Prophet Ayoub (PBUH)
Ayoub's Family History
Ibn Ishaaq stated
that he was a man of Rum. His name was Ayoub, Ibn Mose,
Ibn Razeh, Ibn Esau, Ibn Isaac , Ibn Abraham . Someone
else said he was Ayoub, Ibn Mose, Ibn Rimil, Ibn Esau,
Ibn Isaac, Ibn Jacob. There have also been other statements
on his lineage. Ibn Asaker narrated that his mother
was a daughter of Lot . It was said, also, that his
father was one who believed in Abraham when he was cast
into the fire.
The first opinion is the
most plausable, because he was a descendant of Abraham's
offspring as Allah Almighty declared: And that was Our
proof which We gave Abraham against his people. We raise
whom We will in degrees. Certainly your Lord is All-Wise,
All-Knowing. And We bestowed upon him Isaac and Jacob,
each of them We guided, and before him, We guided Noah,
and among his progeny David, Solomon, Ayoub, Joseph, Moses,
and Aaron. Thus do We reward the good-doers. Surah 6:
Allah's Praises of
Allah the Almighty praised
His worshiper Ayoub in His Glorious Qur'an: Truly! We
found him patient. How excellent (a) slave! Verily,
he was ever oft-returning in repentance (to Us)! Surah
Ayoub was repentant, remembering
Allah with thankfulness, patience, and steadfastness.
This was the cause of his rescue and the secret of Allah's
A group of angels were
discussing Allah's other human creatures, how those
who were humble earned Allah's pleasure, while those
who were arrogant incurred His displeasure. One of the
angels remarked: 'The best creature on earth today is
Ayoub, a man of noble character who displays great patience
and always remembers his Generous Lord. He is an excellent
model for the worshipers of Allah. In return, his Lord
has blessed him with a long life and plenty of riches,
yet he is never haughty or selfish. His family, his
servants, as well as the needy and the poor share in
his good fortune; he feeds and clothes the poor and
buys slaves to set them free. He makes those who receive
his charity feel as if they are favoring him, so kind
and gentle is he."
Iblis's Jealousy of
Iblis, overhearing all
this, became annoyed. He planned to tempt Ayoub to corruption
and disbelief, so he hastened to him. He tried to distract
Ayoub from his prayers by whispering to him about the
good things in life, but Ayoub was a true believer and
would not let evil thoughts tempt him. This disturbed
Iblis more; thus he began to hate Ayoub even more.
Iblis Destroys Ayoub's
Iblis complained to Allah
about Ayoub. He said that although he was continuously
glorifying Allah, he was not doing so out of his sincerity
but to satisfy Allah so that his wealth should not be
taken away. It was all a show, all out of greed. "If
You remove his wealth then You will find that his tongue
will no longer mention Your name and his praying will
Allah told Iblis that
Ayoub was one of His most sincere devotees. He did not
worship Him because of the favors; his worship stemmed
from his heart and had nothing to do with material things.
But to prove to Iblis the depth of Ayoub's sincerity and
patience, Allah allowed him to do whatever he and his
helpers wished with Ayoub's wealth.
Iblis was very happy.
He gathered his helpers and set about destroying Ayoub's
cattle, servants, and farms until he was left with no
possessions. Rubbing his hands in glee, Iblis appeared
before Ayoub in the guise of a wise old man and said to
him: "All your wealth is lost. Some people say that
it is because you gave too much charity and that you
are wasting your time with your continuous prayers to
Allah. Others say that Allah has brought this upon you
in order to please your enemies. If Allah had the capacity
to prevent harm, then He would have protected your wealth."
True to his belief, Ayoub
replied: "What Allah has taken away from me belongs
to Him. I was only its trustee for a while. He gives
to whom He wills and withholds from whom He wills."
With these words, Ayoub again prostrated to his Lord.
Iblis Destroys Ayoub's
When Iblis saw this, he
felt frustrated, so he again addressed Allah: "I have
stripped Ayoub of all his possessions, but he still remains
grateful to You. However, he is only hiding his disappointment,
for he places great store by his many children. The
real test of a parent is through his children. You will
then see how Ayoub will reject You."
Allah granted Iblis authority,
but warned him that it would not reduce Ayoub's faith
in his Lord nor his patience.
Iblis again gathered his
helpers and set about his evil deeds. He shook the foundation
of the house in which Ayoub's children were living and
sent the building crashing, killing all of them. Then
he went to Ayoub disguised as a man who had come to sympathize
with him. In a comforting tone he said to Ayoub: 'The
circumstances under which your children died were sad.
Surely, your Lord is not rewarding you properly for
all your prayers." Having said this, Iblis waited anxiously,
hoping Ayoub was now ready to reject Allah.
But again Ayoub disappointed
him by replying: "Allah sometimes gives and sometimes
takes. He is sometimes pleased and sometimes displeased
with our deeds. Whether a thing is beneficial or harmful
to me, I will remain firm in my belief and remain thankful
to my Creator." Then Ayoub prostrated to his Lord. At
this Iblis was extremely vexed.
