Refers to any
motion of forcing one’s opponent’s weapon or arms in some direction. The term
overlaps with one of the words used for “slashing” (cutting through with the
short edge), and like slashing, wrenching is often done with the short edge of
From a bind, to
force through the opponent’s weapon.
This can refer
to any technique in which the hand or hands are inverted relative to their
relaxed position; this will of course reverse the orientation of the sword. In
Meyer, this is often done after the swords are engaged, to turn one’s weapon
over the opponent’s blade, thereby forcing it down and away. The term can also
be used of inverting a single free hand. Meyer 54v characterizes reversing as a
move that shortens the user’s reach. The early tradition mentions the use of
this technique to “weaken” the opponent [Ringeck
Crossing Over; Shooting Over:
A variety of
terms refering to an action that blocks off the opponent’s sword. Barring and
crossing over refer to crossing one’s hands so as to place one’s blade
perpendicularly across one’s opponent’s (the action typically happens from the
right side). Shooting over refers to the action of sliding the blade over the
opponent’s, ending forte to forte, typically as a followup to crossing over. As
with reversing and the Crooked Cut, this is one of a number of techniques in
which the combattant crosses his hands to in some way restrict the opponent.
- Slicing is one
of the three chief forms of attack in the medieval German longsword tradition,
along with cutting and thrusting. It would generally appear to imply an attack
in which the blade is placed against some part of the opponent’s body, and gains
its effect not from momentum, but from pressure and by the potential slicing
action of a draw-cut. Like the thrust, the status of this kind of attack may
have changed by Meyer’s time: in Meyer, is seems almost never to be used as an
independent attack, but as a means of
opponent’s hands, arms, or weapon by applying pressure through the blade, using
one’s own forte (generally the long edge).
The slice can be
done from above, the High Slice (ober Schnitt), or from below, the Low Slice (unter
The maneuver may
be intended for occasions when the combatant is too close for a proper cut. It
is often used against striking around.
A form of slice
executed against the opponent’s hands or arms. It may have lost some of its
meaning by Meyer’s time, where most slices were executed against these targets.
use of the slice in Meyer, where one keeps one’s forte on the opponent’s arm or
weapon until an opportune opening arises.