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4 feet tall tornado generator



Quicklink index:

Introduction
Working principle
Necessary materials
- Materials
- Tools
Description of materials
Metric system conversion factors
Construction
- Cutting the wooden disks and support blocks
- Making the lower plexiglass disk
- Making the upper plexiglass disk
- Cutting the PVC sheeting
- Making the upper and lower compartments
- Preparing the PVC tube
- Assembly
- Painting
- Attaching the aluminium strips
Installing the fan and airflow channels
Installing the mist generator
Installing the light
Finishing touches
Dimensional modification
Running the generator
Operation tips
Troubleshooting



Introduction

Summer 1998 I went to Paris for a holiday. There I visited the La Cité museum, where a 3 feet tall tornado generator was setup. I was fascinated by the beauty of the tornado vortex, and the open design of the generator: I could stick my hand right through the front of the generator box, and touch the misty vortex of the tornado.

A few weeks later, at home, I designed my own generator box and built the thing, this one too with open front. When I got the generator working, the tornado it produced was of the same beauty as that one in Paris. Now I want to describe to you my design, so you can build one yourself and be amazed by the tornado. The design may also serve for research purposes.

The tornado will be about 0.9m tall (about 3 feet) when fully developed. The generator design uses a variable-speed fan, for the generator to be able to simulate the F1 - F3 range of tornado structures. At very low fan speed, the tornado will be like a rope, almost stationary positioned in the generator box. When run at high speed, the tornado will be a swirling vortex, about 130mm (5") thick, going beserk in the generator.

Costs to build this generator are about $150, mostly due to the high cost of the mist generator it uses ($100), the fan (about $25) and the power supply for the fan ($20). Most of the rest of the materials will be lying about in your workshop. You can build the generator first, without buying the mist generator, to save money. You'll not have a visible tornado vortex, but you can make this visible with smoke or soldering fumes. If the device really works and a tornado is produced, you can buy the expensive mist generator.

I will assume you have some basic modelling experience, to successfully build the device. It is important to be accurate in cutting and sawing materials and the like, for it is a rather expensive project, and the generator is a tall object when setup in a living room, for example, so you'll want to let it look nice.



Working principle

A tornado consists of a low pressure core with air rotating around this core. The strength of a tornado will depend on the low pressure at the core: the lower the pressure, the more swiftly the air will rotate around it. In a real tornado, air is usually rotating with speeds of 100 km/h to 500 km/h. The strength of a tornado is measured in the Fujita scale F1 to F5. An airflow speed of about 0-100 km/h applies to an F1 tornado, and so on, to about 400-500 km/h for an F5 tornado. (This is only my observation, but the rule stands very well).

If we want to simulate a real tornado in small scale, we need to rotate air and suck the air out at the top of this circulation, to get a low-pressurized core. Since angular momentum of the air is preserved, the air rotating around will not enter the core (in the ideal case... but even in everyday life the momentum is preserved pretty well...). So air wants to flow to the low-pressure core of the vortex but if it has rotation it will keep rotating around it, faster and faster. At a real tornado, air will start rotating around the core by itself due to the Coriolis force due to earth rotation. At small scaled tornados this effect is not enough to start air rotation by itself.

I used this principle of rotating air and suction at the top in my generator. Other generator designs I have seen consist of a box with a fan at the top, sucking air out of the box. Air is reentering the generator via some slots at its sides. These slots are each orientated so that the air entering will flow around the mid section of the box. This design works great but you have to look through a window at the tornado and you can't put your hands inside in a comfortable manner.

I constructed an open-design tornado generator, a cylindrical box about 0.4m in diameter, with an open front about 0,3m wide, 0.8m tall. Since this open "window" will let air in immediately, letting it flow right to the low pressure, no tornado will ever form using the slots principle described above. So I had to think of another way to let the air rotate: to use the fan at the top of the generator not only for suction, but also for blowing the air back in the generator again, by means of a punched PVC tube at the side of the generator. This tube I positioned so to blow the air entering at the open front sideways. This way the open front of the generator acts as one huge slot. If you're sceptical, I need to say I constructed this design and it works pretty well, even when putting my hands in the slot.



