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r-Selected vs. K-Selected
K- Selected Species

They are populations of a roughly constant size whose members have low reproductive rates. The offspring produced require extensive postnatal care until they have sufficiently matured. They are very limited in resourses therefore they are a very competitive species. Humans are examples of a k-selected species.

R-Selected Species

They are populations that experience rapid growth of the J-curve variety. The offspring produced are numerous, mature quite rapidly, and require very little postnatal care. Consequently, this population grows fast, reproduces quickly, and dies quickly. Bacteria are examples of r- selected species.