tenderest feelings of my heart are strongly enlisted in your favor. As a rule, you have been uniformly kind to me. Some of you I have dearly loved. I have respected and honored you all. My love and respect have never failed, but have rather increased with separation. I think of you often with the sincerest sympathy for your helpless condition, bound to a false religion, and fettered by a despotic system; and I wish from the depths of my heart that I could bring you, body and soul, out from the cruel bondage. and help you to find the freedom, rest, and peace which have become so sweet to me since my eyes have been opened to the light of a true and comforting faith.
Since I have left Utah, I know that some of you have censured me severely, and have joined in personal denunciations. But I know that you are actuated by a mistaken zeal for the cause which you feel yourselves bound to sustain. You, no doubt, regard my course with horror. I look upon your lives with pity.
I have taken the liberty of describing your characters and situations. I was not prompted by the slightest animosity toward you, but because the public are interested in you, and curious concerning you, and I felt that I could give to the world a true story of your lives, and, at the same time, do you justice, and let you be seen as you are in my eyes, which are not dimmed by prejudice.
I was driven to the course I am pursuing by sheer desperation, as some of you, with whom I have exchanged confidences, well know. The motives which have been attributed to me, and the charges that have been made against me, are as utterly false and foreign to my nature as darkness is to light. You, at least, should not misjudge me. You should know me better, and you do. Even your bitter prejudice. and your disapprobation of the step I have taken. cannot make you believe me other than I am. You know that apostasy from Mormonism does not necessarily degrade a person, and sink them at once to the lowest depths of infamy.
If, as is taught, - and as I suppose you believe, - I have lost the light of the gospel. and departed from the faith once delivered to the saints, am I not rather deserving your compassion than your censure? Your own hearts and consciences must answer that.
The women of Utah should know that I shall vindicate their rights, and defend their characters, at all times and in all places. Their sorrow has been my sorrow; their cause is my cause still. My heart goes out to them all, but more especially to you. You have been my companions and my sisters in tribulation. Now our paths diverge. I go on the way that I have chosen alone. while you stay sorrowing together. I wish I had the power to influence you to throw off the fetters which bind you, and to walk triumphantly forth into the glories of a faith, whose foundation is in God the compassionate Father, whose principles are those of a tender mercy, whose ruling spirit is love. Alas! I cannot do it; but I pray that the good Father in His infinite mercy may open your eyes to His glory, and lead you forth His children to do His blessed will.
A N N - E L I Z A Y O U N G.
Portrait of Ann Eliza Young ( Steel ) frontispiece.
Turned out of Doors 31
Preaching the New Religion 37
Joseph Smith, the Founder of Mormonism 40
The Night of Terror 46
Nauvoo Temple 49
Burning of the Newspaper Office 62
Assassination of Joseph Smith and his brother Hyrum 64
Emma Smith, "The Elect Lady," 65
The Indignant Wife 69
The First Plural Marriage, 72
Arrival at Quincy, Illinois 87
Sidney Rigdon 90
My First Vote 95
My Father's First Plural Marriage 98
"Do you think I have no Trials?" 107
Winter Quarters 110
A Blessing from Brigham 110
Singing the Rallying Song 120
The Journey to Zion. - Crossing the Plains 121
Brigham Imitating the "Grecian Bend," 123
Anointing the Sick with Oil 125
The Deseret Costume 130
Brigham Refuses my Request 133
The Ball in the Bowery 137
The Dissatisfied Wife 142
The Apostle Orson Pratt, "The Champion of Polygamy," 150
Joseph Young, Brother of Brigham, and President of the
Brigham's Brotherly Love, 153
Discouraging Apostasy 160
Brigham Seizing Cattle for the Church 163
Apostle Lorenzo Snow 166
Apostle C. C. Rich 166
Apostle A. Carrington 166
Apostle Joseph F. Smith, 166
Apostle Erastus Snow 166
Joseph A. Young Preparing for Missionary Work 171
E. Hunter, Presiding Bishop Mormon Church 172
Doing Missionary Work 178
Awakening the Saints 181
"Scene during Reformation," 185
Dealing with a Weak Brother 191
Brutal Assault upon Mrs. Jarvis 193
Blood Atonement. - Scene during Reformation 198
The Emigrants' Landing -Place. "Castle Gardens, New York," Zoo 200
Apostle Franklin D. Richards, Husband of Ten Wives 202
Mormon Emigrants on Shipboard 205
The Hand-Cart Train 210
"Some will Push, and some will Pull," 213
Relief in Sight 215
Arrival of "Hand-Cart Companies" at Salt Lake City 221
"Vengeance is Mine," 228
Parley P. Pratt 235
Assassination of Parley P. Pratt 237
John D. Lee (Has nineteen wives and sixty-four children) 238
The Murder of Two Little Girls 241
Murdered by Lee's Own Hand 245
Murdering the Women and Children, 247
The Mountain Meadows Massacre 248
Scene after the Massacre 249
Using up an Apostate 262
Brigham's Destroying Angel, "Port" Rockwell 269
Murder of the Aiken Party 272
Brigham Young's Farm-House 277
Bill Hickman, Brigham's "Destroying Angel," 279
