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Common Grammar Problems



       A semicolon must have two complete sentences on each side.

       The sentences connected by a semicolon must be closely related ideas


       The semicolon separates items in a series that have internal punctuation such as commas.



       A colon must be preceded by a complete sentence.

       A colon is followed by a list or by an explanation and/or summary.


       A colon is used in ratios/proportions, time, salutations, titles and subtitles, and citations/references.


Comma Splices

       Comma splices are mistakenly substituting a comma for a semicolon or a period.

       Corrections include

o       substituting a semicolon

o       substituting a period

o       adding a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet) after the comma.


Noun, Verb, Pronoun Agreement

       If the noun is singular, then its corresponding pronouns and verbs need to be singular.

       If the noun is plural, then its corresponding pronouns and verbs need to be plural.

       Make sure pronouns and verbs actually refer back to the noun you intend modifiers can be confusing.