The Spirit of God is not regularly and consistently active throughout Israel's history, neither is it random. It falls into 5 clearly defined periods which correspond to critical phases in the political and religious development of the nation. These 5 periods are; the founding of the nation in the wilderness, The period of the Judges, The founding of the Monarchy, The time of Elijah and Elisha and The period of the Exile and Restoration.
The founding of the nation in the wilderness showed the Spirit of God working in certain ways. One of the first ways we see the Spirit being used, is in filling men and women to make the priestly garments. These garments had to be made in a certain manner. God gave these workers the knowledge and ability to do what was asked. He did the same for the making of the furniture as well as the utensils that were to be used. Another way God imparted His Spirit was for the ability to lead His people. This time Moses was the recipient. But the Lord saw that Moses still needed help in leading the people, and placed His Spirit upon the elders to help lead the people. As a result of this they prophesied once. Then we see Balaam, who was to curse the Israelites, prophesy blessings upon them. Again this was only done because the Spirit came upon Him. Then finally, in the first section of Israel's history, we come to Joshua receiving the Spirit of the Lord so he can succeed Moses. Moses laid hands upon Joshua for this to happen.
During the period of the Judges the Spirit exclusively worked through the Judges. Gods Spirit caused them to either become great military leaders or Charismatic leaders. Some were give great strength while other received great abilities to lead. Many of the Judges were charismatic, though not all. One example would be Othniel. The Spirit enabled him to have a successful military campaign that resulted in 40 years of peace. Several others, such as Gideon, Jepthah, and Samsom were classified as Charismatic warriors. They received military prowess by the Holy Spirit. Which enabled them to free their people from the oppression the suffered from.
We next have to look at the period of the Monarchy. After Saul was anointed first king of Israel by Samuel, the Spirit came upon him. Saul then prophesied with a group of prophets (1Sa 10:1-10). Then we see the spirit coming on Saul when he responds to the threat of Nahash. The Spirit enables him to be able to protect Jabesh-gilead.(1Sa 11:6; 19:23). Then we see the Spirit coming upon the messengers of Saul after he sent them to bring David to him to be killed. They also started to prophesy (1Sa 19:20). Now we come to the anointing of David as king. The bible says that the Spirit was on him from that day forward (1Sa 16:13)
In the period of Elijah and Elisha Gods Spirit also moved. Such as at the end of Elijah's life the Spirit of the Lord takes him to heaven in a chariot of fire that flew like a whirlwind (1Ki 18:12). When Elisha asked Elijah to receive a double portion of the Spirit, Elijah tells him he has to meet certain criteria, like watch him go into heaven, which he does (2Ki 2:9;15).
During the period of Exile and Restoration the Spirit moved in
many ways. For instance Ezekiel experienced a physical move by
Gods Spirit. His geographical location actually change (Eze 2:2;
3:12,14,24; 8:3; 11:1,5,24;37:1;43:5). Jahaziel the Levite had
the Spirit come upon him to speak boldly Gods message (2Ch 20:14).
The same thing came upon Zechariah the priest (2Ch 24:20). The
spirit also gave instruction and admonition (Ne 9:20,30).
Text Observations I have noticed
Luke Baptized in the Spirit
Acts 1:5 Jesus is telling the disciples to stay in Jerusalem until the Holy Spirit
baptizes them. He compares it to Johns Baptism but eludes to it
being better than that.
Acts 11:16 Peter is recalling Jesus' words that told him they would be baptized
in the Spirit.
Luke 3:16 Luke is telling us the account of John the Baptist baptizing Jesus.
He also says Jesus will baptize us in the Spirit. John says he is not
even fit to untie Jesus' shoes.
1 Cor 12:13 Paul is using the baptism of the Spirit to show that we are all part of
one body. Because of the baptism of the Spirit we must loose our
Luke Filled with the Spirit
Luke 1:15 Luke is giving the account of what the angel of the Lord told
Zechariah about John the Baptist. He will be full of the Holy Spirit
while inside the womb.
Luke 1:41 Luke is describing when Mary came to see Elizabeth. Upon
Elizabeth hearing Mary's words the baby leaped and she was full of
the Holy Spirit.
Luke 1:67 Zechariah is filled and prophesied and sang after the birth of John
Luke 3:22 The Spirit descends on Jesus like a dove and a voice from heaven
spoke thou art my beloved son, in thee I am well pleased.
Acts 2:4 The day of Pentecost, the disciples were filled with the Spirit and
spoke with other tongues. The house they were in was filled with a
noise like rushing wind and then tongues like fire appeared.
Acts 4:8 Peter and John are before the Sanhedrine for healing the paralytic
and preaching the name of Jesus. The Spirit fills Peter and gives him
the words to say.
Acts 4:31 Peter and John have been released and they return to the believers
and prayed that they would be strengthened to speak bodily and
they did. The place was shaken.
Acts 9:17 Ananias is being obedient to the Lord (only after questioning Him)
by going to lay hands on Saul so he may receive the Holy Spirit and
Acts 13:9 Saul is filled with the Holy Spirit so he can confront Elymas
Eph 5:18 Paul is giving instruction on being a Christian. He tells them not to
be wasteful or harm themselves by being drunk but rather to fill
themselves with the Spirit because it will cause us to love one
The promise of Pentecost.
The miracle of Pentecost. Acts 2:1-4
Luke attributes the disciples unusual behavior to the Holy Spirit filling them.
