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Amerikan sedän maalauksia/Uncle of america have made paintings

My Favorite Web Sites/suosikki sivuni

Kuvia Petteriläisistä/peter club/päivitys
Alkuun/start page
Maria Leppinen(Hakola)
Maria Leppinen Rinta_Kiikka Jaarikka Kuivaniemi
Kattotoiilikone käsikone
Kotimylly betoniin
Betoniitiilen tekomalli ja muotti
Kuva
kuva
kuva
toini
miili
isoaiti
eevert

Uncle of America have painted these pictures 1908.

The places were Leander Suomela live in america

The places were Leander Suomela live in america

And in Finland.

He born in Ilmajoki or Kurikka and start to study whit my grandfather Viljo Hakola and the Leander was the uncle to my grandfather ,but they age was nearly the same so they start to study at the same time in school .

 

Now I told the times and places that I'm got from the postcards and letters

That he has send to my grandfather who live that time (from year 1918) in Teuva Luovankyla

For young boy Leander go to Nurmo 1907 to learn to baker worked.

Then postcard from Worcester 1908 Mass

Then postcard from Worcester 1909 Mass

Then postcard from Worcester 1911 Mass

Brooklyn 1912 Mass

Brooklyn 1912 Mass

Fitchburg 1912 Mass

Next postcard is from New York 1912 and state NY

Worcester 1913 Mass

New York 1913 NY

Cleveland ohio 1913 OH

Then postcard from Worcester 1925 Mass

As you can see that he do't inform to home nearly 12 years

 

 

 

 

 

This photo not give right how good he was. But enyway you might know the place? If you know, infor me pleace. VALLEY This lamgirl is painter nearly same time. LAMM That person figure "Indian in the canu" can see AMERCAN INDIAN WOMEN

Muita valokuvia

Lauri,Eira,Tapio,Sinikka

Liisa,Helmi,Anni,Toini,Linne

Anni,Liisa,Maija

Hilkka,Olavi,Ensio,Raakel,Matti,Anni,Maija,Ingemar

Antti,Kirsti,Toini,Jussi

www

http://www.yourdictionary.com/languages.html

 

Navajo Code Talkers' Dictionary

REVISED AS OF 15 JUNE 1945
(DECLASSIFIED UNDER DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DIRECTIVE 5200.9)
ALPHABET         NAVAJO WORD                LITERAL TRANSLATION
A                WOL-LA-CHEE                ANT
A                BE-LA-SANA                 APPLE
A                TSE-NILL                   AXE
B                NA-HASH-CHID               BADGER
B                SHUSH                      BEAR
B                TOISH-JEH                  BARREL
C                MOASI                      CAT
C                TLA-GIN                    COAL
C                BA-GOSHI                   COW
D                BE                         DEER
D                CHINDI                     DEVIL
D                LHA-CHA-EH                 DOG
E                AH-JAH                     EAR
E                DZEH                       ELK
E                AH-NAH                     EYE
F                CHUO                       FIR
F                TSA-E-DONIN-EE             FLY
F                MA-E                       FOX
G                AH-TAD                     GIRL
G                KLIZZIE                    GOAT
G                JEHA                       GUM
H                TSE-GAH                    HAIR
H                CHA                        HAT
H                LIN                        HORSE
I                TKIN                       ICE
I                YEH-HES                    ITCH
I                A-CHI                      INTESTINE
J                TKELE-CHO-G                JACKASS
J                AH-YA-TSINNE               JAW
J                YIL-DOI                    JERK
K                JAD-HO-LONI                KETTLE
K                BA-AH-NE-DI-TININ          KEY
K                KLIZZIE-YAZZIE             KID
L                DIBEH-YAZZIE               LAMB
L                AH-JAD                     LEG
L                NASH-DOIE-TSO              LION
M                TSIN-TLITI                 MATCH
M                BE-TAS-TNI                 MIRROR
M                NA-AS-TSO-SI               MOUSE
N                TSAH                       NEEDLE
N                A-CHIN                     NOSE
O                A-KHA                      OIL
O                TLO-CHIN                   ONION
O                NE-AHS-JAH                 OWL
P                CLA-GI-AIH                 PANT
P                BI-SO-DIH                  PIG
P                NE-ZHONI                   PRETTY
Q                CA-YEILTH                  QUIVER
R                GAH                        RABBIT
R                DAH-NES-TSA                RAM
R                AH-LOSZ                    RICE
S                DIBEH                      SHEEP
S                KLESH                      SNAKE
T                D-AH                       TEA
T                A-WOH                      TOOTH
T                THAN-ZIE                   TURKEY
U                SHI-DA                     UNCLE
U                NO-DA-IH                   UTE
V                A-KEH-DI-GLINI             VICTOR 
W                GLOE-IH                    WEASEL
X                AL-NA-AS-DZOH              CROSS
Y                TSAH-AS-ZIH                YUCCA
Z                BESH-DO-TLIZ               ZINC                      


NAMES OF VARIOUS
ORGANIZATIONS    NAVAJO WORD                LITERAL TRANSLATION
CORPS            DIN-NEH-IH                 CLAN
DIVISION         ASHIH-HI                   SALT
REGIMENT         TABAHA                     EDGE WATER
BATTALION        TACHEENE                   RED SOIL
COMPANY          NAKIA                      MEXICAN
PLATOON          HAS-CLISH-NIH              MUD
SECTION          YO-IH                      BEADS
SQUAD            DEBEH-LI-ZINI              BLACK SHEEP

OFFICERS
COMMANDING GEN.  BIH-KEH-HE (G)             WAR CHIEF
MAJOR GEN.       SO-NA-KIH                  TWO STAR
BRIGADIER GEN.   SO-A-LA-IH                 ONE STAR
COLONEL          ATSAH-BESH-LE-GAI          SILVER EAGLE
LT. COLONEL      CHE-CHIL-BE-TAH-BESH-LEGAI SILVER OAK LEAF
MAJOR            CHE-CHIL-BE-TAH-OLA        GOLD OAK LEAF
CAPTAIN          BESH-LEGAI-NAH-KIH         TWO SILVER BARS
LIEUTENANT       BESH-LEGAI-A-LAH-IH        ONE SILVER BAR
COMMANDING OFFICER HASH-KAY-GI-NA-TAH       WAR CHIEF
EXECUTIVE OFFICER  BIH-DA-HOL-NEHI          THOSE IN CHARGE

