Avian Flu Fright Commentary
Dr. Len Horowitz's Avian Flu Fright Commentary|
To: All grassroots activists, health and vaccination networkers.
Please forward this urgent e-mail, to help save lives, to everyone in your
Avian Flu Fright: Politically Timed for Global "Iatrogenocide"
A Public Health Warning and Political Essay by a Harvard-trained Author of
Fifteen Books Including the American bestseller, Emerging Viruses: AIDS &
Ebola-Nature, Accident or Intentional?
Leonard G. Horowitz, DMD, MA, MPH
If avian flu becomes more than a threatened pandemic, it will have done so
by political and economic design. This thesis is supported by current
massive media misrepresentations, profiteering on risky and valueless
vaccines, gross neglect of data evidencing earlier similar man-made plaques
including SARS, West Nile Virus, AIDS and more; continuance of genetic
studies breeding more mutant flu viruses likely to outbreak, inside trading
candals involving pandemic savvy White House and drug industry officials,
curious immunity of these pharmaceutical entities over the past century to
law enforcement and mainstream media scrutiny, and published official
depopulation objectives. With the revelations and assertions advanced
herein, the public is forewarned against this physician assisted mass murder
best termed "iatrogenocide."* This genocidal imposition is expected to serve
mainly economic and political depopulation objectives.
In April, 2003, a social experiment called SARS, said to have arrived from
Asia, heavily struck Toronto. I was there throughout most of this Asian
flu-foreshadowing fright. This bizarre new pneumonia-like illness was named
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. It was said to be the latest threat in an
ongoing series of attacks on humanity by mysteriously mutating "supergerms."
A careful study of the scientific and medical-sociological correlates and
antecedents of this "outbreak" revealed something amiss far more insidious
than SARS. I critically considered Toronto's media reaction as any
Harvard-trained public health expert in media persuasion behavioral science
might. The scourge had all the earmarks of a novel social experiment
conducted by white-collar bioterrorist.
It seemed clear to me that this unprecedented population manipulation
effectively indoctrinated the mass mind in support of a grossly ineffective,
albeit legislated, public health response in advance of the arrival of "the
Big One." Throughout the "SARS Scam,"(1) repeated references were made to
biological agents that might facilitate decimation of approximately a third
to half of the world's population. Having extensively reviewed political
population control literature and contemporary objectives of leading global
industrialists, I noted these predictions were in close keeping with current
official population reduction objectives.(2)
Canada's response to SARS in 2003 was, for the first time in history,
directed by the United Nations and World Health Organization (WHO). Having
reviewed the intimate financial and administrative ties between these
organizations, the Rockefeller family, Carnegie Foundation, and the world's
leading drug makers, "the fox," in essence, reigned over Canada's
The truth about plagues includes the fact that "no grand pandemic ever
evolved divorced from major socio-political upheaval." SARS advanced a
political agenda more than a public health emergency. If public health
officials earnestly intended to prevent these new emerging diseases, or
successfully treat them at their roots, I repeated, they would study their
obvious origins from the merged military-medical-biotechnology arena. A
basic course in medical sociology simply justifies this utilitarian counsel.
"Experts" had been predicting the arrival of a super-plague for decades.
What was HIGHLY SUSPICIOUS about the mysterious and terrifying arrival of
SARS, however, was its timing. It synchronously arrived with the global war
on terrorism, and the Anglo-American war with Iraq. It seemed a convenient
distraction from the fact that the earlier Bush administration had shipped
Saddam Hussein most of his deadly biological weapons arsenal including
anthrax and West Nile Virus. SARS was pathognomonic (i.e., symptomatic and
characteristic) of what I had predicted and explained in the book, Death
in the Air: Globalism, Terrorism and Toxic Warfare (Tetrahedron Publishing
Group, 2001; http://www.healthyworlddistributing.com/), a
prophetically-titled text that predated the 9-11 attacks on America by
several months, and provided a contextual analysis of certain globalists'
links to recent "outbreaks."
In essence, I provided insight into the broad application of a new form of
institutionalized "bioterrorism" consistent with state sponsored biological
warfare. Saddam Hussein was said to have exposed populations in his and
adjacent lands with biological and chemical weapons of mass destruction.
