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FORENSIC MEDICINE & TOXICOLOGY

Time 3 hours, marks: 100

There are two parts in the paper. Part one is from the forensic medicine & Part two is from the toxicology. Part one contains 4 questions and part two contains three questions. Six questions are to be solved & each carries 16 marks. 4 marks are for neat & clean writing.

PAPER :1 (1995 ANNUAL)

Part: 1 Forensic Medicine

Q.1 Discuss postmortem interval. (16)

Q.2 Discuss specific autopsy findings in death due to strangulation with the help of a rope differentiate from hanging with a similar ligature. (16")

Q.3.Write a short notes on: -

    1. Characteristics of a full term fetus.
    2. Electrocution.

Q.4 Write short notes on: -

a. Locardís principle. (4)

b. Documentary evidence (4)

    1. Subdural haematoma. (4)
    2. Ante mortem burn (4)

Part: 2 TOXICOLOGY

Q.5 Discuss: -

    1. negative chemical examiner report in positive positive poisoning case.( 8)
    2. Chronic Lead poisoning. (8)

Q.6 Describe arsenic poisoning with specific reference to mechanism of toxicity.

Q.7 Write short notes on; -

  1. Drug dependence. (4)
  2. Kerosene oil poisoning (4)
  3. Preservatives. (4)
  4. Asphyxiants. (4)

PAPER: 2 (1995 SUPPLY)

Part: 1 Forensic Medicine

Q.1Discuss the process of the putrefaction in our country. (16)

Q.2. Discuss shotgun injuries with special reference to estimation of range of fire. (16)

Q.3 Describe positive findings in criminal abortion. (16)

Q.4 discuss the procedures of admission in the mental hospital. (16)

Part .2 Toxicology

Q.5. Describe the recommended scheme for isolation of poisons from biological material. (16)

Q.6 Discuss organophosphorus compound poisoning with emphasis on the diagnosis and management. (16)

Q.7 Write short notes on; -

    1. Chelating agents. ( 4)
    2. Atropinization. (4)
    3. Local findings in viper snake bite.( 4)
    4. Automatism (4)

PAPER:3 (1997 ANNUAL)

Part: 1 Forensic Medicine

Q.1 Discuss

a.        Mechanism of laceration. (8)

b.       Role of x- rays examination in medicolegal reporting. (8)

Q.2 Discuss clinical features & autopsy finding findings of starvation. (16)

Q.3 Discuss the Criminal Abortion with reference to its hazards and autopsy

Findings. (16)

Q.4 Write short notes on: -

a. Exhumation (4)

b. Scalds (4)

c. Defense wound (4)

d. Res ipsa loquitor (4)

Part: 2 Toxicology

Q.5 Describe the clinical features of: -

    1. Carbon monoxide poisoning. (8)
    2. Dhatura poisoning (8)

Q.6 Discuss the collection, preservation and dispatch of samples in a case of poisoning. (16)

Q.7 Write short notes on: -

  1. Aconite (4)
  2. Oxaluria (4)
  3. Missing samples (4)
  4. Run a moke (4 )

PA PER:4 (1997 SUPP LY)

Part: 1 Forensic Medicine

Q.1 Discuss the medicolegal importance of the age. ( 16)

Q.2 How would you determine the range of fire from the examination of a fire arm injury. (16)

Q.3 Classify mechanical asphyxia. Describe the autopsy findings in death to "Throttling."

Q.4 Write short notes on: -

    1. Shajjah 4
    2. Impotency 4
    3. Arborescent markings 4
    4. Contact electric burn 4

Part. 2 (Toxicology)

Q.5 Discuss the factors, which influence the toxicity of a poison. 16

Q.6Describe the symptoms, signs and autopsy findings in pesticide poisoning. 16

Q.7. Write a short notes on; _

    1. Thin layer chromatography. 4
    2. Accidental poisoning in children 4
    3. Section of dangerous drug act. 4
    4. Delirium Tremors 4

 

PAPER:5 (1998 ANNUAL)

