Though it lacks the obvious indigenous attractions of Peru, Bolivia and Mexico, this beautiful country has always attracted visitors. Argentina has, arguably, the tastiest beef, the sexiest dance, the best-looking people, some of the cutest penguins, the highest peak and the most cosmopolitan city in South America. Add to that its vast plains and deserts, glistening lakes, thundering glaciers and some of the greatest waterfalls on Earth, and you have a destination with immense potential.
The national flag of Argentina dates from 1812. It is composed of three equal horizontal bands colored light blue, white and light blue. Its official proportions are 14:9, and its official size is 1.4 metres by 0.9 metres. In the centre band is an emblem known as "Sol de Mayo" (Sun of May), a golden rising sun.
Popular history says that Manuel Belgrano created the flag to identify his military troops from those of Spain. Belgrano is also credited with the sun emblem. However, there are other theories about the origin of the flag. One of the theories states that the flag had the colors swapped at first (that is, white-blue-white).
There are several folk stories about the colors of the flag. One story says that the blue symbolizes the Rio de la Plata (River Plate) and the white symbolizes silver (Argentina comes from the Latin word for silver, Argentum). Another story states that they are the colors of the sky, with white for the clouds. Yet a third story states that the colors were chosen based on those of the House of Bourbon, and a fourth is that the colors are derived from the clothing of the Virgin Mary.
Coat of Arms of Argentina
The Coat of Arms of Argentina was established in its current form in 1944. At the top is the famous sun symbol of Argentina, that is also found on the Flag of Argentina. The sun symbolizes the rising of Argentina, and that is why it is positioned in the rising position.
In the center ellipse are two shaking hands that symbolize the unity of the various provinces of Argentina. The hands come together to hold a pike, which represents a willingness to defend the freedom that is symbolized by the cap on the top of the pike. The blue and white colors are symbols of the Argentine people.
Around the central ellipse are laurels that symbolize victory.
En Unión y Libertad
Facts and Figures