NAMES OF COUNTRIES
AFRICA          ZHIN-NI                     BLACKIES
ALASKA          BEH-HGA                     WITH WINTER
AMERICA         NE-HE-MAH                   OUR MOTHER
AUSTRALIA       CHA-YES-DESI                ROLLED HAT
BRITAIN         TOH-TA                      BETWEEN WATERS
CHINA           CEH-YEHS-BESI               BRAIDED HAIR
FRANCE          DA-GHA-HI                   BEARD
GERMANY         BESH-BE-CHA-HE              IRON HAT
ICELAND         TKIN-KE-YAH                 ICE LAND
INDIA           AH-LE-GAI                   WHITE CLOTHES
ITALY           DOH-HA-CHI-YALI-TCHI        STUTTER
JAPAN           BEH-NA-ALI-TSOSIE           SLANT EYE
PHILIPPINE      KE-YAH-DA-NA-LHE            FLOATING ISLAND
RUSSIA          SILA-GOL-CHI-IH             RED ARMY
SOUTH AMERICA   SHA-DE-AH-NE-HI-MAH         SOUTH OUR MOTHER
SPAIN           DEBA-DE-NIH                 SHEEP PAIN

NAMES OF AIRPLANES
PLANES          WO-TAH-DE-NE-IH             AIR FORCE
DIVE BOMBER     GINI                        CHICKEN HAWK 
TORPEDO PLANE   TAS-CHIZZIE                 SWALLOW
OBS. PLAN       NE-AS-JAH                   OWL
FIGHTER PLANE   DA-HE-TIH-HI                HUMMING BIRD
BOMBER PLANE    JAY-SHO                     BUZZARD
PATROL PLANE    GA-GIH                      CROW
TRANSPORT       ATSAH                       EAGLE

NAMES OF SHIPS
SHIPS           TOH-DINEH-IH                SEA FORCE
BATTLESHIP      LO-TSO                      WHALE
AIRCRAFT        TSIDI-MOFFA-YE-HI           BIRD CARRIER
SUBMARINE       BESH-LO                     IRON FISH
MINE SWEEPER    CHA                         BEAVER
DESTROYER       CA-LO                       SHARK
TRANSPORT       DINEH-NAY-YE-HI             MAN CARRIER
CRUISER         LO-TSO-YAZZIE               SMALL WHALE
MOSQUITO BOAT   TSE-E                       MOSQUITO

NAMES OF MONTHS
JANUARY         ATSAH-BE-YAZ                SMALL EAGLE
FEBRUARY        WOZ-CHEIND                  SQUEEKY VOICE
MARCH           TAH-CHILL                   SMALL PLANT
APRIL           TAH-TSO                     BIG PLANT
MAY             TAH-TSOSIE                  SMALL PLANT
JUNE            BE-NE-EH-EH-JAH-TSO         BIG PLANTING
JULY            BE-NE-TA-TSOSIE             SMALL HARVEST
AUGUST          BE-NEEN-TA-TSO              BIG HARVEST
SEPTEMBER       GHAW-JIH                    HALF
OCTOBER         NIL-CHI-TSOSIE              SMALL WIND
NOVEMBER        NIL-CHI-TSO                 BIG WIND
DECEMBER        YAS-NIL-TES                 CRUSTED SNOW

VOCABULARY
WORD            NAVAJO                      LITERAL TRANSACTION
ABANDON         YE-TSAN                     RUN AWAY FROM
ABOUT           WOLA-CHI-A-MOFFA-GAHN       ANT FIGHT
ABREAST         WOLA-CHEE-BE-YIED           ANT BREAST
ACCOMPLISH      UL-SO                       ALL DONE
ACCORDING       BE-KA-HO                    ACCORDING TO
ACKNOWLEDGE     HANOT-DZIED                 ACKNOWLEDGE
ACTION          AH-HA-TINH                  PLACE OF ACTION
ACTIVITY        AH-HA-TINH-Y                ACTION ENDING IN Y
ADEQUATE        BEH-GHA                     ENOUGH
ADDITION        IH-HE-DE-NDEL               ADDITION
ADDRESS         YI-CHIN-HA-TSE              ADDRESS
ADJACENT        BE-GAHI                     NEAR
ADJUST          HAS-TAI-NEL-KAD             ADJUST
ADVANCE         NAS-SEY                     AHEAD
ADVISE          NA-NETIN                    ADVISE
AERIAL          BE-ZONZ                     STINGER
AFFIRMATIVE     LANH                        AFFIRMATIVE
AFTER           BI-KHA-DI (A)               AFTER
AGAINST         BE-NA-GNISH                 AGAINST
AID             EDA-ELE-TSOOD               AID
AIR             NILCHI                      AIR
AIRDOME         NILCHI-BEGHAN               AIRDOME
ALERT           HA-IH-DES-EE                ALERT
ALL             TA-A-TAH (A)                ALL
ALLIES          NIH-HI-CHO                  ALLIES
ALONG           WOLACHEE-SNEZ               LONG ANT
ALSO            EH-DO                       ALSO
ALTERNATE       NA-KEE-GO-NE-NAN-DEY-HE     SECOND POSITION
AMBUSH          KHAC-DA                     AMBUSH
AMMUNITION  BEH-ELI-DOH-BE-CAH-ALI-TAS-AI   AMMUNITION
AMPHIBIOUS      CHAL                        FROG
AND             DO                          AND
ANGLE           DEE-CAHN                    SLANTING
ANNEX           IH-NAY-TANI                 ADDITION
ANNOUNCE        BEH-HA-O-DZE                ANNOUNCE
ANTI            WOL-LA-CHEE-TSIN            ANT ICE
ANTICIPATE      NI-JOL-LIH                  ANTICIPATE
ANY             TAH-HA-DAH                  ANY
APPEAR          YE-KA-HA-YA                 APPEAR
APPROACH        BI-CHI-OL-DAH               APPROACH
APPROXIMATE     TO-KUS-DAN                  APPROXIMATE
ARE             GAH-TSO BIG                 RABBIT
AREA            HAZ-A-GIH                   AREA
ARMOR           BESH-YE-HA-DA-DI-TEH        IRON PROTECTOR
ARMY            LEI-CHA-IH-YIL-KNEE-IH      ARMY
ARRIVE          IL-DAY                      ARRIVE
ARTILLERY       BE-AL-DOH-TSO-LANI          MANY BIG GUNS
AS              AHCE                        AS
ASSAULT         ALTSEH-E-JAH-HE             FIRST STRIKER
ASSEMBLE        DE-JI-KASH                  BUNCH TOGETHER
ASSIGN          BAH-DEH-TAHN                ASSIGN
AT              AH-DI                       AT
ATTACK          AL-TAH-JE-JAY               ATTACK
ATTEMPT         BO-O-NE-TAH (A)             TRY
ATTENTION       GIHA                        ATTENTION
AUTHENTICATOR   HANI-BA-AH-HO-ZIN           KNOW ABOUT 
AUTHORIZE       BE-BO-HO-SNEE               AUTHORIZE
AVAILABLE       TA-SHOZ-TEH-IH              AVAILABLE

