||Literally, "not enough."
||Idiom, "sure enough."
||Hollyhock, commonly used as a sword
||Coarse or large (as in gross)
||leg and foot techniques
||Striking techniques normally used with grappling
and throwing techniques
||Joined Hand Block
||U Punch. Also referred to as MOROTE ZUKI
||Large wavey hada (grain)
||A stance found in ITOSU-KAI SHITO-RYU. Natural
"Walking" stance with the weight over the center
||Military government of the Shogun
||Staff used as a weapon (approximately 6'
|BOGYO ROKU KYODO
||6 defense Action drill. Uses the old names of
techniques such as AGE TE, HARAI TE (or GEDAN BARAI), SOTO YOKO
TE, UCHI YOKO TE, SHUTO TE, and SUKUI TE
||Large or wide groove
||Wooden sword for practicing sword kata
||Literally, temper line in kissaki. Poetic way of
||Japanese measurement (approx 0.1 inch
||Martial way. The character for
"BU" (martial) derives from characters "stop"
and "halberd." In Karate, the best way to prevent
conflict is to emphasize the cultivation of individual character.
The way (DO) of Karate is thus equivalent to the way of BU, taken
in this sense of preventing or avoiding violence so far as
||Military man, samurai
||A study of the techniques and applications in
||The code of the samurai
||Slang for CHOJI OIL
||Oil for the care of swords
||Prehistoric straight swords
||Literally, "medium." Used
to describe mid-section of the body.
||A punch to the mid-section of the opponent's
||Great or large
||Student smith signing his teacher's
||Matched pair of long and short swords
||Long sword (over 24 inches)
||Literally "Lever, Rank or
Degree." Black Belt ranks. Ranks under Black Belt are called
||Composed of, made of. Also in the sense of
fundamental earth & stones
||Way/path. Japanese character for "DO"
is the same as the Chinese character for Tao.
||"Place of the Way" or "place of
||DOMO ARIGATO GOZAIMASHITA
||Thank you very much
||For what reason?
||Oar. Occasionally an improvised weapon.
||Floor pattern of a given kata.
||(1) One the Black Belt level KATA or "The
Flight of a Sparrow". Elbow. Sometimes referred to as HIJI.GUNTO
||Elbow strike (also called HIJI-ATE)
||Extension (as in extending a time period)
||Immovable Stance. Also SOCHIN DACHI.
||Judges as in "They who find
||Stomp kick, usually applied to the knee, shin,
||Kick. Also GERI or KERI.
||Crane Stance, sometimes referred to as TSURU
ASHI DACHI and SAGI ASHI DACHI
||Special training camp
|GEDAN UDE UKE
||Low Forearm Block
||Punch to the lower section
||Traditionally forged sword blades by modern
||Kick. Also GERI or KERI.
||Training costume. Specifically DO GI, KEIKO GI,
||Fake (gi)signature (mei)
||Literally, ""Excuse me"" but more in the sense of "I'm sorry." Used differently that SUMIMASEN that is more in the sense of "Excuse me. Could you help me, direct me ..."
||GO NO SEN
||Tactic where one allows the opponent to attack
first so to open up targets for counteracttack
||Five step basic sparring. The attacker steps in
five consecutive times with a striking technique with each step.
The defender steps back five times, blocking each technique.
After the fifth block, the defender executes a
|GUNTO||Army or military sword mountings
||GYAKU||Angle back, reverse |
|GYAKU MAWASHI GERI||Reverse Round-house Kick
||GYAKU ZUKI||Reverse Punch|
|HABA||Literally, "Cutting edge."
||HAGIRE||Edge cracks in the hamon. (fatal flaw|
|HACHIJI DACHI||A natural stance, feet positioned about one
shoulder width apart, with feet pointed slightly outward
|HAISHU UCHI||A strike with the back of the hand
||HAISHU UKE||A block using the back of the hand|
||HAJIME||Begin, command given to start a given drill,
Kata, or Kumite|
|HAMIDASHI||Dagger (tanto) with a small guard (tsuba)
||HAMON||Temper pattern along blade edge|
|HANGETSU||Black Belt level Kata
||HANDACHI||achi mountings used on a katana or wakizashi|
|HANGETSU DACHI||"Half-Moon" Stance
||HANSHI||Althoughliterally "wise," used in
sense of Master. An honorary title given to the highest Black
Belt of an organization, signifying their understanding of their
art. In Japan Karate-Do Ryobu-Kai, the Hanshi is the Grandmaster
of Ryobu-Kai, Yasuhiro Konishi II. Also SHIHAN HANSOKU|
||HARAI TE||Sweeping technique with the arm|
|HARAI WAZA||Sweeping techniques
||HASAMI ZUKI||Scissor Punch|
|HEIKO DACHI||A natural stance. Feet positioned about one
shoulder width apart, with feet pointed straight forward. Some Kata begin from this position.
