Bio # 2
BOB MARLEY & THE WAILERS
“I love the development of our music.
How we’ve tried to develop, y’know?
It grows. That’s why every day people
Come forward with new songs. Music goes on
forever” – Bob Marley.
We remember the brilliant and evocative music Bob Marley gave the world; music that stretched back over nearly two decades and yet still remains timeless and universal. Bob Marley & The Wailers worked their way into the very fabric of our lives.
The superlatives, perhaps, come easy when speaking of Bob Marley & The Wailers and their music. Marley himself had been called ‘the first Third World superstar’, ‘Rasta prophet’, visionary, revolutionary artist. They were not, however, mere hyperbole. He was one of the most charismatic and challenging performers of our time.
Bob Marley’s career, astonishingly, stretched back over 20 years. During that time Marley’s growing style encompassed every aspect in the rise of Jamaican music, from ska through to contemporary reggae. That growth, of course, was well reflected in the maturity of the Wailers’ music.
Bob’s first recording attempts came at the beginning of the Sixties. His first two tunes, cut as a solo artist, meant nothing in commercial terms and it wasn’t until 1964 — as a founder member of a group called the Wailing Wailers -- that Bob first hit the Jamaican charts.
The record was Simmer Down, and over the next few years the Wailing Wailers – the nucleus of which was Bob, Peter Mackin tosh and Bunny Livingston – put out some 30 sides that properly established them as one of the hottest groups in Jamaica. Mackin tosh, of course, later shortened his surname to Tosh while Livingston is now called Bunny Wailer.
Despite their popularity the economics of keeping the group together proved too much and the two other members – Junior Braithwaite and Beverley Kelso – quit. At the same time Bob joined his mother in the United States. End of the Wailing Wailers, Chapter One.
Marley’s stay in America was short-lived, however, and he returned to Jamaica to join up again with Peter and Bunny. By the end of the Sixties, with the legendary reggae producer Lee”Scratch” Perry at the mixing desk, The Wailers were again back at the top in Jamaica. The combination of Wailers and Perry resulted in some of the finest music the band ever made. Such tracks as Soul Rebel, Duppy Conquerer, 400 Years and Small Axe were not only classics, but they defined the future direction of reggae.
It’s difficult, of course, to properly understand Bob Marley’s music without considering Rastafari. His spiritual beliefs, by now, are too well known to necessitate further explanation. It must be stated, however, that Rastarfari is at the very core of the Wailer’s music.
In 1970 Aston Familyman Barrett and his brother Carlton (bass and drums respectively) joined the Wailers. They came to the band unchallenged as Jamaica’s HAAARDEST rhythm section; a reputation that was to remain undiminished during the following decade. Meanwhile, the bands own reputation was, at the start of the Seventies, and extraordinary one throughout the Caribbean. But internationally the bad was still unknown.
That was to change however in 1972 when the Wailers signed to Island Records. It was a revolutionary move for an international record company and a reggae band. For the first time a reggae band has access to the best recording facilities and were treated in much the same way as, say a rock group. Before the Wailers signed to Island it was considered that reggae sold only on singles and cheap compilation albums. The Wailer’s first album Catch A Fire broke all the rules; it was beautifully packaged and heavily promoted. And it was the start of a long climb to international fame and recognition.
The Catch A Fire was followed, a year later, by Burnin’, an LP that included some of the band’s older songs, such as Duppy Conquerer, Small Axe and Put It On, together with tracks like Get Up Stand Up and I Shot The Sheriff. The latter, of course, was also recorded by Eric Clapton, whose version hit number one in the U.S. singles chart.
In 1975 Bob Marley & The Wailers released the extraordinary Natty Dread album and, in the summer of that year, toured Europe. Among the concerts were two shows at the Lyceum Ballroom in London which, even now, are remembered as highlights of the decade. The shows were recorded and the subsequent live album, together with the single No Woman No Cry, both made the charts. By the time Bunny and Peter had officially left the band to pursue their own solo careers.
Rastaman Vibration, the follow-up album in 1976, cracked the American charts. It was, for many, the clearest exposition yet of Marley’s music and beliefs, including such tracks as Crazy Baldhead, Johnny Was, Who The Cap Fit and, perhaps most significantly of all, War, the lyrics of which were taken from a speech by Emperor Haile Selassie.
The following year brought fresh achievement by the band. They released the Exodus album, which properly established Marley’s international superstar status. It remained in the British charts for 56 straight weeks, and the three singles from the album – Exodus, Waiting In Vain and Jamming – were all massive sellers (Jamming was the band’s first-ever Top 10 hit in Britain). They played a week of concerts at London’s Rainbow Theatre – in fact, they were to be the Wailers’ last London shows of the Seventies.
In 1978 the band capitalized on their chart success with the release of Kaya, an album which hit number four in the UK chart the week of release. That album saw Marley in a different mood; an album of love songs and, of course, homage to the power of ganja. The album also provided two chart singles, Satisfy My Soul and the beautiful is This Love.
There were two more events in 1978, both of which were of extraordinary significance to Marley. In April that year he returned to Jamaica (he had left in 1976, following the shooting that had almost cost his life) to play the One Love Peace Concert in front of the Prime Minister Michael Manley and the then leader of the Opposition Edward Seaga. And at the end of the year he visited Africa for the first time, going initially to Kenya and then on to Ethiopia, spiritual home of Rastafari. He was to return to Africa in 1980, this time at the official invitation of the Government of Zimbabwe to play at the country’s independence Ceremony. It was the greatest honor afforded the band, and one, which underlined the Wailers’ importance in the Third World.
Bob Marley & The Wailers released the strident Survival album in 1979. A European tour came the following year: the band broke festival records throughout the continent, including a 100,000- capacity show in Milan. Bob Marley & The Wailers, quite simply, was the most important band on the road that year and the new Uprising album hit every chart in Europe. It was a period of maximum optimism and plans were already being made for an American tour, in company with Stevie Wonder, that winter.
At the end of the European tour Bob Marley & The Wailers went to America. Bob played two shows at Madison Square Garden but, immediately afterwards, he was taken seriously ill. Cancer was diagnosed.
Bob Marley fought the disease for eight months. The battle, however, proved too much. He died in a Miami Hospital on May 11, 1981.
A month before the end Bob was awarded Jamaica’s Order of Merit, the nation’s third highest honor, in recognition of his outstanding contribution to the country’s culture.
On Thursday May 21, 1981, the Hon. Robert Nesta Marley O.M, was given an official funeral by the people of Jamaica. Following the funeral – attended by both the Prime Minister and the Leader of the Opposition – Bob’s body was taken to his birthplace where it now rests in a mausoleum. Bob Marley was 36 years old. His Legend lives on.