locations of lighthouses were chosen because of a specific
need in that area, usually to guide ships to a particular
harbor or warn them of local hazards. More specifically, site
location was based on the type of lighthouse that was required
and the type of lighthouse was often determined by its location.
For example, lighthouses on the east coast of the United States
were built well over 100 feet tall because the locations where
they needed to be built were primarily flat with low elevations.
On the other hand, lighthouses on the west coast of the United
States were often not built to be very tall, because the sites
chosen for their construction were already well above sea-level,
giving them an overall height that sometimes reached hundreds
common factor in determining lighthouse sites was poor visibility
attributed to foggy conditions. The Point Reyes Lighthouse
in California, built on what is considered by many to be the
foggiest place on Earth, was constructed down the side of
a perilous rock peninsula to help guide passing ships safely
by the cliffs. Similarly, the Sambro Island Lighthouse site
was chosen to help warn mariners of the nearby dangerous shoals
draped in heavy Nova Scotia fog, as well as to guide ships
into the second-largest ice-free harbor in the world.
shipwrecks and the loss of lives such as those that occurred
off the Northern California coast in the 19th and early 20th
century were also a common factor in determining appropriate
sites for lighthouses. The Punta Gorda Lighthouse, on the
Northern California coast, was established in the early 20th
century for no other reason than this, though today is stands
hollow and alone, abandoned since the 1950s.
about the reconstruction of lighthouses...