||HIGAONNA LINE||a Heiko Dachi stance, where the front foot is
turned slightly inwards while the rear foot is straight.|
|HEIKO ZUKI||Parallel Punch - double, simultaneous punch
||HEISOKU DACHI||An informal attention stance. Feet are together
and pointed straight forward|
|HENKA WAZA||Techniques used after OYO WAZA is applied. HENKA
WAZA is varied and many, dependent on the given condition.
||HIDARI||Left (Also HIDARIGAWA)|
|HI||Grooves in sword blade
||HIJI||Elbow. Also Empi |
|HIJI ATEMI||Elbow strikes
||HIJI UKE||A blocking action using the elbow |
|HIJI-ATE||Elbow strike. Also called EMPI-UCHI HIKI-TE The
retracting (pulling and twisting) arm during a technique. It
gives the balance of power to the forward moving technique. It
can also be used as a pulling technique after a grab, or a strike
backward with the elbow.|
|HIKIWAKE||Draw as in tie.
||HITOSASHI IPPON KEN||Forefinger knuckle|
|HIZA GERI||Knee Kick
||HIZA UKE||Blocking action using the knee|
|HORAN NO KAMAE||Egg in the Nest Ready Position. A "ready" position used in some KATA where the fist in
covered by the other hand
||HORIMONO||Carvings on sword blades|
|ICHI||One or first
||IKAGA||In what way? Also DOUSHITE|
|IKIMASU||Literally, "Here it comes" or "I
come." IKIMASHO plural as in "We go."
||IKUBI||Literally, "boar's neck." Description of short, wide swordpoint or kissaki|
||INASU||Evasion of an on-coming attack through removing
the body from the line of attack|
|IPPON KEN||One Knuckle Fist
||IPPON KUMITE||One step sparring|
|IPPON NUKITE||A stabbing action using the extended index
||IRIMI||To penetrate, to enter. Usually describes moving
closer to the opponent than the attack as you close in defense.|
||ITO||Silk or cotton hilt wrapping|
||IZUKO||Where. Also NAHEN, IZURE, DOKOIRA, IZUKU, DOKO.|
||JIYU IPPON KUMITE||One step free sparring. The participants can
attack with any technique whenever ready |
|JIYU KUMITE||Free Sparring
||JIZO BOSHI||Boshi shaped like a priest's head |
|JUZU||Hamon like rosary beads
||JO||Wooden staff about 4'-5' in length,
originally as a walking stick |
|JODAN|| Upper level
||JUJI UKE||X Block|
|JUN ZUKI||WADO RYU term for OI-ZUKI
||JUUBUN||Enough. Also ROKUNI|
|KA||Used to form a question as in Wakarimasu-Ka?
|KAEN||Flame shaped boshi
|KAGI ZUKI||Hook Punch
||KAI GUNTO||Naval sword |
|KAISHO||Open hand. This refers to the type of blow which
is delivered with the open palm. It can also be used to describe
other hand blows in which the fist is not fully clenched.|
|KAKIWAKE||Two handed block using the outer surface of the
wrist to neutralize a two-handed attack, such as a grab.
||KAKU-MUNE||Square back ridge|
|KAKUSHI WAZA||Hidden techniques
||KAKUTO UCHI||Wrist joint strike. Also known as KO UCHI.|
|KAKUTO UKE||Wrist Joint Block. Also known as KO UKE|
|KAMAE||Posture or stance either with or without a
weapon. KAMAE may also connote proper distance (Ma-ai) with
respect to one's partner. Although "KAMAE"
generally refers to a physical stance, there is an important
parallel in Karate between one's physical and one's
psychological bearing. Adopting a strong physical stance helps to
promote the correlative adoption of a strong psychological
|KAMAE-TE||Command given by the instructor for students
to get into position
|KARATE||"Empty Hand". When Karate was first introduced to Japan, it was called "TO-DE". The characters of TO-DE could be pronounced. However, the meaning of
TO-DE is Chinese Hand.
||KARATE-DO||This implies not only the physical aspect of Karate, but also the mental and social aspects of Karate|
|KARATEKA||A practitioner of Karate
||KATA||"Form" or prescribed pattern of movement. Also "shoulder."|
|KATANA||Sword worn in the obi, cutting edge up Also KITANA.
