Prophet Yusuf (PBUH)
is the most detailed and fascinating story in the Qur'an,
involving both human weaknesses such as jealousy, hatred,
pride, passion, deception, intrigue, cruelty, terror
as well as noble qualities such as patience, loyalty,
bravery, nobility, and compassion.
is related that among the reasons for its revelation
is that the Jews asked the Prophet Muhammad to tell
them about Yusuf (PBUH) , who was one of their old prophets.
His story had been distorted in parts and marred in
others with interpolations and exclusions. Therefore
it was revealed in the Book of Allah (Qur'an), complete
in its minute and careful details.
the Almighty declared: We relate unto you (Muhammad)
the best of stories through Our Revelations unto you,
of this Qur'an. And before this (i.e. before the coming
of Divine Inspiration to you), you were among those
who knew nothing about it (the Qur'an). Surah 12: 3
Allah also decreed: Thus We relate to you (0 Muhammad)
some information of what happened before. And indeed
We have given you from Us a Reminder (this Qur'an).
Whoever turns away from it (this Qur'an - i.e. does
not believe in it, nor acts on its orders), verily,
they will bear a heavy burden (of sins) on the Day of
Resurrection. They will abide in that (state in the
Fire of Hell), and evil indeed will it be that load
for them on the Day of Resurrection. Surah 20:99-101
story of Yusuf (PBUH) moves in a stream from beginning
to end; its substance and form are equally coherent.
It inspires you with a feeling for the depth of Allah's
power and supremacy and the execution of His rulings
despite the challenge of human intervention. And Allah
has full power and control over His Affairs, but most
of men know not. Surah 12: 21
is what the story of Yusuf (PBUH) confirms categorically,
for it ends with comfort and marvels.
of Josoph's Story
(PBUH) lived all his life confronting schemes made by
the people closest to him. His brothers plotted to kill
him, but they amended it to exiling him. This happened
to him while he was a boy. He was sold into the slave
market in Egypt, where he was bought for a nominal sum.
Then he fell victim to the attempted seduction by a
great man's wife who, when her wish was foiled, sent
him to prison, where he remained for some time. In spite
of all this, he at length approached close to the Egyptian
throne and became the king's chief minister. He then
began his call to Allah from the position of the ruling
plans were carried out, and the matter ended. This is
the substance (theme) of the story. As for the form
(style) in which it is presented, it is a landmark of
story is presented in a sequence of episodes. It gives
you scene after scene and the transition is inspiring,
informative, and stirring to the imagination. There
are also artistic loopholes which leave it to the imagination
of the reader to complete the sense, as well as the
depth of the picture, the like of which no human artist
can bring forth.
story begins with a dream and ends with its interpretation.
As the sun appeared over the horizon, bathing the earth
in its morning glory, Yusuf (PBUH) , son of the Prophet
Jacob , awoke from his sleep, delighted by a pleasant
dream he had had. Filled with excitement, he ran to
his father and related it. "0 my father! Verily, I saw
(in a dream) eleven stars and the sun and the moon,
I saw them prostrating themselves to me." Surah 12:
father's face lit up. He foresaw that Yusuf (PBUH) would
be the one through whom the prophecy of his grandfather,
Prophet Abraham , would be fulfilled, in that his offspring
would keep the light of Abraham's house alive and spread
Allah's message to mankind.
it was narrated that Allah's Messenger Muhammad was
asked: "Who is the most honorable amongst the people?"
He replied: 'The most God-fearing." The people said:
"We do not want to ask you about this." He said: "The
most honorable person is Yusuf (PBUH) Allah's prophet,
the son of Allah's prophet, the son of the faithful
friend of Allah (Abraham)."1
the father was well aware of the jealousy of Yusuf (PBUH)'s
brothers, so he warned him against telling his dream
to his brothers: "0 my son! Relate not your vision to
your brothers, lest they arrange a plot against you.
Verily! Satan is to man an open enemy! Thus will your
Lord choose you and teach you the interpretation of
dreams (and other things) and perfect His Favor on you
and on the offspring of Jacob, as He perfected it on
your fathers, Abraham and Isaac aforetime! Verily, your
Lord is All-Knowing, All-Wise. " Surah 12: 5-6
(PBUH) heeded is father's warning. He did not tell his
brothers what he had seen. It is well known that they
hated him so much that it was difficult for him to feel
secure telling them what was in his heart and in his
(PBUH) was eighteen years old, very handsome and robust,
with a gentle temperament. He was respectful, kind,
and considerate. His brother Benjamin was equally pleasant.
Both were from one mother, Rachel. Because of their
refined qualities, the father loved the two more than
his other children, and would not let them out of his
sight. To protect them, he kept them busy with work
in the house garden.
Evil Plot of Yusuf (PBUH)'s Brothers
scene of Jacob and his son closes. Another opens on
Yusuf (PBUH)'s brothers plotting against him. "Truly,
Yusuf (PBUH) and his brother (Benjamin) are loved more
by our father than we, but we are 'Usbah (a storng group).
Really, our father is in a plain error. Kill Yusuf (PBUH)
or cast him out to some (other) land, so that the favor
of your father may be given to you alone, and after
that you will be righteous folk (by intending repentance
before committing the sin)."
from among them said: "Kill not Yusuf (PBUH), but if
you must do something, throw him down to the bottom
of a well, he will be picked up by some caravan of travelers."
Surah 12: 8-10
pages of the Old Testament say that Yusuf (PBUH) told
them his dream, whereas the Qur'an does not say that
that happened. Had it been so, the brothers would have
said so themselves. The Old Testament claims they had
lost their own rights by him, and so they would kill
him. Indeed Yusuf (PBUH) kept his father's order and
did not tell his brothers about his vision.
spite of this, his brothers sat down to conspire against
him. One of them asked: "Why does our father love Yusuf
(PBUH) more than us?"
answered: "Perhaps because of his beauty."
third said: "Yusuf (PBUH) and his brother occupied our
first complained: "Our father has gone all astray."
of them suggested a solution to the matter: kill Yusuf
(PBUH). "Where should we kill him?"
should banish him away from these grounds."
will send him to a distant land."
should we not kill him and have rest so that the favor
of your father may be given to you alone?"
Judah (Yahudh), the eldest and most intelligent among
them, said: "There is no need to kill him when all you
want is to get rid of him. Look here, let us throw him
into a well and he will be picked up by a passing caravan.
They will take him with them to a distant land. He will
disappear from your father's sight and our purpose will
be served with his exile. Then after that we shall repent
for our crime and become good people once again."
discussion continued on the idea of dropping Yusuf (PBUH)
into a well, as it was seen as the safest solution.
The plan to kill him was defeated; kidnap into a distant
land was approved. It was the cleverest of ideas.
Brothers Approach Jacob
next movement opened the scene between them and their
father Jacob : They said. "0 our father! Why do you
not trust us with Yusuf (PBUH), when we are indeed his
well-wishers? Send him with us tomorrow to enjoy himself
and play, and verily, we will take care of him."