SARS and the current avian flu fright is sanctioned by
military-medical-pharmaceutical-petrochemical industrialists likewise
operating above the law in many documented instances. Having testified
before the U.S. Congress, I personally experienced how premiere
pharmaceutical industrialists direct our political-economic representatives
in government. Emerging diseases complement the political "War on
Terrorism," and our bioterror-influenced culture. This agenda serves two
primary objectives: profitability and population-reduction.
Political Reality Versus Mass-Mediated Myths
The ever increasing madness around us is eerily consistent with globalist
think tank recommendations for the current "conflicts short of war."
Beginning in the late 1960s, "economic substitutes for standard
militarization" were sought and found by leading global industrialists. New
biological threats, the "war on terrorism," and increasing numbers of
"natural disasters" including space-based threats and superstorms were
considered economically and politically expedient compared with the first
and second world wars. These "conflicts short of war" were decidedly more
manageable and economically viable. For this reason, especially their
profitability, they were leading options among Anglo-American policy makers.
Nelson Rockefeller's protégé, Henry Kissinger, for instance, as National
Security Advisor (NSA) under Richard Nixon, oversaw foreign policy while
considering Third World population reduction "necessities" for the U.S.,
Britain, Germany, and other allies. This Bush nominee to direct the 9-11
conspiracy investigation, a reputed war criminal, then selected the option
to have the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) develop biological weapons,
according to the U.S. Congressional Record of 1975. Among these new man-made
biological weapons were germs far deadlier than the avian flu.
For example, by 1968, when Kissinger requested and received updated
intelligence on useful "synthetic biological agents" for germ warfare and
population control, mutant recombinant flu viruses had just been engineered
by Special Virus Cancer Program researchers O'Conner, Stewart, Kinard,
Rauscher and others.(3) During this program, influenza and parainfluenza
viruses were recombined with quick acting leukemia viruses (acute
lymphocytic leukemia) to deliver weapons that potentially spread cancer,
like the flu, by sneezing. These researchers also amassed avian cancer
(sarcoma) viruses and inoculated them into humans and monkeys to determine
their carcinogenicity. In related efforts, Raucher et al. used radiation to
enhance avian virus's cancer-causing potential. These incredible scientific
realities have been officially censored and generally neglected by the
Similarly, the Institute of Science in Society (IoSS) in London raised the
genetic engineering question in the origin of SARS. "Could genetic
engineering have contributed inadvertently to creating the SARS virus?"
they asked. "This point was not even considered by the expert
coronavirologists called in to help handle the crisis, now being feted and
woed by pharmaceutical companies eager to develop vaccines." Those living in
glass houses should not throw stones. The above emphasis is added to show
IoSS they had "not even considered" intentional SARS deployment in their
scientific, allegedly unbiased, purview.(4)
Conflicts short of war, like the "War on AIDS," "War on Drugs," "War on
Terrorism," "War on Cancer," and now "War on the Avian Flu" require
sophisticated propaganda programs employing fear campaigns for social
acceptance and popular support of legislated policies. These psychological
operations (officially termed PSYOPS) for "command and control warfare"
(technically called C2W), experts advise, best support the emerging
"Revolution in Military Affairs" (RMA). The RMA's capabilities include "a
form of human slavery" in which the world's captive populations would not
know they are enslaved.(2)
The RMA undoubtedly incorporates the use of debilitating biologicals and
chemical agents most generously on behalf of drug and vaccine makers. A
classic example is the toxic carcinogenic organophosphate pesticides
deployed against human populations, said to target "mosquitoes," in the "War
Against the West Nile Virus." Such "non-lethal warfare" agents, as these are
militarily termed, are indeed deadly, but mortality results slowly from
toxic exposures allowing more profits to be made by allied pharmaceutical
and medical industrialists. Victims of the "non-lethal"
exposures die slowly from chronic debilitating diseases. Expensive
hospitals and long-term care facilities are virtual concentration camps.
The ailments generated for "iatrogenocide" include the plethora of
autoimmune diseases and newer cancers virtually non-existent 50 years ago.