Materials

To build the generator I used the following materials:

and the following tools to assemble the thing:



Description of materials



Metric system conversion factors

The dimensions of my design are in mm (millimeter). If you're more at home in inches and feet, here's the conversion from the metric system (for convenience I put both-way conversions in here):

m (meter) and mm (millimeter = 1/1000 meter)

1 mm = 0.0394 in (thus nearly 1/25 in)
1 in = 25.4 mm

1 m = 39.4 in
1 in = 0.0254 m

1 m = 3.28 ft
1 ft = 0.3048 m

1 mm = 0.00328 ft
1 ft = 304.8 mm

So, for example, the tornado generator will be 1200mm tall, this is 1200 x 0.0394in = 47.24in or 1200 x 0.00328ft = 3.94 ft., etc.



Construction



Cutting the wooden disks and support blocks

First, draw two 400mm diameter circles on the wood using a pair of compasses and cut out the two wooden disks. Make sure the disks are perfectly round, for every inconsistency will show on the finished generator. Out of one disk, cut a smaller disk, 300mm in diameter (this will be some sort of hatch to access the fan compartment later on). Sand the three pieces and lay them aside.
Save the plate of wood the disks are cut out of, you will use the circular gaps as a matrix to deform the plexiglass disks.

Next, cut the 16 wooden blocks to length and sand them. Verify that all are of the same length. Variations of at most 1mm are acceptable.



Making the lower plexiglass disk

Now take the sheet of plexiglass where the disks will be cut from. Lay the sheet on top of the plate of wood where the wooden disks were cut from, and position the part (of the plexiglass) which you want to cut a disk from on top of the gap in the wooden plate. Clamp the two sheets together using glue clamps or something. Be careful with clamping, the plexiglass may crack easily, especially this 2mm thin sheet. Support the two sheets at the underside with some scrap material or books to lift the sheets about 20cm (8") above the working area.

With a permanent marker, draw a circle 400mm in diameter on the underside of the plexiglass sheet (that is, use the wood as a stencil). Next, with the plexiglass sheet on top, use a ruler to locate the center of the disk and dash it. Rotate the ruler 90 degrees and repeat, you now have a cross which is at the center.

Locate the 75mm round mould (I used an empty paint can 75mm in diameter), and fire the air heating gun. Set it on most powerful setting (mine was able to set a piece of wood on fire at close distance). Now heat the plexiglass sheet over the matrix, going around with the heat gun starting at the edge of the disk and spiralling towards the center and back, and repeat some times. Make sure you heat the center part more than the outer edge of the disk, and make sure there occur no "hot spots". So heat the plexiglass evenly, but more and more towards the center. Take care you don't heat it too much to let it form bubbles - some bubbles are okay but it needn't get any hotter.

Turn off the gun, and take the 75mm mould. Use the center cross mark to position the mould over the center of the disk, set it on the plexiglass surface and press. Press it about 100mm - 120mm down, if you heated the plexiglass right you will see the shape in figure [2] forming. Make sure you're holding the mould horizontally positioned, so the 75mm bottom is parallel to the sheet. Hold it in place for about 1 or 2 minutes to let the plexiglass harden.

Figure [2]

If you're not able to press the mould in the plexiglass deep enough, reheat the plexiglass until it does. Make sure no holes form in the plexiglass (this will become the lower plexiglass disk which will be filled with water during generator operation).

Remove clamps and cut out the deformed disk using the drawn circle as a guideline. Take care you do the cutting slowly... the plexiglass will crack easily, maybe spoiling all the work. Saw the plexiglass with speed of 3 to 4 mm/s at most. Also, take care not to saw too slow, because the plexiglass will run hot by the saw, and may stick to the blade, resulting in a mess (and a jammed saw blade).
When done, sand the shaped disk and put it in a safe place.



Making the upper plexiglass disk

For the upper disk, proceed in the same way. But now after heating use the 100mm mould, and press it for only 50mm deep in the plexiglass. After it has hardened, remove the clamps, turn the plexiglass sheet over, and reheat the center part (in the 100mm area). Heat this part as hot as possible. Then take the 30mm mould and press it 70 - 90mm down, to obtain the shape as in figure [3]. You may have to repeat the last step (heating and pressing), for this is a difficult shape. This time it's no big problem if any holes form in the plexiglass, you can put some tape over it if necessary. The upper disk needn't be water tight. It's also not bad if the shape is not exactly the same as in figure [3].



Figure [3]

When done, cut the disk out and sand it. Take a 6mm drill and drill a hole through the center cross marking (drill slowly else the plexiglass will crack - due to heating and deforming the glass may be as thin as 0.5 mm in this area). Next get the file and carefully file the drilling hole to 30mm size as in figure [3]. Make sure the hole gets round and not much smaller or larger than 30mm. And take your time when drilling and filing, if things go wrong you'll spend a lot more time making a new disk!

