OJT ONLINE SUPPORT

MAIN WHY ONLINE? TRAINING PROGRAM DIRECTORY OF COMPANIES GUIDELINES THANX INTRO TO SATELLITE COMM.
ECE-B 2001 PORTAL


WEB INVASION



NOTE: Because of important information posted on this page, it is strongly recommended for saving especially for ECE students of UST Faculty of Engineering.

Since June 2000, it has served the tech savvy engineer in search for OJT online support.

Some of the information here came from the original written report (on paper). But due to security reasons not all data were posted here.

The links in my OJT ONLINE SUPPORT can be actually divided into two components. The first component includes the links which are originally part/s of the written report. These are really required by the ECE Chairperson and to be submitted by the student. These includes: Company Profile, Training Program, and Introduction to Satellite Communications.

The second component is the supplementary links wherein the information here are not included in the written report(actually the website in itself is a supplementary!). These links have many purposes depending on its nature. Like "Why Online" explains the need for this website. The "Directory of Companies" provide information about ECE-Related companies in Metro Manila and nearby areas which will prove to be helpful to ECE students who will undergo OJT. The "OJT Policy & Guidelines" is another helpful guide for UST ECE students. It also includes sample formats of the Application Letter, Waiver, Evaluation Form among others. The "Thank You page" is dedicated to persons who were involved in my training and other people who indirectly helped me. I think they're worth mentioning because it's people like them who help not only me but other students enrich their knowledge by giving us training & inspiration and at the same time for being our new friends and i hope to see them again soon.

This site was built with less images, less javascripts, no applets, no severe downloading; most of this page is almost purely text for easy downloading.

Just click on the tabs on the upper side of your screen and get ready for loads of entertaining and educational stuff only on MY ONLINE OJT REPORT, from the pioneer in creative and innovative ideas,

FUNK A.D 96020795

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Written reports... place it on a short bond paper, double-spaced, typewritten or computerised, place it in a folder with slide or hard-bound it, and of course, should be made by you.

Those were the common requirements of an old fashioned traditional written report. But as technology advances like the speed of light, the standards change and, ultimately, gets better. And why let this technology that we call the INTERNET(which was regarded as one of the most important invention in recent times) go to waste when we can actually utilize it's many features. Like anyone who has a phone, a modem, and a computer can surf the net. Or if you happen to have as low as 20 pesos you can surf the net for an hour. Actually even if you dont have internet connection at home as long as you have a Notepad in your computer's programs, you can build a page through HTML then upload it! Thru the Internet, the transfer of information covers more people at a rate much faster than what you think. Take for example of the spread of the i-love-you virus- in just one night, it reached Europe and the Americas!!!

And that's what I'm trying to do. But this time around I want to pass helpful stuff to students who needed the data here, like the list of ECE-related companies, or what to expect during your training, or the policies and guidelines of UST ECE Dept. All sites here are download-ready so you can save it anytime you please!

All of that here in the Online edition of my OJT REPORT . Of course not all data from the written report can be placed here on the web because of security reasons of the school, the company, and me. But the bottom line is this means of documenting your reports is now a possibility and can be made by anyone who is willing to do it(even if it means learning how to build homepages, etc...). No more papers and folders required! I want to share my experiences and what I've learned from my OJT at the Manila Broadcasting Company to more people and at the same time fulfilling my craving for building this page(it's kinda my hobby, y'know?!). It can be also accessed by anyone anytime of the day and even any place you wish to like the school, the mall or simply at the comfort of your own room! That's great, isn't it?

I hope that all the readers of this site will appreciate the effort given for this non-profit site. And I hope you find this site informative and enjoyable, OK!

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 Objective:
To introduce the trainee to the different functions and scopes of different offices under the engineering department of Manila Broadcasting Company (MBC) and to instill in him the principles behind various operations through the supervision of Electronics & Communi- cations Engineers and technicians.

