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A teacher is never satisfied with her lesson howsoever good it is. She, every time, thinks she could have done better. That, I suppose, is the best self-evaluation comment a hardworking teacher can make. It means that she is ready and willing to push her experience in the classroom to the highest levels of performance possible; taking into account the fact that the classroom is always a fertile field of perpetual innovations ...
With this humble participation in dealing with A Listening Comprehension Lesson is not arbitrary or final. Any teacher can mend it to fit her class-level and the material applied. I am planning it on the basis that the classroom is void of any Audio-visual material. All the task should be shared between the teacher and her students.
Taking this for an outset, let's first talk about the possible texts that the teacher would use in a listening class; which teachers in general are aquainted with.
The possible material usable here are shortly as follows:
- Narrative (short stories, anecdotes, jokes, etc)
- dialogue (at the café, restaurants, bus station... or interviews)
- argumentative (cause and effect, persuassive speech etc)
- letter (personal of all topics or official..)
- report (football, weather or whatever)
- article (about issues of common interest)
- description (of places, things, persons, etc)
Any other piece of writing is useful on condition its diction is not complicated or raising misunderstanding.
Note: Texts about crimes, aggressions or in which guns or knives are used to intricate violence should rather be ovoided.
Let's Start It
- Stating the purpose
- Activate the students' background knowledge
- Introducing the topic
- Pre-teaching of vital necessary vocabulary (key words only).
As for any other vocabulary items, students are to be encouraged to guess their meaning using the context as a tool. This could be remidiated in later stages.
- Making predictions about the content of the passage(setting, characters, etc)
Students are to be encouraged developing a strategy discussion of topic
- Pre-listening question and 1st listening.
This serves as a medium of testing the degree of students' comprehension. If successful the teacher excedes to the discussion of the text through comprehension various techniques notably:
- True/False statements
It is necessary in this stage to check understanding through students' justifying their answers.
- Multiple choice exercise
this may depent of the "text" in question
- Comprehension questions for further understanding check.
Sequence of events in a narrative passage...etc
- Reinforcement of comprehension (The Objective of the lesson)
This is the most profuse part of the lesson for it gradually goes from the most general to the most specific.
- Vocabulary exercises
- Locate, identify explicit ideas, information in the target text such as: main idea, details, sequence of actions, ideas or events etc
- Make inferences
- Use context (as to unveil the meaning of lexis)
- Comprehension Exercises
- To scan and skim for information (ask for only the main ideas)
- to organize ideas by classification of categories of things, people, places, ... etc; outlining and summarizing.
- Language Exercises
- Transfer from one mode to another (prose to chart or diagram rtc)
- Fill in the blanks
- Sentence Completion
- Ordering or reordering
- Critical view of the text to evaluate the passage
- making judgements: is this reality? fantasy? ...etc
- facts Vs opinions
- Authors' purpose/bias ...etc
- Discussion and writing
- Reconstruction of the text.
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