ARTHUR OF BRITAIN
Arthur, the focus of an extensive medieval cycle of legends and romances, was probably
a Celtic British king or chieftain of the 6th century AD who fought
against the Saxon invaders of England. The name may also be that of a
Celtic god whose mythology was early confused with the exploits of the
Rex quondam rexque futurus
- The Sword in the Stone
- The Holy Grail
- Arthur's Tomb
- Modern Versions of the Arthurian Story
Select Chronology of Arthurian Sources
- Arthur is first mentioned in the Welsh poem Gododdin(c.600)
- By the Welsh chronicler Nennius (c.800) in his Latin Historia Britonum,
- In the Annales Cambriae (10th century).
- By GEOFFREY OF MONMOUTH in his Historia regum Britanniae (1137)
- By the French poet Wace Le Roman de Brut (1155)
- To which the English poet LAYAMON added in his epic narrative Brut at the end of the century.
- CHRETIEN DE TROYES (fl. late 12th century) used the court of King Arthur as the setting for his intense, tragic romances of individual knights associated with Arthur.
- These in turn influenced the German renderings of the PARSIFAL legend produced by WOLFRAM VON ESCHENBACH
- And the Tristan legend produced by GOTTFRIED VON STRASSBURG (both 13th century)
- The thirteenth century Vulgate Lancelot -source for much later Arthurian literature, particularly Malory.
- SIR GAWAIN AND THE GREEN KNIGHT was an important 14th-century English addition to Arthurian literature..
- Arthur and his knights assumed quasi-definitive form in the MORTE D'ARTHUR of Sir Thomas MALORY
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