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Pathfinder: John F. Kennedy and the World Events Which Occurred During The Kennedy Years In The White House, 1961-1963.

By Samantha Zearley and Debby Newman

Kennedy Subject Guide
General Purpose
Biographical Information
Events Which Occurred During 1961
Events Which Occurred During 1962
Events Which Occurred During 1963
Scandals Related to JFK
Reference Resources
Audio and Video Resources
Bibliography of Print Resources



General Purpose

The purpose of this pathfinder is to serve as a beginning point for research on John F. Kennedy and the events that occurred, both in the United States and in the World, during his years in the White House. It is designed for high school student use and is set on high school reading level. This pathfinder contains links to many web resources and makes suggestions for locations of print resources.


Introduction

John F. Kennedy, was the first president born in the twentieth century. He was born into a family who rose from obscurity to wealth, power and political prominence and was a leader for a new generation. John F. Kennedy was the first and only Catholic chief executive, the youngest president to be elected, and the youngest to die in office. Much like Teddy Roosevelt, JFK projected an image of glamour, intellectualism, and physical vigor. Kennedy inspired an entire generation of young people with his idealism and his concept of public service. His assassination in Dallas on November 22, 1963, was a national tragedy, and made Kennedy a legend. As the years have passed, however, historians have come to re-evaluate his presidency. Many feel that it was, at most, unfulfilled, some have even deemed it mediocre. Despite this reassessment and the countless exposÚs of his life and family, JFK remains one of our most admired presidents.
(The American Experience, The Presidents, John F. Kennedy) Click Here


Highlights of the World Events During The Kennedy White House years include:

1961 -



1962 -

  • U.S. establishes a military council in South Vietnam
  • USSR sends arms to Cuba, setting off the "Cuban Missile Crisis" with the U.S.
  • Uganda and Tanganyika become independent nations (Tanganyika merged with Zanzibar in 1964 to become Tanzania)
  • U2 pilot Gary Powers is traded by the USSR for Soviet spy Rudolf Abel, who had been captured by the U.S.



1963 -

  • French president Charles de Gaulle prevents Great Britain's entry into the Common Market
  • Nuclear test ban treaty is signed by the U.S., Great Britain, and USSR
  • Buddhist-led military group overthrows the government of South Vietnam
  • John F. Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas, Texas; Lyndon B. Johnson becomes president.


Internet Resources on the John F. Kennedy and the World Events Which Occurred During The Kennedy Years in the White House

While this is by no means the only links available with information on John F. Kennedy and the world events which occurred during his time in office, it is a compilation of several places that you may go to obtain information on Kennedy, these listed events, as well as many others.

Biographical Information
  • The History Place: JFK, The Early Years. Photos and information regarding John F. Kennedy's childhood. Click Here

  • The History Place: JFK, The War Hero. Photos and information regarding John F. Kennedy's World War II experiences. Click Here

  • Statistics and Histories of PT 109. History of the PT 109 battleship commanded by Kennedy during WWII. Click Here

  • The History Place: JFK, The Politician. Photos and information regarding John F. Kennedy's rise in the political world. Click Here

  • The History Place: JFK, The President. Photos and information regarding John F. Kennedy's time in the Oval Office. Click Here

  • John F. Kennedy: Biography for Young People. A short biography of the 35th President of the United States. This site lists major events of his life and his time in the Oval Office. This is good background information for a beginning high school student. Click Here

  • Presidents of the United States: John Fitzgerald Kennedy. This listing by the Internet Public Library gives many statistics of the events which occurred during 1961-1963. These include presidential election results, cabinet members, historical documents, media resources and points of interest. Click Here

  • John F. Kennedy, Thirty-fifth President 1961-1963. This White House page offers insight into the inaugural address offered by President Kennedy as well as biographical information. Click Here

  • John F. Kennedy, Thirty-fifth President (1961-1963).Biographical information about John F. Kennedy. Click Here

  • American Presidents Life Portraits: John F. Kennedy. Life facts about the 35th President of the United States of America. Click Here

  • The American Presidency. Biography of JFK listing detailed information regarding the Bay of Pigs, the Berlin Issue, the Cuban crisis, the nuclear test ban, foreign aid, relations with Europe, national issues, his assassination and burial. Click Here

  • JFK, The President. Informational site on the life and times of John F. Kennedy. Click Here

  • John F. Kennedy, A Biography. Biographical site with information on Kennedy's life story. Click Here

  • John F. Kennedy, Democrat. A brief biography of JFK. Click Here

  • John Fitzgerald Kennedy (1917-1963). Biographical information website. Click Here

  • The History Channel, Kennedy, John F. Presentation by the History Channel with biographical information about the President Click Here

  • John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 35th President of the United States. Family history and vital information regarding JFK. Click Here

  • White House Pets. Listing of all the pets owned by the Kennedys during their years in the White House. Click Here



Links Regarding Events Which Occurred During 1961

  • Selected Milestones in the Presidency of John F. Kennedy, November 8, 1960 - December 15, 1961. Click Here

