Connection of the Spirit to the Body
By Ibn al-Qayyim
Taken from his book, ĎKit‚bur-RŻhí
of Spirití) p. 44
The spirit (ar-rŻh) is connected to the body in five different ways, to which different rules apply:
1. Its connection to the body as a fetus in his motherís womb.
2. Its connection to the body after a person is born.
3. Its connection to the body when a person is asleep, when the spirit is connected in one way and separated from it in another way.
4. Its connection to the body in al-Barzakh (the period between a personís death and the Day of Resurrection), when it has departed from the body and separated from it, but is not separated completely in such a way that there is no connection at all. We have mentioned at the beginning of this reply that there are ah‚dÓth and reports which indicate that the spirit is returned to the body when somebody sends the greeting of sal‚m to a deceased person. This returning is of a special nature which does not mean that the life is restored to the body before the Day of Resurrection.
5. Its connection to the body on the Day when bodies will be resurrected. This is the most perfect type of connection to the body, and has no comparison to the previous types, because after that the body will never die, sleep or have anything wrong with it.
When a person is asleep, his spirit is in his body and he is alive, although his being alive is not the same as that of a person who is awake, for sleep is comparable to death. Similarly, when a dead personís spirit is returned to his body (when the greeting is sent upon him), he is in a state between one who is alive and one who is dead, whose spirit is not restored to his body. This is like the case of a sleeping person who is in a state between life and death. We hope that this will dispel a lot of your confusion.