|KATANA-MEI||Signature side that faces out when worn edge up
|KAWARA ||River beach
||KAWAGANE|| Skin or
surface steel. Also JI-GANE|
|KAZUCHI MONO ||Mass produced swords
||KEAGE ||Snap Kick. Literally, "Kick upward."|
|KEBORI|| Line carving done on sword mounts
||KEIKO|| (1) Training. The only secret to success in Karate. (2) Joined Fingertips.|
|KEKKOU|| Literally, "Well enough" as in "That'll do."
||KEKOMI ||Thrust Kick. Literally, Kick Into/Straight|
|KEMPO || "Fist Law." A generic term to describe fighting systems that uses the fist. Inthis regard, KARATE is also KEMPO.
||KEN ||Straight double edged sword|
|KENSEI|| Technique with silent KIAI. Related to meditation
||KENTSUI||Hammer Fist. Also TETTSUI|
|KENTSUI UCHI || Hammer Fist Strike. Also TETTSUI UCHI.
||KERI (gaeri or geri) || Kick|
Spirit. Energy. Vital-force. Intention. (Chinese "chi")
KI is one word that cannot be translated directly into any
language. KIAI Shout delivered to focus all of one's energy
into a single movement. Manifestation of KI (simultaneous union
of spirit and expression of physical strength).|
|KIBA DACHI ||Staddle Stance. Also known as NAIFANCHI or NAIHANCHI DACHI.
|KIHON || (Something which is) fundamental. Basic techniques
||KIHON IPPON KUMITE || One step basic sparring|
||KI-O-TSUKE|| "Attention". Musubi Dachi with open hands
down both sides.|
||KIRI HA ||Flat sword with both sides
beveled to the edge|
|KIRI KOMI|| Sword cut or nick on the blade from another sword
|| KISHU|| Direction|
|KISSAKI|| Point of blade
||KIZAMI ||Front as opposed to KOKUTSU KIZAMI|
|ZUKI ||Jab Punch
||KIZU ||Flaw |
|KO ||Old or small
||KOGAI ||Hair pick accessory|
|KOHAI|| A student junior to oneself
||KOKEN|| Wrist joint|
|KOKORO|| "Spirit, Heart." In Japanese culture, the spirit dwells in the Heart
||KOKUTSU DACHI ||Back Stance |
|KOSA DACHI||Crossed-Leg Stance
||KOSHIN ||Rearward |
|KOSHIATE|| Leather suspensors (hangers) for a sword
||KOSHIRAE|| Sword mountings or fittings |
|KO UKE||"Crane Block" or "Arch Block". Same as KAKUTO
||KOUGEKIHOUKOU|| Attacking direction|
|KUBIKIRI|| Small tanto for cutting the neck or removing heads
||KUBOTAN|| A self-defense tool|
|TAKAYUKI KUBOTA ||This tool serves normally as a key chain
||KUMADE|| Bear hand|
||KUZURE||Crumbling or disintegrating |
|KWAIKEN||Short knife carried by women
||KYOSHI||"Knowledgeable person," conferred at rokudan or
shichidan (7th dan)|
|KYU||"Grade". Any rank below Shodan.|
|KYUSHO WAZA||Pressure Point techniques
||MA-AI||Proper distancing or timing with respect to one's partner.|
||MAE ASHI GERI||Kicking with the front leg|
|MAE EMPI||Forward Elbow Strike
||MAE GERI KEAGE||Front Snap Kick. Also MAE KEAGE|
|MAE GERI KEKOMI|| Front Thrust Kick. Also MAE KEKOMI
||MAE UKEMI|| forward fall/roll|
|MAKOTO||Feeling of absolute sincerity and total frankness, which requires a pure mind, free from pressure of events.|
|MANABU ||"Learning by imitating," studying movement and techniques by following and imitating the instructor.|
|MANJI UKE||Double block where one arm executes GEDAN BARAI to one side while the other arm executes JODAN UCHI UKE (or JODAN SOTO YOKO TE)
|MANKITSU||have enough of|
||MASAME||Straight grain (hada)|
||MAWASHI EMPI UCHI||Circular Elbow Strike. Also referred to as MAWASHI HIJI ATE.|
|MAWASHI GERI||Roundhouse Kick
||MAWASHI HIJI ATE||Circular Elbow Strike. Also referred to as MAWASHI EMPI UCHI|
|MAWASHI ZUKI||Roundhouse punch
||MAWAT-TE||Turn around (especially as a command) |
||MEIBUTSU||Famous sword |
|MEMPO||Face guard or mask
||MENUKI||Hilt ornaments |
||MIENAI||I could not see.|
||MIKAZUKI GERI||Crescent Kick |
|MODOKASHII||Not quick enough
||MONOUCHI||Main cutting portion of blade (first six inches from kissaki)|
||MOROTE UKE||Augmented Block |
|MOROTE ZUKI||U-Punch. Punching with both fists simultaneously Also AWASE ZUKI
||MOTO NO ICHI||Original Position|
|MU||Empty or nothing
||MUDANSHA||Students without black-belt ranking|
||NAMBAN TETSU||Foreign steel|
|NAOSHI||Corrected or repaired
|NOMIDE||more than enough.