(Jacob) said: "Truly, it saddens me that you should
take him away. I fear lest a wolf should devour him,
while you are careless of him."
said: "If a wolf devours him, while we are Usbah (a
strong group) (to guard him), then surely, we are the
losers. " Surah 12: 11-14
suggested a point which had not occurred to them in
their discussion: he feared that desert wolves would
eat him! Did he imply the wolves within them, or did
he mean the wild wolves? No one but Allah knows. They
coaxed their father to send Yusuf (PBUH) with them;
he agreed under their pressure.
(PBUH) Thrown into the Well
were excited that they could now get rid of Yusuf (PBUH)
for after this they could stand a better chance of receiving
their father's affection. On leaving home, they went
directly to the well, as they had planned, on the pretext
of drinking water. One of them put his arms around Yusuf
(PBUH) and held him tightly. Startled by this unusual
behavior, Yusuf (PBUH) struggled to free himself. More
brothers rushed to hold him. One of them removed his
shirt. Some more joined in to lift Yusuf (PBUH) up and
cast him into the deep well. Yusuf (PBUH)'s piteous
pleas made no difference to their cruel hearts.
Allah revealed to Yusuf (PBUH) that he was safe and
should not fear, for he would meet them again some day
to remind them of what they had done.
was water in the well which buoyed Yusuf (PBUH)'s body,
so he was not harmed. He sat lonely in the water, then
clung to a rock ledge overhead and climbed on top of
it. His brothers left him in this desolate place. Then
they killed a sheep and soaked Yusuf (PBUH)'s shirt
in its blood. One brother said that they should swear
to keep their deed a close secret. All of them took
Brothers Lie to Jacob
they came to their father in the early part of the night
weeping. Surah 12: 16
scene here is dark night, broken by the crying of ten
men. The father is sitting in his house when the sons
enter, the darkness of night covering the darkness of
their hearts and the darkness of their lies struggling
to come out. Jacob wondered aloud: "Why this weeping?
Has anything happened to the flock?" They answered crying:
"0 our father! We went racing with one another, and
left Yusuf (PBUH) by our belongings and a wolf devoured
him; but you will never believe us even when we speak
the truth. Surah 12: 17
were surprised after returning from the race that Yusuf
(PBUH) was in the belly of the wolf."
did not see him!"
will not believe us even though we are truthful, but
we are telling you what happened!"
wolf has eaten Yusuf (PBUH)!"
is Yusuf (PBUH)'s shirt. We found it soiled with blood,
and did not find Yusuf (PBUH)!"
they brought his shirt stained with false blood. Surah
down in his heart Jacob knew that his beloved son was
still alive and that his other sons were lying. He held
the blood-stained shirt in his hands, spread it out
and remarked: "What a merciful wolf! He ate up my beloved
son without tearing his shirt!" Their faces turned red
when he demanded more information, but each one swore
by Allah that he was telling the truth. The broken hearted
father burst into tears: "Nay, but your ownselves have
made up a tale. So (for me) patience is most fitting.
And it is Allah (Alone) whose Help can be sought against
that which you assert. " Surah 12: 18
father acted wisely by praying for mighty patience which
is free of doubt and by trusting in Allah for help against
what they had plotted against him and his son. This
scene dims, and the scene opens in the well with which
Yusuf (PBUH) had been thrown.
(PBUH) Finds Comfort in Allah
the dark well Yusuf (PBUH) managed to find a stone ledge
to hold onto. Around him was total darkness and an eerie
silence. Fearful thoughts entered his mind: what would
happen to him? where would he find food? why had his
own brothers turned against him? would his father know
of his plight? His father's smile flashed before him,
recalling the love and affection he had always shown
him. Yusuf (PBUH) began to pray earnestly, pleading
to Allah for salvation. Gradually his fear began to
subside. His Creator was testing the young man with
a great misfortune in order to infuse in him a spirit
of patience and courage. Yusuf (PBUH) surrendered himself
to the will of his Lord.
(PBUH) From the Well to Slavery
next scene shows the wide desert. At the horizon is
a long line of camels, horses, and men: a caravan on
its way to Egypt. The caravan of merchants halted at
this famous well for water. A man lowered in his bucket.
Yusuf (PBUH) was startled by the bucket hurtling down
and grabbed hold of it before it could land in the water.
As the man began to haul he felt the load unusually
heavy, so he peeped into the well. What he saw shocked
him: a man was clinging to the rope! He held the rope
tightly and shouted to his friends: "Better give me
a hand fellows! Looks like I found real treasure in
companions rushed to the well and helped him to pull
out the stranger holding onto the rope. Standing before
them was a healthy, handsome youth, beaming with an
angelic smile. They saw in him a handsome prize, for
money was all that mattered to them. Immediately, they
clapped iron shackles on his feet and took him along
to Egypt, far away from his beloved homeland of Canaan.
over the Egyptian city the news spread that an unusually
handsome, robust young slave was on sale. People gathered
by the hundreds at the slave market. Some were spectators,
others were bidders the elite and the rich, each one
craning his neck to view the handsome specimen. The
auctioneer had a field day as the bidding went wild,
each buyer trying to outbid the other. Eventually, the
Aziz, the chief minister of Egypt, outbid all the others
and took Yusuf (PBUH) to his mansion.
Qur'an describes this scene as follows: And there came
a caravan of travelers; they sent their water-drawer,
and he let down his bucket (into the well). He said:
"What a good news! Here is a boy." So they hid him as
merchandise (a slave). And Allah was the All-Knower
of what they did.
they sold him for a low price, - for a few Dirhams (i.e.
for a few silver coins). And they were of those who
regarded him insignificant.
he (the man) from Egypt who bought him, said to his
wife: 'Make his stay comfortable, may be he will profit
us or we shall adopt him as a son." Thus did We establish
Yusuf (PBUH) in the land, that We might teach him the
interpretation of events. Surah 12: 19-21
how Allah the Almighty reveals the substance of this
long story from its beginning: And Allah has full power
and control over His Affairs, but most of men know not.
Surah 12: 21
chains of slavery have closed on Yusuf (PBUH). He was
cast into the well, deprived of his father, picked from
the well, made a slave, sold at the market, and made
the property of this man, the Aziz, the chief minister.
The hazards followed in quick succession, leaving Yusuf
we see as hazards and slander is the first step of the
ladder on Yusuf (PBUH)'s way to greatness. Allah is
decisive in His action. His plan is carried out despite
the plans of others and while theirs are still being
made. So He spoils their plan, and Allah's promise is
realized. Allah had promised Yusuf (PBUH) prophethood.
Love for Yusuf (PBUH) was thrust into the heart of the
man who bought him, and he was a man of no mean position.
He was an important personage, one of the ruling class
Yusuf (PBUH) was pleasantly surprised when the chief
minister of Egypt ordered his men to remove the heavy
shackles from his swollen feet. He was also surprised
when he told Yusuf (PBUH) not to betray his trust; he
would not be ill-treated if he behaved himself. Yusuf
(PBUH) smiled at his benefactor, thanked him, and promised
to be loyal.