Brigham Wooing Widow Lewis 284
Only a Wife out of the Way 290
Life a Burden 293
Bird's-Eye View of Salt Lake City 295
The New Addition 297
Scene in Polygamy. - Greeting the Favorite 305
The Maniac Wife 306
The Happy Home of a Polygamist 308
Orson Hyde and Forgotten Wife 320
Apostle George Q. Cannon. Member of Congress (Has four Wives, and thirteen Children)
Apostle Orson Hyde 324
Brigham in a Quandary 327
Apostle John Taylor (Husband of Six Wives) 330
Mormons Burning a Government Train 333
A Good Deal of Wives. - Too much Attention 339
Remains of Adobe Defences 341
Mormons Selling Provisions to United States Troops 343
Brigham's Folly, "The Prairie Schooner" 347
Taking my Endowments Behind the Curtain 349
Mormon Baptism 352
Mormon Confirmation 354
The Endowment House 356
The Devil of the Endowment House 362
Apostle Willard Woodruff ("Timothy Broadhrim") 364
Receiving the Endowments 366
Apostle Heber C. Kimball 371
My First Appearance in Brigham's Theatre 373
My First Ride with Brigham 376
Brigham's Theatre 379
A Life of Unhappiness 387
Family Jars 398
My Baby Boy 403
Strangled by my Husband 407
"Grandma. what is Polygamy?" 412
No Peace with Polygamy 415
Old Farm-House at Cottonwood 422
Brigham on his Travels 426
Brigham Preaching at South Cottonwood 430
Breaking the News 440
Chauncey G. Webb ("My Father") 444
Eliza C. Webb ("My Mother") 445
Brigham's Stormy Interview with my Mother 452
Amelia tries to Keep Me Out 455
Amelia's Display of Temper 463
Insulted by her Father 468
Joseph A. Young 471
Maggie Young (Joseph A's Discarded Wife) 472
"Briggy" (The Prophet's Successor) 474
John W. Young 477
Lucy Rebellious 479
Kissing Libbie Good Night 480
Mrs. Alice Young Clawson (Brigham's Eldest Daughter) 482
Emmeline Serving Brigham and Amelia 484
Clara Decker (Wife of Brigham) 486
The Lion House (Brigham Young's Residence) 490
The Lion House and Brigham's Offices 493
Brigham Looks Amazed 497
Amelia Folsom (Brigham's Favorite Wife) 498
Miss Eliza R. Snow (Mormon Poetess) 501
Zina D. Huntington (Wife of Brigham) 502
Zina Williams (Brigham's Daughter) 503
A Little Conversation with Brigham 506
Waiting for Brigham to Keep his Promise 509
The Disgraced Wife 515
Dinner at the Lion House 517
Brigham Young (Full Page Portrait) 520
Mormon Temple (now Building) 523
Interior of Tabernacle on Sunday's 524
Family Prayers at Bee Hive House 529
Toiling for Brigham 532
Relating my Story to Mr. and Mrs. Stratton 540
Alone at the Hotel 542
Carrying my Furniture to the Auction Room 546
Excitement in Salt Lake City 548
Brigham Fined and Imprisoned for Contempt of Court 553
Flight at Night 556
Flight at Night 566
Escape from Salt Lake City 570
View of Salt Lake City, showing Tabernacle 571
The Co-operative Store 577
George A. Smith, First Counsellor 578
Daniel H. Wells, Second Counsellor 579
The Old Mormon Tabernacle 580
Mormon Tithing Store, and Office of Deseret News 585
View of Brigham's Canal 587
Polygamy in High and Low Life 589
Driven from Home 594
Receiving my Friends at the Walker House 598
Reception at Salt Lake City 599
"Not Afraid of the Poland Bill," 603
Table of Contents
THE DAYS OF MY CHILDHOOD. - WHY I EVER WAS A
An Important Question.- Born in Mormonism. - Telling my own Story. - Joseph Smith's Mission. - He preaches a New Dispensation. My Parents Introduced to the Reader. - The Days before Polygamy. - My Mother's Childhood. - Learning under Difficulties - First Thoughts of Mormonism. - Received into the Church. - Persecution for the Faith. - Forsaking all for the New Religion. - First Acquaintance with the Apostle Brigham. - His Ambitious Intrigues. - His Poverty. - His Mission-work. - Deceptive Appearances. - My Mothers Marriage. - A Brief Dream of Happiness. - That Sweet Word "Home." - The Prophet Smith turns Banker. - The "Kirtland Safety Society Bank." - The Prophet and Sidney Rigdon Flee. - A Moment of Hesitation. - Another "Zion" Appointed. - Losing All for the Church. - Privation and Distress. - Sidney Rigdon and his "Declaration of Independence." - He Excites an Immense Sensation. - Mobs Assemble and Fights Ensure. - Lively Times among the Saints. - The Outrages of the Danites.
FOUNDING THE NEW RELIGION. - ASSASSINATION OF
The Saints expelled from Missouri. - They cross the Mississippi into Illinois. - Forming a New Settlement. - Arrival in Quincy. - A Kind Reception. - The City of "Nauvoo" Founded. - A New Temple Begun. - Great Success of the Foreign Missions. - The Saints flock from Europe. - Thousands assemble in Nauvoo. - The Prophet Joseph applies for a City Charter. - Nauvoo Incorporated. - The Saints Petition the National Government. - The Prophet visits Washington. - His Interview with President Van Buren. - He Coquets with Politics. - He Stands on the Edge of the Precipice. - The Saints in Danger. - The Prophet Smith nominated for President. - He tries to find the "Golden Way." - Mormon Missionaries preach Politics. - The Prophet looks towards the Pacific Coast - The Blind Obedience of the Saints. -The Real Devotion of their Faith. - Gentile Opinions. - How Boggs was Shot in the Head. - The Spiritual-Wife Doctrine. - Dr. William Law Protests. - Terrible Charges against the Prophet.- The "Nauvoo Expositor." - The Prophet Surrenders. - He is Murdered in Jail.
THE "REVELATION ON CELESTIAL MARRIAGE." - TROUBLE
AMONG THE SAINTS.
