Nine: The Muslim does not Harbour Envy
Ibn Mas‘ood (radiyallaahu ‘anhumaa) who said that Allaah’s
Messenger () said:
There is to be no envy except with regard to two: A man whom Allaah has given wealth which he strives to spend
righteously, and a man to whom Allaah has given the Wisdom (i.e. the Qur’aan)
and he acts according to it and teaches it to others.
If he were to have envy of the people he would hope for
their downfall in order to satisfy the pride that he has in himself, his vanity
and the conceitedness of his mind. So he (the Muslim) knows that envy is a
dangerous disease and a harmful evil and therefore keeps away from it.
for the envy which is accepted from that which is sinful, then it is envy which
does not cause the person to be afflicted by the sickness of wishing for that
blessing to leave the other person. Rather he supplicates to his Lord, the One
free of all imperfections, for his brother; that Allaah should protect him, and
for himself; that Allaah should make him like him. As for that which is at
variance with this, then it is blameworthy and to be condemned.
So this emphasises that fact that the Muslim is one who is:
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note: The permitted ‘envy’
here meaning that one wishes to have these two qualities but does not hope that
the one possessing them loses them. [Fathul-Baaree (1/167)].
 Reported by
al-Bukhaaree (Eng. Trans. 1/62/no.73) and Muslim (Eng. Trans. 2/389/no.1779).
 Refer to the treatise Dhammul Hasad wa Ahlihi of Ibnul Qayyim with my footnotes and checking.