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The Amazing Mr Henry Keck

The First Governor of Darlinghurst Gaol

Henry Keck was appointed to be the first governor of Darlinghurst Gaol. He had papers saying that he had been an officer in the British Army and in charge of Dublin Castle. This was his first deception. Many more were to follow. The papers were all forged.

He was an enterprising governor with a weakness for easy money, and his new job perfectly suited his talents. It didn't take him long to set up business operations designed to line his pockets.

First he organised vegetable gardens, a dairy farm, poultry farm and piggery inside the gaol grounds, using prison labour. His pigs were fed prisoners' grain and were the finest in the colony. All his produce was sold in the Sydney markets with proceeds to Keck - and a small allowance for the workers.

From this Keck moved into manufacture - of clothing, boots, and, most successfully, cabbage tree hats. He did not however limit his activities to inside the gaol - he also sent out overnight fishing parties from Woolloomooloo.

Keck was a man of culture and found some musicians among his prisoners. He was able to train and assemble small orchestras which were hired out to functions around Sydney Town.

woodcut

Old Convict Woodcut

However, his most enterprising exploit was the establishment of brothel activities within the gaol for prisoners with spare earnings. It operated from the women's cells and proved so popular that he expanded it to include prostitutes from local brothels outside the gaol. Finally Keck installed two prostitutes in the courthouse next door, using lawyers' chambers that were empty at night, and allowing prisoners access to the court through the underground passage.
stockade

The courthouse is outside the south wall (on the right)

As well as being able to buy the services of prostitutes, prisoners were able to buy food, tobacco and rum. They were able to buy candles so that they could continue carrying out work for him at night in their cells. Some were allowed, for a fee, to have a few days out of prison in which to carry out their own affairs. Gambling was conducted on cockroach races and card games.

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This state of affairs continued for eight years. Released prisoners who told of the proceedings in gaol were not believed as Keck was generous and popular in Sydney and inspectors saw only a smooth running operation.

His downfall came in 1849 when a prisoner was recognised on the streets when he should have been locked up. Next, Keck was seen driving around with a notorious thug as his coachman.

Finally, one of his orchestras became very drunk at a public function and refused to return to gaol. The story was published and warders came forward with sensational allegations.

Keck was sacked in 1849 and left the gaol. He was later appointed Clerk of the George Street Markets (now the Queen Victoria Building). He died in Surry Hills on Christmas Day in 1863, and you can find his gravestone in Camperdown Cemetery in Sydney.


From "A Walk with History - Darlinghurst Gaol". A loose collection of documents compiled by some previous teachers. Additional information from Mr Noel Williams of Perth, one of the great great great grandsons of Henry Keck.

Return to Darlinghurst Gaol Page.

allegations
claims, stories that may or may not be true.
sensational
shocking, disturbing, exciting
proceedings
things that were happening in the jail.

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access
a way to go through, a path. Here, they used the underground passage.
chambers
rooms or offices.
prostitutes
sex workers, people who provide sex for money.
brothel
usually a house where prostitutes work.

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exploit
one of the things he did.
functions
parties, celebrations.
culture
love of music and other fine things.
Woolloomooloo
the suburb between Darlinghurst and Sydney Town.

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cabbage tree hats
hats made with the big leaves of the cabbage tree palm.
manufacture
to make things, here hats and boots.
produce
goods from a farm, like vegetables, cheese, milk.
line his pockets
to put money into his pockets.
enterprising
full of imagination, profitable.
deception
lie, trick, here using papers that were not real.

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