(PBUH) felt at ease, for at last he was sheltered and
would be well cared for. He thanked Allah over and over
and wondered at the mysteries of life. Not so long ago
he had been cast into a deep, dark well with no hope
of ever coming out alive. Next he was rescued, then
enslaved in iron shackles, and now he was moving freely
in a luxurious mansion, with enough food to enjoy. However,
his heart ached with longing for his parents and brother
Benjamin, and he shed tears daily.
(PBUH) was made the personal attendant of the chief
minister's wife. He was obedient and ever-obliging.
With his pleasant manners and charming behavior, he
won everybody's heart.
People's Feelings toward Yusuf (PBUH)
(PBUH)'s handsomeness became the talk of the town. People
referred to him as the most attractive man they had
ever seen and wrote poetry about him. His face carried
immaculate beauty. The purity of his inner soul and
his heart showed in his face, increasing his beauty.
People from afar came to the city to have a glimpse
of him. The prettiest of maidens and the richest of
ladies nursed the desire to possess him, but not once
did he show haughtiness or conceit. He was always humble
days passed and Yusuf (PBUH) grew. Almighty Allah said:
And when he (Yusuf (PBUH)) attained his full manhood.
We gave him wisdom and knowledge (the Prophethood),
thus We reward the doers of good. Surah 12: 22
was given wisdom in affairs and knowledge of life and
its conditions. He was given the art of conversation,
captivating those who heard him. He was given nobility
and self-restraint, which made him an irresistible personality.
His master soon knew that Allah had graced him with
Yusuf (PBUH). He understood that Yusuf (PBUH) was the
most honest, straightforward and noble person he had
met in his life. Therefore, he put Yusuf (PBUH) in charge
of his household, honored him, and treated him as a
Feelings for Yusuf (PBUH)
wife of the chief minister, Zulaikha, watched Yusuf
(PBUH) from day to day. She sat with him, talked with
him, listened to him, and her wonder increased over
the passage of time.
(PBUH) was soon confronted (with his second trial).
The chief minister's wife, Zulaikha, could not resist
the handsome Yusuf (PBUH), and her obsession with him
caused her sleepless nights. She fell in love with him,
and it was painful for her to be so close to a man,
yet be unable to hold him. Yet, she was not a wayward
woman, for in her position she could get any man she
desired. By all accounts she must have been a very pretty
and intelligent lady, or why would the chief minister
have chosen her of all the pretty women in the kingdom?
Although she bore him no child, he would not take another
wife, as he loved her passionately.
Qur'an raises the curtain on the scene of this fierce
and devouring love on the part of the lady. Allah the
Almighty told us: And she, in whose house he was, sought
to seduce him (to do an evil act), she closed the doors
and said: "Come on, 0 you." He said: "I seek refuge
in Allah (or Allah forbid)! Truly, he (your husband)
is my master! He made my stay agreeable! (So I will
never betray him). Verily, the Zalimun (wrong - and
evil-doers) will never be successful." And indeed she
did desire him and he would have inclined to her desire,
had he not seen the evidence of his Lord. Thus it was,
that We might turn away from him evil and illegal sexual
intercourse. Surely, he was one of Our chosen, guided
slaves. Surah 12: 23-24
(PBUH)'s Feelings for Zulaikha
are unanimous about her (Zulaikha) intention of disobedience
but disagree about his own intention. There are those
who say that she tempted him and he tempted her to sin,
although he did not follow through with his intent.
Others say that she merely wanted him to kiss her, and
he attempted to strike her. Yet others say that this
anxiety had been there before this incident. There was
a psychological disturbance in Yusuf (PBUH) when he
reached adolescence, which Almighty Allah rid him of.
safest commentary for us is that there is temptation
and resistance in the verse, for He Most High stated:
And indeed she did desire him and he would have inclined
to her desire..." Surah 12: 24
Ubaidah said that this is a temptation and resistance
meaning that she had tried to seduce him; had he not
seen the proof of Allah, he would have been seduced.
This is in keeping with the infallibility of prophets,
as it suits the words which immediately follow: Thus
it was, that We might turn away from him evil and illegal
sexual intercourse. Surely, he was one of Our chosen,
guided slaves. Surah 12: 24
verse proves that Yusuf (PBUH) was an upright worshiper
of Allah; it also testifies to his rescue from the authority
of Satan. The Almighty said to the devil (Iblis) on
the Day of Creation, "Certainly, you shall have no authority
over My slaves, except those who follow you of the Ghawin
(Mushrikeen and those who go astray, criminals, polyt
heists, and evil-doers, etc.)" Surah 15: 42
(PBUH)'s refusal only heightened her passion. As he
moved to the door to escape, she ran after him and caught
hold of his shirt, like a drowning person clinging to
the boat. In her tugging she tore his shirt and held
the torn piece in her hand. They reached the door together.
It opened suddenly; there stood her husband and a relative
of hers. Almighty Allah said: So they raced with one
another to the door, and she tore his shirt from the
back. They both found her lord (i.e. her husband) at
the door. Surah 12: 25
he opened the door, he saw her husband standing in front
of him. The sly woman immediately changed her tone to
anger and, showing the torn piece of the shirt in her
hand, asked her husband: "What is the recompense (punishment)
for him who intended an evil design against your wife,
except that he be put in prison or a painful torment?"
Surah 12: 25
was now accusing Yusuf (PBUH) of molesting her, to give
the impression that she was innocent and a victim of
Yusuf (PBUH)'s sexual desire. Though bewildered Yusuf
(PBUH) denied it: "It was she that sought to seduce
the husband had questioned his wife and Yusuf (PBUH),
he consulted Zulaikha's cousin. He was an honest, wise
man who listened to both accounts and gave his opinion.
He said the proof was in the shirt. If it was torn at
the front it meant that he had tried to seduce her,
as the torn shirt would then be a proof of self-defense.
The husband asked: "And if the shirt is torn at the
back?" The relative said: "Then it would mean that she
was the one who tempted him." Surah 12: 26
shirt was passed from hand to hand, while she watched.
The witness (her cousin) looked at it and found that
it was torn at the back. The evidence clearly showed
that she was guilty. The disappointed husband remarked
to his wife: "Surely, it is a plot of you women! Certainly
mighty is you plot!" Surah 12: 28
wise and just Aziz apologized to Yusuf (PBUH) for his
wife's indecency. He also instructed her to beg Yusuf
(PBUH)'s forgiveness for accusing him falsely. Allah
the Almighty narrated this incident thus: He (Yusuf
(PBUH)) said: "It was she that sought to seduce me,"
- and a witness of her household bore witness (saying):
"If it be that his shirt is torn from the front, then
her tale is true and he is a liar! But if it be that
his shirt is torn from the back, then she has told a
lie and he is speaking the truth!"
when he (her husband) saw his (Yusuf (PBUH)'s) shirt
torn at the back; (her husband) said: "Surely, it is
a plot of you women! Certainly mighty is your plot!