BAGGAGE         KLAILH (B)                  BAGGAGE
BANZAI          NE-TAH                      FOOL THEM
BARGE           BESH-NA-ELT                 BARGE
BARRAGE         BESH-BA-WA-CHIND            BARRAGE
BARRIER         BIH-CHAN-NI-AH              IN THE WAY
BASE            BIH-TSEE-DIH                BASE
BATTERY         BIH-BE-AL-DOH-TKA-IH        THREE GUNS
BATTLE          DA-AH-HI-DZI-TSIO           BATTLE
BAY             TOH-AH-HI-GHINH             BAY
BAZOOKA         AH-ZHOL                     BAZOOKA
BE              TSES-NAH                    BEE
BEACH           TAH-BAHN (B)                BEACH
BEEN            TSES-NAH-NES-CHEE           BEE NUT
BEFORE          BIH-TSE-DIH                 BEFORE
BEGIN           HA-HOL-ZIZ                  COMMENCE FROM
BELONG          TSES-NAH-SNEZ               LONG BEE
BETWEEN         BI-TAH-KIZ                  BETWEEN
BEYOND          BILH-LA DI                  DOWN BELOW
BIVOUAC         EHL-NAS-TEH                 BRUSH SHELTER
BOMB            A-YE-SHI                    EGGS
BOOBY TRAP      DINEH-BA-WHOA-BLEHI         MAN TRAP
BORNE           YE-CHIE-TSAH                BORN ELK
BOUNDARY        KA-YAH-BI-NA-HAS-DZOH(B)    BOUNDARY
BULL DOZER      DOLA-ALTH-WHOSH             BULL SLEEP
BUNKER          TSAS-KA                     SANDY HOLLOW
BUT             NEH-DIH                     BUT
BY              BE-GHA                      BY

CABLE           BESH-LKOH                   WIRE ROPE
CALIBER         NAHL-KIHD                   MOVE AROUND
CAMP            TO-ALTSEH-HOGAN             TEMPORARY PLACE
CAMOUFLAGE      DI-NES-IH                   HID
CAN             YAH-DI-ZINI                 CAN
CANNONEER  BE-AL-DOH-TSO-DEY-DIL-DON-IGI    BIG GUN OPERATOR
CAPACITY        BE-NEL-AH                   CAPACITY
CAPTURE         YIS-NAH                     CAPTURE
CARRY           YO-LAILH                    CARRY
CASE            BIT-SAH                     CASE
CASUALTY        BIH-DIN-NE-DEY              PUT OUT OF ACTION
CAUSE           BI-NIH-NANI                 CAUSE
CAVE            TSA-OND                     ROCK CAVE
CEILING         DA-TEL-JAY                  SEAL
CEMETARY        JISH-CHA                    AMONG DEVILS
CENTER          ULH-NE-IH                   CENTER
CHANGE          THLA-GO-A-NAT-ZAH           CHANGE
CHANNEL         HA-TALHI-YAZZIE             SMALL SINGER
CHARGE          AH-TAH-GI-JAH               CHARGE
CHEMICAL        TA-NEE                      ALKALI
CIRCLE          NAS-PAS                     CIRCLE
CIRCUIT         AH-HEH-HA-DAILH             CIRCUIT
CLASS           ALTH-AH-A-TEH               CLASS
CLEAR           YO-AH-HOL-ZHOD              CLEAR
CLIFF           TSE-YE-CHEE                 CLIFF
CLOSE           UL-CHI-UH-NAL-YAH           CLOSE
COAST GUARD     TA-BAS-DSISSI               SHORE RUNNER
CODE            YIL-TAS                     PECK
COLON         NAKI-ALH--DEH-DA-AL-ZHIN      TWO SPOTS
COLUMN          ALTH-KAY-NE-ZIH             COLUMN
COMBAT          DA-AH-HI-JIH-GANH           FIGHTING
COMBINATION     AL-TKAS-EI                  MIXED
COME            HUC-QUO                     COME
COMMA           TSA-NA-DAHL                 TAIL DROP
COMMERCIAL      NAI-EL-NE-HI                COMMERCIAL
COMMIT          HUC-QUO-LA-JISH             COME GLOVE
COMMUNICATION   HA-NEH-AL-ENJI              MAKING TALK
CONCEAL         BE-KI-ASZ-JOLE              CONCEAL
CONCENTRATION   TA-LA-HI-JIH                ONE PLACE
CONCUSSION      WHE-HUS-DIL                 CONCUSSION
CONDITION       AH-HO-TAI                   HOW IT IS
CONFERENCE      BE-KE-YA-TI                 TALK OVER
CONFIDENTIAL    NA-NIL-IN                   KEPT SECRET
CONFIRM         TA-A-NEH                    MAKE SURE
CONQUER         A-KEH-DES-DLIN              WON
CONSIDER        NE-TSA-CAS                  THINK IT OVER
CONSIST         BILH (C)                    CONSIST
CONSOLIDATE     AH-HIH-HI-NIL               PUT TOGETHER
CONSTRUCT       AHL-NEH                     TO MAKE
CONTACT         AH-HI-DI-DAIL               COME TOGETHER
CONTINUE        TA-YI-TEH                   CONTINUE 
CONTROL         NAI-GHIZ                    CONTROL
CONVOY          TKAL-KAH-O-NEL              MOVING ON WATER
COORDINATE      BEH-EH-HO-ZIN-NA-AS-DZOH    KNOWN LINES
COUNTER ATTACK  WOLTAH-AL-KI-GI-JEH         COUNTER ACT
COURSE          CO-JI-GOH                   COURSE
CRAFT           AH-TOH                      NEST
CREEK           TOH-NIL-TSANH               VERY LITTLE WATER
CROSS           AL-N-AS-DZOH                CROSS
CUB             SHUSH-YAHZ                  CUB

