John Livingston Piatt was born December 9, 1809 in Hamilton County, Ohio and died after 1880 (probably in Henry County, Illinois). I believe he is the son of Jacob Piatt and his second wife, Esther Livingston. He married first in 1834 to Hannah Hileman of Hamilton County, Ohio, who died in March of 1842. He married second in 1844 Martha McMurtry of Knox County who was born c1824 in Indiana and who died after 1880 (probably in Henry County, Illinos).
According to an autobiographical sketch listed under 1877 Weller Township, Henry County, Illinois tax records, John was born in Hamilton County, Ohio; lived in Ohio about twenty-four years and in Indiana two years; removed to this state, 1839, and to this county, 1840, and has lived here over thirty-six years.
The known/suspected children of John and Hannah:
Wycoff Piatt b: c1836 OH m: 14 Oct 1858 Henry Co, IL Sarah J Bricker b: c1844 OH
Esther Piatt b: c1838 IN (or PA) m: 31 Aug 1856, Henry Co, IL, William Price b: 21 Oct 1830 London, England
John Walter Price b: 17 Oct 1857 (probably Henry Co, IL)
Jacob H Piatt b: c1840 IN (or PA) m: Feb 1861 Henry Co, IL, Emeline Nelson b: c1842 IN
George Piatt b: c1864 IN
The known/suspected children of John and Martha:
Harriet Ellen Piatt b: c1846 IL
John L(or P or T) Piatt b: c1848 IL m: bef 1880 Irene ? b: c1856 IL
Donn D Piatt b: May 1878 IL
Roy C Piatt b: Mar 1881 IA
James J (or L) Piatt b: 1850 IL m: 10 Sep 1871 Henry Co, IL, Lena ‘Lennie’ Richmond b: c1850 VA
Frank Piatt b: c1872 IL
Kitty Piatt b: c1876 IL
Ralph Piatt b: c1878 IL
Catherine Piatt b: 1852 IL
John and family appear as follows on the 1850 census of Henry County, Illinois:
Piatt, John age 29 born OH / farmer / $1210
Piatt, Martha age 26 born PA
Piatt, Wycoff age 14 born OH / attended school
Piatt, Ester age 12 born PA / attended school
Piatt, Jacob age 10 born PA
Piatt, Harriet age 4 born IL
Piatt, John L age 2 born IL
Piatt, James age 6/12 born IL
This enumeration was taken 16 Sept 1850 on page 99b. John’s age should be 39 in keeping with his birthyear from all other censuses. The family lived next door to James and Sarah Decker.
They were difficult to locate on the 1860 census as they were written as 'Pratt'. The first instance had a dot over the 'r'. They were in ?Winona P O, Weller Township, Henry County, Illinois:
Piatt/Pratt, Jno age 50 born OH / WM / Farmer / $14,000/$5,000
Piatt/Pratt, Martha age 38 born IN / WF / Wife
Piatt/Pratt, Jacob age 20 born IN / WM / Farmer
Piatt/Pratt, Ellen age 14 born IL / WF / Attended School
Piatt/Pratt, Jno age 12 born IL / WM / Attended School
Piatt/Pratt, Jas age 11 born IL / WM / Attended School
Piatt/Pratt, Cath age 8 born IL / WF / Attended School
Smith, Richd age 20 born OH / WM / Farm Laborer
This family was enumerated #2378/2272 on page 861. Next door were Jacob and Elizabeth Bricker. My speculation is that these are their son, Wycoff's, in-laws.
The following men served from Henry County during the civil war:
Illinois - Union - 112th Infantry - Company H
PIATT, JAMES; REC; H 112 IL US INF; residence - COLONA
PYATT, LAFAYETTE; PVT; H 112 IL US INF; residence - COLONA
PYATT, ROBERT; PVT; H 112 IL US INF; residence - COLONA
Illinois - Union - 151st Infantry - Company A
PIATT, JAMES L; PVT; A 151 IL US INF; residence - HENRY
James and James L Piatt might be the same individual. Lafayette Piatt was John's half-brother and I suspect that James was another of their half-brothers who was born in 1814. Or, it could be John's son who was born in 1850. The son seems a little young to have been a soldier and the half-brother a little too old.