The Announcement of Polygamy. - " Celestial Marriage." - Joseph "sets himself Right." - Mrs. Smith is very Rebellious. - Mrs. Smith's Adopted Daughter. - The Prophet too fond of Fanny. - Mrs. Smith takes her in Hand. - Marital Storms. - Oliver Cowdery called In. - He goes and "Does Likewise." - Joseph first Preaches Polygamy. - The Saints Rebel. - The Revelation given in Secret. - Eleven "Adopted Daughters" sealed to the Prophet. - A Domestic Squall in the Prophet's House - Nancy Rigdon Insulted by Joseph. - Sidney's Zeal Grows Cold. - How Celestial Marriage was Introduced. - Mr. Noble begins to Build Up his Kingdom. -The first Plural Marriage. - False Position of the Second Wife. - John C. Bennett. - His Profligacy and Crimes. - He Apostatizes and Writes a Book. - Joseph Defends Himself. - Apostasy of an Apostle's Wife. - The Prophet in Difficulties. - The Revelation on "Celestial Marriage."
AFTER JOSEPH'S DEATH. - BRIGHAM YOUNG ELECTED
Kindness of the Gentiles. - Strangers in a Strange Land. - My Parents join the Saints in Nauvoo. - They Purchase Land in the City. - Are shamefully Defrauded. - Joseph's Unfaithful Friends. - My Parents are left almost Destitute. - I am Born in the Midst of Troubles. - The Saints Bewildered. - Who should Succeed Joseph? - Sidney Rigdon's Claims to the Presidency. - He returns to Nauvoo. - Has Dreams and Visions. - He Promises to "Pull Little Vic's Nose." - The Apostles hear of the Prophet's Murder. - They hasten to Nauvoo. - Brigham begins his Successful Intrigues. - He Settles Sidney Rigdon. - An Extraordinary Trial. - Brigham's Idea of Free Voting. - Women's Suffrage in Utah. - Why Brigham gave the Franchise to the Women. - My own Experience as a Voter - Brigham Dictates what I'm to Do. - I obey Quietly. - How Sidney Rigdon was Deposed. - Brigham Rules the Church.
MY FATHER'S PLURAL WIFE. - CHILDHOOD IN POLYGAMY.
Childhood in Mormondom. - A striking Contrast. - The Sorrows of my Earliest Years. - How my Mother received Polygamy. - Submitting to the Rod. - Clinging to Love and Home. - Resigning all for Religion. - Strange ways of glorifying God. - The Reward of Faithfulness. - The Prophet Joseph imparts a New Religious Mystery. - The Breaking up of a Home. - Fears of Rebellion. - The Struggle of Faith against Nature. - Seeking Rest, but finding None. - Brigham's "Counsels." - A New Wife Selected. My Parents enter into Polygamy. - The New Bride, Elizabeth. - The Marriage Ceremony. - My Mother Sealed. - She is to become a Queen. - Domestic Arrangements in Polygamy. - Bearing the Cross. - A First Wife's Sorrows. - Where does Polygamy Hurt? - The Mormon Husband; his Position and Privileges.
FORSAKING DEAR ZION. - WE FIND A NEW HOME IN THE
A New Home in the Far West. - Dangerous Neighbors. - Some very Unpleasant Stories. - Seeking a New Home. - Preparing to Depart. - Life at Winter-Quarters. - A Lively Time in the Temple. - "Little Dancin' Missy." - Bound for Salt Lake Valley. - Life by the Way. - Songs of the Saints. - A False Prophecy. - "The Upper California." - Saintly Profanity. - A Soul-stirring Melody. - The Saints Excited. - Beside the Camp-Fires. -The Journey Ending. - Entering Zion. -The Valley of the Great Salt Lake
OUR WELCOME TO "ZION." - UTAH IN THE EARLY DAYS.
Our Welcome to Zion. - Housekeeping under Difficulties. - Our First Home in Utah. - The Second Wife's Baby. - The Young Mother. - A very Delicate Position. - Doctors at a Discount. - Brigham's Wife turns Midwife. - An Obedient Woman. - Taking Care of the Baby. - Practising Economy. - The Path of the Crickets. - Too much Cracked Wheat. - Building the First Mill. - Brother Brigham Speechifies. - Tea at Five Dollars per Pound. - Californian Gold Discovered. - Building up Zion. - Brigham's " Dress Reform." - A Rather Queer Costume. - The Women "Assert" Themselves. - Clara Decker Rebels. - How the Prophet treats his Wives. - I ask for some Furs, and am Snubbed - How the Prophet doled out his Silk. - Eliza Snow and Fanny's Finery. - The Prophet Snubs Eliza. - He Combats the "Grecian Bend." - Dancing among the Saints. - Polygamy Denied. - How the Saints received It. - A Nice Little Family Arrangement.
TROUBLES UNDER THE NEW SYSTEM.
The Sorrows of My Uncle. - "It's a Hopeless Fix." - A Woman's Argument about Polygamy. - My Mother "labors" with a First Wife. - Wife No. 2 "Walks Off." - Marrying a Widow and her Two Daughters. - Mrs. Webb becomes a Wife No. 2. - Wife No. 1 throws Brickbats into the Nuptial Chamber. - She clears the Field of Extra Wives. - "Building up the Kingdom." - The Atrocious Villainies of Orson Pratt. - How he has Seduced Innocent Girls. - Brigham's Nephew Rebels. - Trouble in the Prophet's Family - Forgetting a Wife's Face. - A Woman who liked Polygamy
THE HARDSHIPS AND PERILS OF LIFE IN A NEW COUNTRY.