DASH            US-DZOH                     DASH
DAWN            HA-YELI-KAHN                DAWN 
DEFENSE         AH-KIN-CIL-TOH              DEFENSE                    
DEGREE          NAHL-KIHD                   DEGREE     
DELAY           BE-SITIHN                   DEER LAY
DELIVER         BE-BIH-ZIHDE                DEER LIVER
DEMOLITION      AH-DEEL-TAHI                BLOW UP
DENSE           HO-DILH-CLA (D)             WET  
DEPART          DA-DE-YAH                   DEPART
DEPARTMENT      HOGAN                       DEPARTMENT
DESIGNATE       YE-KHI-DEL-NEI              POINT OUT        
DESPERATE       AH-DA-AH-HO-DZAH            DOWN TO LAST      
DETACH          AL-CHA-NIL                  DETACHED
DETAIL          BE-BEH-SHA                  DEER TAIL
DETONATOR       AH-DEEL-TAHI (OR)           BLOWN UP 
DIFFICULT       NA-NE-KLAH                  DIFFICULT
DIG IN          LE-EH-GADE                  DIG IN
DIRECT          AH-JI-GO                    DIRECT
DISEMBARK       EH-HA-JAY                   GET OUT
DISPATCH        LA-CHAI-EN-SEIS-BE-JAY      DOG IS PATCH         
DISPLACE        HIH-DO-NAL                  MOVE
DISPLAY         BE-SEIS-NA-NEH              DEER IS PLAY        
DISPOSITION     A-HO-TEY                    DISPOSITION
DISTRIBUTE      NAH-NEH                     DISTRIBUTE
DISTRICT        BE-THIN-YA-NI-CHE           DEER ICE STRICT
DO              TSE-LE                      SMALL PUP
DOCUMENT        BEH-EH-HO-ZINZ              DOCUMENT
DRIVE           AH-NOL-KAHL                 DRIVE
DUD             DI-GISS-YAHZIE              SMALL DUMMY   
DUMMY           DI-GISS-TSO                 BIG DUMMY

EACH            TA-LAHI-NE-ZINI-GO (D)      EACH      
ECHELON         WHO-DZAH                    LINE
EDGE            BE-BA-HI                    EDGE
EFFECTIVE       BE-DELH-NEED                EFFECTIVE      
EFFORT          YEA-GO                      WITH ALL YOUR MIGHT
ELEMENT         AH-NA-NAI                   TROOP REPRESENTING OTHERS 
ELEVATE         ALI-KHI-HO-NE-OHA           ELEVATE
ELIMINATE       HA-BEH-TO-DZIL              ELIMINATE
EMBARK          EH-HO-JAY                   GET ON
EMERGENCY       HO-NEZ-CLA                  EMERGENCY
EMPLACEMENT     LA-AZ-NIL                   EMPLACEMENT
ENCIRCLE        YE-NAS-TEH (E)              ENCIRCLE
ENCOUNTER       BI-KHANH                    GO AGAINST
ENGAGE          A-HA-NE-HO-TA               AGREED
ENGINE          CHIDI-BI-TSI-TSINE (E)      ENGINE
ENGINEER        DAY-DIL-JAH-HE              ENGINEER
ENLARGE         NIH-TSA-GOH-AL-NEH          MAKE BIG
ENLIST          BIH-ZIH-A-DA-YI-LAH         ENLIST
ENTIRE          TA-A-TAH (E)                ENTIRE
ENTRENCH        E-GAD-AH-NE-LIH             MAKE DITCH
ENVELOP         A-ZAH-GI-YA                 ENVELOP
EQUIPMENT       YA-HA-DE-TAHI               EQUIPMENT
ERECT           YEH-ZIHN                    STAND UP
ESCAPE          A-ZEH-HA-GE-YAH             ESCAPE
ESTABLISH       HAS-TAY-DZAH                ESTABLISH
ESTIMATE        BIH-KE-TSE-HOD-DES-KEZ      ESTIMATE
EVACUATE        HA-NA                       EVACUATE
EXCEPT          NEH-DIH (E)                 EXCEPT
EXCEPT          NA-WOL-NE                   EXPECT
EXCHANGE        ALH-NAHL-YAH                EXCHANGE
EXECUTE         A-DO-NIL                    EXECUTE
EXPLOSIVE       AH-DEL-TAHI (E)             EXPLOSIVE
EXPEDITE        SHIL-LOH (E)                SPEED UP
EXTEND          NE-TDALE                    MAKE WIDE
EXTREME         AL-TSAN-AH-BAHM             EACH END