Finally mark and cut the hole for the PVC air blowing tube in the disk as shown in figure [4]. Dimensions of this hole are the diameter of the air blower tube you use plus 1mm width, and diameter plus 3mm in length. This extra mm are for installing the tube when the generator is ready (the tube can't be put through the hole straight, and may have to be removed and reinstalled later on), and for connecting the tube to the fan later on. If your PVC tube is not 32mm in diameter make the hole to fit that tube.

Figure [4]

Note: cutting out this hole can best be done with a file, it will take some time to carefully file the hole out but else the plexiglass could also crack. If it happens to crack, use instant glue to correct the problem.

Now try to be neat and clean the filings and saw dust out of your working area. Especially the plexiglass filings and sawing rubble are sharp and bad for your health. (I got such a plexiglass filing in my eye when cutting the disks, this caused a lot of pain. Make sure you wear glasses or something when sawing plexiglass!)



Cutting the PVC sheeting

The PVC sheet is usually sold as a sheet to cut from a roll (I got mine from a DIY shop). The roll will be about 1 meter wide, this is just enough for the partial circumference of the generator. The generator's slot must be about 1/5 of total circumference, so for a generator 400mm in diameter the circumference is 1257mm, and the part to be covered with sheet is about 4/5 x 1257mm = 1005mm. That leaves a nice opening of 250mm. It doesn't matter much what size the gap will be, as long as it doesn't get anywhere near or bigger than 1/4 circumference (in which case a tornado, if it ever forms, might be very unstable).

Uncurl and lay down the PVC sheet on a flat surface (choose a surface which may get cut marks on it). Now with a permanent marker (overhead sheet pen or the like) draw a 1200mm x 1000mm rectangle on it, making sure it has straight corners. Then use the long ruler or (metal) bar to cut the sheet to size. Take care the knife doesn't slip, or that the ruler doesn't slip and rotate. One cut is enough, it needn't go all way through the PVC, you can bend the sheet to make it crack neatly along the cut. When loose, sand the cut edges of the sheet and lay it aside.

Next cut the two pieces for above and below the generator opening, and sand them. Size: upper sheet 300mm x 175mm; lower sheet 300mm x 250mm.



Making the upper and lower compartments

Locate the two wooden disks, the wooden ring, the two plexiglass disks and the 16 wooden support blocks. Drill holes that fit the screws at the edges of the plexiglass disks and wooden disk and ring, as in figures [5] and [6]. If the support blocks are 18mm thick (mine were), drill the holes 9mm off the edges of the disks.


Lower assembly - Figure [5]

Upper assembly - Figure [6]

From scrap material, cut three small wooden blocks and mount these partly over the inner edge of the wooden ring, to act as locks for the inner disk (hatch) to be supported (visible in figure [6]). Don't forget this step (like I did), for it's almost impossible to mount the scrap blocks on the ring if the generator is finished (using screws, that is).

Using the screws, assemble the upper and lower compartments as shown in figures [5] and [6]. Take care you use the upper plexiglass disk in combination with the wooden ring (else you'd end up with a hatch in the bottom of the generator). Also take into account the proper orientation of the plexiglass disks, refer to figures [7] and [8] for cross-sectional views of the compartments.


Figure [7]

Figure [8]

Tip: it's best to pre-drill holes in the support blocks, too, else the blocks risk getting split when screwing in the screws. For this drilling use a drill about 0.5mm or 1mm smaller than the screws. When assembling the compartments, take care no blocks protrude at the edges of the wooden disks and plexiglass disks.

Note: Don't forget to use the washers with the screws, else the plexiglass disks may crack (I think, tonight, you'll dream about that warning "The plexiglass may crack" :)



Preparing the PVC tube

From PVC tubing, cut a tube 1000mm long, and sand the ends. Next, mark a line all along the tube, and mark drill locations every 25mm along this line, as in figure [9]. Leave 150mm on one end clear (this will be the upper part of the tube in the generator).

Figure [9]

The tube will have the appearance of a pan flute or something.

Next, use a sharp tool to punch the mark locations a bit (this is to prevent drill swerving when drilling the holes). Next take a 6mm drill and drill the holes. Take extra care you drill all holes straight, all holes must be essentially parallel to eachother and straight to the tube. I state "essentially" here, because the appearance of the tornado vortex depends on the hole orientations. If one hole is drilled slightly tilted to the other holes, the air exits this hole in the same "invalid" direction and the air rotation in the generator will not be exactly cylindrical, thus the tornado will not be at the center but curved slightly to one side. Note this effect at the photos on this page - these are photos of my generator. I drilled the holes not exactly straight to eachother, and thus the tornado vortex is curved a little bit. I like the effect, so I didn't care about making another PVC tube with straight air exit holes.