 Based on the different Areas of MBC Eng’g Dept. the Training Program involves four parts:

 PART 1 - AM OPERATIONS

the trainee is assigned to MBC’s flagship AM radio station DZRH where he will be handled by radio & maintenance technicians in the announcer’s & technicians’ booth who will acquaint him with the operation of studio equipment & the set-up from studio to satellite hub.
 PART 2 - COMPUTER LOCAL-AREA-NETWORK
in this part the trainee undergoes guidance by the chief computer technician about the structure of the company’s computer network.
 PART 3 - FM OPERATIONS
the trainee will be exposed to the technical operations of the radio station Yes-FM. He will be supervised by the station’s technicians and announcers on the functions of all audio equipment & the studio’s set-up.
 PART 4 - SATELLITE ENGINEERING OFFICE
the last part involves comprehensive training of operations and functions of the different broadcast equipment used for nationwide broadcast. Also included in this part is the trainee’s introduction to the concepts of broadcast communications through satellite technology (as currently being used by MBC).

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PLEASE READ: You may also want to check out the Directory of Companies for more information. In addition, you may use the Portal Corkboard for inquiries on the latest company contact numbers and addresses. We'd be glad to assist you!

Still cant decide where to go to?! Well here are some advice for you my friend. You have to consider what specialization of ECE you want to have your training. Do you want to focus on Electronics/Semiconductors, or Broadcasting? Here are some pointers you might want to consider when choosing.

If you want to apply what you have learned in your 3rd and 4th year ECE subjects (most of which are electronics), then choose a semicon-related company. You will surely have the edge among your peers when it comes to applying your knowledge from school. But if you want to find out the concepts (at least basic concepts) of broadcasting or telecommunications, then dont hesitate to try out telecoms or broadcast firms. You might "suffer" a bit in your work because your communication sub- jects dont come until 5th year(at least in UST). But in the long run, you will benefit because through the training you were able to understand some concepts of communications and broadcasting come fifth year. And you get the last laugh (ha ha ha!)!!! So, do you now have a choice???

  >>TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES
COMPANY NAME COMPANY ADDRESS ** CONTACT NUMBER/S. OTHER INFORMATION
Capwire Communications 6F Dolmar Gold Tower, 107 C.Palanca Jr. St. Legaspi Vill. Makati City 1229 894 4619 894 4623 815 9961-65
Phil. Global Communications Corp. (PhilCom) Philcom Bldg. 8755 Paseo de Roxas Makati City 892 6483 contact: Ms.Leslie Dizon
Globe Telecom 3F Globe Telecom Plaza, Madison cor. Pioneer sts. Mandaluyong City 730 2731 contact:Ms.Tutchi de Guzman
Nextel Communications Phils. Inc. 8F Orient Square Bldg. Emerald Ave. Ortigas Ctr. Pasig City 786 2000 address to HRD
Express Telecommunication Co. Inc.(Extelcom) 11F Octagon Bldg. San Miguel Ave. Ortigas Ctr. Pasig City 634 0001
Keppel Communications Phils Inc. 6F Country Space Bldg. H.V.Dela Costa St., Makati City 812 2956 893 9727
Smart Communications,Inc. 10F SSS Makati Bldg. 6782 Ayala Ave. cor. Herrera St. Makati City 811 0211
Eastern Tele-communications Phils. Inc. Telecom Plaza 316 Sen. Gil Puyat Ave. Salcedo Vill. Makati City 300 2412/13
Digital Telecommunications Phils. Inc.(Digitel) 110 E. Rodriguez Ave. Quezon City 633 0000

  >>BROADCASTING COMPANIES
COMPANY NAME COMPANY ADDRESS ** CONTACT NUMBER/S. OTHER INFORMATION*
RMN (Radio Mindanao Network) 816 2848 look for Vivian
IBC (Intercontinental Broadcasting Corp.) Broadcast City,QC 931 8734 931 8777
Home Cable Inc. 409 P. Guevarra San Juan 723 0531 727 0669
LakbayTV 6241 Palma cor. Manalac sts. Poblacion, Makati City lakbaytv@ lakbay.net.ph
MBC (Manila Broadcasting Comp) 105 Esteban st. Salcedo Vill. Mkti City 810 4735 810 4738 mbc_hrd@usa.net
RPN (Radio Phil. Network) 931 8629
PTV (People’s TV) Visayas Ave. Diliman QC (back of PIA) 920 4363
NBC (Nation Broadcasting Corp.)Joey@92.3 EDSA Guadalupe, Makati City 843 857 4819 7395/97 contact person: Mary Ann Tupas
United BroadcastingNetwork-96.3 WRocK 11F FEMS Tower 1 Zobel Roxas cor. South SuperHighway, Manila 521 6138 contact person: Joseph Hodreal
ABC radio-106.7Kool 936 2551 to 66 contact person: Marc Gorospe
RMN-939 KC-FM 671 9628/31 contact person: Bobby Ante
Audiovisual Communicators Inc.-RX93.1 Strata 200Bldg. Emerald Ave. Ortigas Center Pasig City 633 5415

