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A Brief Introduction

The game of basketball consists of a court- usually about 92 ft long and 50 ft wide- with a basket on each side, which is attached 10 ft above the flooer to a backboard. Players may throw, dribble, or shoot the basketball but may not run or kick it.

Teams try to advance the ball and shoot it through one basket and to keep the opposition from scoring through the other. Each basket scores two points, or three points if shot behind the three point line.

Any player making illegal body contact with an opposing player is assessed a foul; the opposing team may be given possession of the ball, or an opposing player awarded free throws at the basket from the foul line. Each foul shot is worth one point. Players who exceed the foul limit are disqualified from the game.

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The following is a picture of a basketball court with all the lines marked that are used in play.

A typical basketball is shown below

10 E-Z Rules
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The game of basketball has many rules yet they are simple to understand. It should not take long for any player to follow the rules of the game.

The game is started with a tip-off where one player from each team jump to control the ball at center court. For a quick game here are ten easy rules to get started:

1) Players may only take one step between dribbles and two steps before shooting the ball at the basket.

2) Only five players are allowed on the court for each team.

3) If women are playing you should applaud their fundamentals for lack of dunking.

4) Any excessive contact is called a foul and is tallied for both teams. Once it reaches 7, the opposing team is rewarded a free throw and a 2nd if the first is made. After 10 fouls, 2 free throws are automatically awarded.

5) If the ball is interfered with while it is above the rim goaltending is called and the other team is credited the basket.

6) All free throws are worth one point, all feild goals are worth two, and three pointers three.

7) Players may NOT use their feet to pass, dribble, and shoot the ball.

8) A possession arrow is used when the ball is held by both teams. It alternates sides after every use.

9)The entire game consists of 4 6-minute quarters at the Jr. High level and below, while at the High School level plays with 8-minute quarters.

10)A jumpball is used at the beginning of every game to determine possession.

Terms and Voilations
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  • Air ball - a shot that completely misses the rim and the backboard

  • Assist - a pass to a teammate who then scores a feild goal

  • Defense - team trying to stop the other team from scoring

  • Dunk - to throw the ball down into the basket with the hand above the rim

  • Fast break - dribbling or passing the ball towards your basket before the defense can set up

  • Offense - team trying to score

  • Turn over - any loss of the ball without a shot being taken


  • Traveling - moving illegally with the ball

  • Three seconds- an offensive player remainsin the key (free throw lane) for more than three seconds

  • Double Dribble - a player dribbles the ball with both hands at the same time or they stop then start dribbling again

  • Fouls can be more defined as:

  • Blocking- impeding the progress of an opponent by extending one or both arms horizontally or getting in the path of a moving player.

  • Charging- running into a stationary player while you are moving with the ball.

  • Hacking- the player hits the arm or hand of the person holding the ball.

  • Holding- the player holds the person with or without the ball.

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    Layup Drill #1 - Have two lines at the opposite ends of court while one person in each line has a ball who dribbles down the court less than five times then shoots a lay-up.

    Layup Drill #2- Form two lines at the top of the key with the ball in one line. Have one person from each line go while one shoots the ball and the other rebounds.

    Shooting Drill - Make three or four lines around the three point arch. Each line takes turn shooting a three pointer till the total is 20 and that line wins.

    Passing Drill - Form groups of three with the outer two people fifteen feet apart with the last person in the middle. The two outside people pass the ball back and forth till the person in the middle can touch the ball, then that passer is in the middle.

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  • Where can I find more on our local professional team?
    To find more info on professional basketball check out

  • How can I get my child invovled locally? to find a league near you.

  • How can I learn more about the history of the sport?
    Check out the Basketball Hall of Fame for more info.

  • WHere can I get clothes and equipment so I can play?
    Any sporting goods center will have what you need, aslo try Acedemy - Sports and Outdoors for online shopping.