Part: 1 Forensic Medicine

Q.1 Discuss the importance of examination of bones in the establishing the identity in a dead person. 16

Q.2 Discuss the biochemical changes in fresh water and salt water drowning. 16

Q.3 Define the medicolegal autopsy. Describe autopsy protocol in a decomposed body. 16

Q.4 Write short notes on; -

  1. Documentary evidence
  2. Brain death
  3. Auto erotic asphyxia
  4. Unfit to plead

Part. 2 Toxicology

Q.5 Discus acute opium poising, regarding its mode of action, diagnosis and management.16

Q.6. Discuss the symptoms, signs and management of carbon monoxide poisoning. 16

Q.7. Write short notes on; -

  1. Cocanism 4
  2. Chelating agents 4
  3. Vitriolage 4
  4. Meeís lines 4

PAPER:6 (1998 SUPPLY)

Part: 1 Forensic Medicine

Q.1Draw graphical representation of post mortem changes in relation to time. Discuss variables, which effect post mortem changes. 16

Q.2 Compare and contrast the feature of Sui cidal and homicidal cut_throat.

Q.3 Discuss electricity injuries. 16

Q.4 Write short notes on: --

  1. Dactylography
  2. Incremental lines.
  3. Dry drowning
  4. Malpraxis

Part. 2 Toxicology

Q.5 Discuss the procedure of examination and reporting a case of alcohol intake.

Q6 Discuss the management of a case of acute poisoning in the emergency department. What is the legal obligation of a doctor in such cases? 16

Q.7 Write short notes on: -

a. Blood pictures in plumbism.

b. Remote effects of Oxalic acid.

    1. Snake venom
    2. Bang poisoning

PAPER: 7 (1999 ANNUAL)

Part: 1 Forensic Medicine

Q.1.Compare and contrast the entry & exit wounds of a rifled and smooth bore weapon. 16

Q.2 How would u proceed to examine the dead body of a young female recovered from her bed room allegedly dead by asphyxia. 16

Q.3 Discuss: --

a. The role & importance of consent in medical practice. 8

b. The medicolegal importance & limitations of exhumation. 8

Q.4 Discuss the parameters for determination of: --

  1. Age of fetus 8
  2. Age of wound 8

Part: 2 Toxicology

Q.5 Discuss factors, which modify the effects of a poison.

Q.6 Classify the irritant poisons. Discuss post mortem findings & management of acute arsenic poisoning. 16

Q.7 Discuss the

a. Duties of a registered medical practitioner in acute poisoning. 8

b. The management of a patient of withdrawal syndrome. 8

PAPER: 8 (1999 SUPPLY)

Part: 1 Forensic Medicine

Q.1 Describe the putrefaction with special reference to determination of post mortem interval. 16

Q.2 Classify mechanical injuries. Briefly describe the injuries of head by blunt weapon.16

Q.3 Discuss:-

  1. Criminal negligence 8
  2. Electrical lesions 8

Q.4 Discuss

a. Testamentary capacity 8

b. Admission of lunatic in the mental hospital. 8

Part; 2 Toxicology

Q.5 Discuss chronic lead poisoning. 16

Q.6 Describe the examination of a drunken person. How would you interpret a result of blood examination? 16

Q.7 Write short note no: -

a. Salicylism 4

b. Household antidote 4

c. Management of carbon monoxide poisoning. 4

d. Treatment of snake bite 4

PAPER :9 (2000 ANNUAL)

Part: 1 Forensic Medicine

Q.1 The police bring human skeleton to you. What information can u give in such cases? 16

Q.2 Describe the characteristics of rifled gun shot wounds on skull. 16

Q. 3 Describe the medical ethics with special reference to the professional misconduct. 16

Q.4 Describe the following:

  1. Autopsy incision
  2. Criminal abortion

Part. 2 Toxicology

Q.5 Discuss the factors, which modify the action of poisons.