"Killed by the Indians." - How Apostates Disappeared. - A Suspicious Fact. - How Brigham "took care" of the People's Property. - The Mormon Battalion. - Brigham Pockets the Soldiers' Pay. - How Proselytes were Made. - Scapegraces sent on Mission. - My Father goes to Europe. - How Missionaries' wives are Left. - Collecting funds for the Missionaries. - Brigham Embezzles the Money. - The " Church Train." - Joseph A. Young as a Missionary. - His Misdoings in St. Louis. - What Brother Brown said of Him. - The Perpetual Emigration Fund. - How the Money was Raised. - Cheating the Confiding Saints. - How Brigham Manages the Missionaries' Property. - The "Church" makes Whiskey for the Saints. - The Missionaries bring home new Wives. - How English Girls are Deceived. - My First Baptism.
THE UTAH "REFORMATION." - "A REIGN OF TERROR." -
THE BLOOD-ATONEMENT PREACHED.
The Beginning of the Reformation. - The Payson Saints Stirred Up. - What the Wicked "Saints" had been Doing Secretly. - The Old Lady who stole a Radish. - Confessing the sins of Others. - A System of Espionage. - Brigham bids them "Go Ahead" - The Story of Brother Jeddy's Mule. - The Saints receive a terrible Drubbing. - Great Excitement in Mormondom. - How the Saints were Catechized. - Indelicate Questions are put to Everybody. - My Mother and Myself Confess. - The Labors of the Home Missionaries. - Making Restitution. - Everybody is Re-baptized. - Cut off Below their Ears."- The "Blood-Atonement" Preached. - Murder recommended in the Tabernacle. - Cutting their Neighbors' throats for Love. - A Reign of Terror in Utah. - Fearful Outrages Committed. - Murdered "by the Indians"? - Brigham advises the Assassination of Hatten. - Murder of Almon Babbitt, Dr. Robinson, the Parrishes, and Others. - Bloodshed the Order of the Day
"DIVINE EMIGRATION." - THE PROPHET AND THE HAND-
Early Emigration to Utah. - The Prophet Meditates Economy. - The "Divine Plan" Invented. - How it was Revealed to the Saints. - They Prepare to "Gather to Zion." - How the Hand-Carts were Built. - The Sufferings of the Emigrants. - On Board Ship. - An Apostolic Quarrel. - Base Conduct of the Apostle Taylor. -The Saints arrive in Iowa City. - How the Summer-time was Wasted. - Beginning a Terrible Journey. - Suffering by the Way. - "Going Cheap." - They reach Council Bluffs. - Levi Savage Behaves Bravely. - Lying Prophecy of the Apostle Richards. - How the Emigrants were Deceived. - Brigham Young sends Help to Them. - Two Apostles are Denounced. - The Prophet in a Fix. - He lays His own Sins on the Backs of Others. - Preparing to Receive the Emigrants.
BRIGHAM'S HAND-CART SCHEME, CONTINUED. - FAILURE
OF THE "DIVINE PLAN."
Arrival of the First Train. - Fearful Sufferings of the Emigrants. - Women and Girls toiling at the Carts. - The Prophet's "Experiment." - Burying the Dead. - Greater Mortality among the Men. - Arrival of Assistance. - Hand-Cart Songs. - scenes in the Camp of the Emigrants. - How every Prophecy of the Elders was Falsified. - How the Tennant Family were Shamelessly Robbed. - One of the Vilest Swindles of the Prophet. - Mr. Tennant's Unhappy Death. - His Wife Views the "Splendid Property." Bought from Brigham. - Brigham Cheats her out of her Last Dollar. - She is reduced to Abject Poverty. - The Apostle Taylor Hastens to Zion. - Richards and Spencer are made Scape-goats. - Brigham evades all responsibility. - Utter Failure of the "Divine Plan."
THE MOUNTAIN MEADOWS' MASSACRE. - "VENGEANCE IS
MINE: I WILL REPAY."
The Results of the Reformation. - The Story of a Fiendish Deed. - The Peoples Mouths Closed. - How the Dreadful Crime was Hushed Up. - Judge Cradlebaughs Efforts to Unravel the Mystery. - Who were the Guilty Ones -The Emigrants on the Way to Utah. The People Forbidden to sell them Food. - They Arrive at Salt Lake City is Ordered to Break Camp. - In need of Supplies. - Who was accountable - Why the Mormons hated the Emigrants. - The Story of Parley P Pratt. - How he Seduced McLean's Wife. - Their Journey to Cedar City. - Hungry and Weary, but still Pressing On. - They Reach the Mountain Meadows. - Attacked by "the Indians." - The Emigrants Besieged. - Dying of Thirst. - Two little Girls shot by the Mormons an Appeal for help. - The Last Hope of the Besieged.-Waiting for Death.
BETRAYED AND MURDERED. - TRAIL OF JOHN D. LEE.
The "White Flag of Peace. - Friends in the Distance. - A Cruel Deception. - Mormon Fiends plan their Destruction. - John D. Lee's Crocodile Tears. -"Lay down your Arms, and Depart in Peace." - A Horrible Suspicion. - The Massacre. - The Scene of Blood. - No Mercy for Women and Children. - Robbed and Outraged. - Murdered by Lee's Own Hand. - The Field of Slaughter. -Dividing the Property of the Murdered Ones. - Brigham Young Demands his Share. - Haunted by Spectres. - John D. Lee's Trial. - Instigated by Brigham. - No Justice in Utah. - Lee's Confession made to Shield the False Prophet. - Eight Mormon and Four Gentile Jurors. - What was to be Expected?
THE BLOOD-ATONEMENT. - THE DESTROYING ANGELS. -
DANITES AND THEIR DEEDS.
