meaning of this term is far from clear. Meyer’s description is the most
detailed, and would appear to be a parry that deflects the incoming
attack with a slicing motion of the blade; he refers the reader to his
sections on other weapons.
A state of
engagement with the opponent’s sword, usually brought about when one combatant
has attacked and the other has parried. Once in the bind position, the combatant
can remain with blades in contact, called remaining; here he can take the
opportunity to sense his opponent’s intentions through the nature of the
pressure on his blade, called feeling. There are 4 types of binds, high and low,
each on the right and left
characteristic position in the bind is Longpoint.
Meyer also seems
to use Remaining to mean a form of remise, following up a parried long-edge
attack around the opponent’s blade with a short edge attack [17v]. Egenolph uses
the term in the same sense [6v].
Much of the
heart of longsword technique lies in the ability to sense quickly and accurately
the opponent’s intent in a bind. A combatant can be either hard or soft in the
bind, i.e. he can bind with pressure and commitment, or without it. The general
rule is to be soft against a hard bind, and hard against a soft one [Döbringer
21v ff., 37v-38r]. Thus
if your opponent
is hard in the bind, you might pull [Ringeck 19v; Starhemberg 31v], double [Starhemberg
16r-v], strike around [Ringeck 19v, 28r], or wind through with the pommel [Meyer
50r.1]; an alternative is to use winding (particularly by lifting your hilt) to
gain leverage over his blade to allow you to cut or thrust [Ringeck 19v-20r;
Meyer 51r; cf. Wallerstein 4r-v]. If your opponent is soft, you might pursue,
slice, transmute, wind your way in to the opening with a thrust or short-edge
cut, or wrench his blade to the side.
This term can
refer to a number of actions executed with the blade at an incline (mostly
downward to the point). One of its most frequent manifestations is a technique
in which the blade slopes downward over an opponent’s guard to attack him. This
is called the High Hanging and is more or less a version of the Ox Guard The Low
Hanging in the early sources is essentially a version of the Plow used for an
equivalent attack from below.
In Meyer, the
High Hanging is still in use, but the Low Hanging has become a technique in
which the blade, hanging downward, comes underneath the opponent’s incoming
attack to catch it. The move is executed mostly from the Plow and other low
guards; it is often a prelude to winding, and is closely related to sliding.
essentially a version of hanging executed from the Wrath Guard by sliding the
sword under the opponent’s incoming attack.
- There appear to
be two forms of this parry. One involves holding the sword in the half-sword
position and catching the incoming attack with it. This is how the term is used
by Mair and in Jörg Wilhalm, and would appear to be the sense in Starhemberg,
which appears to describe the position as having the point and one quillon up.
In Meyer, the
Crown seems to
be a form of catching in which the incoming attack is caught on the combatant’s
quillons, which are held horizontal above the combatant’s head.