This fact, alone, strongly suggests a genocidal socio-economic and
Avian Flu for Profit
In response to SARS, senior fellow at the Hudson Institute in Washington,
Michael Fumento, published an economic thesis in Toronto related to the one
I advance here. The "Super-bug or Super Scare," he wrote was published in
Canada's National Post. Canadians were warned to "quarantine themselves,"
wear masks, and in some cases stay home. The Ontario Health Minister
declared a "health emergency," as the media dubbed the "mysterious killer"
a "super-pneumonia." Recoiling from the hype, Fumento asked and answered a
few "real questions . . . How lethal, how transmissible, and how treatable
is this strain?" The answers, he concluded, "leave no grounds for
excitement, much less panic." The same may be said for this new curse of
At this writing, the avian flu is said to have killed "about 65 people" in
Southeast Asia during the past two years! Little to no data is available on
these individuals who most commonly had immune-compromising medical
conditions. Further, all deaths were in Asian countries with questionable
Conversely, other forms of flu kill more than 40,000 North Americans
annually, generally the immune-compromised elderly.
According to USA Today (October 9, 2005), "European health officials are
working to contain the [avian flu] virus, which so far has not infected
anyone in the region." Although, allegedly "more than 140 million birds have
died or been destroyed, . . . and financial losses to the poultry sector
have topped $10 billion." This propaganda actually admits, "the current
virus, known as H5N1, has not yet mutated to the point at which it can
easily spread from person to person." In fact, it is likely to have never
spread from person to person other than during laboratory
"The U.S. Senate has already approved a $3.9 billion package to buy
vaccines and antiviral medications, and the Administration is also preparing
a request for an additional $6 billion to $10 billion," according to a
current BusinessWeek report.( 6)
"Beam me up Scottie, there is no intelligent life on this planet." This
largely explains why the public puts up with this deadly deception. Even USA
Today bemons, "there is no human vaccine yet." So how come the U.S.
Senate is rushing to spend all these billions for an avian flu vaccine?
I suppose we should overlook the fact that the current frightening strain
of H5N1 avian flu virus has never readily jumped from human to human, and
not commonly from birds to humans either. Thus, an effective vaccine can
only be prepared by mutating this virus, thus creating what the world fears
most. Let me explain. . . .
To make the human vaccine specific for the H5N1 mutant virus, you must
start with the human virus which does not yet exist, except in perhaps
military-biomedical-pharmaceutical laboratories. In fact, this is precisely
what is being prepared based on news reports. To produce the human pathogen,
the avian virus must be cultured for lengthy periods of time in human cell
cultures, then injected into monkey and ultimately humans to see if these
experimental subjects get the same feared flu. Thus, the flu virus the world
currently fears most is either: 1) now being prepared in labs paid by
industrialists with massive wealth-building incentives to "accidentally"
release the virus; or 2) has already been prepared in such labs to take
advantage of this current fright and future sales following the virus's
Remember, to be effective against a virus, a vaccine is said to require
specificity. If authorities were to now have the main H5N1 avian flu strain
feared to spread at some future date there's no assurance by the time they
developed the vaccine the strain would remain sufficiently the same for the
vaccine to be effective anyway due to expected viral mutations. Viral
mutations over time is a function of the agent's newness. New man-made
viruses, laboratory creations, like the ones currently being prepared for
vaccine trials, are less stable not having evolved over the millennia.
Thus, the entire vaccine effort is largely, if not entirely, a sham with
Remember too, that a vaccine's reliability requires years, or at least
months, of testing in the targeted population. Vaccine injury data must, or
should, be meticulously collected over this period to assure the vaccine is
not killing and maiming more persons than it is helping or saving. Can you
seriously believe this assurance will be provided by government or
pharmaceutical industry officials in this pandemic's wake? FEMA's failed
Katrina response pails by comparison to this public health liability and
I say "vaccine-injury certainty" because of the extensive list of newly
developed vaccinations, highly touted when brought to market, that caused
horrific results. This list includes the first swine flu vaccine, polio
vaccines, smallpox vaccine, anthrax vaccine, hepatitis B vaccine, and most
recently Lyme disease vaccine that crippled approximately 750,000 people
within months of its release and prior to its recall by the FDA.
Most people fail to realize all vaccines carry a list of ingredients that
typically increase human disease and death (i.e., morbidity and mortality).