  >> ELECTRONICS/APPLIANCE COMPANIES
COMPANY NAME COMPANY ADDRESS ** CONTACT NUMBER/S OTHER INFORMATION*
Cimcor Electronics Corp. 1706-A E. Rodriguez Sr. Ave., Cubao, QC 7258810/11/22
InnovatronixIncorporated (Tronix) 10 Rose st., Lourdes Subd. Bo. Mambungan Sumulong Hi-way Antipolo, Rizal 645 1598 contact person: Eric Camus
JVC Corp. 2298 Chino Roces Ave.(formerly Pasong Tamo) Makati City 867 4423
JVC (Phil) Inc. Jannov Plaza 2295 Pasong Tamo Ext., Makati City 867 1626 (HRD)
Hitachi Asia LTD. 25F Pacific Star Bldg. Corner Makati & Sen. Gil Puyat Ave. Makati City 812 2195
Philips Electronics & Lighting Inc. Philips House 106 Valero St. Salcedo Vill Makati City 845 7893 845 7807(HRD) contact person: Ms. Mabel Intalan
Advanced Semiconductor Materials - ASM Pacific Philippines Unit 401 The Sycamore Bldg. Alabang-Zapote Rd. Alabang, Muntinlupa City 809 3917
Sharp (Phils) Corp. Km.23 West Service Rd. South SuperHighway,Ala-bang, Muntinlupa City
Tong Hsing Electronics (Phils) Inc. lot 15 road 3 Carmelray Industrial Park, Canlubang, Laguna contact: Ms. Cecil T. Dena CECIL@email.tonghsing
.com.ph
Rohm Electronics Phils. Inc. 9F Salcedo Towers 169 H.V.Dela Costa St. Salcedo Vill. Makati City 753 4960 753 1062
Mitsumi Philippines Inc. 4F Port Royal Place118 Rada st. Legaspi Village, Makati City 812 6913 contact:Ms.Arlene M. Manalac
Astec Custom Power 70 San Rafael St. Bo. Kapitolyo, Pasig City 631 0709 637 2328
Alcatel Phil. Inc. 898 9500
Cypress Semiconductor(Phil.)Inc. Gateway Business Park, Brgy Javalera, Gen. Trias Cavite nds@cypress.com

  >> OTHERS (COMPUTER-RELATED, I.T. COMPANIES)
COMPANY NAME COMPANY ADDRESS** CONTACT NUMBER/S OTHER INFORMATION*
Agilent Technologies Phil. Corp. 11F Asian Star Bldg. Asean Drive cor. Singapura Lane, Filinvest Corporate City, Alabang, Munt. 543 5043 philippines_hr@agilent.Com
CAI-STA Systems Services, Inc. 7F DAO Bldg. 189 Salcedo St. Legaspi Village Makati City www.sta.com
Systems Generators Philippines Inc.(SysGen) Unit 82 Legaspi Suites 178 Salcedo St. Legaspi Vill Mkti City 812 0617 hrd@sysgen.Com.ph
Suretech Int’l, Inc 5263 Diesel St. Cor Osmena Highway, Palanan, Makati City 551 0366 551 0365 suretech@pacific.net.ph
Trilogy Multimedia Inc. Unit 705 Antel 2000 Corporate Ctr. 121 Valero St. Salcedo Vill., Makati City info@trilogy.Com.ph
Cybernet Information Center Inc. Strata 100 Bldg. Ortigas Ctr. Pasig City 636 5303 636 5304-15
Acer Computer Phil., Inc. 747 N. Romualdez St., Ermita Manila 536 1980(HRD) 526 7152
Hewlett-Packard 894 1451


notes:

* - double check contact persons
** - ask for the more complete company address

LIST MADE BY FUNK @.D. LAST MAY 2000
CONSULT YOUR NECES BULLETIN BOARD OR YOUR LOCAL BULLETIN BOARD FOR MORE COMPANIES...


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UNDERGRADUATE OJT POLICY AND GUIDELINES of UST ECE DEPT.



