- back nine: The
last 9 holes of an 18 hole course
- ball marker; A token or a small coin used to
spot the balls position on the green
- ball washer:
A device for cleaning golf balls.
- birdie: One stroke under par for a hole.
- bogey: A
score of one over par for the hole. To play a hole in one stroke over
The edge of the golf course that defines the area of play.
A depression in bare ground that is usually covered with sand. Also
called a "sand trap". It is considered a hazard under the Rules of Golf.
Someone who carries a player's club during play.
The item used in golf to strike the ball.
The main building on the course.
The playing area which is usually made up of 9 or 18 holes with each
hole having a tee off area, fairway and green
- cup: The
container in the hole holds the flagstick in pace.
- divot: A
piece of turf removed with by the club when making a shot. It is always
replaced and tamped down.
- dogleg: A left or right bend in the
- double bogey:
A score of two over par for a single hole
The club that is used when teeing off and is the longest-htting modern
Two strokes under par for a single hole. To play a hole at 2 under par.
The area of the course between the tee and the green.
The marker attached to the flagstick.
expression used to warn anyone who may be in danger from the flight of
- free drop:
A drop where no penalty stroke is incurred.
- front side:
The first nine holes of an 18 hole course.
The putting green
- green fee:
The amount a golf course charges to let people play golf
The part of the shaft by which the club is held.
The total number a person has after a round of golf.
A hazard is any sand trap, bunker or water on the course that may cause
- hit: To
play a shot or stroke.
- hole: A
4 1/2" round receptacle in the green - at least 4" deep or one of the
nine or eighteen areas between the tee and the green.
The privilege of hitting first from the tee.
The moment when the ball strikes the club.
- in play:
Within the course (not out of bounds).
Any one of a number of clubs with a head made of iron or steel.
- lateral hazard;
Any hazard running parallel to the line of play
- lie: The
position in which the ball rests on the ground.
The correct path of a putt to the hole when putting.
- lob shot: A shot that goes straight up and
comes almost straight down with very little spin or forward momentum.
- local rules:
A set of rules for a club determined by the members.
- long irons:
The relatively straight-face and longer hitting irons.
A small object, like a coin, to mark the spot of the ball
when it is lifted off the putting green.
The objects placed at the teeing ground that indicate the area in which
players must tee their balls.
- nine: A
nine hole course or the sequence of 9 holes of an 18 hole course.
- out of bounds:
The area outside of the course in which play is prohibited. A player is
penalized stroke and distance.
- par: The
number of strokes a player should take to complete a round with good
- penalty stroke:
An additional stroke added to a player's score for when they violate
- pitching wedge:
An iron club designed for making pitch shots
- play: To
strike the ball with a club.
- playing through:
Passing another group of players who are playing ahead.
- pop up:
A short, high shot.
- practice green:
Green set up for putting practice.
- preferred lie:
Local rules which allow a player to improve his lie in a specific
manner without penalty
- pro shop:The golf course
shop where equipment is sold.
ball: A ball played if the previously played ball may be lost or
out of bounds.
The shot made on the putting green.
A short-shafted club with a straight face for putting.
- putting green:
The surface area around the hole that is specially prepared for putting.
- reading the
green: Determining the path which the ball will take on its way
to the hole by analyzing the contour and texture of the green.
Long grass areas adjacent to fairway, greens, tee off areas or hazards
- round: A
complete game of golf - 18 holes is one round
- sand trap:
Area of sand around
- sand wedge:
An iron with a heavy flange on the bottom that is used primarily to get
out of sand traps.
- set; A
full set of golf clubs.
- short game:
The part of the game that is made up of chip shots, pitching and putting
- short irons:
The highly lofted irons.
- slice: A
shot that curves strongly from left to right as a result of sidespin.
The converse applies to a left-handed player.
- spike mark:
Mark made on the green by the cleats of a golf shoe.
The position of your feet when addressing the ball
A hole having a straight fairway.
- summer rules:
Ordinary play according the Rules of Golf
The action of stroking the ball.
- tap in:
A very short putt.
- tee: A
disposable device, normally a wooden peg, on which the ball is placed
- tee off:
To play a tee shot.
- teeing ground:
The area in which you must tee off your ball.
- temporary green:
A green used in the winter to save the permanent green.
- top; To
hit the ball above its center causing it to roll or hop rather than rise.
Using a club that does not give the needed distance
- unplayable lie:
A lie in which the ball is impossible to play such as in a thicket of
- water hole;
A hole with water, such as a stream or lake, that forces the players to
shoot over it
An iron used for short shots that has a high-loft - pitching wedge,
- winter rules:
Usually local golf rules that allow the player to improve the lie of
the ball on the fairway
- wood: A
club, which can be made of wood or metal, that has a large head and is
used for shots requiring greater distance.