The Lord Of The Flies I. Bibliographical Information A) The author of this book was William Golding B) Published by Penguin in October 1999 in USA. C) This book contained 192 pages. II. Themes 1) The loose of innocence in the children on the island was a major theme in this novel. This theme is best shown through Jack and Roger who ultimately turned into savages and ruled the island through their uses of fear of their beast. During the murder of Simon the other boys were in a bloodthirsty stage and do not come to realize what they have done until it was to late. After realizing what had happened the boys simply brushed it off their shoulders as if it never happened. 2) In Lord Of The Flies the choice of being civilized or savage was constantly shown through out the novel. Jack representing the savage way and Ralph representing the civilized path both symbolized the importance of laws in today’s society. Not long after the boys had been stranded without the supervision of adults Jack soon became a savage and sought to overthrow Ralph’s power by making him seem a coward and making the beliefs of their rules based on strength rather than preset rules. III. Archetypes 1) The beast that the boys had begun to believe in served as The Creature of Nightmare. The children not knowing that it had been a fallen parachutist mistaken it to be a monster from which they derived beliefs from. The importance of the beast gave Jack’s tribe an enemy and drove boys to Jack for protection from the beast. 2) Ralph serves as two archetypes, he is first the hero and later becomes an outcast. When the boys were first stranded on the island Ralph was voted in favor to lead the boys to maintain and establish a set of rules for them to abide by. Jack being angered by this goes out to over throw Ralph in a way. Later, Jack becomes a chief power among the boys by exploiting the beliefs in the beast and hunts down Ralph for his beliefs. But before doing so, Ralph’s followers are killed ‘accidentally.’ 3) Piggy upon the landing on the island tries to be the mentor of the island. Although his thoughts and ideas may have been good the boys did not listen to him due to the way they had set up their society to listen to those in strength rather than those intellectual. 4) The scapegoats in the novel are shown through the littluns named, Sam and Eric and Simon. For their age Sam and Eric are viewed as the young boys of the island that do little to no work at all and do nothing but play. The older children would bully them but not necessarily blame things on them. Simon however after he was killed was claimed to be the beast by word of Jack. Jack had said that beast had taken for as Simon and was coming to get Jack’s tribe. 5) Jack in the novel represents the devil figure. At the point at which Ralph was chosen to be leader over Jack he would set out against Ralph’s counsels. Jack would deliberately disobey and try to destroy Ralph’s civilized set of rules he tried to lay down for the community of boys. What led Jack to act the way he was, was the hunts that he would go on. After the first successful hunt he had become obsessed with the splendor of killing and craved for power there after. 6) The hunting group of companions is best shown through that of Jack and Roger also with Piggy and Ralph. Jack and Roger would stay side by side supporting each other’s beliefs in hunting while Piggy and Ralph supported each other’s thoughts on keeping the boys civilized. IV. Connections Gandalf, in Lord Of The Rings, and Piggy together both served as mentors at one point in their journeys. Both would express their beliefs and ideas but would not always be accepted or acknowledged. When Gandalf gave consul to King Theoden, Wormtounge scorned it and disregarded it as words filled with lies. Simon and Jesus, from The Bible death served to be symbolic. Jesus' death shows others the way to salvation, in Lord of the Flies, Simon's death amplifies the power of evil found in the all the boys on the island.