||JUUIBUN NOTARE||Wave like or wave pattern |
||O-DACHI ||Very long sword (over 30 inches)|
||OSS ||Greeting in context of recognition among martial arts practitioners.|
|O NAMAE KA?||Literally, "What is its name?" as in "What do you call this?"
||ONEGAI SHIMASU||"I make a request," said to one's partner when initiating practice|
||OSAE UKE||Pressing Block|
|OTOSHI EMPI UCHI||An elbow strike by dropping the elbow. Also referred to as OTOSHI HIJI ATE
||OYAYUBI IPPON KEN ||Thumb Knuckle|
|OYO WAZA||Applications interpreted from techniques in Kata, implicated according to a given condition|
|REI ||Literally,"respect." Used as a command to compel a bow.
||REIGI||Etiquette. Also REISHIKI|
|REINOJI DACHI||A stance with feet making a 'L-shape'|
|RENSHI||Literally, "a person who has mastered oneself." This person is considered an expert instructor. This status is prerequisite before attaining the status as KYOSHI. Renshi "has a name." Renshi is no longer one of the many, so to speak. Renshi is usually given at yodan to rokudan.|
|ROKUNI||Enough. Also JUUBUN.
||RONIN||Literally, warriors or samurai without a master. Renegade. |
|SAGI ASHI DACHI ||One Leggged Stance. Also GANKAKU DACHI or TSURU ASHI DACHI
||SAI ||An Okinawan weapon|
||SAKI SAKU ||Tip or point Made as in fabricated |
|SAMURAI ||Japanese warrior or the warrior class
||SANBON KUMITE ||Three step sparring|
|SANBONSUGI||"Three cedars"(hamon with repeating three peaks)
||SANCHIN DACHI ||Hour-glass Stance|
|SASHITE ||Raising of the hand either to strike, grab, or block
||SAYA Sword ||scabbard |
|SAYANORA ||Good bye
|SEIRYUTO||Bull Strike. A hand technique delivered with the base of
the SHUTO (Knife hand)|
|SEIZA ||Proper sitting position
||SEMPAI||A senior student. Most often, senior student present.|
|SEN NO SEN||Simultaneous attack
|SEPPA||Washers or spacers
||SEPPUKU||Ritual suicide |
||SHIDOIN||Assistant in the sense of being a formally recognized Instructor who has not yet been recognized as a master instructor.
|SENSEI SHIHAN||Formal title as in "master instructor" or "teacher of teachers." HANSHI is "wise" or sage-like, hence the common translation of "master." SHINAN may be an alternative pronunciation.|
|SEN SEN NO SEN ||Pre-emptive attack
|SHIKO DACHI ||Square Stance. A stance often used in Goju-Ryu & Shito-Ryu.
|SHIZENTAI ||Natural Position. The body remains relaxed but alert.
||SHOBU ||Start especially as in start of a match |
|SHOJI ||Movable wall/door
||SHOMEN ||Front or top of head. Designated front of the dojo.|
|SHUKU ||quot;Bright and early." Also TSUTONI.
