** "Out of nothing I have created a strange new universe"**

* Janos Bolyai, on the creation of a non-Euclidean geometry*

# Geometry

* [Gr.,=earth measuring], *

Brand of mathematics

concerned with the properties of and relationships between

points, lines, planes, and figures

and with generalizations of these concepts.

## History:

In 1637, Rene Descartes showed how numbers can be used to describe points in a plane or in space
and to express geometric relations in algebraic form, thus founding
analytic geometry
, of which
algebraic geometry is
a further development. The problem of representing three-dimensional objects on a two-dimensional surface was
solved by Gaspard Monge, who invented
descriptive geometry for
this purpose in the late 18th cent.
differential geometry , in which the concepts of the calculus are
applied to curves, surfaces, and other geometrical objects, was founded by
Monge and C. F. Gauss in the late 18th and early 19th cent. The modern period
in geometry begins with the formulations of
projective geometry by J. V. Poncelet (1822) and of
non-Euclidean geometry by N. I. Lobachevsky (1826) and János Bolyai
(1832). Another type of non-Euclidean geometry was discovered by Georg Riemann
(1854), who also showed how the various geometries could be generalized to any
number of dimensions.

## Simple Basic Concept:

Points

|--> Lines

|--> Planes

|--> Space

## Links:

College-Level Geometry

Introoduction to Geometry

An Introduction to Projective Geometry (for computer vision)

## Comments

If you have any feedback,

you can
me.