A general word
for all kinds of deceptive maneuvers, but especially for one in which the
combatant makes the opponent believe the attack will come in one area, but
brings it home in another.
The term might
also cover the provoking tactics used here and there in Meyer [Meyer 37v].
blade before or after contact by pulling away with the hilt. See Meyer Sequence
19r.2 Example of Pulling Cf. Meyer 28v, where it is contrasted with Failing, and
29r where it is contrasted with Running Off.
blade, before or after contact, by rotating it around the hilt. By keeping the
hilt in place, it keeps the opponent believing the attack is coming in, while in
fact gathering for an attack elsewhere. The term does not appear to be used
before 1500, and its meaning isn’t clear before Meyer.
describe a cut that deliberately misses its target. It is good against those who
strike to the weapon rather than the body. In Meyer, this technique is generally
executed by running off as one passes the target.
A term used by
Meyer for a pulling that happens before blade contact.
technique a parried long-edge attack is followed with a secondary attack behind
the opponent’s blade; in the fifteenth-century sources, the second attack can be
done with the long or short edge, while Meyer specifies the short edge.
Doubling can be
used against the opponent’s forte or against a hard bind.
means to follow up a high attack with a low one by turning from the bind into a
hanging thrust over the opponent’s blade. The term may have lost currency in the
16th-century texts, and Meyer may use it generically to mean any change of
attack from one quarter to another.
This can be used
against a weak bind.
To pull away
after engagement for a cut in a different place, usually on the opposite side.
After a cut, to
follow up with a flicking cut by rotating around the hilt.
A term found in
Meyer. It appears to be an attack in which the combatant rotates the sword more
or less parallel to the line of encounter to rake the opponent’s side vertically
with the short edge.
Changing Through; Going Through:
- To change the
line of attack from one target to another during an attack. This maneuver is
called changing through or going through when executed under the opponent’s
is a good technique against opponents who attack the weapon rather than the
body. Meyer says it is especially good against maneuvers that shorten the
it is itself a shortened maneuver, and can be countered by a long thrust.
two other uses of the term: to change sides in the Onset, or to change guards in
A maneuver that
changes from one quarter around to another, often as a disengage or evasion,
sometimes by force. Each change of quarter describes one petal of a rose. The
term is never actually explained in the sources, but its use seems fairly
A term in Meyer
for an action that brings the sword around in a circle overhead, apparently used
to deceive or confuse the opponent. Meyer mentions two versions: the single
describes a circle around on one side, the double does a circle on both sides.