FAIL            CHA-AL-EIND                 FAIL
FAILURE         YEES-GHIN                   FAILURE
FARM            MAI-BE-HE-AHGAN             FOX ARM
FEED            DZEH-CHI-YON                FEED
FIELD           CLO-DIH (F)                 FIELD
FIERCE          TOH-BAH-HA-ZSID             AFRAID
FILE            BA-EH-CHEZ                  FILE
FINAL           TAH-AH-KWO-DIH              THAT IS ALL
FLAME THROWER   COH-AH-GHIL-TLID            FLAME THROWER
FLANK           DAH-DI-KAD                  FLANK
FLARE           WO-CHI                      LIGHT STREAK
FLIGHT          MA-E-AS-ZLOLI               FOX LIGHT
FORCE           TA-NA-NE-LADI               WITHOUT CARE
FORM            BE-CHA                      FORM
FORMATION       BE-CHA-YE-LAILH             FORMATION
FORTIFICATION   AH-NA-SOZI                  CLIFF DWELLING
FORTIFY         AH-NA-SOZI-YAZZIE           SMALL FORTIFICATION
FORWARD         TEHI                        LET'S GO
FRAGMENTATION   BESH-YAZZIE                 SMALL METAL
FREQUENCY       HA-TALHI-TSO                BIG SINGER
FRIENDLY        NEH-HECHO-DA-NE             FRIENDLY
FROM            BI-TSAN-DEHN                FROM
FURNISH         YEAS-NIL (F)                FURNISH
FURTHER         WO-NAS-DI                   FURTHER

GARRISON        YAH-A-DA-HAL-YON-IH         TAKE CARE OF
GASOLINE        CHIDI-BI-TOH                GASOLINE
GRENADE         NI-MA-SI                    POTATOES
GUARD           NI-DIH-DA-HI                GUARD
GUIDE           NAH-E-THLAI                 GUIDE

HALL            LHI-TA-A-TA                 HORSE ALL
HALF TRACK      ALH-NIH-JAH-A-QUHE          RACE TRACK
HALT            TA-AKWAI-I                  HALT
HANDLE          BET-SEEN                    HANDLE
HAVE            JO                          HAVE
HEADQUARTER     NA-HA-TAH-TA-BA-HOGAN       HEADQUARTER
HELD            WO-TAH-TA-EH-DAHN-OH        HELD (PAST TENSE)
HIGH            WO-TAH                      HIGH
HIGH EXPLOSIVE  BE-AL-DOH-BE-CA-BIH-DZIL-IGI POWERFUL SHELL
HIGHWAY         WO-TAH-HO-NE-TEH            HIGH WAY
HOLD            WO-TKANH                    HOLD 
HOSPITAL        A-ZEY-AL-IH                 PLACE OF MEDICINE
HOSTILE         A-NAH-NE-DZIN               NOT FRIENDLY
HOWITZER        BE-EL-DON-TS-QUODI          SHORT BIG GUN

ILLUMINATE      WO-CHI (I)                  LIGHT UP
IMMEDIATELY     SHIL-LOH (I)                IMMEDIATELY
IMPACT          A-HE-DIS-GOH                IMPACT
IMPORTANT       BA-HAS-TEH                  IMPORTANT
IMPROVE         HO-DOL-ZHOND                IMPROVE
INCLUDE         EL-TSOD                     INCLUDE
INCREASE        HO-NALH                     INCREASE
INDICATE        BA-HAL-NEH                  TELL ABOUT
INFANTRY        TA-NEH-NAL-DAHI             INFANTRY
INFILTRATE      YE-GHA-NE-JEH               WENT THROUGH
INITIAL         BEH-ED-DE-DLID              BRAND
INSTALL         EHD-TNAH                    INSTALL
INSTALLATION    NAS-NIL                     IN PLACE
INSTRUCT        NA-NE-TGIN                  TEACH
INTELLIGENCE    HO-YA (I)                   SMART
INTENSE         DZEEL                       STRENGTH 
INTERCEPT       YEL-NA-ME-JAH               INTERCEPT
INTERFERE       AH-NILH-KHLAI               INTERFERE
INTERPRET       AH-TAH-HA-NE                INTERPRET
INVESTIGATE     NA-ALI-KA                   TRACK
INVOLVE         A-TAH                       INVOLVOE
IS              SEIS                        SEVEN
ISLAND          SEIS-KEYAH                  SEVEN ISLAND
ISOLATE         BIH-TSA-NEL-KAD             SEPERATE

JUNGLE          WOH-DI-CHIL                 JUNGLE

KILL            NAZ-TSAID                   KILL
KILOCYCLE       NAS-TSAID-A-KHA-AH-YEH-     KILL OIL GO AROUND
                    HA-DILH

LABOR           NA-NISH (L)                 LABOR
LAND            KAY-YAH                     LAND
LAUNCH          TKA-GHIL-ZHOD               LAUNCH
LEADER          AH-NA-GHAI                  LEADER
LEAST           DE-BE-YAZIE-HA-A-AH         LAMB FEAST 
LEAVE           DAH-DE-YAH                  HE LEFT
LEFT            NISH-CLA-JIH-GOH            LEFT
LESS            BI-OH (L)                   LESS
LEVEL           DIL-KONH                    LEVEL
LIAISON         DA-A-HE-GI-ENEH             KNOW OTHER'S ACTION
LIMIT           BA-HAS-AH                   LIMIT
LITTER          NI-DAS-TON (L)              SCATTER
LOCATE          A-KWE-EH                    SPOT
LOSS            UT-DIN                      LOSS

