unusual, perhaps unique, among the authors of early martial arts treatises in
offering substantial information about the training process, including a
significant number of training drills. Most of his drills serve to develop
facility in delivering multiple attacks in rapid succession.
Sequences 27v.1, 29r.1, 29r.2, 29v.1, 29v.2, 29v.3, 29v.4, 30r.1, 30r.2
long edge, and are primarily used in the beginning or at the withdrawal.
under, and wrath, (Thwart, glance, and the bent strikes can also be used in the
beginning even though not long edge blows.)
Secondary strikes (strikes
with short edge) used primarily when opponent strikes short(edge) or has
shortened reach(primarily used in the middle or war phase.)
Crown, Squint (Glance), Arc, Traverse, Bounce, Blind, Wind, Knee Hollow, Plunge,
and Changer Strikes.
Thwart, Squinter (Glancing), and Bent.
Wrath and Over
are long edge
Squinter(Glancing), are short edge
Bent can be used
short edge or long edge. Used like a
in front of you against his flat, or can be
any strike which
is delivered with crossed hands.
Strikes to Break Guards
edge) against fool, and everything that comes from
and from both sides.
edge) Against Roof and high strikes
Squinter (Glancing): (short edge) against plow, good to use against
and stabs from
Ox, from above and from Barrier.
- The Over Strike is a strong strike directly from Above,
- against your opponent's head or scalp, therefore it is also called
- Vertex Strike.
- Note: The Scheitelhau is also examined on
page 74 of Goliath
- This is regarding the Scalp strike [Scheitelhawe] the scalp strike [Scheitelere] is a danger to your face. With its
turn it takes the breast fast and what comes from him the crown [Crone] will
take. Cut through the crown [Krone], that is how it is strongly broken. Press
the strike in there, with cuts pull it away. The scalp strike [Scheitelhaw] I
praise, if it does not come too slowly.
- Wrathful Strike
- The Wrathful Strike is a serious strike from your Right Shoulder,
against your opponent's left ear, or through his face or chest, consider how
it's done through two lines, with the lines drawn through the upper right and
crosswise overtop one another. This is the strongest beyond all others in that
all one's strength and manliness is laid against one's opponent in fighting and fencing, therefore the ancients also
named it Straight Strike or Father Strike. Along the considered lines you can
move onwards, etc.
Note: The Zornhau is also
Page 21 of Goliath.
- This is regarding the Rage strike [Zornhaw] When someone strikes at you from
above, strike a rage strike [Zornhaw] and draw (or slide?) the point at him, and
you shall also step towards the right side. If he notices this, take away from
above without fear, be stronger, turn [Wind] against it, and take it down. If he
notices this, then go down. Note this; strike [Hewe], thrust [Stiche], guards
[Leger], soft [Weich] or hard [Herte]. At once [Indes] and the before [Vor] the
after [Nach]– do not haste into war, what the war strikes from above, is ashamed
from below. In all turnings [Winden], strikes, thrusts and cuts learn to find.
You shall also try strikes, thrusts or cuts in all meetings with the masters if
you whish to fool them. Do not strike at the sword, but always to the openings,
to the head, the body if you whish to remain unharmed. If you hit or miss,
always search for the openings, in all teachings turn the point to the openings.
He who strikes widely around, he will often become seriously shamed. Always
strike and thrust at the closest openings.
- Glossa. Here note that Liechtenauer strikes an upper strike [Oberhaw] from
the shoulder, it is called the rage strike [Czornhaw]. When you are angry and
raging, then no strike is as ready as this upper strike [Oberhaw] struck from
the shoulder at the opponent. That is why Liechtenauer means that when someone
strikes an upper strike [Oberhaw] against you, then you shall strike a rage
strike [Czornhaw] at him; that is you move quickly in towards him with your
point leading. If he defends against your point, then go quickly up and over to
the other side of his sword. If he defends against that as well, then be hard
and strong in your sword and turn [Wind] quickly and skilfully. If he defends
against your thrust then throw and strike quickly below and you will hit him in
the legs. That is you should always try one after the other so that he never has
a chance to come to blows himself. And the aforesaid words – Before [Vor] after
[Noch] at once [Indes] weak [Swach], Strong [Stark], strike [Hewe], thrust [Stiche]
and Cut [Snete], these you should think on well and never forget in your
swordplay. And you should not rush into war, since if you fail above were you
aim, then you will hit below as you will hear how to do one out of the other
according to the true art, regardless if it is a strike, thrust or cut. And you
shall not strike at the sword, but at the man himself, to the head or the body
anywhere you can. One can also understand the first passage so that when you
strike from above with the rage strike [Czornhaw], then you are also using the
point of the rage strike. Just act according to this teaching, and always be in
motion, whether you hit him or not, so that he cannot come to blows. And always
step well out to the side with the strikes. And also know that from two strikes
alone come all other strikes that are possible to name: Over and Under.