Sweet, Saintly Sentiments. -"He ought to have his Throat cut." - Too many Gentiles About. - The Spirit of "Blood-Atonement" Still Cherished. - Present Position of Apostates. - How they used to be "Cut Off." - Cutting Men off below the Ears." - How "Accidents" happened to People who "Knew too Much." - How Mr. Langford expressed his Opinion too Freely. - Mormon Friends kindly advise him to "Shut Up." - Be on your Guard!" - Poetry among the Saints: a Popular Song. - Human Sacrifices Proposed! - How Saints were taught to Atone for their Sins. - "Somebody" ready to shed their
Blood. - "The Destroying Angels:" who they were, and what they did. - Saints told to do their own "Dirty Work." - People who ought to be "Used up." - Murdering by Proxy - Brigham Young proved to be the Vilest of Assassins. - Hideous Crimes of Porter Rockwell and Bill Hickman. - How Rockwell tried to Murder Governor Boggs. - Hickman Confesses his Atrocious Crimes. - Six Men Robbed of 25,000 and then Used Up." - Another Frightful Assassination. - A Council of Mormon Murderers. - The "Church" orders the Assassination of the Aikin Party
FRIGHTFUL DEEDS OF BLOOD. - MORMONISM IN ITS TRUE
The Yates Murder. - Brigham and the Leading Mormons Arrested for the Crime. - Mr. Yates accused of being a Spy. - He is Arrested, and his Goods Seized. - Bill Hickman takes possession of the Prisoner's Body. - Brigham Embezzles his Gold. - Another Saint steals his Watch. - Hickman carries him to Jones's Camp. - He is Murdered there while Asleep. - Hickman asks Brigham for a Share of the Spoil. - The Prophet refuses; sticks to every Cent. - Hickman's "faith" in Mormonism is Shaken. - His fellow-murder Apostates Outright. - How Bill was finally paid in Wives. - He tries a little matter of Seventeen. - Fiendish Outrage at San Pete. - Bishop Snow contrives the Damnable Deed - The fate of his Victims. - A Mysterious Marriage. - The Feather-beds and the Prophet. - Mrs. Lewis comes to Live with Me.
TROUBLE IN OUR OWN FAMILY. - LOUISE COMES UPON
Increase of Polygamy. - Marrying going on Day and Night. - "Taking a Wife and Buying a Cow." - A Faithful Husband in a Fix. - How Men got "Married on the Sly." - How Wives were Driven Crazy by their Wrongs. - My Father Marries Considerably. - He "Goes in" for the Hand-Cart Girls. - Marries a Couple to begin with. - Takes a Third the same Month. - Rapid Increase of his "Kingdom." - How the Girls Chose Husbands. - Instructing the New Wives in our Family. - Louise doesn't want to Work. - My Father goes on Mission Again. - Louise Flirts and Rebels. - She is Scolded and Repents. - Goes to Bed and Weeps. - Bestows her Goods on the Family. - "Lizzie" Interviews Her. - She Poisons Herself. - Is a "Long Time Dying." - She gets a Strong Dose of Cayenne. -Is sent on her Travels. - The Last we Heard of Her.
INCREASE OF POLYGAMY. - MIXED-UP CONDITION OF
Christ alleged to be a Polygamist. - The Men to save the Women. - Making "Tabernacles" for little Spirits. - The Story of certain Ladies who were Deceived. - They Discover a Mystery. - Their Fate. - Orson Hyde's False Prophecy. - Throwing Mud at Apostates. - Death preferred to Polygamy. - Frightful Intermarriages. - Married his Mother-in-law. - A Man who Married his Wife's Grandmother. Mother, and All. - Marrying a half-Sister. -Marrying Nieces and Sisters. - How Emigrant Girls were Married Off. - Frightful Story of a Poor Young Girl. - Polygamy and Madness. - One Woman's Love too Little. - How English Girls were Deceived. - How Claude Spenser committed a Damnable Wrong. - A Girl who was Martyred for her Religion. - How the Bereaved Husband Acted. - A Man with thirty-three Children. - "They never cost him a Cent." - A Many-Wived Saint. - Mixed-up Condition of Marital Affairs.
THE MYSTERIES OF POLYGAMY. - WHAT THE WIVES
Incestuous Intermarriages. - A Widow and her Daughters married to the same Man. - "Marrying my Pa." - The U. S. Government Conniving at Mormon Iniquities. - Beastly Conduct of Delegate George Q Cannon. - Polygamists legislating for Bigamists. - Mother and Daughter fighting for the same Man! - it is Wicked to Live with an Old Wife. - A Young lover Ninety Years Old! - A Bride Eleven Years Old. - Brides of Thirteen and Fourteen Years! - I receive an "Offer" when Twelve Years Old! - Old Ladies at a Discount: Young Women at a Premium. - Respect for the Silver Crown of Age. - Heber gives his Opinion. - "Why is She making such a Fuss?" - Seeing One's Husband Once a Year. - The Rascality of Orson Hyde towards his Wife. - When Rival Wives make Friends. - A Very Funny Story about an Apostle and his Wife. - Rights of the First Wife Brigham Young in a Fix - He treats an Early Wife to a Dance. - Amelia in the Shade. - The Prophet becomes Frisky. - Poor, neglected Emmeline. - How Polygamy
was once Denied. - A Mistake which a French Lady Made. - Milk for Babes
BRIGHAM BUILDS WAGONS BY "INSPIRATION." - THE
CHURCH SETS UP A WHISKEY-STORE.