So drill the holes essentially straight (straight for the eye). Then your tornado vortex will not be perfectly straight, but curved and a little eccentric (about 5cm, 2") to the generator's center. But if you prefer a perfectly concentric tornado vortex, by all means use a drill stand.

Note: this curved vortices story only applies to the case that the generator's fan is running low-speed. In that case the tornado vortex is most sensitive for disturbances (like a tilted air exit hole at the tube). If the fan is running full-speed, the tornado will be at the center, for then all air is rotating very fast, thus cylindrically.

After drilling, clean the inside of the tube, there will be a lot of drilling scrap in there which you must get rid of. Then sand the surface of the tube to remove the rough rims of the drilling holes, and to obtain a good painting surface.

Now close the lower end of the tube off (you can use hot glue for this, in combination with some small scrap wood). The lower end of the tube is the end with the drill holes, the left end in figure [9].

When done, paint the tube black, using the silk matt paint for the generator's interior. Don't use too much paint, else it will flow in the air exit holes too much. You'll need two coats, at least, to paint the tube.



Assembly

Now is the time to assemble the generator. Lay down the large PVC sheet, and place the lower compartment on its edge at the edge of the PVC sheet. Curl one end of the PVC sheet around the round compartment assembly, align the outer edge of the sheet with the undersurface of the wooden disk of the compartment, as in figure [10]. Screw at the marked locations 1 and 2 two screws through the sheet, in the edge of the wooden disk. Screw 1 must be about 50mm from the end of the sheet, for the smaller sheet to fit in later on. Take care when screwing in the two screws, that the edge of the sheet remains aligned with the disk undersurface. Also note the proper orientation of the pvc sheet, roll the compartment assembly along the shorter edge of the sheet (1000mm). This way the sheet won't run all way round the compartment assembly, thus in the right way to leave open the generator front opening.

Figure [10]

Don't screw in the other screws - yet, just the screws 1 and 2. Now roll the sheet around the compartment and temporarily put tape all around so the sheet doesn't unroll. Next, take the upper compartment assembly, and put it in place. Rotate the thing so that the hole in the upper disk (for the air blower tube) is about 100mm at the left of the left edge of the front opening, as in figure [11].

Figure [11]

Next, fasten the upper compartment assembly with two screws at the same positions as at the lower compartment assembly, and tape around again, you now have something like in figure [12]:

Figure [12]

Now you can fasten all other screws around the edges of the sheet, and when done remove the tape. Make sure the edges stay lined up exactly along the surfaces of the wooden disks, and don't screw down the ends of the sheet at the opening, yet.

Next take the two smaller PVC sheets, and insert these under the edge of the large sheet over the gap still at the compartments (above and below the generator's front opening). Use the smaller sheet for the upper part (sheet 300mm x 175mm). See figure [13]. Still do not screw down the corners of the large sheet. Fasten the small sheet with two screws 1 and 2 in the wooden disks, as shown in figure [13].

Figure [13]

Proceed in the same way with the lower sheet (300mm x 250mm).

You'll end up with something looking like figure [14]:

Figure [14]



Painting

Before attaching the aluminium strips (and screwing down the corners of the PVC sheet), paint the generator body. You can paint the whole thing in one time, except for the under surface where the generator stands on. Before painting, slightly sand the PVC surface to make it rough and to remove any dirt. Also sand the inner surface (inside the generator), and the plexiglass disks.

Paint the inside of the generator using the silk matt black paint. You don't need to paint the interior of the compartments, these will not be visible when the generator is finished. So paint the inner surface of the PVC sheet and the two plexiglass disks. For the upper plexiglass disk, leave a sector on the disk, at the rear of the generator, free of paint, this will be necessary for the light which will be installed in the upper compartment. I used a painting scheme for the upper plexiglass disk as in figure [15].

Tip: start painting the upper plexiglass disk, next the remainder of the interior and last the exterior.

Paint the outside of the generator in the color you like. I used computer-grey paint (RAL ...). Note: The PVC sheet is hard to paint in one time, it's best to use little paint (to prevend sagging), using a soft brush.

