Roman Britain             

Stage 23                   Roman Religion

Read the information in your folder for this stage, then try these questions

 

1.     Why did people in the ancient world offer animal sacrifices and other gifts to the gods?  Did it apply to all levels of society? Give some examples, including  that of C. Tetius Veturius Micinianus and Tullia Superiana.

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2.     Lucius Marcius Memor was a “haruspex” at Aquae Sulis. What does this mean?  (look back  also at stage 21 to remind you)

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This sculpture was placed over the entrance to the temple of Sulis Minerva. It is a Celtic version of the Gorgon’s head that Minerva wore on her cloak or shield – a monster that could  turn men to stone – with a glance.

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


3.    Explain what is meant by the word “divination”

 

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4.     The liver seems to have been particularly important in divination. How do we know this? What  sort of things did they look out for?

 

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5.    What is “augury”?

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6.    Describe briefly what Roman state religion was like.

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7.    How was Roman religion organized and conducted? Who and what was the Pontifex Maximus?

 

The picture shows a haruspex examining a sacrificed bull. What do you think the man on the left is holding in his right hand?

 

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8.    How did roman state religion play an important part in the Romanisation of the provinces of the Empire?  Include discussion on

a.     religious tolerance

b.    Emperor worship

 

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Britannia perdomita on a Roman coin

 

Above right: The altar at Bath. The base and the sculptured corner blocks are original; the rest of the Roman stone must have bee re-used elsewhere during the Middle Ages. At the top left of the photograph can be seen the stone statue base which is inscribed with Memor’s name