Saying "Yes" under Difficulties. - A Woman who Meant to have her Way. - Two Company: Three None. - Building Wagons by Inspiration. - My Father despatched to Chicago. - He gets rid of his New Wives. - My Brother sent to the Sandwich Islands. - My Mother tells her own Story. - She Returns to Salt Lake City to see my Father. - Wifely Considerations. - She finds two other Ladies at her Husband's Bedside. - He likes a good deal of Wives about Him! - A Heart dead to Love. - Brigham "asks no odds of Uncle Sam or the Devil." - He proclaims Martial Law. - Fiery Speeches in the Tabernacle. - Preparing for War - Government Troops Arrive. - The Saints quit Salt Lake City. - The Church Distillery. - Brigham shamelessly Robs my Father. - He fills his own Pockets. - My Father, being without Funds, takes his Sixth Wife.
GOING THROUGH THE "ENDOWMENT-HOUSE." - I TAKE
THE MYSTERIOUS BATHS.
No Physic among the Saints. - I am taken Sick. - Heber C. Kimball recommends "Endowments." - How Brigham Murdered his little Granddaughter. - The Prophet wants a Doctor. - Being "administered" To. - I am Re-baptized. - Receive my Endowments. - How Saintly Sins are Washed Away. - Undignified Conduct of Elders. - The Order of Melchisedec. - How I was " Confirmed." - To become a Celestial Queen. - I go down to the Endowment-House. - The Mysterious Ceremonies Described. - The Veil at last Lifted. - The Secrets of the Endowment-House Exposed. - I enter the Bath. - Miss Snow Washes Me. - She Anoints Me All Over. - I dress in a Bed-gown. -The "Peculiar Garment of the Saints. - What the Mormon Girls do about It. - "Going through" without a Husband. - "A Great Shouting for Sarah!"
WE CARRY ON THE ENDOWMENT DRAMA. - I AM FULLY
In the Endowment-House. - How the "Kings and Priests" appeared in their Shirts. - The Poor Fellows "feel Bad!" - The "Gods" hold a Conversazione. - Michael is sent down to Earth. - The "Tree of Life." - how Raisins grew instead of Apples. - Not good to be Alone. - The Rib abstracted and little Eve made. - The Devil dressed in "Tights." - John D. Lee once a Devil. - Eve's Flirtation. - She eats Forbidden Fruit. - Tempts her Husband. -Fig-leaves come into Fashion. - We hide in Holes and Corners. - The Devil is Cursed and we are Lectured. - The Second Degree. - Story of a Pugnacious Woman. -The Terrible Oaths of the Endowment-House. - Pains and Penalties. - Signs and Grips. - "Good-bye!" - Brother Heber gives me Advice.
THE PROPHET MAKES LOVE TO ME. - I HAVE OTHER
The Prophet Casts his Eye on Me. - He Objects to my Beaux. - "A Low Set Anyway." - I Didn't Want to Marry the Prophet. - He Considers Himself an Irresistible Lover. - My First Drive with the Prophet. - I Join the Theatrical Corps. - How We "Got Up" Our Parts. - How "Fun Hall" was Built. - The Prophet Erects a Theatre out of Temple Funds. - How Julia Deane, the Actress. Fascinated the Prophet. - How Brigham Cheated the Actors in his Theatre. - The Girls Grumble over their Scanty Fare. - They want Something Good to Eat. - My New Beau. - Love at First Sight. - I am Engaged to My First Husband.
MY FIRST MARRIAGE. - A LIFE'S MISTAKE.
My First Marriage. - Wedded to James Dee. - Marriage Rites in the Endowment-House. -The way in which Plural Wives are Taken. - Brigham sends for Me to help in the Theatre. - Repenting of Matrimony. - I get tired of it in a Month. - Cruel Conduct of my Husband. - He flirts considerable with the Young Girls. - I am greatly Disgusted and furiously Jealous. - He threatens to take another Wife. - The Ownership of Women in Utah. - How Newspaper Reporters are humbugged by Brigham. - How Visitors to Salt Lake are Watched. - The Prophet's Spies. - How People are misled about Utah Affairs. - The Miseries of the Women Overlooked.
EARLY MARRIED LIFE. - MY HUSBAND AND MY MOTHER.
My early married Life. - We go to live with my Mother. - Incompatibility of Temper. - How my Mother had opposed our Marriage. - My Husband does not Admire Her. - He goes after the Girls. - I don't like it at All. - I become extremely angry with Him. - He is advised to increase his Kingdom. - How Promises to Wives are broken by Mormon Men. - How Women are Snubbed and Undervalued. - I become anxious and Watchful. - How Heber comforted his Wives. - My husband subjects nine to personal Violence. - He is afraid of Results. - My first Baby is Born. - Zina Young marries into Polygamy. - Contrast between Mormon and Gentile Husbands. - "The Bull never cares for the Calves" - My Husband nearly strangles me. - I leave him. and go to my Parents. - Brigham gives me some good Advice. - I obtain a Divorce. - I rejoice at being free Again.
AFTER MY DIVORCE. - AFFAIRS AT HOME.
After my Divorce from Dee. - "Is Polygamy good to Eat?" - Curious Experiences among the Saints. - A Man who thought his Heart was Broken. - How Two Wives Rebelled. -The Husband in a Fix. - He Runs Away from Home. - Dismisses his Plural Wife. - Being "Sealed" to Old Women for Eternity. - Nancy Chamberlain's Story. - Who is to be Brigham's Queen in Heaven?- An Old Wife Dresses up as a Ghost. - How Brother Shaw Replenished his Exchequer. - The Battles between my Father's Wives. - My Mother Enjoys his Troubles. - The Store of a Turkey. - A First Wife Asserts Her Rights. - My Life at South Cottonwood. - I Receive Offers of Marriage
A WALK WITH THE PROPHET. - HE MAKES LOVE TO ME.