These include toxic elements and chemicals such as mercury, aluminum,
formaldehyde and formalin (used to preserve corpses), MSG, foreign genetic
material, and risky proteins from various species of bacteria, viruses, and
animals that have been scientifically associated with triggering autoimmune
disorders and certain cancers. A growing body of scientific evidence
strongly suggests vaccines are largely responsible for increasing cases of
autism and other learning disabilities, chronic fatigue, fibromyalgia,
Lupus, MS, ALS, rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, hay fever, allergies, chronic
draining ear infections, type 1 autoimmune diabetes, and many, many more
pandemics. These chronic ailments are said to require long-term medical care
for the patients' management causing toxic side effects resulting in
America's leading killer--iatrogenic disease. That is, vaccines and other
pharmaceutical industry inventions are literally killing or disabling
millions with little effort on the part of government officials and their
drug industry cohorts to arrest this scourge.
For all we know, governments are ordering an avian flu vaccine that will
precisely deliver this pandemic to the world to affect population control.
Absurd thesis? Read on.
BusinessWeek expects avian flu vaccine stockpiling by government officials
will help the Sanofi-Pasteur company on behalf of Sanofi-Aventis and Chiron.
"Tamiflu," it reported is an antiviral manufactured by Roche, . . .
considered effective against avian flu. . . . The U.S. owns enough for 4.3
million people, with more on order." BusinessWeek failed to report: 1)
Tamiflu's safety and effectiveness has not been determined in people with
other chronic medical conditions--a significant percentage of the U.S.
population-- and common side effects of this drug include nausea,
vomiting, diarrhea, bronchitis, stomach pain, dizziness, headaches, and
much, much more; 2) Roche (Hoffman-LaRoche) was found guilty of price fixing
the world's supply of vitamins in 1999 as part of the global
petrochemical/pharmaceutical cartel evolved from Nazi-Germany's I.G. Farben
organization;(2)(6) and 3) Sanofi-Aventis's corporate colleagues include
Merck, a company that received a lion's share of the Nazi war chest at the
end of WWII, whose earnings plunged after the withdrawal last year of its
deadly Vioxx arthritis drug. According to recent news reports, Merck is
partnering with Sanofi-Aventis to produce the world's first
sexually-transmitted-cancer vaccine to be given to prepubescent boys and
girls.(7) Merck is infamous for having developed the first hepatitis B
vaccines that triggered the international AIDS pandemic according to
published scientific research and stunning documents reprinted in this
author's national bestselling book.(3)(8)
In the weeks and months following the 9-11 attacks on America, I traced
the widely publicized anthrax mailings "mystery" to U.S. Central
Intelligence Agency (CIA) commissioned biological weapons contractors with
ties to Britain's MI6, Porton Down, and this same Anglo-American
cartel.(9) The anthrax mailings fanned fears of bioterrorism throughout
America and economically served primarily vaccine and drug makers with
administrative and financial links to these avian flu profiteers.(10)
People willingly relinquish their civil rights and personal freedoms in
the wake of such engineered frights. The passage of the infamous "Homeland
Security Act" in America, and its counterpart in Canada, are classic
examples of this societal direction, forced legislation, and egregious
How convenient that Asia is said to be the origin, as with SARS, of this
latest plague when Chinese-Anglo-American relations are strained to say the
In the days preceding the emergence of the first SARS cases, America raced
to the Pacific Rim to impact escalating aggressions on the Korean peninsula.
Communist China--a "most favored" trading partner with America--is
politically allied with several American enemies, including those said to
possess weapons of mass destruction, including Iraq.
Coincidental? Not likely when viewing the larger political picture
involving the Ango-American oligarchy's RMA, its global enterprises, and
instigated planet-wide "conflicts short of war."
Consider also the fact the media's mainstream has been heavily influenced,
if not entirely controlled, by multi-national corporate sponsors protecting
and advancing the interests of a relatively small number of global entities.
Also recall that the focus of news providers, on any given day or hour,
results from intelligence agency directives, according to reputable
authorities including myriad retired news officials and intelligence
officers. So ask and answer the following intelligent questions:
* Why have American military officials, beginning with Secretary of
Defense William Cohen during the Clinton years, publicized America's
greatest vulnerability lies in the realm of biological weapons wielded by
terrorists? Is this not a form of treason against the United States to relay
such sensitive intelligence to potential enemies through the mainstream
* Why does the mainstream media continue to foretell of the expected
arrival of the "Big One"-an influenza virus that will produce a super-flu
that will kill billions of people, like the "Spanish flu" did between
1918-19, while totally disregarding the individuals, organizations, and
laboratories that have labored to produce these weapons of mass destruction?