MACHINE GUN     A-KNAH-AS-DONIH             RAPID FIRE GUN
MAGNETIC        NA-E-LAHI                   PICK UP
MANAGE          HASTNI-BEH-NA-HAI           MAN AGE
MANEUVER        NA-NA-O-NALTH               MOVING AROUND
MAP             KAH-YA-NESH-CHAI            MAP
MAXIMUM         BEL-DIL-KHON                FILL TO TOP
MECHANIC        CHITI-A-NAYL-INIH           AUTO REPAIRMAN
MECHANIZED      CHIDI-DA-AH-HE-GONI         FIGHTING CARS
MEDICAL         A-ZAY                       MEDICINE
MEGACYCLE       MIL-AH-HEH-AH-DILH          MILLION GO AROUND
MERCHANT SHIP   NA-EL-NEHI-TSIN-NA-AILH     MERCHANT SHIP
MESSAGE         HANE-AL-NEH                 MESSAGE
MILITARY        SILAGO-KEH-GOH              MILITARY
MILLIMETER      NA-AS-TSO-SI-A-YE-DO-TISH   DOUBLE MOUSE
MINE            HA-GADE                     MINE
MINIMUM         BE-OH (M)                   MINIMUM
MINUTE          AH-KHAY-EL-KIT-YAZZIE       LITTLE HOUR
MISSION         AL-NESHODI                  MISSION
MISTAKE         O-ZHI                       MISS
MOPPING         HA-TAO-DI                   MOPPING
MORE            THLA-NA-NAH                 MORE
MORTAR          BE-AL-DOH-CID-DA-HI         SITTING GUN
MOTION          NA-HOT-NAH                  MOTION
MOTOR           CHIDE-BE-TSE-TSEN           CAR HEAD

NATIVE          KA-HA-TENI                  NATIVE
NAVY            TAL-KAH-SILAGO              SEA SOLDIER
NECESSARY       YE-NA-ZEHN                  WANT
NEGATIVE        DO-YA-SHO-DA                NO GOOD
NET             NA-NES-DIZI                 NET
NEUTRAL         DO-NEH-LINI                 NEUTRAL
NORMAL          DOH-A-TA-H-DAH              NORMAL
NOT             NI-DAH-THAN-ZIE             NO TURKEY
NOTICE          NE-DA-TAZI-THIN             NO TURKEY ICE
NOW             KUT                         NOW
NUMBER          BEH-BIH-KE-AS-CHINIGH       WHAT'S WRITTEN

OBJECTIVE       BI-NE-YEI                   GOAL
OBSERVE         HAL-ZID                     OBSERVE
OBSTACLE        DA-HO-DESH-ZHA              OBSTACLE
OCCUPY          YEEL-TSOD                   TAKEN
OF              TOH-NI-TKAL-LO              OCEAN FISH
OFFENSIVE       BIN-KIE-JINH-JIH-DEZ-JAY    OFFENSIVE 
ONCE            TA-LAI-DI                   ONCE
ONLY            TA-EI-TAY-A-YAH             ONLY
OPERATE         YE-NAHL-NISH                WORK AT
OPPORTUNITY     ASH-GA-ALIN                 OPPORTUNITY
OPPOSITION      NE-HE-TSAH-JIH-SHIN         OPPOSITION 
OR              EH-DO-DAH-GOH               EITHER
ORANGE          TCHIL-LHE-SOI               ORANGE
ORDER           BE-EH-HO-ZINI               ORDER
ORDNANCE        LEI-AZ-JAH                  UNDER GROUND
ORIGINATE       DAS-TEH-DO                  BEGIN
OTHER           LA-E-CIH                    OTHER
OUT             CLO-DIH                     OUT SIDE
OVERLAY         BE-KA-HAS-TSOZ              OVERLAY

PARENTHESIS     ATSANH                      RIB
PARTICULAR      A-YO-AD-DO-NEH              PARTICULAR
PARTY           DA-SHA-JAH                  PARTY
PAY             NA-ELI-YA                   PAY
PENALIZE        TAH-NI-DES-TANH             SET BACK
PERCENT         YAL                         MONEY
PERIOD          DA-AHL-ZHIN                 PERIOD
PERIODIC        DA-AL-ZHIN-THIN-MOASI       PERIOD ICE CAT
PERMIT          GOS-SHI-E                   PERMIT
PERSONNEL       DA-NE-LEI                   MEMBER
PHOTOGRAPH      BEH-CHI-MA-HAD-NIL          PHOTOGRAPH 
PILL BOX        BI-SO-DIH-DOT-SAHI-BI-TSAH  SICK PIG BOX 
PINNED DOWN     BIL-DAH-HAS-TANH-YA         PINNED DOWN
PLANE           TSIDI                       BIRD 
PLASMA          DIL-DI-GHILI                PLASMA
POINT           BE-SO-DE-DEZ-AHE            PIG POINT
PONTOON         TKOSH-JAH-DA-NA-ELT         FLOATING BARREL
POSITION        BILH-HAS-AHN                POSITION
POSSIBLE        TA-HA-AH-TAY                POSSIBLE
POST            SAH-DEI                     POST
PREPARE         HASH-TAY-HO-DIT-NE          PREPARE
PRESENT         KUT                         PRESENT
PREVIOUS        BIH-TSE-DIH                 PREVIOUS
PRIMARY         ALTSEH-NAN-DAY-HI-GIH       1ST POSTION
PRIORITY        HANE-PESODI                 PRIORITY
PROBABLE        DA-TSI                      PROBABLE
PROBLEM         NA-NISH-TSOH                BIG JOB
PROCEED         NAY-NIH-JIH                 GO
PROGRESS        NAH-SAI                     PROGRESS
PROTECT         AH-CHANH                    SELF DEFENSE
PROVIDE         YIS-NIL                     PROVIDE
PURPLE          DINL-CHI                    PURPLE
PYROTECHNIC     COH-NA-CHANH                FANCY FIRE