0 Yusuf (PBUH)! Turn away from this! (0 woman!) Ask
forgiveness for your sin. Verily, you were of the sinful."
Surah 12: 26-29
is Ridiculed by the People
incident like this cannot remain a secret in a house
filled with servants, and the story spread. Women began
to see her behavior as scandalous. They remarked: "The
wife of Al-Aziz is seeking to seduce her (slave) young
man, indeed she loves him violently; verily, we see
her in plain error." Surah 12: 30
Plan to Regain Her Reputation
their gossip distressed Zulaikha. She honestly believed
that it was not easy for any woman to resist a man as
handsome as Yusuf (PBUH). To prove her helplessness,
she planned to subject the women to the same temptation
she faced. She invited them to a lavish banquet. No
one so invited would want to miss the honor of dining
with the chief minister's wife; besides, they secretly
harbored the desire to meet the handsome Yusuf (PBUH)
face to face. Some of her close friends jokingly said
they would come only if she introduced them to Yusuf
invitation was restricted to ladies. The banquet began,
laughter and mirth abounded. Etiquette dictated that
the ladies not mention the topic of Yusuf (PBUH). They
were shocked, therefore, when Zulaikha opened the topic.
"I have heard of those who say I have fallen in love
with the young Hebrew man, Yusuf (PBUH)." Silence fell
upon the banquet. At once all the guests' hands stopped,
and all eyes fell on the chief minister's wife. She
said, while giving orders for the fruit to be served:
"I admit that he is a charming fellow. I do not deny
that I love him. I have loved him for a long time."
Women's Reaction to Yusuf (PBUH)
confession of the chief minister's wife removed the
tension among the ladies. After finishing their dinner,
the guests began cutting their fruit. At that very moment
she summoned Yusuf (PBUH) to make his appearance. He
entered the hall gracefully, his gaze lowered. Zulaikha
called him by his name and he raised his head. The guests
were astonished and dumbfounded. His face was shining
and full of manliness and angelic beauty. It reflected
complete innocence, so much so that one could feel the
peace of mind in the depth of his soul.
exclaimed in astonishment while continuing to cut the
fruit. All their eyes were on Yusuf (PBUH). So it was
that the women began to cut their palms absent-mindedly
without feeling that they had cut them.
presence of Yusuf (PBUH) at the scene of drama was so
effective that blood flowed without their feeling pain.
One of the ladies gasped: "Good gracious!" Another whispered:
'This is not a mortal being!" Another stammered, patting
her hair: "This is but a noble angel."
the chief minister's wife stood up and announced: "This
is the one for whom I have been blamed. I do not deny
that I tempted him. You have been enchanted by Yusuf
(PBUH), and see what has happened to your hands. I have
tempted him, and if he does not do what I want of him
he shall be imprisoned."
Women's Reaction - Qur'anic
Allah related the scene of the banquet in His words:
So when she heard of their accusation, she sent for
them and prepared a banquet for them; she gave each
one of them a knife (to cut the foodstuff with), and
she said (to Yusuf (PBUH)): "Come out before them."
Then, when they saw him, they exalted him (at his beauty)
and (in their astonishment) cut their hands. They said:
"How perfect is Allah (or Allah forbid)! No man is this!
This is none other than a noble angel!"
said: "This is he (the young man) about whom you did
blame me (for his love), and I did seek to seduce him,
but he refused. And now if he refuses to obey my order,
he shall certainly be cast into prison, and will be
one of those who are disgraced." Surah 31-32
(PBUH)'s Decision to Go to Jail
said: "0 my Lord! Prison is more to my liking than that
to which they invite me. Unless You turn away their
plot from me, I will feel inclined towards them and
be one (of those who commit sin and deserve blame or
those who do deeds) of the ignorants."
his Lord answered his invocation and turned away from
him their plot. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the AllKnower.
Surah 12: 33-34
evening, Zulaikha convinced her husband that the only
way to save her honor was to put Yusuf (PBUH) in prison;
otherwise she would not be able to control herself or
to safeguard his prestige. The chief minister knew Yusuf
(PBUH) was absolutely innocent, that he was a young
man of honor, a loyal servant, and he loved him for
these reasons. It was not an easy decision for him to
put an innocent man behind bars. However, he was left
with no choice. He reasoned that Yusuf (PBUH)'s honor
would also be safeguarded if he was kept out of Zulaikha's
sight. That night, with a heavy heart, the chief minister
sent Yusuf (PBUH) to prison.
(PBUH)'s Time in Prison
was Yusuf (PBUH)'s third test. During this period Allah
blessed him with an extraordinary gift: the ability
to interpret dreams. At about the same time two other
men landed in the prison. One was the cupbearer of the
king; the other was the king's cook. The two men sensed
that Yusuf (PBUH) was not a common criminal, for an
aura of piety glowed on his face. Both men had vivid
dreams, and they were anxious to have them explained.
The king's cook dreamed that he stood in a place with
bread on his head, and two birds were eating the bread.
The cupbearer dreamed that he was serving the king wine.
The two went to Yusuf (PBUH) and told him their dreams,
asking him to give them their meaning.
Yusuf (PBUH) called them to Allah. Then he said that
the cook would be crucified until he died and that the
cupbearer would return to the service of the king. Yusuf
(PBUH) told the cupbearer to remember him to the king
and to say that there was a wronged soul called Yusuf
(PBUH) in the prison. What Yusuf (PBUH) predicted did
happen; the cook was crucified and the cupbearer returned
to the palace.
the cupbearer returned to service, Satan made him forget
to mention Yusuf (PBUH)'s name to the king. Therefore,
Yusuf (PBUH) remained in prison for a few years, but
he made patience his own, praying to Allah.
(PBUH)'s Time in Prison - Qur'anic
Allah narrated: And there entered with him two young
men in the prison. One of them said: "Verily, I saw
myself (in a dream) pressing wine." The other said:
"Verily, I saw myself (in a dream) carrying bread on
my head and birds were eating thereof" (They said):
"Inform us of the interpretation of this. Verily, we
think you are one of the Muhsineen (doers of good)."
said: "No food will come to you (in wakefulness or in
dream) as your provision, but I will inform (in wakefulness)
its interpretation before it (the food) comes. This
is of that which my Lord has taught me. Verily, I have
abandoned the religion of a people that believe not
in Allah and are disbelievers in the Hereafter. And
I have followed the religion of my fathers, - Abraham,
Isaac and Jacob and never could we attribute any partners
whatsoever to Allah. This is from the Grace of Allah
to us and to mankind, but most men thank not (i.e. they
neither believe in Allah, nor worship Him).
two companions of the prison! Are many different lords
(gods) better or Allah, the One, the Irresistible? You
do not worship besides Him but only names which you
have named (forged), you and your fathers, for which
Allah has sent down no authority. The command (or the
judgment) is for none but Allah. He has commanded (i.e.