Even the devastating Spanish Flu virus has been, literally, unearthed for
further study and, do you suppose, deployment?
* Why was the "Spanish flu" influenza virus called the "Spanish flu" when
it originated, by historic accounts, in Tibet in 1917? It is said that
Spanish newspapers were the only ones reporting on the great plague due to
their neutrality over World War I politics. However, Spain was as dear to
America then as Communist China is to the United States today. The "Spanish
flu" was named such following two decades of disputes between America and
Spain over colonization of the Caribbean Islands, Hawaii and the Philippines
beginning with the Spanish American war that ended in the Philippines in
1902. In fact, the grand Spanish flu began in military camps. Does this
history appear to be repeating?
*Doesn't it make sense that America is being manipulated, if not targeted,
for the purpose of advancing globalistic agendas, central among them is
The "Big One"
As mentioned above, during the 1960s and early 1970s, military biological
weapons contractors with intimate ties to leading drug industrialists
prepared mutants of influenza and para-influenza viruses recombined with
acute lymphocytic leukemia viruses. In other words, they stockpiled a quick
spreading cancer virus which may also be deployed.(3)
Alternatively, many infectious disease experts and government health
officials oblivious to this scientific reality say this avian flu might be
the 'Big One." Several days ago, the United Nations released a report that
stated as many as 150 million people worldwide might die from this avian
Emma Ross of the Associated Press reported on SARS as the World Health
Organization (WHO) launched its "crisis plan to attack" the Severe Acute
Respiratory Syndrome. WHO, as you may recall, is a U.N. sponsored
organization that is rumored to have helped spread AIDS to Africa by way of
contaminated hepatitis B and/or polio vaccinations. There is a reasonable
amount of evidence to support this contention.(1)
More disconcerting, the U.N. is known to be heavily influenced by
Rockefeller family members and their petrochemical-pharmaceutical interests.
History shows Rockefeller fortunes built the U.N. building in New York City.
During WWII, the Rockefeller family and their Standard Oil Company supported
Hitler more than they did the allies according to court records. One federal
judge ruled Rockefeller committed "treason" against the United States.
Following WWII, according to attorney John Loftus-an official Nazi war
crimes investigator-Nelson Rockefeller persuaded the U.N.'s South American
voting block to favor Israel's creation only to assure secrecy regarding his
support for the Nazis. Earlier that century, John D. Rockefeller joined
Prescott Bush and the British Royal Family in sponsoring the eugenics
initiatives that gave rise to Hitler's racial hygiene programs. During the
same period the Rockefeller family virtually monopolized American medicine,
American pharmaceutics, and the cancer and genetics industries.(2, 3)
Today, the Rockefeller family, its foundation, U.N. and WHO remain at the
forefront of administering "population programs" designed to reduce world
populations to more manageable levels. As per an advertisement in Foreign
Affairs--a prestigious political periodical published by the David
Rockefeller directed Council on Foreign Relations--the U.S. population is
being targeted for a 50% reduction.(2)
"We've never faced anything on this scale with such a global reach," said
Dr. David Heymann, of the WHO, not regarding the avian flu, but SARS.
"This is the first time that a global network of [Rockefeller-directed
infectious disease 'surveillance' outposts and] laboratories are sharing
information, samples, blood, pictures," added Dr. Klaus Stohr, a WHO
virologist coordinating labs internationally. "Basically overnight, there
are no secrets, there is no jealousy, there is no competition in the face of
a global health emergency. This is a phenomenal network."(1)
* The term "iatrogenocide" is derived from the combination of words
"iatrogenesis," meaning physician induced illness, and "genocide," defined
as the mass killing and/or enslaving of people for economics, politics,
About the Author Leonard G. Horowitz, D.M.D., M.A., M.P.H., is an
internationally known authority in the overlapping fields of public health,
behavioral science, emerging diseases, and bioterrorism. He received his
doctorate in medical dentistry from Tufts University School of Dental
Medicine in 1977, was awarded a post-doctoral fellowship in behavioral
science at University of Rochester, earned a Master of Public Health degree
from Harvard University, and another Master of Arts degree in health
education from Beacon College, all before joining the research faculty at
Harvard. Dr. Horowitz is best known for his national bestselling book,
Emerging Viruses: AIDS & Ebola - Nature, Accident or Intentional?