  • Address Of President-Elect John F. Kennedy. Delivered To A Joint Convention Of The General Court Of The Commonwealth Of Massachusetts, The State House, Boston, January 9, 1961. Click Here

  • JFK's Inaugural Address. Inaugural speech presented January 20, 1961 at 12:11 p.m. EST. Click Here

  • The Founding Documents of the Peace Corps. The founding of the Peace Corps is one of President John F. Kennedy's most enduring legacies. Click Here

  • This is the Peace Corps. Kennedy challenges a new generation of Americans to join "a grand and global alliance" to fight tyranny, poverty, disease, and war. Click Here

  • The President And The Press. Address Before The American Newspaper Publishers Association, presented at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, New York City, on April 27, 1961. Click Here

  • Shephard, Alan Bartlett, Jr. First American to be launched into space on May 5, 1961. Click Here

  • The American Presidency. Biography of JFK lists detailed information regarding the Bay of Pigs, the Berlin Issue, the Cuban crisis, the nuclear test ban, foreign aid, relations with Europe, national issues, his assassination and burial. Click Here

  • Special Message to the Congress on Urgent National Needs.Delivered in person before a joint session of Congress on May 25, 1961, establishing the goal of landing a man on the moon. Click Here

  • United States Federal Maritime Commission.Established in 1961 as an independent government agency, responsible for the regulation of shipping in the foreign trades of the United States. Click Here

  • Johnson Space Center.Established in September 1961 as NASA's primary center for: design, development and testing of spacecraft and associated systems for human flight; selection and training of astronauts; planning and conducting human space flight missions; and extensive participation in the medical, engineering scientific experiments carried aboard apace flights. Click Here

  • Radio and Television Report to the American People on the Berlin Crisis. Presented at The White House, on July 25, 1961. Click Here

  • The Berlin Wall. The Berlin Wall closed the border between East to West Berlin in August 1961. When World War II ended in 1945, Berlin was completely surrounded by Soviet-occupied territory, which officially became the country of East Germany in 1949. Click Here

  • Briefing for President Kennedy on Berlin. Click Here

  • Trujillo, Rafael. On May 30, 1961, while riding in a car near Santo Domingo, the Dictator was assassinated. Click Here

  • The History of Apartheid in South Africa. Click Here

  • Yuri Gagarin.Gagarin became the first person in space when he flew aboard the Vostok spacecraft in 1961. He orbited the Earth once on this historic flight. The flight lasted 1 hour and 48 minutes. Click Here

  • Bay of Pigs Invasion. The History Channel provides detailed information regarding the Bay of Pigs Invasion. Click Here .

  • US President Kennedy's Letter to President Ngo Dinh Diem.. Written December 14, 1961. Click Here


Links Regarding Events Which Occurred During 1962

  • Selected Milestones in the Presidency of John F. Kennedy, March 2, 1962 - November 20, 1962 . Click Here

  • John Glen, Mercury Shuttle Astronaut. On February 20, 1962, he made history as the first American to orbit the earth. Click Here

  • Address at Rice University on the Nation's Space Effort.Delivered in Houston, Texas, on September 12, 1962. Click Here

  • Remarks of the President on the Occasion of the Dinner Given by His Excellency the Hon. Sir Howard Beale, Ambassador of Australia to the United States.Presented in Newport, Rhode Island, on September 14, 1962. Click Here

  • Letter from Adlai Stevenson to President Kennedy, "Opinion Against Airstrike Against Cuba" .17 October 1962. Click Here

  • President John F. Kennedy's Speech Announcing the Quarantine Against Cuba.October 22, 1962. Click Here

  • The American Presidency.Biography of JFK listing detailed information regarding the Bay of Pigs, the Berlin Issue, the Cuban crisis, the nuclear test ban, foreign aid, relations with Europe, national issues, his assassination and burial. Click Here

  • Fourteen Days in October: The Cuban Missile Crisis.This location provides a detailed description of how close the world has ever come to nuclear war. This site provides an in-depth account and analysis of the crisis including the summary of events and audio narration and the major players involved in the crisis. Click Here .

  • Document Archive of Declassified Files from the Cuban Missile Crisis. Daily listing of the events occurring during the crisis in Cuba. Click Here

  • C-SPAN, American Perspectives on the Cuban Missile Crisis. Click Here

  • Cuban Missile Crisis, A Summary. "Nuclear catastrophe was hanging by a thread ... and we weren't counting days or hours, but minutes." Click Here

  • Cold War: Cuban Missile Crisis. Revelations from Russian Archives. Click Here

  • The Cold War Timeline . Click Here

  • CNN: Cold War. From Yalta to Malta. Click Here

  • "Documents Show Pentagon's Anti-Castro Plots During Kennedy Years". New York Times, November 19, 1997. Click Here

  • Francis Gary Powers, the U-2, U.S. & U.S.S.R.Presents an overview of the events surrounding the Black Lady's crash, including consequent statements made by the U.S. and the U.S.S.R Click Here

  • Radio and Television Report to the Nation on the Situation at the University of Mississippi. President Kennedy's address to the American people regarding Mr. James Meredith being allowed to enter the University of Mississippi during the Civil Rights movement presented at the White House on September 30, 1962. Click Here .