His Monotheism), that is the (true) straight religion,
but most men know not.
two companions of the prison! As for one of you, he
(as a servant) will pour out wine for his lord (King
or master) to drink; and as for the other, he will be
crucified and birds will eat from his head. Thus is
the case judged concerning which you both did inquire."
he said to the one whom he knew to be saved: 'Mention
me to your lord (i.e. your King, so as to get me out
of the prison)." But Satan made him forget to mention
it to his lord or Satan made (Yusuf (PBUH)) to forget
the remembrance of his Lord (Allah) as to ask for His
Help, instead of others. So (Yusuf (PBUH)) stayed in
prison a few (more) years. Surah 12: 36-42
scene in the prison closes; a new scene opens in the
bed chamber of the king. The king is asleep. He sees
himself on the banks of the Nile river. The water is
receding before him, becoming mere mud. The fish begin
to skip and jump in the mud. Seven fat cows come out
of the river followed by seven lean cows. The seven
lean ones devour the seven fat ones. The king is terrified.
Then seven ears of green grain grow on the river banks
and disappear in the mud. On the same spot grow seven
dry ears of grain.
king awoke frightened, shocked, and depressed, not knowing
what all this meant. He sent for the sorcerers, priests
and ministers, and told them his dream.
sorcerers said: "This is a mixed up dream. How can any
of that be? It is a nightmare."
priests said: "Perhaps his majesty had a heavy supper."
chief minister said: "Could it be that his majesty was
exposed and did not draw the blanket up at night?"
king's jester said, jokingly: "His majesty is beginning
to grow old, and so his dreams are confused."
reached a unanimous conclusion that it was only a nightmare.
news reached the cupbearer. He recollected the dream
he had had in prison and compared it to the king's dream,
and, therefore Yusuf (PBUH) came to mind. He ran to
the king to tell him about Yusuf (PBUH), who was the
only one capable of interpreting the dream. The cupbearer
said: "He had asked me to remember him to you, but I
forgot." The king sent the cupbearer to ask Yusuf (PBUH)
about the dream.
(PBUH)'s Interpretation of the Dream
(PBUH) interpreted it to him: "There will be seven years
of abundance. If the land is properly cultivated, there
will be an excess of good harvest, more than the people
will need. This should be stored. Thereafter, seven
years of famine will follow, during which time the excess
grain could be used."
also advised that during the famine they should save
some grain to be used for seed for the next harvest.
Yusuf (PBUH) then added: "After seven years of drought,
there will be a year during which water will be plentiful.
If the water is properly used, grapevines and olive
trees will grow in abundance, providing plenty of grapes
and olive oil."
cupbearer hurried back with the good news. The king
was fascinated by Yusuf (PBUH)'s interpretation.
Dream and Interpretation - Qur'anic
Allah narrated this incident thus: And the king (of
Egypt) said: "Verily, I saw (in a dream) seven fat cows,
whom seven lean cows were devouring - and (seven) green
ears of corn, and seven others dry. 0 notables! Explain
to me my dream, if it be that you can interpret dreams."
said: 'Mixed up false dreams and we are not skilled
in the interpretation of dreams."
the man who was released (one of the two who were in
prison), now at length remembered and said: "I will
tell you its interpretation, so send me forth."
said): "0 Yusuf (PBUH), the man of truth! Explain to
us (the dream) of seven fat cows whom seven lean ones
were devouring, and of seven green ears of corn, and
(seven) others dry, that I may return to the people,
and that they may know." (Yusuf (PBUH)) said: "For seven
consecutive years, you shall sow as usual and that (the
harvest) which you reap you shall leave in ears, (all)
- except a little of it which you may eat. Then will
come after that seven hard (years), which will devour
what you have laid by in advance for them, (all) except
a little of that which you have guarded (stored). Then
thereafter will come a year in which people will have
abundant rain and in which they will press (wine and
oil)." Surah 12: 43-49
(PBUH)'s Innocence Proved
king was greatly astonished. Who could this person be?
He commanded that Yusuf (PBUH) to be set free from prison
and presented to him at once. The king's envoy went
to fetch him immediately, but Yusuf (PBUH) refused to
leave the prison unless his innocence was proven. Perhaps
they accused him of cutting the ladies' hands, or of
trying to rape them. Perhaps any other false accusation
do not know exactly what was said to the people to justify
Yusuf (PBUH)'s sentence to prison. The envoy returned
to the king. The kings asked him: "Where is Yusuf (PBUH)?
Did I not command you to fetch him?"
envoy replied: "He refused to leave until his innocence
is established regarding the ladies who cut their hands."
king ordered: "Bring the wives of the ministers and
the wife of the chief minister at once." The king felt
that Yusuf (PBUH) had been harmed unfairly but he did
not know exactly how.
wife of the chief minister came with the other ministers'
wives. The king asked: "What is the story of Yusuf (PBUH)?
What do you know about him? Is it true that...?" .
of the ladies interrupted the king exclaiming: "Allah
second said: "We know of no evil he has done."
third said: "He enjoys the innocence of angels."
eyes of everyone turned to the wife of the chief minister.
She now wore a wrinkled face and had lost weight. She
had been overwhelmed by sorrow over Yusuf (PBUH) while
he was in prison. She boldly confessed that she had
lied and he had told the truth. "I tempted him; but
he refused." She confirmed what she said, not out of
fear of the king or the other ladies, but for Yusuf
(PBUH) to know that she had never betrayed him during
his absence, for he was still in her mind and soul.
Of all creation he was the only one she cared for, so
she confirmed his innocence before all.
(PBUH)'s Innocence Proved - Qur'anic
Allah said: And the king said: "Bring him to me. But
when the messenger came to him (Yusuf (PBUH)) said:
"Return to your lord and ask him, 'What happened to
the women who cut their hands? Surely, my Lord (Allah)
is WellAware of their plot.
king) said (to the women): 'What was your affair when
you did seek to seduce Yusuf (PBUH)?" The women said:
'Allah forbid! No evil know we against him!" The wife
of Al- 'Aziz said: "Now the truth is manifest (to all),
it was I who sought to seduce him, and he is surely
of the truthful."
Yusuf (PBUH) said. "I asked for this enquiry) in order
that he (Al- 'Aziz) may know that I betrayed him not
in secret. And, verily! Allah guides not the plot of
the betrayers. And I free not myself (from the blame).
Verily, the (human) self is inclined to evil, except
when my Lord bestows His Mercy (upon whom He wills).
Verily, my Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." Surah
on these verses suggests that she had turned to Yusuf
(PBUH)'s religion, monotheism. His imprisonment was
a great turning point in her life.
this, the Qur'anic style neglects the story of the chief
minister's wife completely. We do not know what happened
to her after she gave her clear evidence. Yet still,
there are legends about her. It has been said that after
her husband died she married Yusuf (PBUH), and, behold,
she was a virgin. She confessed that her husband had
been old and had never touched women. Other legends
said that she lost her sight, weeping for Yusuf (PBUH).