Figure [15] - Top view of plexiglass disk,
paint on other side!

When the paint has dried, slightly sand the painted surfaces, and repaint it. After this second coat has dried, inspect to decide whether it needs painting a third time. I didn't need to paint the generator for a third time, however.

If you want to, you can paint the bottom of the generator, too. I was impatient to see the generator finished and operating, so I didn't paint the bottom wooden disk.



Attaching the aluminium strips

Wait 48 hours to let the paint harden out, then take the two aluminium strips 1200mm in length, and drill holes, to fit the bold-headed screws, at the ends of both, 9mm from the ends. Next drill 4 more holes in each strip, to fit the rivets, at 165mm, 265mm, 530mm and 795mm. When done, take 2 screws, and screw down the ends of the large PVC sheet (at the top of the generator), together with the small sheets, with the aluminium strips on top, at the two marks 'A' on the left in figure [16].

Figure [16]

Next use the 8 rivets and rivet the PVC sheet(s) and the strips together at the 'B' marks in figure [16], working your way down the generator (to eliminate warping of the sheet). Finally screw the other 2 screws in at the 'A' marks at the right in figure [16].

When riveting take care that the sheet stays in position, it may help to temporarily tape down the sheet at the bottom of the generator while riveting the strips on the sheet. Also be careful you don't bend the strips, this will greatly reduce their strength.

Tip: lay down the generator on its side when fastening the strips, in that position there will be minimal stress to the edges of the PVC sheet.

Other tip: use relatively small rivets and drill holes in the strips, else the strips may bend or even crack at the drill holes.



Installing the fan and airflow channels

I assume you have a radial blower fan like the one in figure [17], with axial (central) air intake and radial air exit. This type of fan is easiest to install in the generator, and has a strong blowing capability versus suction, which is essential to this design.

Figure [17]

Now check the height of the fan, it might not fit in the generator's upper compartment, like mine didn't. My fan had a motor block protruding at the top, so I had to drill a large hole in the hatch for the fan's motor block to stick through. Other radial fans I have seen don't have such a motor block, these should fit in the compartment right away.

Install the PVC tube in the generator, with closed-off end pointed downwards. Don't use any force, the tube will fit easily, if it is put in the generator first, and then stuck through the tube hole at the edge of the upper plexiglass disk. When done, set it vertically, there now is about 50mm of tube sticking out in the fan compartment.

Temporarily install the fan with air intake downwards on the upper surface of the upper plexiglass disk, the air intake will more or less fit around the hole in the disk, as in figure [18].

Now I'll describe the easiest way to make an airflow channel:

Take an old sock of yours (not *that* old - it must not have any holes in it), cut off the toes-end to end up with the airflow channel (that's it). Connect one end of the sock to the air outlet of the fan, put some tape, rope or fishline around it to secure it to the fan exit, and reinstall the fan. Now put tape around the air intake where it touches the plexiglass disk. If necessary hold the fan in place with some scrap wood or something.

Finally connect the other end of the sock to the end of the PVC tube, and put tape around (this is hard to do, however, because the tube nearly touches the PVC sheet of the generator - I used some fishline to connect the sock). Make sure the sock isn't twist, this will prevend air flowing through the sock to the pvc tube and no tornado may form.

Figure [18]

If you're ambitious, by all means use genuine tubing to fabricate the airflow channel, like that of a vacuum cleaner. For my generator, an old sock was best, because a sock isn't air-tight. This is advantageous, because the fan needs to release (compressed) air. If it can't, it won't suck any more air, either, and the fan will go run like hell, doing no work at all. It's okay to experminent with airflow channels, when you get the generator working. But start out with the old sock method, this works well in any case.

Finally lead the electrical wires out of the compartment, so you can connect the power supply (if applicable to your fan) easily. Then close off the upper compartment with the hatch.



Installing the mist generator

There is much to say about this. The mist generator I used is very small, and will be placed at the bottom center of the tornado chamber, thus on the lower plexiglass disk. Lead the power connector wire out of the generator via the back side or something, so it isn't that much visible, and tape down the wire to the plexiglass and/or PVC sheet, so it won't disrupt the airflow too much. Next, use some hot glue to fasten the mist generator to the plexiglass, else it may fall over. Then fill the plexiglass disk with clean water (distilled water is best for the mist generator), until the water is about 30-40mm over the ultrasonic mist generator.