GENERAL OBJECTIVES
In response to the demands of the industry for globally competitive Engineering graduates as to knowledge, skills, attitudes and values, the OJT aims to:


1. Give the student exposure to the actual technical and managerial aspects of the ECE profession.

2. Enable the student to gain experience, relate and apply the theories he learns in school to real industrial situation and problems.

3. Develop and instill a positive attitude, self confidence and self-motivation required of a responsible professional in handling tasks.

4. Impress on the student the importance of human relations in the working place or environment



GENERAL REQUIREMENTS OF OJT
1. All ECE students with fifth year standing must undergo OJT, which is a partial fulfillment of ECE 525 requirement

2. The minimum required number of hours of training is 200

3. A student is required to submit a final report at the end of his training

4. Must submit research paper regarding any topic or improvement or proposal to the company



PROCEDURE AND GUIDELINES
Procedure for the Student

1. The student writes a letter of application addressed to the company concerned, endorsed by the Department Chairperson and the dean of the Faculty of Engineering. The student may send letters of application to a maximum of three(3) companies with chairman approval

2. The student is responsible for following up his application

3. Upon acceptanc by the company, the student must inform the chairman of his acceptance by submitting any proof of his acceptance

4. The student submits the waiveer form, signed by the parent/s or guardian/s to the chairman

5. If required, the student submits a Training Program from the company upon acceptance

6. The student starts at the recommended date

7. The student is required to make a progress report, on a day-to-day basis

8. The student should at all times keep all documents pertaining to his OJT

9. The student must comply with the general guidelines of the company regarding their own OJT program

10. Upon completion the student is required to obtain from the company several documents (chapter 5)

11. The student is then required to submit a hardbound written report a outlined in chapter 6.

12. Students must seek approval from the Department Chair if work (company) is outside of Manila. Violation of this will merit deductions from the grade of ECE 525.


Duties and Responsibilities of a Host Company

1. Through the immediate supervisor through the human rsource department, ensures that the OJT student undergoes work technical in nature and related to ECE

2. Ensures a safe working environment for students undergoing OJT

3. Assigns an immediate supervisor who will monitor the performence of the student during the duration of the training

4. Upon completion of the required number of weeks, requires the student to submit to the chairman a certificate of completion

5. Through the assigned supervisor, fills up and signs the OJT Performance Evaluation Forms. He submits this to the Chairman through the student



GRADING SYSTEM
The grading system is based from the following criteria:

a. Evaluation---------------------- 50%
b. Compliance to the Deadline-- 10%
c. Written Report----------------- 40%
........... Gen. requirement-------- 5%
........... Completeness----------- 15%
........... Content------------------ 20%

TOTAL------------------------------100%

Passing grade = 60%



CONTENTS OF THE WRITTEN REPORT
A. Title Page
B. Company Profile/Abstract of Training
C. Progress Report
D. Documentation
.....1. Letter of Application *
.....2. Proof of Acceptance **
.....3. Training Program **
.....4. Certificate of Completion **
.....5. Proof of Number of Hours
.....6. Performance Evaluation **
.....7. Manuals/Handouts related to training
.....8. Research Paper/Evaluation Program

* - UST Faculty of Engg Letterhead
** - Company Letterhead



SAMPLE DOCUMENTS & FORMS
Application Letter

[Date]
[Addressee]
[Company Address]

Dear [Sir/Madam]:

       I am a graduating student of the Electronics and Communication
Department of University of Santo Tomas.

       In partial  fulfillment of the course, I am  required to  have
at  least 200 hours of comprehensive training  within the confines of
a reputable and well  known establishment whose functions are  within
the scope of Electronics and Communications Engineering.This training
will  enable me  to  obtain  first hand  experience  in  my  field of
endeavor and provide me with knowledge of some of it's aspects.

       In  connection  with this, I am  requesting  for an on-the-job 
training in your company.

       Your  response and  favorable  action on  this  matter  will be
highly appreciated.



Very respectfully yours,

[student name]
[student number]

Endorsed by:

[Dept. Chair]
ECE Deptartment Chairman

Noted by:

[Dean]
Dean       
Waiver


         This is to  certify  that I am  allowing my [son/daughter], 
[student name] to go to an on-the-job training for a  minimum of 200
hours starting on [date] until [date] at  [company name] in  partial
fulfillment of the requirement for the degree in Bachelor of Science
in Electronics and Communications Engineering.
 
         It is understood that [he/she] abides by the  rules and re-
gualtions that may be imposed by the company for his welfare.