Iblis Destroys Ayoub's
Iblis again called on
Allah. "0 my Lord, Ayoub's wealth is gone, his children
are dead, but he is still healthy in body, and as long
as he enjoys good health he will continue to worship
You in the hope of regaining his wealth and producing
more children. Grant me authority over his body so that
I may weaken it. He will surely neglect worshipping
You and will thus become disobedient."
Allah wanted to teach
Iblis a lesson that Ayoub was a devoted servant of his
Lord, so He granted Iblis his third request but placed
a condition: "I give you authority over his body but
not over his soul, intellect, or heart, for in these
places reside the knowledge of Me and My religion."
Armed with this new authority,
Iblis began to take revenge on Ayoub's body and filled
it with disease until it was reduced to mere skin and
bone and he suffered severe pain. But through all the
suffering Ayoub remained strong in his faith, patiently
bearing all the hardships without complaining. Allah's
righteous servant did not despair or turn to others
for help but remained hopeful of Allah's mercy. Even
close relatives and friends deserted him. Only his kind,
loving wife stayed with him. In his hour of need, she
showered her kindness on him and cared for him. She
remained his sole companion and comforter through the
many years of his suffering.
Ayoub's Life - Summary
Ibn Asaker narrated: "Ayoub
was a man having much wealth of all kinds: beasts, slaves,
sheep, vast lands of Haran and many children. All those
favors were taken from him and he was physically afflicted
as well. Never a single organ was sound except his heart
and tongue, with both of which he glorified Allah, the
Almighty all the time day and night. His disease lasted
for a long time until his visitors felt disgusted with
him. His friends kept away from him, and people abstained
from visiting him. No one felt sympathy for him except
his wife. She took good care of him, knowing his former
charity and pity for her."
Ayoub's Prayer for Mercy
Therefore, Iblis became
desperate. He consulted his helpers, but they could
not advise him. They asked: "How is it that your cleverness
cannot work against Ayoub, yet you succeeded in misleading
Adam, the father of man, out of Paradise?"
Iblis went to Ayoub's wife
in the form of a man. "Where is your husband?" he asked
She pointed to an almost
lifeless form crumpled on the bed and said: 'There he
is, suspended between life and death."
Iblis reminded her of
the days when Ayoub had good health, wealth and children.
Suddenly, the painful memory of years of hardship overcame
her, and she burst into tears. She said to Ayoub: "How
long are you going to bear this torture from our Lord?
Are we to remain without wealth, children or friends
forever? Why don't you call upon Allah to remove this
Ayoub sighed, and in a soft
voice replied: "Iblis must have whispered to you and
made you dissatisfied. Tell me, how long did I enjoy
good health and riches?"
She replied: "For eighty
Then Ayoub asked: "How long
am I suffering like this?"
She said: "For seven years.''
Ayoub then told her: "In
that case I am ashamed to call on my Lord to remove
the hardship, for I have not suffered longer than the
years of good health and plenty. It seems your faith
has weakened and you are dissatisfied with the fate
of Allah. If I ever regain health, I swear I will punish
you with a hundred strokes! From this day onward, I
forbid myself to eat or drink anything from your hand.
Leave me alone and let my Lord do with me as He pleases."
Crying bitterly and with
a heavy heart, she had no choice but to leave him and
seek shelter elsewhere. In this helpless state, Ayoub
turned to Allah, not to complain but to seek His mercy:
"Verily, distress has seized me, and You are the Most
Merciful of all those who show mercy.
Ayoub's Health is Restored
So We answered his call,
and We removed the distress that was on him, and We
restored his family to him (that he had lost), and the
like thereof along with them - as a mercy from Ourselves
and a Reminder for all who worship Us." Surah 21: 83-84
Almighty Allah also instructed:
And remember Our slave Ayoub, when he invoked his Lord
(saying): "Verily! Satan has touched me with distress
(by losing my health) and torment (by losing my wealth)!"
Allah said to him: "Strike the ground with your foot:
This is a spring of water to wash in, cool and a (refreshing)
drink." And We gave him (back) his family, and along
with them the like thereof, as a Mercy from Us, and
a reminder for those who understand. Surah 38: 41-43
Ayoub obeyed, and almost
immediately his good health was restored. Meanwhile,
his faithful wife could no longer bear to be parted
from her husband and returned to him to beg his forgiveness,
desiring to serve him. On entering her house, she was
amazed at the sudden change: Ayoub was again healthy!
She embraced him and thanked Allah for His mercy.
Ayoub was now worried, for
he had taken an oath to punish her with a hundred strokes
if he regained health, but he had no desire to hurt
her. He knew if he did not fulfill the oath, he would
be guilty of breaking a promise to Allah. Therefore,
in His wisdom and mercy, Allah came to the assistance
of His faithful servant, and advised him: And take in
your hand a bundle of thin grass and strike therewith
(your wife), and break not your oath." Truly! We found
him patient. How excellent (a) slave! Verily, he was
ever oft-returning in repentance (to Us)!" Surah 38:
Account About Ayoub
Abu Hurairah (may Allah
be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet Muhammad
said: "While Ayoub was naked, taking a bath, a swarm of
gold locusts fell on him, and he started collecting
them in his garment. His Lord called him: '0 Ayoub! Have
I not made you too rich to need what you see?' He said:
'Yes, 0 Lord! But I cannot shun Your Blessings."