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Nisqually Indians

Nisqually Indians have lived in the South Puget Sound area for Thousands of years. The British were the first European explorers to venture into the area in the late 1700's. The foreign explorers found the Indian occupied land lucrative for fur trading and set up trading posts, most notably the British Hudson's Bay Company. The Hudson's Bay Company established Fort Nisqually as a place to trade wih the region's Indian population. Trading relations were so successful that many Indians became employees of the Fort. American settlers looking for new land to farm arrived after the British.  The rapid rise of Americans to the the Pacific Northwest gave rise to the creation of the Washington Territory by the United States Government in 1853. Isaac Stevens was appointed the Governor of the newly created territory.  As a result, the Indians of the territory were now subject to the control of the United States Government. The Nisqually tribe were sent to a reservation east of Olympia, Washington in late 1854 with the signing of the Medicine Creek Treaty. Although the leader of the Nisqualy tribe refused to sign the treaty, someone put an "X" by his name, and the Medicine Creek Treaty was concluded on December 26, 1854, and would be ratified by Congress in 1855. Governor Stevens went east to make treaties with the other tribes of Washington Territory. He appointed Secretary of State Charles Mason as acting governor. Soon afterwards, conflict eventually arose between the U.S. and Indian who found themselves being pushed to reservations determined by the government. The rise in conflict led to the rebellion of the Indian War fought between the White and the Green River. Chief Leschi of the Puyallup and Nisqually tribes became a prominent war leader. Only a small portion of the Indians was actually involved in the war, although many of them, suffered terribly during the conflict. The Nisqually Indians originally inhabited the interior woodlands and coastal waters from Mount Rainier west to Puget Sound. The lifestyle of the Nisqually, like many Northwest Coast tribes, involved the fishing of salmon. cited