||SHUTO TE||Knife-hand block. Name used before advent of sport karate. Used to describe one of the techniques in BOGYO ROKU KYODO. Also SHUTO UKE.|
|SHUTO UKE ||Knife-hand Block
||SOCHIN DACHI ||Immovable Stance. Also FUDO DACHI|
|SOKUTO ||Edge of foot,often used to refer to the side thrust kick
||SOTO (UDE) UKE||Outside (Forearm) Block. Also SOTO YOKO TE used before advent of sport karate. Used to describe one of the techniques in BOGYO ROKU KYODO. Also UCHI UDE UKE.|
|SUKUI TE || Name used before advent of sport karate. Used to describe one of the techniques in BOGYO ROKU KYODO.Also SUKUI UKE.|
|SUKUI UKE||Scooping Block|
|SUWARI WAZA||Techniques from a sitting position
||TABI||Split-toed socks. |
|TACHI||Long sword worn with cutting-edge down
||TAI SABAKI ||Body movement/shifting |
|TAIMING GA OSOI ||"Improper timing"
||TAKABORI ||High relief carving|
|TAMAHAGANE ||Raw steel for making swords
||TAMESHIGIRI ||Cutting test |
|TANTO ||Dagger with blade less than 12 inches
||TARU ||To be enough. Also TARIRU|
|TATAMI ||Literally,"Rice straw mat." The size also used as unit of measurement.
||TATE EMPI||Upward Elbow Strike |
||TATE URAKEN UCHI ||Vertical back-fist attack |
|TATE ZUKI ||Vertical Punch. A fist punch with the palm along a vertical plane
||TEIJI DACHI||Stance with the feet in a 'T-shape.' |
||TEISHO UCHI ||Palm Heel Strike|
|TEISHO UKE || Palm Heel Block
||TETTSUI UCHI ||Hammer Strike. Also KENTSUI UCHI |
||TOBI GERI|| Jump Kick |
||TOGI ||Sword polish or polisher. Also CHOJI OIL|
|TONFA ||A farm tool developed into a weapon by the Okinawans
||TORANAI || "No Point" TSUBA Sword guard TSUKA Sword handle|
|TSUKA-ITO||Handle wrapping or tape
||TSUKAMI WAZA||Catching technique. A blocking technique by seizing the opponent's weapon, arm, or leg. Used often for grappling techniques|
|TSUKI || Punch or thrust (especially an attack to the midsection)
||TSUKURI|| Sword. Also ZUKURI |
|TSUKURU|| Made by or produced by
||TSUNAGI|| Wooden sword blade to display fittings|
|TSURU ASHI DACHI|| Crane Stance Also GANKAKU DACHI and SAGI ASHI DACHI.
||TSURUGI|| Double edged, straight sword|
|TSUSHIN||Literally, "full of spirit." In the Zen sense, to be mindful.|
||TUITE ||Grappling skills|
||UCHI (UDE)UKE||Inside (Forearm) Block|
|UCHI MAWASHI GERI ||Inside Roundhouse Kick UCHI YOKO TE Name was used
before the advent of sport karate. Used to describe one of the techniques in BOGYO ROKU KYODO. Also SOTO UDE UKE.|
|UCHIKO ||Fine powder used to clean sword blades
|UKEMI WAZA ||Breakfall techniques
|URA ZUKI||An upper cut punch used at close range
|USHIRO EMPI UCHI ||Striking to the rear with the elbow
||USHIRO GERI ||Back Kick|
|WA-UKE||Block where the path taken is similar to the yoko-uke. Imagine wiping a wall in front
of you with your palm in a half-circle. At the end of the block the hand is angled slightly to the outside.|
|WAKARIMASU/-sen||To understand/ to not understand
||WAKIZASHI||Short sword (blade 12-24 inches)|
|WARE||Opening in the steel. Hole or flaw.
||WARI-BASHI||Chopsticks. Also WARI-KOGAI|
||WAZA||ARI "Half point"|
|YA-HAZU||Arrow notch shaped hamon
||YAKIBA||Hardened, tempered sword edge|
|YAKI-IRE||Fast quenching of sword (tempering)
||YAMA ZUKI||Mountain Punch. A wide U-shaped dual punch.|
|YAME||Stop! (Sometimes pronounced "Ya-MEN-ne")
||YANONE ||Arrow head|
||YASUMI or YASUME||Literally, "rest." A term used by the instructor to have the students relax, normally following a long series of drills.|
|YOKO GERI KEAGE||Side Snap Kick. Also YOKO KEAGE.
||YOKO GERI KEKOMI||Side Thrust Kick. Also referred to as YOKO KEKOMI YOKO|
|MAWASHI EMPI UCHI|| Striking with the elbow to the side
||YOKO TOBI GERI|| Flying Side Kick|
|YOROIDOSHI||Armor piercing tanto
|ZANSHIN||Literally "remaining mind/heart," specifically "following through" in a technique so that one is prepared to respond to additional attacks.|
||ZA-REI||The traditional Japanese bow from the kneeling position.|
|ZAMAWOMIRO||See what happens!
||ZENKUTSU DACHI||Forward Stance|
|ZORI||Curved. Also can mean Japanese slippers.