How Brigham Travels through the Territory. - Triumphant Receptions Everywhere. - Trying to Establish the "Order of Enoch." - How the Prophet Insulted his Faithful Followers. - " Rheumatism in the Temper - Grand Doings in the Settlements. - We go to meet the Prophet. - How the Saints were Lectured in the Bowery. - How Brigham gave Howard a Piece of Land. - Howard Insulted by the Prophet. - Overlooking the Prophet's Lies. - Van Etten becomes Brigham's "Friend." - He Helps Him to Steal a Hundred Sheep. - He makes a Big Haul, and Escapes to Canada. - The Prophet Ogles Me during Service-Time. - We Take a Walk Home Together. - He Compliments My Good Looks. - Makes Love to Me. - Matrimonial Advice. - Brigham Wishes Me to Become His Wife.
HOW BRIGHAM YOUNG FORCED ME TO MARRY HIM.
Brigham's Offer of Marriage. - I think the Prophet too Old. - My Parents are Delighted with the Honor. - They to Persuade Me. - Very Obstinate. - Arguing the Matter. - How Brigham Found Means to influence Me. - My Brothers get into Trouble. - The Prophet and the Telegraph-Poles. - He takes a Nice Little Contract. - Then Sells it to his Son. - Bishop Sharp makes a Few Dollars out of It. - My Brother Engages in the Work. - He Becomes Involved in Debts and Difficulties. - Brigham Threatens to Cut Him Off for Dishonesty. - My Mother Tries to Excuse Him. - Hemmed In on All Sides, I Determine to Make One Last Appeal. - I fail, and Consent to Marry Him.
MY MARRIAGE WITH BRIGHAM YOUNG. - HOW THE OTHER
WIVES RECEIVED ME.
The Prophet Rejoices at my Yielding. - My Family Restored to Favor. - The Webbs Reconstructed. - My Prophet-Lover Comes to See Me. - He Goes Courting on the Sly, for Fear of Amelia. - We are Married Secretly in the Endowment-House. - I am Sent Home Again. - Brigham Establishes me in the City. - Limited Plates and Dishes. - We Want a Little More Food. - The Prophet's "Ration-Day." - How the Other Wives Received Me. - Mrs. Amelia Doesn't Like Me. - How the Wives of the Prophet Worry and Scold Him. - The Prophet Breaks his Word. - My Father Remembers the Thousand Dollars.
THE PROPHET'S FAMILY CIRCLE. - HIS WIVES AND
The Prophet Marries his First and Legal Wife. - How she lives, and how Brigham has treated Her. - The Prophet's Eldest Son. - The Story of his Life. - His Wives and Families. - Mary and Maggie. - The Favorite Wife, Clara. - Young "Briggy" and his Expectations. - What the Saints think of Him. - His Domestic Joys. - How he visited me when Sick, and Scolded the old Gentleman. - Brigham and "Briggy" make love to Lizzie. - Briggy Wins. - "John W." - He neglects his "Kingdom." - "Won by the Third Wife." - The Story of Lucy C. - The Prophet's Daughters. - Alice and Luna. - Miss Alice's Flirtations. - Sweet Language between Father and Daughter. - Tragic Death of Alice Clawson
THE WIVES OF THE PROPHET. - BROTHER BRIGHAM'S
The Wives of the Prophet. - Lucy Decker. - A Mysterious Disappearance. - Lucy's Boys. - Brigham's Wife, Clara. - Her Busy Household Work. - About the Girls. - Harriet Cook. - She Expresses Unpleasant Opinions. - Brigham is frightened of Her. - He Keeps out of the Way. - Amelia and the Sweetmeats. - How one of Brigham's Daughters Scandalized the Saints. - How Mrs. Twiss Manages the Prophet's House. - The Work a Woman can Do. - Martha Bowker and her silent Work. - Sweet and saintly Doings of the Prophet. - Concerning Harriet Barney. - The Wife who "Served Seven Years" for a husband. - Another English Wife of the Prophet. - The "Young Widow of Nauvoo."
THE PROPHET'S FAVORITE WIFE. - HOW HE CONDUCTED
HIS LOVE AFFAIRS.
The Prophet's Favorite Wife. Amelia. - How Brigham made Love in the Name of the Lord. - How he won an Unwilling Bride. - A Lady with a Sweet Temper. - How she Kicked a Sewing-Machine down the Prophet's Stairs. - She has a new House built for Her. - Rather Expensive Habits. - Her Pleasant Chances for the Future. - Mary Van Cott Cobb - A Former Love of the Prophet's. - Miss Eliza-Roxy Snow. - The Mormon Poetess. - Joseph Smith's Poetic Widow. - Versification of the Saints. - Mrs. Augusta Cobb. - Emily Partridge.
THE DEAD WIVES OF THE PROPHET. - HE NEVER WAS
KNOWN TO SHED A TEAR.
The Discarded Favorite. - The Story of Emmeline Free. - A Stupendous Humbug. - A "Free" Opinion of Mormonism. - Amelia comes upon the Scene. - How Brigham Insulted Emmeline Free. - Brigham is Ashamed of his Cowardice. - I tell him a little of my Mind. -Joseph A. Expresses his Opinion. - Apologizes for his Father. - Death of Emmeline Free. -The Story of Clara Chase. -The Prophet's Maniac Wife. - Ellen Rockwood, and the Cause of her Neglect. - A Wife who was visited once in Six Months. - Margaret Alley. - How the Prophet treated his Dead Wife. - He steals her Children's Property. - How he Scandalized another Wife, and sent her Home. - He "Never shed a tear at a Wife's Death."
THE PROPHET AT HOME. - HOW HE LOOKS, LIVES, AND
ACTS. - MORMON PHILANTHROPY AND EDUCATION.