Note: this is only applicable to the mist generator I used!! Other ultrasonic humidifiers will do perfectly, too, but these aren't operated under water, like mine! You may have to modify the lower plexiglass disk, by drilling a hole in it, for instance, to put through the mist exit nipple of the humidifier, if the humidifier you use is a larger machine and you need to install it in the lower compartment. In any case, make sure the mist produced by the generator will indeed enter the generator's mid section, where the tornado will form, and preferably enters it on the bottom (thus at the plexiglass disk) at the center (then the inner structure of the tornado will be best visible, else mist at the outer edge of the generator will obscure the tornado vortex).

The correct installation I have drawn in figure [19a], for if you use the same sort of mist generator I used, and in figure [19b] for a 'genuine' ultrasonic humidifier, with different generator dimensions (see below: dimensional modification). Note, in this case you might want to have a differently shaped plexiglass disk, to fit the mist generator in the lower compartment. If your mist generator is taller than 130mm you'll need to have a larger compartment! Or if you already made the tornado generator at given dimensions, you'll have to use the mist generator outside the tornado generator, and connect to it using a small tube. However, I'm not sure whether the mist will be dense enough, then, so keep connection as short as possible.

Figure [19a]
Figure [19b]



Installing the light

For the light, use a low wattage lamp! For instance, a 5 Watt bulb or something. Install this in the upper (fan) compartment, over the window in the plexiglass disk. You can make a switch in the PVC sheet to easily switch the light on and off.

When using a too high wattage light, the lamp will heat the plexiglass disk and may deform it. Also, the PVC sheet is not even heat resistant and will immediately deform, which is hard/impossible to fix neatly (I had that problem, and ended up with a bumpy patch of sheeting at the side of the generator).

When using not any lighting at all, the upper part of the tornado will be poorly visible, because the upper front of the generator will cast its shadow on the misty vortex. The light is to lighten op the tornado from the top. However, I didn't bother yet to install any lighting in my generator. A floor lamp or something put in front of the generator chamber will light up the vortex nicely, too.



Finishing touches

Rotate the PVC tube so that the air exit holes point to the generator's front opening, as in figure [20], and hot-glue the tube in straight upward position to the lower plexiglass disk, so it won't rotate by itself or slip.

Figure [20]

Next, kit the edges of both plexiglass disks, where they touch the PVC sheeting, with (preferably black) silicone chaulk, to make these locations water tight. Also, kit around the PVC tube where it touches the upper plexiglass disk.

Let the chaulk harden out, this may take some time. After it has set, check the fan compartment to see whether the sock has twisted (because of rotating the PVC tube), if it has, untwist the sock.

Cross sectional views of the generator are in figures [19a] and [19b].



Dimensional modification

This is about adjusting the size of the generator, with the purpose of letting your mist generator fit into the lower compartment. If you want to use a large ultrasonic humidifier, it is best to install it in the lower compartment (I'll call this the mist compartment from now on). If it won't fit in this design, or you want to be sure, then adapt to these modifications:

That's it, now you'll end up with a 1.4 meter tall generator with a mist compartment over 300mm in height, which will fit most common ultrasonic humidifiers. One note about the wooden support blocks: omit the 2 support blocks (that's why you need only 6) on the back side of the mist compartment assembly, and after the painting stage, cut a hole in the PVC sheet over the missing supports, to gain access to the mist compartment at the back of the generator, so you can install the humidifier (the access gap must not be visible at the front side, this really looks ugly!).



Running the generator

Now you can test run the generator. Connect the fan to the RPM driver, and this driver to the power supply (or connect the fan to the Variac(TM) and this to a wall outlet, in case your fan runs on standard line output). Next, pour water in the lower plexiglass disk, if you use the same mist generator as mine, or fill up the humidifier or whatever. Turn the mist generator on, and if some mist has accumulated at the bottom of the tornado chamber, run the fan. You should now see the mist start rotating around, and after 5 - 10 seconds to 1 minute (depending on fan speed), you'll see the tornado develop upwards to the fan suction.

Have fun!



Operation tips

Some fascinating things to do with the generator:



Troubleshooting

If the generator doesn't produce any tornado, check these items:

With other problems or unsolved problems, don't sledge the thing... you can email me at
edens@multiweb.nl.
You can also email me for hints, suggestions, remarks, typos etc.



If you decide to build the generator, have fun with it and if you like, tell me about it or send me some images of it at work!

Harald Edens



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All pictures and photos on this page are copyright Harald Edens. This page may not be charged money for except for copying costs, and may only be distributed in its entirety, together with this unmodified copyright notice.
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