She abandoned her palace and wandered in the streets
of the city.
the lady disappeared from the Qur'anic narrative at
a suitable stage, at the climax of her trouble. Perhaps
she lingers in memory longer than if we had known the
(PBUH)'s High Position
king informed Yusuf (PBUH) that his innocence was established
and ordered him to come to the palace for an interview.
The king recognized his noble qualities. When Yusuf
(PBUH) came, the king spoke to him in his tongue. Yusuf
(PBUH)'s replies astonished the king with his cultural
refinement and wide knowledge.
the conversation turned to the dream. Yusuf (PBUH) advised
the king to start planning for years of famine ahead.
He informed him that the famine would affect not only
Egypt but the neighboring countries as well. The king
offered him a high position. Yusuf (PBUH) asked to be
made controller of the granaries, so that he could guard
the nation's harvest and thereby safeguard it during
the anticipated drought. By this Yusuf (PBUH) did not
mean to seize an opportunity or personal gain; he merely
wanted to rescue hungry nations for a period of seven
years. It was a sheer self-sacrifice on his part.
(PBUH)'s High Position - Qur'anic
Allah said: And the king said. "Bring him to me that
I may attach him to my person." Then, when he spoke
to him, he said: "Verily, this day, you are with us
high in rank and fully trusted."
(PBUH)) said: "Set me over the store-houses of the land;
I will indeed guard them with full knowledge" (as a
minister of finance in Egypt. in place of Al- Aziz who
was dead at that time).
did We give full authority to Yusuf (PBUH) in the land,
to take possession therein, as when or where he likes.
We bestow of Our Mercy on whom We please, and We make
not to be lost the reward of Al-Muhsineen (the good-doers).
Surah 12: 54-57
(PBUH) Meets His Brothers
wheels of time turned. During the seven good years,
Yusuf (PBUH) had full control over the cultivation,
harvesting, and storage of crops. During the following
seven years, drought followed and famine spread throughout
the region, including Canaan, the homeland of Yusuf
(PBUH). Yusuf (PBUH) advised the king that as his kingdom
was blessed with reserved grain, he should sell grain
to the needy nations at a fair price. The king agreed,
and the good news spread all over the region.
sent ten of his sons, all except Benjamin, to Egypt
to purchase provisions. Yusuf (PBUH) heard of the ten
brothers who had come from afar and who could not speak
the language of the Egyptians. When they called on him
to purchase their needs, Yusuf (PBUH) immediately recognized
his brothers, but they did not know him. How could they?
To them Yusuf (PBUH) no longer existed; he had been
thrown into the deep, dark well many years ago!
(PBUH) received them warmly. After supplying them with
provisions, he asked where they had come from. They
explained: "We are eleven brothers, the children of
a noble prophet. The youngest is at home tending to
the needs of our aging father."
hearing this, Yusuf (PBUH)'s eyes filled with tears;
his longing for home swelled up in his heart, as well
as his longing for his beloved parents and his loving
brother Benjamin. "Are you truthful people?" Yusuf (PBUH)
they replied: "What reason should we have to state an
what you say is true then bring your brother as proof
and I will reward you with double rations. But if you
do not bring him to me, it would be better if you did
not return," Yusuf (PBUH) warned them.
assured him that they would gladly fulfill his command
but that they would have to get their father's permission.
As an inducement to return with their brother, Yusuf
(PBUH) ordered his servant to secretly place the purse,
with the money they had paid, into one of their grain
(PBUH) Meets His Brothers - Qur'anic
the Almighty said: And Yusuf (PBUH)'s brethren came
and they entered unto him, and he recognized them, but
they recognized him not. And when he had furnished them
forth with provisions (according to their need), he
said: "Bring me a brother of yours from your father;
(he meant Benjamin). See you not that I give full measure,
and that I am the best of the hosts? But if you bring
him not to me, there shall be no measure (of corn) for
you with me, nor shall you come near me."
said: "We shall try to get permission (for him) from
his father, and verily, we shall do it."
(Yusuf (PBUH)) told his servants to put their money
(with which they had bought the corn) into their bags,
so that they might know it when they go back to their
people, in order that they might come back. Surah 12:
Brothers Return to Canaan
scene dims in Egypt and lights in Canaan. The brothers
returned to their father. Before they could unload the
camels, they greeted him, then reproved him: "We were
denied some supplies because you did not let your son
go with us. They would not give us food for absentees.
Why would you not entrust him with us? Please, send
him with us, and we shall take care of him."
became sad and told them: "I will not permit Benjamin
to travel with you. I will not part with him, for I
entrusted Yusuf (PBUH) to you and you failed me."
when they opened their grain sacks, they were surprised
to find the money purse returned intact. They rushed
to their father: "Look, father! The noble official has
returned our money; this is surely proof that he would
not harm our brother and it can only benefit us." But
Jacob refused to send Benjamin with them.
some time, when they had no more grain, Jacob asked
them to travel to Egypt for more. They reminded him
of the warning the Egyptian official had given them.
They could not return without Benjamin. Jacob agreed,
but not before he extracted a pledge from them. "I will
not send him with you unless you give me a pledge in
Allah's name that you shall bring him back to me as
safely as you take him." They gave their solemn pledge.
He reminded them: "Allah is witness to your pledge."
He then advised them to enter the city through several
Brothers Return to Canaan - Qur'anic
Allah narrated: So, when they returned to their father,
they said: "0 our father! No more measure of grain shall
we get (unless we take our brother). So send our brother
with us, and we shall get our measure and truly we will
guard him." He said: "Can I entrust him to you except
as I entrusted his brother (Yusuf (PBUH)) to you aforetime?
But Allah is the best to guard, and He is the Most Merciful
of those Who show mercy.
when they opened their bags, they found their money
had been returned to them. They said: "0 our father!
What (more) can we desire? This, our money has been
returned to us, so we shall get (more) food for our
family, and we shall guard our brother and add one more
measure of a camel's load. This quantity is easy (for
the king to give)."
(Jacob) said: "I will not send him with you until you
swear a solemn oath to me in Allah's Name, that you
will bring him back to me unless you are yourselves
surrounded (by enemies, etc.)." And when they had sworn
their solemn oath, he said: 'Allah is the Witness over
what we have said."
he said: "0 my sons! Do not enter by one gate, but by
different gates, and I cannot avail you against Allah
at all. Verily! The decision rests only with Allah.
In Him, Iput my trust and let all those that trust,
put their trust in Him." Surah 12: 63-67
blessed them on their departure and prayed to Allah
for their protection. The brothers undertook the long
journey to Egypt, taking good care of Benjamin.
(PBUH) and Benjamin Meet
(PBUH) welcomed them heartily, although, with difficulty,
he suppressed the desire to embrace Benjamin that arose
within him. He prepared a feast for them and seated
them in pairs. Yusuf (PBUH) arranged to sit next to
his beloved brother Benjamin, who began to weep. Yusuf
(PBUH) asked him why he was crying. He replied: "If
my brother Yusuf (PBUH) had been here, I would have
sat next to him."
night, when Yusuf (PBUH) and Benjamin were alone in
a room, Yusuf (PBUH) asked whether he would have him
for a brother. Benjamin respectfully answered that he
regarded his host as a wonderful person, but he could
never take the place of his brother. Yusuf (PBUH) broke
down, and amidst flowing tears, said: "My loving brother,
I am the brother who was lost and whose name you are
constantly repeating. Fate has brought us together after
many years of separation. This is Allah's favor. But
let it be a secret between us for the time being." Benjamin
flung his arms around Yusuf (PBUH) and both brothers
shed tears of joy.