  • Radio and Television Report to the American People on the Soviet Arms Buildup in Cuba . Presented at The White House on October 22, 1962. Click Here

  • Development of U.S. and Indigenous Police, Paramilitary, and Military Resources . Document declaring the establishment of a military council in South Vietnam. Click Here

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Links Regarding Events Which Occurred During 1963

  • Selected Milestones in the Presidency of John F. Kennedy, January 13, 1963 - November 21, 1963 Click Here

  • National Security Policy Arms Control/Disarmament,Foreign Relations, 1961-1963. Information on JFK's attempts to pass the Nuclear Arms Test Ban. Click Here

  • The American Experience: Kennedy and Foreign Policy. Includes information about relations with Vietnam. Click Here

  • President Kennedy's Television Interviews on Vietnam. Aired on September 2 and 9, 1963 with Walter Cronkite. Click Here

  • The American Presidency. This biography of JFK lists detailed information regarding the Bay of Pigs, the Berlin Issue, The Cuban crisis, the nuclear test ban, foreign aid, relations with Europe, national issues, and his assassination and burial. Click Here

  • American University Speech. Presented by JFK on June 10, 1963. Click Here

  • Radio and Television Report to the American People on Civil Rights . Kennedy's speech to the public about the civil rights movement in the United States presented June 11, 1963. Click Here

  • Berlin Speech. Presented by JFK on June 25, 1963. Click Here

  • Remarks in the Rudolph Wilde Platz. JFK's speech to the people in West Berlin regarding their freedom presented June 26, 1963. Click Here

  • Address Before the Irish Parliament. Presented in Dublin, Ireland, on June 28, 1963. Click Here

  • Radio And Television Address to the American People on the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty . Presented at The White House, July 26, 1963. Click Here

  • Policies Initiated by John F. Kennedy While in Office .Listings of the policies initiated and the dates enacted. Click Here

  • The John F. Kennedy Assassination Homepage. This homepage contains many links to large information databases. The Warren Commission hearings and report and answers to many frequently asked questions are available at this site. Click Here

  • Castro and the Kennedy Assassination. Years before Oliver Stone, Castro saw the conspiracy. Click Here

  • John F. Kennedy Assassination Radio News Broadcast . Click Here

  • Timeline of Kennedy Family Tragedies. Link to listing of all the tragedies befalling the Kennedy family including the death of their son, Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, in 1963. Click Here

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Links Regarding Scandals Related to JFK

  • Reputed JFK Mistress Exner Dies. Judith Campbell Exner, a reputed mistress of John F. Kennedy who claimed to have ferried messages between the president and Mafia boss, Sam Giancana, died of breast cancer at the age of 65. Click Here

  • John F. Kennedy & Marilyn Monroe Papers. Inside information on the controversy and litigation concerning the files of JFK's secret advisor, Attorney Lawrence X. Cusack, Sr. Click Here

  • Dealer of Challenged JFK Papers Indicted. A document dealer who admitted forging papers to make it appear as if President Kennedy had an affair with Marilyn Monroe was indicted on mail and wire fraud charge. Click Here

  • Presidential Peccadilloes . Click Here

  • Exner: JFK Made Me Pregnant . Judith Campbell Exner, who for years has said she was John F. Kennedy's mistress, claims the President made her pregnant in 1962. Click Here

  • Report: Kennedy Mistress, Judith Exner, aborted John F. Kennedy's Child .Summary of interview given by Exner to Vanity Fair magazine. Click Here

  • Explosive Documents from the Files of JFK's Secret Advisor. Documents revealing that the Kennedy family left a large trust fund to Marilyn Monroe. Click Here

  • Mysterious 1962 Document: Alleged CIA memo outlining surveillance of Marilyn Monroe and Dorothy Kilgallen . "Secret Air Base" reference referring to President Kennedy's air base which was examining the possibility of the existence of UFO's. Click Here

  • Sex and the White House.Presidential sex scandals from Washington to Clinton. Click Here

  • Marilyn Monroe. Biography of Marilyn Monroe including her relationship with John and Robert Kennedy. Click Here

  • Scandals Throughout Presidential History .JFK was linked to such women as: Angie Dickinson, Jayne Mansfield, Ellen Rometsch, Blaze Starrr, Marilyn Monroe and Judith Exner. Click Here

  • Romantically Linked: John F. Kennedy. Click Here

  • Libidogate, excerpts from the 60 Greatest Conspiracies of All Time. Conspiracy of Kennedy's affair with Russian Spy, Ellen Rometsch. Click Here

  • The Cast of Characters, Issues and Events in the JFK/RFK/MM/Hoover/Giancana Saga. Click Here


Reference Links Available to Information on John F. Kennedy