Fetva reisu-l-uleme: Prvi dan Kurban bajrama u petak
Objavljeno petak, 19 Oktobar 2012 09:07
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
إن الحمد لله، نحمده و نستعينه و نستغفره، و نعوذ بالله من شرور أنفسنا ومن سيّئات أعمالنا، من يهد الله فلا مضلّ له، و من يضلله فلا هادي له، و أشهد أن لا إله إلاّ الله وحده لا شريك له, و أشهد أن محمداً عبده و رسوله قال الله سبحانه و تعالي في كتابه الكريم:" الحج أشهر معلومات.. " و قال تعالى: "ليشهدوا منافع لهم و يذكروا اسم الله على ما رزقهم من بهيمة الانعام..."!
reisu-l-ulema-izdNakon uvida u akaidska i šerijatska načela a zbog nepostojanja univerzalne institucije Halife, koristim se ovlastima Menšure i odgovornosti reisu-l-uleme i vrhovnog muftije Islamske zajednice u Bosni i Hercegovini i svih Bošnjaka da u vezi datuma prvog dana Kurban bajrama u 1433. po Hidžri, odnosno 2012. godine po Miladu izdam sljedeću fetvu:
1) Takvim Islamske zajednice u Bosni i Hercegovini se pravi metodom astronomske procjene, osim u slučaju određivanja datuma prvog dana Kurban bajrama, koji je uslovljen danom stajanja na Arefatu, kao jedinstvenog mjesta i vremena ibadeta hadždža!
2) Pošto se ibadet kurbana ne može obaviti prije boravka na Arefatu, a Poslanik a.s. kaže: - Arefat je onog dana kada hadžije borave na Arefatu (العرفة يوم يعرف الناس), onda je jasno da prvi dan Kurban bajrama može biti nakon stajanja na Arefatu, a nikako prije toga.
3) Mi smo obaviješteni da su odgovorni za određivanje datuma stajanja na Arefatu donijeli odluku da je ove godine dan Arefata u četvrtak 25.10.2012. godine pa je stoga prvi dan Kurban bajrama u petak 26.10.2012. godine.
4) Ova fetva važi za sve muslimane koji Islamsku zajednicu u Bosni i Hercegovini doživljavaju kao svoju zajednicu po akaidu, šerijatu i hilafetu!
A Allah najbolje zna!
zu-l-hidždže 3, 1433.
oktobar 19, 2012.
Reisu-l-ulema dr. Mustafa Cerić
Vrhovni muftija Islamske zajednice u Bosni i Hercegovini
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Eid al-Adha (Arabic: Ø¹ÙŠØ¯ Ø§Ù„Ø£Ø¶ØÙ‰ â€˜Äªd al-â€™Aá¸á¸¥Ä) is a religious festival celebrated by Muslims worldwide as a commemoration of Ibrahim's (Abraham's) willingness to sacrifice his son Ismael for Allah. It is one of two Eid festivals that Muslims celebrate. Like Eid ul-Fitr, Eid ul-Adha begins with a short prayer followed by a sermon (khuá¹ba). It is also called the bigger Eid because it lasts a day longer than Eid ul-Fitr.
Eid al-Adha is four days long and starts on the 10th day of the month of Dhul Hijja (Ø°Ùˆ Ø§Ù„ØØ¬Ø©) of the lunar Islamic calendar. This is the day after the pilgrims in Hajj, the annual pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia by Muslims worldwide, descend from Mount Arafat. It happens to be approximately 70 days after the end of the month of Ramadan.
Other names for Eid al-Adha
Eid-ul-Adha (Adha Eid) has other popular names across the Muslim world, such as Eid el-Kibir (the 'Big' Eid) in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt and Libya; Tfaska Tamoqqart in the Berber language of Jerba; Tabaski or Tobaski in West Africa; Babbar Sallah in Nigeria; Ciidwayneey in Somalia and Somali speaking regions of Kenya and Ethiopia.
In India and Pakistan it is also called Bakra Eid (literally "Goat Eid"), where the goat is the animal most likely to be sacrificed. In Bangladesh it is called either à¦ˆà¦¦-à¦‰à¦²-à¦†à¦œà¦¹à¦¾ Id-ul-Azha or à¦•à§‹à¦°à¦¬à¦¾à¦¨à§€ à¦ˆà¦¦ Korbani Id. In South Africa it is also called Bakri Eid (or simply Bakrid in India). The Indonesian term is Idul Adha. In Malaysia, it is called "aidil Adha", and also "Hari Raya Korban" which means The Sacrifice Celebration Day.
In Turkey it is called Kurban BayramÄ± or "Sacrifice Feast". Similarly, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania and Bulgaria it is referred as Kurban Bajram. In Kazakhstan, it is referred to as Qurban Ait. In Kurdish it is called Cejna QurbanÃª. In Afghanistan it is called "Eid-e-Qurban" by Dari-speakers and "Loy Akhtar" (literally, "Big Eid") or "Qurbanay Akhtar" by Pashto-speakers.
Keralites who speak Malayalam say "Waliya Perunnal" (Big Eid)
Traditions and practices
Men, women, and children are expected to dress in their finest clothing to perform Eid prayer (Salatu'l-`id) in any mosque. Muslims who can afford to do so sacrifice their best domestic animals (usually sheep, but also camels, cows, and goats) as a symbol of Ibrahim's (Abraham's) sacrifice. The sacrificed animals, called "udhiya Arabic: Ø£Ø¶ØÙŠØ©" also known as "qurbani", have to meet certain age and quality standards or else the animal is considered an unacceptable sacrifice. Generally, these must be at least 4 years old, and weigh 26 st. At the time of sacrifice, Allah's name is recited along with the offering statement and a supplication as Muhammad said. According to the Quran a large portion of the meat has to be given towards the poor and hungry people so they can all join in the feast which is held on Eid-ul-Adha. The remainder is cooked for the family celebration meal in which relatives and friends are invited to share. The regular charitable practices of the Muslim community are demonstrated during Eid ul-Adha by the concerted effort to see that no impoverished Muslim is left without sacrificial food during these days. Eid ul-Adha is a concrete affirmation of what the Muslim community ethic means in practice. People in these days are expected to visit their relations, starting with their parents, then their families and friends. (Arabic audio with English meaning).
Distributing meat among people is considered an essential part of the festival during this period, as well as chanting Takbir out loud before the Eid prayer on the first day and after prayers through out the four days of Eid. (See Takbir in "Traditions and practices" of Eid ul-Fitr.)
Eid ul-Adha in the Gregorian calendar
While Eid ul-Adha is always on the same day of the Islamic calendar, the date on the Gregorian calendar varies from year to year since the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar and the Gregorian calendar is a solar calendar. The Lunar calendar is approximately ten days shorter than the Solar calendar. Each year, Eid ul-Adha (like other Islamic holidays) falls on one of two different Gregorian dates in different parts of the world, due to the fact that the boundary of crescent visibility is different from the International date line.
The following list shows the official dates of Eid ul-Adha for Saudia-Arabia as announced by the Supreme Judicial Council. The three days after the listed date are also part of the jollification. The time before the listed date the pilgrims visit the Mount Arafat and descent from it after sunrise of the listed day. Future dates of Eid ul-Adha might be exposed to correction 10 days before the festivity, in case of deviant lunar sighting in Saudia Arabia for the start of the month Dhul Hijja.
Retrieved from "://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eid_ul-Adha"