John and family appeared as follows on the 1870 census of Bishophill P O, Weller Township, Henry County, Illinois:
Piatt, John age 60 born OH / W M / Farmer
Piatt, Martha age 46 born IN / W F / Keeping House
Piatt, John P age 21 born IL / W M / Farmer
Piatt, James age 20 born IL / W M / Farmer
Piatt, Catherine age 18 born IL / W F / School
Palmer, Martha age 15 born IL / W F / Domestic Serv / att school
Palmer, Ambrose age 13 born MN / W M / Farm Laborer / att school
Swanson, John age 26 born Denmark / W M / Farm Laborer
Swanson, Hannah age 26 born Denmark / W F / Domestic Servant
This family was enumerated #42/45 pg 137 (pg 6 top left side)(ancestry image 6/40). Catherine might be their youngest child or might have been married to James. I do not find such a married record in Henry County, Illinois. So, I’m guessing it’s a daughter. Living nearby at #18/18 pg 136 (the previous page) was:
Piatt, Wycoff age 28 born IN / WM / Farmer
Piatt, Sarah J age 26 born OH / WF / Keeping House
Piatt, Martha age 11 born IL / WF / At School
Piatt, John A age 9 born IL / WM
Piatt, Clara age 7 born IL / WF
In Cambridge P O, Andover Township, Henry County, was:
Piatt, Jacob age 28 born OH / WM / Farmer / $2500/
Piatt, Emeline age 28 born IN / WF / Keeping House
Piatt, George age 6 born IN / WM
Swanson, Peter age 30 born Denmark / WM / Farm Laborer / Father/mother foreign born
This family was enumerated #12/12 on page 258. All indications are that this is John’s son, Jacob who was married in 1861 to Emeline Nelson. The possibility exists that it is not the same Jacob. However, Swansons in both households seems to be a link.
Jane Piatt (John's step-mother) was living with her daughter, Eliza Stewart, in Coal Valley PO, Colona Township, Henry County, Illinois in 1870 and 1880.
According to the Patron Atlas of 1875 for Weller Township, Henry County, Illinois:
John Piatt, Sr. / Farmer and Supervisor / Nativity: Ohio / Came to Henry Co: 1840
James Piatt / Farmer / Nativity: Illinois / Came to Henry Co: 1850
I believe the James Piatt is John's son who was born in 1850. Since there are no ages listed, it is not possible to verify this assumption.
According to voter and tax records 1877 Illinois - Henry County - Weller Township (?supplemented?):
PIATT JAMES - Sec. 6, P.O. Cambridge; farmer; Dem; Lib; born Ill; 102 ac.
PIATT JOHN - Sec. 7, P.O. Cambridge; farmer; Dem; Lib; born Ill.
PIATT JOHN - Farmer, Sec. 6, P.O. Cambridge; Born Hamilton Co. Ohio, Dec. 9, 1809; Dem; Lib; owns 270 acres land, value $13,500; lived in Ohio about twenty-four years and in Indiana two years; removed to this state, 1839, and to this county, 1840, and has lived here over thirty-six years; one of the oldest settlers; was not but one house within twenty miles southeast of here then; was elected Justice of Peace, also one of the Justices of the Co. in 1845; has held office of Supervisor of this town for thirty years, except about three years; married Hannah Hileman, of Hamilton County, Ohio, in 1834; she died March, 1842; had three children; married Martha McMurtry, of Knox Co. in 1844; she was born in Ind; have
PIATT WICUFF - Sec. 7, P.O. Bishop Hill; Farmer; Dem; Lib; born Ind.
PRICE WM. - Farmer, Sec. 4, P.O. Bishop Hill; born in London, England, Oct. 21, 1830; Dem; Lib; owns 160 acres of land, value $8,000; he lived in Birmingham, England, until twenty-two years of age, and came to this country in 1851; came to this state and county same year and has lived here over twenty-four years; he has held office of Assessor of this town;
Road Commissioner, Justice of Peace and School Director; he married Miss Esther Piatt in Aug, 1856; she was born in Indiana; they have one child; son John Walter Price, born Oct. 17, 1857.
There are marriages in Henry County, Illinois, during this time period that do not belong to John’s known children. The names are not ones I have come across for John or Jane.
Marriages - Illinois - Henry County
Eliza Jane Pyatt and Peter Steward 12-21-1845 license #125 (Jane’s daughter)
Ester Piatt and William Price 08-31-1856 (Cambridge) vol A pg 22 license #1856099 (John’s daughter)
Ester Piatt and William Price 30 Sep 1856 (same as above)
Emily Piatt and Chauncey Washburn 28 Mar 1858 vol A pg 42 license #1858044 (Jane's daughter)
Wicuff/Wyckuf Piatt and Sarah J Bricker 14 Oct 1858 volume A pg 49 license #1858165 (John’s son)
Joshua Piatt and Martha Williams 9 Oct 1859 volume A pg 61 license #1859119 (Jane's son)
Jacob H Piatt and Emeline Nelson Feb 1861 (John’s son)