         I fully agree to  waive any responsibility  on the  part of
the University of Santo Tomas, and/or the representatives in case of
any untoward  incident  that may  happen to my [son/daughter] on the 
duration of [his/her] training.


[Name of Parent/Guardian]   [signature]   [Date]
[Student Name]
[Student Number]
[Home Address]
[Telephone Number]


Progress Report


PROGRESS REPORT
Date: Department: ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ Noted by: [Signature over printed name] [Position]
Performance Evaluation Form



ON-THE-JOB TRAINING PERFORMANCE EVALUATION SHEET
PART I [to be filled up by trainee] NAME: AGE: COURSE: SEX: MAJOR: Electronics and Communications SCHOOL: University of Santo Tomas CITY ADDRESS: PERMANENT ADDRESS: NO. OF TRAINING HRS REQUIRED: minimum of 200 ____________________ signature of trainee
PART II [filled up by Comp. Representative where student is employed] DIVISION ASSIGNED: FIELD TRAINING GIVEN: INCLUSIVE OF TRAINING: FROM: TO: TOTAL NO. OF HRS. RENDERED BY TRAINEE: JOB FACTORS MAX. RATING TO BE GIVEN RATING 1. Quality of Work (thoroughness, accuracy, neatness & effectiveness) 20% 2. Quantity of Work (able to complete work in allotted time) 20% 3. Dependability, Reliability & Resourcefulness (ability to work with minimum amount of supervision) 15% 4. Attendance (regularly and punctuality in office attendance and proper observation of break time periods) 15% 5. Cooperation (works well with everyone; good team worker) 10% 6. Judgment (sound decisions; ability to identify & evaluate factors) 10 % 7. Personality (personal grooming and pleasant disposition) 10 % Total Rating: Recommendation for the trainee’s further growth: Evaluated by:_________________ [Name & Signature/ Designation]


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Here are the persons I'd like to thank for helping me, directly or indirectly, with my ON-THE-JOB TRAINING....

GOD of course. For without Him, where would all of us be!

To Ma'am Baldelomar and the rest of ECE FACULTY OF UST for giving all of us an opportunity to experience how the real job is allabout and for giving us the chance to show what kind of stuff we are made of when it comes to real work in real companies. Thanx also for giving permission to do my OJT at MBC which is within my chosen field of concentration- BROADCASTING/COMMUNICATIONS.

To my "co-emplyees" for 200+ hours at MBC for making my stay worthwhile(and for forgiving me for being late most of the time!)...
my bosses at DZRH, Sir Rennie who became my first new friend at MBC. Magaling makisama & friendly sa mga trainees; Sir Arvel for all the lectures and sharing your knowledge(& magazines!); Sir Owel sa pagbibigay mo sa akin ng napakahirap na test!; Sir Arnold at Sir Albert sa pagsasama sa akin sa front court ng Araneta, Sir Noel & Sir Raul. Pati na rin kina Sir Andy Verde ng DZRH Operation Tulong(Mon-Fri, 10PM) at kay Sir Manny Bal ng For Lovers Only(Daily, 2-4AM) for accomodating me also.

Sa Computer LAN Supervisors ko na sina Sir John at Sir Arnold na kahit medyo "hard-to-reach o mailap", Thanx pa rin!

To the people over at Yes!-FM 101.1, kina Sir Joseph aka Bogart- muntik na kitang mapahamak!... and I hope you make the right decision too! Salamat sa pakikisama din sa inyo ni Sir Danny na nag-assist sa akin habang nag-iispin ako ng CDs(at last na-try ko na ring mag-DJ kahit 'di nagsasalita!); ganun din kay Sir John-John na nagbigay sa akin ng refreshment courses sa electronics at sa recording studio doon. Sa mga Disc Jockeys Cookie, James Banana, Bobby-Q at Jolly-O- stay cool guys! and keep on striving to stay at NO.1! thanx for being hospitable to us trainees. Sana ma-try ko rin yung work nyo. Kina Ma'am Candy at Ma'am Bullet thanx u din! Pati Kina Ma'am Divine, Ma'am Pinky, at sa iba pang secretaries sa Yes! Kina Sir Charles at sa mga makukulit na callers ng Yes!-FM who added spice to my otherwise hectic day. Salamat sa pag-bobola na maganda ang boses ko sa phone. Sige na nga, maniniwala na ako!

