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Nixon's Error

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1970

July 23- Nixon consents to allow the FBI more power in gathering information by means of burglary and numerous other tactics, but later changed his mind.

 

1971

June 13- Pentagon Papers begin to be published in the New York Times. The Papers were a analysis of the Vietnam War and America's contribution.

Sept 9- The "Plumbers" break into Daniel Ellsberg psychiatrist's office.  Ellsberg was a ex-defense analyst who revealed the Pentagon Papers to the New York Times.

 

1972

May-Telephone taps were mounted in the Democratic National Committee Headquarters at the Watergate by the Plumbers. They also reproduced many secret Democratic documents. The Plumbers tried to get into George McGovern's headquarters but were unsuccessful. In order to save themselves, the Plumbers broke into the Chile embassy. They figured the FBI would blame all the break-ins on the CIA.

June 17-THE ACTUAL "WATERGATE" BREAK IN-Five men, one of who which used to work for the CIA broke into the offices of the Democratic National Committee.  They were spotted by a night watchman at 2:30 a.m and were arrested by the police.

June 23- Nixon and staff decide to try to convince the FBI to quit the investigation of the break-in. This is also the day in which the "smoking gun" tapes were recorded.

August 1- The Washington Post reports that a $25,000 deposit was placed into an account of a Watergate burglar.

August 29- Nixon states "categorically" that he and the White House were not involved in the Watergate incident.

October 10- The Washington Post reports that there was a top secret account that was used to fund political spying against the Democratic Party. The Watergate break-in was among part of the operation which was led by Nixon's reelection committee.

November 7- Four days before the election a Gallup poll revealed that less than half of the American population were even aware the Watergate break-in had occurred.

November 11- Nixon is reelected in a massive win over Democrat Senator George McGovern. Nixon won 60.8% of the popular vote and 520 of the 537 electoral votes. This was one of the biggest victories in America's political history.

 

1973

January 10-30- The Watergate burglars trial is underway. G. Gordon Liddy and James W. McCord Jr., both who of which were past Nixon aides, were condemned of burglary, conspiracy,  and wiretapping in regards to the Watergate break-in under Judge James W. McCord. Five others pleaded guilty.

February 7-The Senate instituted the Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities.  The committee was established to explore all the events about Watergate and other accusations in regards to political spying and sabotage that was performed on behalf of Nixon's re-election

March 23- James W. McCord who was a former CIA agent, disclosed in a letter to Judge James W. McCord that him and other defendants had been under pressure to remain silent about the case. He later revealed  that the former Attorney General, John Mitchell, was the "overall boss" of the operation. Mitchell was also the chairman of the Committee to Re-elect the President.

April 20- It is revealed that evidence pertaining to Watergate had been destroyed by L. Patrick Gray who was the acting director of the FBI. He said he did it on the advice of Nixon aides.

April 30- Nixon's domestic affairs assistant John Erlichman, chief of staff H.R. Haldeman, and Attorney Kleindienst are forced to resign and presidential counsel John Dean III is fired. Nixon goes on television to discuss the changes in staff. He denies any knowledge of the cover-up of White House involvement in the Watergate break-in.

May 17- The televised hearings of The Senate Watergate Committee begin, chaired by Sam Ervin.

June 3- John Dean admits to the Watergate investigators that him and Nixon had conferred about the Watergate cover-up over 35 times.

June 25- John Dean accuses Nixon of giving authorized payment of "hush money" to the seven men arrested in the break in.

July 16- Alexander Butterfield, who was a White House aide, reveals that Nixon had been recording all the conversations that took place in the Oval Office since 1971. By having this piece of information the committee had the testimony to connect Nixon to the cover-up.

July 23- It is requested by the Senate Watergate Committee that Nixon hand over some of the Oval Office conversations. Nixon declines referring to executive privilege.

October 20-"The Saturday Night Massacre"-Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William D. Ruckelshaus resign after refusing to follow an order from Nixon to fire Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox. However, Cox was eventually fired by Solicitor General Robert Bork. Following all of the resignations and firing of Cox, the thought of impeachment is floating around the House.

October 30- Nixon finally turns over the White House recordings. However, two tapes are missing.

November 17- Nixon claims his famous four words "I'm not a crook".

November 21-It is discovered that one of the tapes includes a eighteen-and-a-half-minute gap. The White House says it was accidentally erased. It is later proved that it was deliberate due to five separate manual erasures.

1974

February 6- The House votes 410-4 to begin formal impeachment inquiry.

April 11- Nixon is subpoenaed to give 42 tapes to the House Judiciary Committee, but refuses.

April 30- Nixon submits a 1,308 page edited transcript of the tapes that he refused to release. Both the House Judiciary Committee and Special Prosecutor Jaworski decline the transcripts.

May 9- Nixon is advised to contemplate resignation by John J. Rhodes, Republican leader of the House.

May 24- Jaworski takes it to the Supreme Court in order to enforce the subpoena for the president to release the tapes.

July 24- Supreme Court declares that Nixon must give the tapes to the prosecution. The White House turns over the tapes eight hours later.

July 27- The first articles of impeachment against Nixon, charging him with obstruction of justice, were put in motion by the Committee.

July 29- The second article, abuse of power, is passed.

July 30-  The third article, defying House subpoenas, is passed.

August 2- John Dean is sent to prison for his part in the cover-up.

August 5- Transcripts from conversations between Nixon and his Chief of Staff Haldeman are released. It is revealed in these tapes that Nixon ordered a stop to the FBI investigation. This turns out to be the "smoking gun". Due to these tapes Nixon loses his Congressional support and is told he will most likely be impeached.

August 9- Nixon formally announces his resignation and moves to California. Gerald Ford is sworn in as America's 38th President.

September 8- Gerald Ford granted Nixon a "full, free and absolute pardon...for all offenses against the United States which he...has committed or may have committed or taken part in while President."