QUESTION        AH-JAH                      EAR
QUICK           SHIL-LOH                    QUICK

RADAR           ESAT-TSANH (R)              LISTEN 
RAID            DEZJAY                      RAID 
RAILHEAD        A-DE-GEH-HI                 SHIPPING POINT
RAILROAD        KONH-NA-AL-BANSI-BI-THIN    RAILROAD 
RALLYING        A-LAH-NA-O-GLALIH           GATHERING 
RANGE           AN-ZAH                      DISTANCE
RATE            GAH-EH-YAHN                 RABBIT ATE
RATION          NA-A-JAH                    RATION
RAVINE          CHUSH-KA (R)                RAVINE
REACH           IL-DAY (R)                  REACH
READY           KUT (R)                     READY
REAR            BE-KA-DENH (R)              REAR
RECEIPT         SHOZ-TEH                    RECEIPT
RECOMMEND       CHE-HO-TAI-TAHN             RECOMMEND 
RECONNAISSANCE  HA-A-CIDI                   INSPECTOR
RECONNOITER     TA-HA-NE-AL-YA              MAKE SURE
RECORD          GAH-AH-NAH-KLOLI            R-E-ROPE
RED             LI-CHI                      RED
REEF            TSA-ZHIN                    BLACK ROCK
REEMBARK        EH-NA-COH                   GO IN
REFIRE          NA-NA-COH                   REFIRE
REGULATE        NA-YEL-N                    REGULATE
REINFORCE       NAL-DZIL                    REINFORCE
RELIEF          AGANH-TOL-JAY               RELIEF
RELIEVE         NAH-JIH-CO-NAL-YA           REMOVE
REORGANIZE      HA-DIT-ZAH                  REORGANIZE
REPLACEMENT     NI-NA-DO-NIL                REPLACEMENT
REPORT          WHO-NEH                     GOT WORD
REPRESENTATIVE  TKA-NAZ-NILI                TRIPLE MEN 
REQUEST         JO-KAYED-GOH                ASK FOR
RESERVE         HESH-J-E                    RESERVE
RESTRICT        BA-HO-CHINI                 RESTRICT
RETIRE          AH-HOS-TEEND                RETIRE
RETREAT         JI-DIN-NES-CHANH            RETREAT
RETURN          NA-DZAH                     CAME BACK
REVEAL          WHO-NEH (L)                 REVEAL
REVERT          NA-SI-YIZ                   TURN ABOUT
REVETMENT       BA-NAS-CLA (R)              CORNER 
RIDGE           GAH-GHIL-KEID               RABBIT RIDGE
RIFLEMAN        BE-AL-DO-HOSTEEN            RIFLEMEN
RIVER           TOH-YIL-KAL                 MUCH WATER
ROBOT BOMB      A-YE-SHI-NA-TAH-IH          EGG FLY
ROCKET          LESZ-YIL-BESHI              SAND BOIL
ROLL            YEH-MAS                     ROLL
ROUND           NAZ-PAS (R)                 ROUND
ROUTE           GAH-BIH-TKEEN               RABBIT TRAIL
RUNNER          NIH-DZID-TEIH               RUNNER

SABOTAGE        A-TKEL-YAH                  HINDERED
SABOTEUR        A-TKEL-EL-INI               TROUBLE MAKER
SAILOR          CHA-LE-GAI                  WHITE CAPS
SALVAGE         NA-HAS-GLAH                 PICK THEM UP
SAT             BIH-LA-SANA-CID-DA-HI       APPLE SITTING
SCARLET, RED    LHE-CHI (S & R)             RED
SCHEDULE        BEH-EH-HO-ZINI              SCHEDULE
SCOUT           HA-A-SID-AL-SIZI-GIH        SHORT RACOON
SCREEN          BESH-NA-NES-DIZI            SCREEN
SEAMAN          TKAL-KAH-DINEH-IH           SEAMAN 
SECRET          BAH-HAS-TKIH                SECRET
SECTOR          YOEHI (S)                   SECTOR
SECURE          YE-DZHE-AL-TSISI            SMALL SECURITY
SEIZE           YEEL-STOD                   SEIZE
SELECT          BE-TAH-HAS-GLA              TOOK OUT
SEMI COLON      DA-AHL-ZHIN-BI-TSA-NA-DAHL  DOT DROP 
SET             DZEH-CID-DA-HI              ELK SITTING
SHACKLE         DI-BAH-NESH-GOHZ            SHACKLE
SHELL           BE-AL-DOH-BE-CA             SHELL 
SHORE           TAH-BAHN (S)                SHORE
SHORT           BOSH-KEESH                  SHORT
SIDE            BOSH-KEESH                  SIDE
SIGHT           YE-EL-TSANH                 SEEN
SIGNAL          NA-EH-EH-GISH               BY SIGNS
SIMPLEX         ALAH-IH-NE-TIH              INNER WIRE
SIT             TKIN-CID-DA-HI              ICE SITTING 
SITUATE         A-HO-TAY                    (S) SITUATE
SMOKE           LIT                         SMOKE
SNIPER          OH-BEHI                     PICK 'EM OFF
SPACE           BE-TKAH                     BETWEEN
SPECIAL         E-YIH-SIH                   MAIN THING
SPEED           YO-ZONS                     SWIFT MOTION
SPORADIC        AH-NA-HO-NEIL               NOW AND THEN
SPOTTER         EEL-TSAY-I                  SPOTTER 
SPRAY           KLESH-SO-DILZIN             SNAKE PRAY 
SQUADRON        NAH-GHIZI                   SQUASH
STORM           NE-OL                       STORM
STRAFF          NA-WO-GHI-GOID              HOE
STRAGGLER       CHY-NE-DE-DAHE              STRAGGLER
STRATEGY        NA-HA-TAH (S)               STRATEGY
STREAM          TOH-NI-LIH                  RUNNING WATER
STRENGTH        DZHEL                       STRENGTH
STRETCH         DESZ-TSOOD                  STRETCH
STRIKE          NAY-DAL-GHAL                STRIKE
STRIP           HA-TIH-JAH                  STRIP
STUBBORN        NIL-TA                      STUBBORN
SUBJECT         NA-NISH-YAZZIE              SMALL JOB
SUBMERGE        TKAL-CLA-YI-YAH             WENT UNDER WATER
SUBMIT          A-NIH-LEH                   SEND
SUBORDINATE     AL-KHI-NAL-DZL              HELPING EACH OTHER
SUCCEED         YAH-TAY-GO-E-ELAH           MAKE GOOD
SUCCESS         UT-ZAH                      IT IS DONE
SUCCESSFUL      UT-ZAH-HA-DEZ-BIN           IT IS DONE WELL
SUCCESSIVE      UT-ZAH-SID                  SUCCESS SCAR
SUCH            YIS-CLEH                    SOX
SUFFER          TO-HO-NE                    SUFFER
SUMMARY         SHIN-GO-BAH                 SUMMER MARY
SUPPLEMENTARY   TKA-GO-NE-NAN-DEY-HE        3RD POSITION
SUPPLY          NAL-YEH-HI                  SUPPLY
SUPPLY SHIP     NALGA-HI-TSIN-NAH-AILH      SUPPLY SHIP
SUPPORT         BA-AH-HOT-GLI               DEPEND
SURRENDER       NE-NA-CHA                   SURRENDER
SURROUND        NAZ-PAS (S)                 SURROUND
SURVIVE         YIS-DA-YA                   SURVIVE
SYSTEM       DI-BA-TSA-AS-ZHI-BI-TSIN       SYSTEM