Brigham at Forty-five and at Seventy-five. - Slipping the Yoke. - The Salt Lake Tribune. - Books on Mormonism. - Prophetic Philanthropy. - The New Temple. - Paying the Workmen. - The Tabernacle. - Advantages of the Presidency. - Free Schools and Liberal Education. - Sharp Practice. - The Rich and the Poor. - Unconscious Sarcasm. - Looking into the Future. - The Spectacles of Ignorance. - Personal Habits. - The Prophet's Barber. - Dinner at the Lion House. - The Good Provider. - Helping Herself. - Prophetic Cunning. - Evening Devotions. - A Gift in Prayer. - Advice to the Deity. - Fatherless Children. - The Bee Hive. - Monogamist vs. Polygamist.
BRIGHAM AS A FARMER. - MY NEW HOUSE. - TAKING
One Year after Marriage. - Life at the Farm. - House-keeping Extraordinary. - Bread and Milk Dinners. - Brigham Tries to Catch us Napping. - Hours of Labor. - Dejection. - My New House. - Parlor Stairs. - Wells Wanted. - My Mother receives Notice to Quit. - My Elder Brother Pays her Board. - Failing Faith. - Taking Boarders. - The Prophet's Contemptible Meanness. - Brigham's Neglect. - Rev. Mr. Stratton. - I open my Heart. - The New Religion. - Woman's Sphere. - First Glimpses of the Outer World. - Forming Resolutions.
BREAKING THE YOKE. - I LEAVE HOME.
The Workings of Destiny. - A Noble Lawyer. - A Small Stove and a Large Family. - Last Interview with Brigham. - A Startling Proposal. - Sickness and Gentile Care. - Brigham's Police. - A Moral Thunderbolt. - My Third Baptism. - A Religious Farce. - I Decide to Escape. - A Memorable Day. - Removing in Forty Minutes. - The Walker House. - Among the Gentiles. - A Perilous Situation. - New Hopes. - Interviewed by Reporters. -Unwelcome Notoriety. - A Touching Letter. - A Visit from my Father. - The Paper War. - Overshooting the Mark. - Sueing for a Divorce. - A Tempting Offer, $15,000 and my Freedom. - The Prophet Astonished.
THE DIVORCE SUIT. - PROCEEDING IN COURT. - BRIGHAM'S AFFIDAVIT.
I bring an Action against the Prophet. - My "Complaint" against Him. - What the "Complaint" Stated. - My Birth and Early Life. - My Marriage with the Prophet. - Exile to Brigham's Farm. - Cause of' Action for Divorce. - The Question of Alimony. - My Own Affidavit. - Corroborative Testimony. - Opinion of Judge McKean. - Brigham Young's Reply and Affidavit. - The Prophet states the Value of his Property. - Wonderful Difference of Opinion. Proceedings in Court. - Judge McKean Sums Up. - Order for Allowance and Alimony. - Judge McKean Removed. - His Order Quashed by the New
Judge. - The latest Proceedings.
MY ESCAPE FROM SALT LAKE CITY. - MY PUBLIC CAREER.
Thoughts of the Future. - The Gentile Papers. - A Private Audience at the Walker House. - Hopes and Fears. - I Resolve to Take the Platform. - Sneers and Ridicule. - Brigham is made Acquainted with my Plans. - Packing under Difficulties. - My Perilous Escape from Utah. - A Noble Woman. - Arrival at Laramie. - Denver. - My First Public Lecture. - A Grand Success. - Brigham at Work. - A Scandalous Article in the Chicago Times. - A Mean Lawyer. - Lecture at Boston. - Kindness of the Members of Boston Press. - Opposed be George Q Cannon. - Washington Lecture a Success. - First Glimpses of the True Faith. - Conversion to Christianity.
CHURCH GOVERNMENT. - MORMON APOSTLES. - THE ORDER OF ENOCH.
Mormon Administration. - The Earthly Trinity. - Filling Vacancies. - Mormon Apostles. - Polygamy made Profitable. - The Seventy. - Two-Dollar Blessing. - Astounding Promises. - Bishops and Spies. - The Order of Enoch. - All things in Common. - An Apostolic Row. - How Enoch Works. - A Stupid Telegram. - Logic Extraordinary. - A Gigantic Swindle. - Zion's Co-operative Mercantile Institution. - Brigham's Revelations. - The Saints Laugh in their Sleeves. - "It pays to be a Mormon." - Beginning to see through It. - The Apostate President.
THE CONDITION OF MORMON WOMEN. - HIGH AND LOW
LIFE IN POLYGAMY.
Increasing Light. - The Equality of the Sexes. - Exaggeration Impossible. - Likely Saviours. - The Present Condition of Mormon Women. - The Prospects for the Future. - Polygamy Bad for Rich and Poor. - A Happy Family. - The Happiness Marred. - Sealed for Time Only.- Building on Another Man's Foundation. - The New Wife. - How the Old One Fared. - The Husband's Death a Relief. - Asa Calkins's English Mission. - What Came of It. - How to Get Rich. - Two Sermons from One Text. - Dividing the Spoil. - No Woman Happy in Polygamy.
MY RETURN TO UTAH. - SECRET OF BRIGHAM'S POWER. -
I Return to Utah. - Reception at the Walker House. - Greeting old Friends. - My Love for the Place. - Six Lectures in the Territory. - Brigham's Daughters make Faces at me. - My Father and Mother in the Audience. - The Half not told. - Multitudes Pleading for Freedom. - Eastern Newspaper Reports. - Indiscretion. - The Poland Bill. - Increase of Polygamy. - The Secrets of Brigham's Power - The Pulpit and Press on Mormonism. The Salt Lake City Tribune. - A Word to the Sufferers. - Calls for Help. - The Future of Utah.