Sa mga security guards... mga manung guard na nagbabantay ng building. salamat sa pag-iinspiksyon ng bag ko palagi!

Sa mga Big Boss ng Eng'g Dept. na sina Sir Sioson(nag-verify ng application ko), at kay Sir Don na nag-bigay ng mahahalagang words of advice and for sharing his experiences sa semiconductor industry. Thanx a lot. At sa mga secretaries nilang magaganda na nagbigay sa akin ng sandamukal na letterheads. Salamat talaga! Sa secretaries din sa Love Radio at Radyo Natin...

Sa mga kapwa trainees ko na siyang nagdagdag-kulay din sa stay ko sa MBC at naging instant friends ko. Mga taga Lyceum na sina Grace, Carmen at Rose; taga PCU na si Anne- jacket ko?!?; taga CCM na sina Rizza & Mhy; kina Rolly(sana makahanap ka na ng trabaho), Rowell, Sharon, Kat(of St. Scho), Sharon, Rachel & Tweetums. Good luck din sa inyong lahat! I hope we'll see each other again kahit wala tayong connection. Ika mo nga Grace, "We'll see each other somewhere, sometime!"

Syempre sa mga friends & classmates ko rin sa ECE-B, ECE-C at A na rin lalo na sa PSG, kina Rommel at Basti, kay Doland na taga-ABS na ngayon. Congrats!!!

Sa Ate Grace ko (peace kami ngayon nyan kasi nandito si ano...), si Lola, Daddy, Tita Irene at mga relatives ko for being supportive and keen on my progress too. Thank you sa inyong lahat.

At syempre sa mga taga-Engineering Satellite Department ng MBC na kumupkop sa akin... sina Sir Dante, Sir Zaldy, na nagsama sa akin sa PBA, Sir Tonie at kay Ma'am Cay (the only rose among the thorns!) for giving me a nice training program and for being so kind and accomodating habang nandoon ako sa MBC. Sa kapwa Thomasian ko na si Ma'am Cay (Yes, she's an alumnus of UST ECE and she belongs to the Batch 1993 graduates) thanx also for giving me lectures & for following up my application kasi kung hindi na siguro siya nag-rereply, baka sa ibang less enjoyable and less educational na company ako napunta (in the first place, hindi ako makakapag-start sa MBC kung hindi sa kanya). I hope you find time in visiting your alma mater. Thank you din sa inyong lahat!!!

Without these persons, my whole summer would've been a total loss. Talagang nag-enjoy at natuto ako sa OJT ko sa MBC. Natuto ako not only about satellite broadcasting, studio broadcast set-up, and other academic stuff but also natuto akong makitungo sa ibat-ibang tao at nakita ako kung kung paano ang life after college which I and all of my classmates are about to enter. Again to you all more success and...

THANK YOU VERY VERY MUCH!!!



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This page provides an overview of a typical satellite digital audio distribution network.

Satellites have proven to be a reliable method of communication for distribution of CD-quality digital audio. The Integrated Digital Audio Distribution Network is a recognisable worldwide standard for digital audio distribution.

A satellite broadcast network consist of three major subsystems: a satellite transmission uplink station, the satellite link, and one or more remote satellite receivers

The hub or satellite transmission uplink station is the facility where the audio to be transmitted is collected and uplinked to the satellite. This facility consists of an audio encoder/multiplexer, a digital modem, an earth station, an antenna, and a network control computer. As an otion, a terrestrial link can provide dial-up diagnostics and performance monitoring of receiver sites.

The Satellite Link consists of a commercial telecommunications satellite (like Palapa C2 and Philippine-made Aguila) in geosynchronous orbit above the earth. Two radio frequency bands that are primarily used are C-band and Ku-band.

The third major subsystem, the Remote Satellite Receiver, includes three major components: a Satellite Antenna Subsystem, an interfacility link cable, and a satellite audio receiver.

The satellite antenna and its associated Low Noise Block(LNB) Downconverter collect and convert the signal from the satellite's native C- or Ku-band signal to L-band signal.

A phase lock loop(PLL) type LNB must be used for all satellite links using the QPSK modulation. Satellite links using BPSK modulation may use the lower cost dielectric resonance oscillator(DRO) type LNB.

The L-band signal is then sent through the interfacility link (IFL) cable to the satellite receiver. Then the receiver processes this signal and outputs the audio, data, and control to the user-supplied station equipment for distribution.



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