(Tetrahedron Press, 1998; 1-888-508-4787) which recently resulted in the
United States General Accounting Office investigating the man-made origin of
AIDS theory. (See: http://www.healingcelebrations.com/gao.htm) Dr.
Horowitz's work in the field of vaccination risk awareness has prompted at
least three Third World nations to change their vaccination policies. His
stunning testimony before the United States Congress' Government Reform
Committee, literally brought the hearing to a halt. (See:
healingcelebrations.com) Dr. Horowitz questioned government health
officials regarding a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
secreted report showing a definitive link between the mercury ingredient
(i.e., Thimerosal), common to most vaccinations, and the skyrocketing rates
of autism and behavioral disorders affecting our children and the future of
Incredibly, Dr. Horowitz alerted the FBI, in writing and in person, one
week before the first anthrax mailing was announced in the press, that a
"major anthrax fright" was in the process of unfolding that demanded the
FBI's urgent attention. Needless to say they did not heed Dr. Horowitz's
Moreover, three months before the September 11 attacks on the World Trade
Center and Pentagon, Dr. Horowitz released his thirteenth book,
prophetically titled Death in the Air: Globalism, Terrorism and Toxic
Warfare. The book focuses on the West Nile Virus as an act of Bioterrorism,
and considers what and who is really behind this and other recent outbreaks.
Dr. Horowtiz argues that his disclosures expose the roots of global
terrorism, along with the individuals and organizations at the heart of what
he calls "the petrochemical-pharmaceutical cartel". He believes this
"multi-national corporate beast" is in the process of committing global
genocide, profiting from engineered frights, and at the same time, most
efficiently culling targeted populations considered excessive.
As you may have heard, Senator Patrick Leahy (D-VT), Chairman of the
Senate Judiciary Committee, called for an investigation into the links
between recent West Nile Virus outbreaks and bioterrorism. Dr. Horowitz is
among the leading pioneers of this theory.
Dr. Horowitz's most recent book is DNA: Pirates of the Sacred Spiral, a
reference text on the electro-genetics of biology, disease therapy, and
human spirituality. This work also details links between the anthrax
mailings and human genome project heist, and leading intelligence agency,
genetics industry, and pharmaceutical company officials.
For more information about Dr. Horowitz's books, videos, CDs and DVDs link
to www.healthyworlddistributing.com and www.tetrahedron.org, or by calling
1-888-508-4787. His official website is www.drlenhorowitz.com.
This article was provided courtesy of Dr. Leonard G. Horowitz and
Tetrahedron Publishing Group. It's copyright is relinquished for widespread
1) Horowitz LG. SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome): A Great Global
Scam. Available at: http://www.healingcelebrations.com/SARS.htm
2) Horowitz LG. Death in the Air: Globalism, Terrorism and Toxic Warfare.
Sandpoint, ID: Tetrahedron Publishing Group, (Spring) 2001.
3) Horowitz LG. Emerging Viruses: AIDS & Ebola, Nature, Accident or
Intentional? Sandpoint, ID: Tetrahedron Publishing Group, (Spring) 2001.
4) The Institute of Science in Society. SARS and Genetic Engineering?
London, England. Article available at:
5) Knox N. Europe braces for avian flu. USA TODAY, October 9, 2005;
Manning A.Government to stock up on avian flu shots. USA Today, Oct 8, 2005.
6) Wang P. Avian Flu: Inoculate Your Portfolio. BusinessWeek. Online
edition. Available at:
7) CNNMoney. Merck shares jump on cancer drug vaccine. October 6, 2005.
Available at: http://money.cnn.com/2005/10/06/news/fortune500/merck.reut/
8) For more scientific background on the link between the hepatitis B
vaccine and the AIDS pandemic link to http://www.originofAIDS.com.
9) Horowitz LG. The CIA's Role in the Anthrax Mailings: Could Our Spies be
Agents for Military-Industrial Sabotage, Terrorism, and Even Population
Control? A Special Report. Article available at:
10) Horowitz LG. DNA: Pirates of the Sacred Spiral. Sandpoint, ID:
Tetrahedron Publishing Group, 2004.