Q.6 Describe the opium poisoning. How will you manage a case of chronic heroin. Intoxication? 16

Q.7 Writes short note on: --

  1. Diagnosis of acute arsenic poisoning 4
  2. Methyl alcohol toxicity 4
  3. Hallucinogenic agents 4
  4. Universal anti dote 4

PAPER:10 (2000 SUPPLY)

Part: 1 Forensic Medicine

Q.1 Enlist the parameters to determine time since death. Describe the development and biochemical changes that occur in rigor mortis. Give differential diagnosis, 16

Q.2 How will you establish that death has occurred due to burns on autopsy examination? How will you establish the manner of death in burns. 16

Q. 3 Describe; -

a. Privileges & obligation of a registered medical practitioner. 8

b. Jurh and its types 8

Q.4 Describe the following;

. a. Insanity and its medicolegal value .8

b. Injuries sustained by a pedestrian in road traffic accidents. 8

Part. 2: Toxicology

Q.5 Discuss the duties of a registered medical practitioner in case of acute poisoning at casualty department. 16

Q.6 Classify corrosive poisons. Describe the signs, symptoms, treatment and specimen collection in case of hydrochloric acid (Hcl) poisoning. 16

Q.7 Write short note on; -

  1. Ideal homicidal poisoning 4
  2. Signs of chronic mercury poisoning 4
  3. Cocaine bugs 4
  4. Abrus precatorius. 4

PAPER :11 (2001 ANNULA)

Part: 1 Forensic Medicine

Q.1 Enumerates the parameters of personal identity. Discuss in detail the role of teeth in estimation of age. 16

Q.2 How will you examine a victim of Zina- Bil_ Jabar. Give step and findings at each step of examination. 16

Q.3 Describe;

a. The mechanism of development and medicolegal importance of mummification. 8

b. The signs of death in case of died of drowning. 8

Q.4 Write short notes on; -

a. Shajjah, b, Trace evidence 4, 4

C. Exhumation, d, Nuclear sexing 4, 4

Party. 2 Toxicology

Q. 5 Describe the principles for the management of poisoning, with special reference to the legal obligations of a registered medical practitioner in such cases. 16

Q.6 Classify irritant poisons. What are the symptoms, signs of chromic lead poisoning? 16

Q.7 Write short notes on:

a. Delirium Tremors, b. Domestic poison 4,4

C. Aconite, d. salicylism 4,4

PAPER:12 (2001 SUPPLY)

Part: 1 Forensic Medicine

Q.1 Define death. De4scribe the death certificate and the cause of death certificate as recommended by WHO. Give example.

Q.2Classify asphyxia. Describe in detail the autopsy findings of ante mortem drowning in a young lady.

Q.3Compare and contrast

  1. Entry & exit wound
  2. Suicidal & homicidal cut throat

Q.4 Describes the importance of the following in forensic medicine;

a. Burns due to Flame

b. Coupe and counter coup injuries

c. Examination of saliva.

d. Beveled phenomena

Part.2 Toxicology

Q.5 What is antidote? Classify antidotes, Giving examples with special reference to the Chelating agents.

Q.6 Discuss the symptoms, signs, diagnosis, and management and post mortem findings in acute Organo phosphorus insecticide poisoning.

Q.7 Write short notes on: -

a. Poisoning in children 4

b. Chromatography 4

c. Delirium tremors 4

d. Difference b/w Dhatura seeds and capsicum seeds. 4

PAPER: 13 (2002 ANNUAL)

Part: 1 Forensic medicine

Q.1 Enumerate the methods of examination. Discuss the medicolegal importance of Teeth. 16

Q.2Autopsy is a dialogue with the body. Comment. 16

Q.3How would you determine the distance, direction and manner of death from examination of a firearm injury.

Q.4 Write short notes on: -

(i) Dry drowning (ii) Precipitin test

(iii) Res ipsa Loquitor (iv) Delusions

Part.2 Toxicology

Q.5 Discuss the examination of a "DRUNK PERSON" in the emergency department.

Q.6 Write an essay on:

  1. Duties of a doctor in acute poisoning.
  2. Management of a patient with corrosion acid poisoning.

Q.7 Write short notes on:

a: Withdrawal syndrome, b. Snake bite

c: Kerosene oil poisoning , d. Cheating agents