|The Rizals considered one of
the biggest families during their time. Domingo Lam-co, the family's
paternal ascendant was a full-blooded Chinese who came to the
Philippines from Amoy, China in the closing years of the 17th century
and married a Chinese half-breed by the name of Ines de la Rosa.
Researchers revealed that the Mercado-Rizal
family had also traces of Japanese, Spanish, Malay and Even Negrito
blood aside from Chinese.
Jose Rizal came from a 13-member family
consisting of his parents, Francisco Mercado II and Teodora Alonso
Realonda, and nine sisters and one brother.
Father of Jose Rizal who was the youngest of 13 offsprings of
Juan and Cirila Mercado. Born in Biņan, Laguna on April 18, 1818;
studied in San Jose College, Manila; and died in Manila.
Mother of Jose Rizal who was the second child of Lorenzo Alonso
and Brijida de Quintos. She studied at the Colegio de Santa Rosa. She
was a business-minded woman, courteous, religious, hard-working and
well-read. She was born in Santa Cruz, Manila on November 14, 1827 and
died in 1913 in Manila.
Eldest child of the Rizal-Alonzo marriage. Married Manuel
Timoteo Hidalgo of Tanauan, Batangas .
Only brother of Jose Rizal and the second child. Studied at
San Jose College in Manila; became a farmer and later a general of the
The third child. married Antonio Lopez at Morong, Rizal; a
teacher and musician.
The fourth child. Married Silvestre Ubaldo; died in 1887 from
The fifth child. Married Matriano Herbosa.
The sixth child. Married Daniel Faustino Cruz of Biņan,
The second son and the seventh child. He was executed by the
Spaniards on December 30,1896.
The eight child. Died at the age of three.
The ninth child. An epileptic, died a spinster.
The tenth child. Died a spinster and the last of the family to
The youngest child married Pantaleon Quintero.