Temple Sculpture - Compositional and other Problems
1. Pediments2. Metopes
a) Low triangle formed by pediment - particularly awkward shape to fill - fitting of large numbers of figures into this space.
b) Uniformity of scale?? (not in pediment of Temple of Artemis on Corfu - central Gorgon figure and lions/leopards each side etc - but widely adopted after this.
c) Important central position - prominent figures (divinity?) or group in the centre? - since the chief accent comes here.
d) Awkward space of angles - corners - reclining figures?
e) Position of viewer from below has to be considered?
f) One point in time has to be "captured"?
g) Strong emphasis on people (humans and gods) - no background details - although use of chariot (eg East pediment, Temple of Zeus, Olympia).
h) Depiction of motion? Action? or "Freeze"?
i) Frontal, profile, three-quarter views of figures?
j) Variety of line needed - harmonious effect - eye must be led towards centre and away from centre effectively.3. Friezes
a) Shape - rectangular/squarish - similar problems to those faced by vase painters decorating panels. Significant and recognisable moment for representation selected.
b) Variety = essential (especially Parthenon - 92 metopes!) - no continuity in story between metopes - separate scenes - range of compositional devices, therefore, required. Harmonious filling of the space.
c) Position of viewer again an important consideration - strong, bold lines of action - 2 or 3 figures only. NB: use of colour - not naturalistic.
(some of the above points are relevant)
a) Continuity or division of frieze into units?
b) Appropriate subject for continuous frieze?
c) "Medium" of low relief sculpture - conveyance of depth?