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  The Rizals considered one of the biggest families during their time. Domingo Lam-co, the family's paternal ascendant was a full-blooded Chinese who came to the Philippines from Amoy, China in the closing years of the 17th century and married a Chinese half-breed by the name of Ines de la Rosa.

Researchers revealed that the Mercado-Rizal family had also traces of Japanese, Spanish, Malay and Even Negrito blood aside from Chinese.

Jose Rizal came from a 13-member family consisting of his parents, Francisco Mercado II and Teodora Alonso Realonda, and nine sisters and one brother.

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Father of Jose Rizal who was the youngest of 13 offsprings of Juan and Cirila Mercado. Born in Biņan, Laguna on April 18, 1818; studied in San Jose College, Manila; and died in Manila.

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TEODORA ALONSO (1827-1913)
Mother of Jose Rizal who was the second child of Lorenzo Alonso and Brijida de Quintos. She studied at the Colegio de Santa Rosa. She was a business-minded woman, courteous, religious, hard-working and well-read. She was born in Santa Cruz, Manila on November 14, 1827 and died in 1913 in Manila.

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Eldest child of the Rizal-Alonzo marriage.  Married Manuel Timoteo Hidalgo of Tanauan, Batangas .

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PACIANO RIZAL (1851-1930)
Only brother of Jose Rizal and the second child.  Studied at San Jose College in Manila; became a farmer and later a general of the Philippine Revolution.

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NARCISA RIZAL (1852-1939)
The third child. married Antonio Lopez at Morong, Rizal; a teacher and musician.

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OLYMPIA RIZAL (1855-1887)
The fourth child. Married Silvestre Ubaldo; died in 1887 from childbirth.

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LUCIA RIZAL (1857-1919)
The fifth child. Married Matriano Herbosa.

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MARIA RIZAL (1859-1945)
The sixth child.  Married Daniel Faustino Cruz of Biņan, Laguna.

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JOSE RIZAL (1861-1896)
The second son and the seventh child. He was executed by the Spaniards on December 30,1896.


The eight child. Died at the age of three.


JOSEFA RIZAL (1865-1945)
The ninth child. An epileptic, died a spinster.

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TRINIDAD RIZAL (1868-1951)
The tenth child. Died a spinster and the last of the family to die.

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SOLEDAD RIZAL (1870-1929)
The youngest child married Pantaleon Quintero.