Thief Among the Brothers
next day, while their bags were being filled with grain
to load onto the camels, Yusuf (PBUH) ordered one of
his attendants to place the king's gold cup which was
used for measuring the grain into Benjamin's saddlebag.
When the brothers were ready to set out, the gates were
locked, and the court crier shouted: "0 you travelers,
you are thieves!" The accusation was most unusual, and
the people gathered around Yusuf (PBUH)'s brothers.
have you lost?" his brothers inquired.
soldier said: 'The king's golden cup. Whoever can trace
it we will give a beast-load of grain."
(PBUH)'s brothers said with all innocence: "We have
not come here to corrupt the land and steal."
(PBUH)'s officers said (as he had instructed them):
"What punishment should you choose for the thief?" The
brothers answered: "According to our law, whoever steals
becomes a slave to the owner of the property."
officers agreed: "We shall apply your law instead of
the Egyptian law, which provides for imprisonment."
chief officer ordered his soldiers to start searching
the caravan. Yusuf (PBUH) was watching the incident
from high upon his throne. He had given instructions
for Benjamin's bag to be the last to be searched. When
they did not find the cup in the bags of the ten older
brothers, the brothers sighed in relief.
remained only the bag of their youngest brother.
(PBUH) said, intervening for the first time, that there
was no need to search his saddle, as he did not look
like a thief.
brothers affirmed: "We will not move an inch unless
his saddle is searched as well. We are the sons of a
noble man, not thieves."
soldiers reached in their hands and pulled out the king's
cup. The brothers exclaimed: "If he steals now, a brother
of his has stolen before." They strayed from the present
issue in order to blame a particular group of the children
(PBUH) heard their resentment with his own ears and
was filled with regret. Yet, he swallowed his own resentment,
keeping it within. He said to himself: 'You went further
and fared worse; it shall go bad with you and worse
hereafter, and Allah knows your intention."
fell upon them after these remarks by the brothers.
Then they forgot their secret satisfaction and thought
of Jacob; they had taken an oath with him that they
would not betray his son.
began to beg Yusuf (PBUH) for mercy. "Yusuf (PBUH),
0 minister! Take one of us in his stead. He is the son
of a good man, and we can see you are a good man."
(PBUH) answered calmly: "How can you want to set free
the man who has stolen the king's cup? It would be sinful."
brothers went on pleading for mercy. However, the guards
said that the king had spoken and his word was law.
the eldest, was much worried and told the others: "We
promised our father in the name of Allah not to fail
him. I will, therefore, stay behind and will only return
if my father permits me to do so."
(PBUH) Meets Benjamin and the Accusation - Qur'anic
Regarding this scene, Almighty Allah said: And when
they entered according to their father's advice, it
did not avail them in the least against (the Will of)
Allah, it was but a need of Jacob's inner-self which
he discharged. And verily, he was endowed with knowledge
because We had taught him, but most men know not. And
when they went in before Yusuf (PBUH), he betook his
brother (Benjamin) to himself and said: "Verily! I am
your brother, so grieve not for what they used to do."
when he had furnished them forth with their provisions,
he put the (golden) bowl into his brother's bag. Then
a crier cried: "0 you (in) the caravan! Surely, you
are thieves!" They, turning towards them, said: "What
is it that you have missed?"
said: "We have missed the (golden) bowl of the king
and for him who produces it is (the reward of) a camel
load; I will be bound by it."
said: "By Allah! Indeed you know that we came not to
make mischief in the land, and we are no thieves!"
(Yusuf (PBUH)'s brothers) said: "The penalty should
be that he, in whose bag it is found, should be held
for the punishment (of the crime). Thus we punish the
Zalimeen (wrong-doers, etc.)!"
he (Yusuf (PBUH)) began (the search) in their bags before
the bag of his brother. Then he brought it out of his
brother's bag. Thus did We plan for Yusuf (PBUH). He
could not take his brother by the law of the king (as
a slave), except that Allah willed it. (So Allah made
the brothers to bind themselves with their way of "punishment,
i.e. enslaving of a thief") We raise to degrees whom
We please, but over all those endowed with knowledge
is the All-Knowing (Allah).
(Yusuf (PBUH)'s brothers) said: "If he steals, there
was a brother of his (Yusuf (PBUH)) who did steal before
(him)." But these things did Yusuf (PBUH) keep in himself,
revealing not the secrets to them. He said (within himself):
"You are in worst case, and Allah knows best the truth
of what you assert!"
said: "0 ruler of the land! Verily, he has an old father
(who will grieve for him); so take one of us in his
place. Indeed we think that you are one of the good-doers."
said: "Allah forbid, that we should take anyone but
him with whom we found our property. Indeed (if we did
so), we shall be Zalimun (wrong-doers)."
when they despaired of him, they held a conference in
private. The eldest among them said: "Know you not that
you father did take an oath from you in Allah's name,
and before this you did fail in your duty with Yusuf
(PBUH)? Therefore I will not leave this land until my
father permits me, or Allah decides my case (by releasing
Benjamin) and He is the Best of the judges." Surah 12:
brothers left enough provisions behind for Judah, who
stayed at a tavern awaiting the fate of Benjamin. In
the meantime, Yusuf (PBUH) kept Benjamin in his house
as his personal guest and told him how he had devised
the plot to put the king's cup in his bag, in order
to keep him behind, so as to protect him. He was also
glad that Judah had stayed behind, as he was a good-hearted
brother. Yusuf (PBUH) secretly arranged to watch over
(PBUH)'s plan in sending the others back was to test
their sincerity, to see if they would come back for
the two brothers they had left behind.
Brothers Confront Jacob
they arrived home, they entered upon their father, calling:
"0 our father! Your son has stolen!"
was puzzled, scarcely believing the news. He was overwhelmed
with sorrow and his eyes wept tears. "Patience be with
me; perhaps Allah will return all of them to me. He
is Most Knowing, Most Wise." A pall of lonesomeness
closed over him, yet he found consolation in patience
and trusted in Allah.
Brothers Confront Jacob - Qur'anic
revealed to us what happened at their meeting with their
father: Judah said: "Return to your father and say:
'0 our father! Verily, your son (Benjamin) has stolen,
and we testify not except according to what we know,
and we could not know the unseen! And ask (the people
of) the town where we have been, and the caravan in
which we returned and indeed we are telling the truth.
(Jacob) said: "Nay, but your ownselves have beguiled
you into something. So patience is most fitting (for
me). May be Allah will bring them (back) all to me.