TACTICAL        E-CHIHN                     TACTICAL
TAKE            GAH-TAHN                    TAKE
TANK            CHAY-DA-GAHI                TORTOISE
TANK DESTROYER  CHAY-DA-GAHI-NAIL-TSAIDI    TORTOISE KILLER
TARGET          WOL-DONI                    TARGET
TASK            TAZI-NA-EH-DIL-KID          TURKEY ASK
TEAM            DEH-NA-AS-TSO-SI            TEA MOUSE
TERRACE         ALI-KHI-HO-NE-OHA (T)       TERRACE
TERRAIN         TASHI-NA-HAL-THIN           TURKEY RAIN
TERRITORY       KA-YAH (T)                  TERRITORY
THAT            TAZI-CHA                    TURKEY HAT
THE             CHA-GEE                     BLUE-JAY
THEIR           BIH                         THEIR
THEREAFTER      TA-ZI-KWA-I-BE-KA-DI        TURKEY HERE AFTER
THESE           CHA-GI-O-EH                 THE SEE
THEY            CHA-GEE (Y)                 THE Y
THIS            DI                          THE
TOGETHER        TA-BILH                     TOGETHER
TORPEDO         LO-BE-CA                    FISH SHELL
TOTAL           TA-AL-SO                    TOTAL
TRACER          BEH-NA-AL-KAH-HI            TRACER
TRAFFIC DIAGRAM HANE-BA-NA-AS-DZOH          DIAGRAM STORY LINE
TRAIN           COH-NAI-ALI-BAHN-SI         TRAIN
TRANSPORTATION  A-HAH-DA-A-CHA              TRANSPORTATION
TRENCH          E-GADE                      TRENCH
TRIPLE          TKA-IH                      TRIPLE
TROOP           NAL-DEH-HI                  TROOP
TRUCK           CHIDO-TSO                   BIG AUTO
TYPE            ALTH-AH-A-TEH               TYPE

UNDER           BI-YAH                      UNDER 
UNIDENTIFIED    DO-BAY-HOSEN-E              UNIDENTIFIED
UNIT            DA-AZ-JAH (U)               UNIT 
UNSHACKLE       NO-DA-EH-NESH-GOHZ          UNSHACKLE
UNTIL           UH-QUO-HO                   UNTIL

VICINITY        NA-HOS-AH-GIH               THERE ABOUT
VILLAGE         CHAH-HO-OH-LHAN-IH          MANY SHELTER
VISIBILITY      NAY-ES-TEE                  VISIBILITY
VITAL           TA-EH-YE-SY                 VITAL

WARNING         BILH-HE-NEH (W)             WARNING
WAS             NE-TEH                      WAS
WATER           TKOH                        WATER
WAVE            YILH-KOLH                   WAVE
WEAPON          BEH-DAH-A-HI-JIH-GANI       FIGHTING WEAPON
WELL            TO-HA-HA-DLAY               WELL
WHEN            GLOE-EH-NA-AH-WO-HAI        WEASEL HEN
WHERE           GLOE-IH-QUI-AH              WEASEL HERE
WHICH           GLOE-IH-A-HSI-TLON          WEASEL TIED TOGETHER
WILL            GLOE-IH-DOT-SAHI            SICK WEASEL
WIRE            BESH-TSOSIE                 SMALL WIRE
WITH            BILH (W)                    WITH
WITHIN          BILH-BIGIH                  WITH IN
WITHOUT         TA-GAID                     WITHOUT
WOOD            CHIZ                        FIRE WOOD
WOUND           CAH-DA-KHI                  WOUND

YARD            A-DEL-TAHL                  YARD

ZONE            BIH-NA-HAS-DZOH             ZONE




THE MARINE HYMN


Jimmy King, a Navajo instructor, translated the Marine Hymn
into Navajo:




We have conquered our enemies   Nin hokeh bi-kheh a-na-ih-la
All over the world              Ta-al-tso-go na-he-seel-kai
On land and on sea              Nih-bi-kah-gi do tah kah-gi
Everywhere we fight             Ta-al-tso-go en-da-de-pah
True and loyal to our duty      Tsi-di-da-an-ne ne-tay-yah
We are know by that             Ay be nihe hozeen
United States Marines           Washindon be Akalh Bi-kosi-la
To be one is a great thing.     Ji-lengo ba-hozhon

Our flag waves                  Ni-he da-na-ah-taj ihla
From dawn to setting sun.       Yel khol-go e-e-ah
We have fought every place      Day-ne tal-al-tso go enta-she-jah
where we could take a gun       Tal-tso-go entas-se-pah
From northern lands             Ha-kaz dineh-ih be-hay-jah
To southern tropic scenes,      Ado ta aokhek-ash-shen
We are known to be tireless     Do ni-din-da-hi ol-yeh
The United States Marines       Washindon be Akalh-bi Khos



... THE LAST VERSE IS SUNG LIKE A PRAYER ...



May we live in peace hereafter    Hozo-go nay-yeltay to
We have conquered all our foes,   A-na-oh bi-keh de-dlihn
No force in the world we cannot   Ni-hi-keh di-dlini ta-etin
conquer,
We know of no fear                Yeh-wol-ye hi-he a-din
If the Army and the Navy          Sila-go-tsoi do chah-lakai
Ever look on Heaven's scenes,     Ya-ansh-go das dez e e
United States Marines will be     Washindon be Akalh-bi Kosi la
there Living in peace.            Hozo-g-kay-ha-tehn



3 November 1999

Email: ahtihietikko@hotmail.com