Truly He! Only He is All-Knowing, All-Wise."
he turned away from them and said: "Alas, my grief for
Yusuf (PBUH)!" And he lost his sight because of the
sorrow that he was suppressing. Surah 12: 81-84
Request to Find Yusuf (PBUH)
father was deeply hurt. Only prayer could comfort him
and strengthen his faith and patience. Weeping all those
years for his beloved son Yusuf (PBUH) - and now one
more of his best sons had been snatched from him - Jacob
almost lost his sight.
other sons pleaded with him: "0 father, you are a noble
prophet and a great messenger of Allah. Unto you descended
revelation and people received guidance and faith from
you. Why are you destroying yourself in this way?"
replied: "Rebuking me will not lessen my grief. Only
the return of my sons will comfort me. My sons, go in
search of Yusuf (PBUH) and his brother; do not despair
of Allah's mercy."
Request to Find Yusuf (PBUH) - Qur'anic
the Almighty told us: They said: "By Allah! You will
never cease remembering Yusuf (PBUH) until you become
weak with old age, or until you be of the dead."
said. "I only complain of my grief and sorrow to Allah,
and I know from Allah that which you know not. 0 my
sons! Go you and enquire about Yusuf (PBUH) and his
brother, and never give up hope of Allah's Mercy. Certainly
no one despairs of Allah's Mercy, except the people
who disbelieve." Surah 12: 85-87
(PBUH) Reveals Himself
caravan set out for Egypt. The brothers - on their way
to see the chief minister (Yusuf (PBUH)) - were poor
reaching Egypt they collected Judah and called on Yusuf
(PBUH), to whom they pleaded: "0 ruler of the land!
A hard time has hit us and our family, and we have brought
but poor capital, so pay us full measure and be charitable
to us. Truly, Allah does reward the charitable." Surah
the end, they begged Yusuf (PBUH). They asked alms of
him, appealing to his heart, reminding him that Allah
rewards alms givers. At this moment, in the midst of
their plight, Yusuf (PBUH) spoke to them in their native
tongue saying: "Do you know what you did with Yusuf
(PBUH) and his brother, when you were ignorant?"
said: "Are you indeed Yusuf (PBUH)?"
said: "I am Yusuf (PBUH), and this is my brother (Benjamin).
Allah has indeed been Gracious to us. Verily, he who
fears Allah with obedience to Him (by abstaining from
sins and evil deeds, and by performing righteous good
deeds), and is patient, then surely, Allah makes not
the reward of the good doers to be lost."
said: "By Allah! Indeed Allah has preferred you above
us, and we certainly have been sinners. " Surah 12:
brothers began to tremble with fear, but Yusuf (PBUH)
comforted them: "No reproach on you this day, may Allah
forgive you, and He is the Most Merciful of those who
show mercy!" Surah 12: 92
Learns About Yusuf (PBUH)
(PBUH) embraced them, and together they wept with joy.
It was not possible for Yusuf (PBUH) to leave his responsible
office without proper replacement, so he advised his
brothers: "Go with this shirt of mine, and cast it over
the face of my father, he will become clear-sighted,
and bring to me all your family. " Surah 12: 93
so the caravan headed back for Palestine. We leave the
scene in Egypt and return to Palestine and the house
of Jacob. The old man is sitting in his room; tears
have been flowing down his cheeks. He stands up all
of a sudden, dresses and goes out to his sons' wives.
Then he lifts up his face to Heaven and sniffs the air.
wife of the eldest son remarked: "Jacob has come out
of his room today." The women inquired about what was
amiss. There was a hint of a smile on his face. The
others asked him: "How do you feel today?"
answered: "I can smell Yusuf (PBUH) in the air."
wives left him alone, saying to one another that there
was no hope for the old man. "He will die of weeping
over Yusuf (PBUH)."
he talk about Yusuf (PBUH)'s shirt?"
do not know. He said he could smell him; perhaps he
has gone mad."
day the old man wanted a cup of milk to break his fast,
for he had been fasting. At night he changed his clothes.
The caravan was traveling in the desert with Yusuf (PBUH)'s
shirt hidden among the grain. It neared the old man's
estate. He gesticulated in his room, and then he prayed
a long time, lifting his hands to heaven and sniffing
the air. He was weeping as the shirt was nearing him.
when the caravan departed, their father said: "I do
indeed feel the smell of Yusuf (PBUH), if only you think
me not a dotard (a person who has weakness of mind because
of old age)."
said: "By Allah! Certainly, you are in your old error."
when the bearer of the glad tidings arrived, he cast
it (the shirt) over his face, and he became clear-sighted.
He said: "Did I not say to you, 'I know from Allah that
which you know not.
said. "0 our father! Ask Forgiveness (from Allah) for
our sins, indeed we have been sinners." Surah 12: 94-97
and Yusuf (PBUH) (PBUT) Meet
story began with a dream and it ends with the interpretation
of the dream. Almighty Allah narrated: He said: "I will
ask my Lord for forgiveness for you, verily He! Only
He is the Oft-forgiving, the Most Merciful."
when they entered unto Yusuf (PBUH), he betook his parents
to himself and said: "Enter Egypt, if Allah will, in
he raised his parents to the throne and they fell down
before him prostrate. And he said: "0 my father! This
is the interpretation of my dream of old! My Lord has
made it come true! He was indeed good to me, when He
took me out of the prison, and brought you (all here)
out of the bedouin-life, after Satan had sown enmity
between me and my brothers. Certainly, my Lord is the
Most Courteous and Kind unto whom He will. Truly He!
Only He is the All-Knowing, the All-Wise. " Surah 12:
his feelings now that his dream has come true. He prays
to Allah: 'My Lord! You have indeed bestowed on me of
the sovereignty, and taught me the interpretation of
dreams; The (only) Creator of the heavens and the earth!
You are my Wali (Protector, Helper, Supporter, Guardian,
etc.) in this world and in the Hereafter, cause me to
die as a Muslim (the one submitting to Your Will), and
join me with the righteous." Surah 12: 101
(PBUH) arranged an audience with the king for himself
and his family, to ask the king's permission for them
to settle in Egypt. Yusuf (PBUH) was an asset to the
kingdom, and the king was happy to have him remain with
his household. Yusuf (PBUH) prostrated to Allah in gratitude.
Death of Jacob and Yusuf (PBUH) (PBUT)
he died, Jacob advised his children to adhere to the
teachings of Islam, the religion of all of Allah's prophets.
Allah the Almighty revealed: Or were you witnesses when
death approached Jacob? When he said unto his sons:
"What will you worship after me?" They said: "We shall
worship your Ilah (God - Allah) the Ilah (God) of your
fathers. Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, One Ilah (God), and
to Him we submit (in Islam)." Surah 2: 133
(PBUH) , at the moment of his death, asked his brothers
to bury him beside his forefathers if they were to leave
Egypt. So when Yusuf (PBUH) passed away, he was mummified
and placed in a coffin until such a time as he could
be taken out of Egypt and buried beside his forefathers,
as he had requested. It was said that he died at the
age of one hundred ten.