Text Persons # of people phenomenon
|Luke 1:15||John the Baptist||1||The Holy Spirit is going to fill him in his mothers womb|
|Luke 1:41||Elizabeth||3||Elizabeth filled with the Spirit as John the Baptist leaps|
|Luke 3:22||Jesus||many||Spirit descends like a dove God speaks|
|Acts 2:4||The believers||120||Sounds of violent wind, tongues as fire, filled with Holy Spirit|
|Acts 4:8||Peter||1||Spoke boldly and witnessed for Christ|
|Acts 4:31||Peter, John and believers||many||The place was shaken, filled with the Spirit and spoke boldly|
|Acts 9:17||Ananias and Paul||2||Paul's blindness is healed and he is filled with the Spirit|
|Acts 13:9||Paul||many||Paul sees into the heart of Elymas and pronounces God Judgment and Elymas becomes blind|
Conclusions: One conclusion I could draw from this chart is that when the Holy Spirit filled someone there was some kind of physical manifestation that took place. A second conclusion would be that when being filled with the Holy Spirit the manifestations caused the person being filled, to bring glory to the Lord. A third conclusion is that the Spirit causes people to choose their side, God's or the Satan's. A fourth is that there is no set way that the Holy Spirit works.
Peters Pentecost Interpretation (Acts 2:14-21)
Peter's Pentecost Application (Acts 2:37-39)
Peter had given his audience a threefold emphasis. He told the to repent, be
baptized in the name of Jesus, and receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. This speach begins a pattern used through out the rest of the book of Acts. Luke's account of Peters response keeps in accordance with his own account of what Jesus told the disciple in Luke 24:47. The scripture reads
"and that repentance for forgiveness of sins should be proclaimed in His
name to all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem" (NAS).
Peter does both, he tells them to repent and does this while in Jerusalem. The
second part of the three fold emphasis can be found in Matthew's account of the
Great Commission. Matthew 28:19-20 says
"Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age."(NAS)
In Matthew it says in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, but here in Acts 2:37-39 Peter tells them in the name of Jesus alone. This is not to say that this is the only name to which we are to be baptized under. It rather points to Jesus being our reason for forgiveness. In the Old Testament God required the slaying of animals for the covering of our sins. Just because Jesus, Gods son, comes along doesn't negate Gods requirement of sacrifice. But rather Jesus becomes that sacrifice once and for all. Therefor instead of just covering the sin, His blood shed in the sacrifice, wipes it away. So in actuality Peter is saying in Jesus name to signify that we must acknowledge Jesus as our sacrifice. The third emphasis Peter gives is receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. All major translations of the bible use the term the gift, not gifts. Peter is not telling us to receive the gifts but rather receive the better gift, the Holy Spirit Himself. The Spirit will give us the power needed to follow after the Life Jesus. This speech makes an argument, using the Hebrew scriptures and Jewish forms of interpretation in order to prove Jesus as the Christ. Luke shows us this throughout the book of Acts. (1, p187)
Pentecost and the Mosaic Tradition
Wind, fire and prophecy reflect an Old testament heritage when it comes to God's Spirit moving.
The Greek and Hebrew words for Spirit can also mean wind and breath. (2, p87)
With the use of the symbol of wind God is symbolizing regeneration that can only come from Him. We can see this in both the Old and New Testament. In Eze 37:1-14 the Lord brought to life the dry bones and In John 3:28 Jesus shows us the new birth in relation to the wind. As with fire it symbolizes judgment and/or the powerful presence of God. In the Old Testament, the burning bush represents the powerful presence of God. While in Luke 3:16-17, fire burns up the chaff representing Gods judgment. The notion of prophecy comes from an ancient Akkadian word "nabu" which means "to be called." So then to prophesy is to be a task that one could not avoid (6, p190 OT). Amos 3:8 states " the Lord God has spoken! Who can but prophesy?" (NAS). When the prophet spoke prophecy, God was demonstrating His love and concern for His people that he would take part in there lives through the foretelling of an event in hopes to push His people to be in a right relationship with Him. In the New testament the gift of the Holy Spirit is similar in nature to the Old Testament, but different because of His indwelling in the believer. The gift of the Spirit at Pentecost was in actuality the Spirit being able to indwell in the believers. To many times we often look at the manifestations and call them the gift. The Spirit is the actual gift that bring about different manifestations. In the instance of Pentecost, tongues was used to show that the Holy Spirit had come upon the believers. Again this is just one of many gifts that will prove the Holy Spirit is upon a believer. The phenomenon of the Spirit in filling the believer can be described in 5 ways. One way is clothed with power from on high, which we have already discussed extensively earlier. Another way to describe it is "filled with the Spirit," Acts 2:4 shows this. The third way we could describe the event is "baptized with the Spirit" (Acts 1:5). A fourth way is " the Holy Spirit fell on them" (Acts 11:15). The fifth way we could describe it with "being anointed with the Holy Spirit (Acts 10:38). From looking at the Old Testament I would have to say that all of these phrases come from the way the Spirit operated in the Old testament. The only difference is that in the New Testament the falling of the Spirit is not temporary in the life of the believer. It became a power that is available to the believer all the time.
The gift of the Spirit in Samaria. Acts 8:14-19
Lets say a friend comes to visit you at your home. When he knocks at the door you are busy in another room, so you yell
out "come in!" Your friend then comes inside your home, but you still haven't "received" him. Everyone can agree he has
not yet had the fellowship for which he came. Until you actually go to him and greet him, you have not really "received"
him into your home (3 p44)
The Holy Spirit is the same as this friend. We welcome Him into our hearts when we get saved. But we are in another
room, and its not until we go and greet Him that we have His power available to us.
The gift of the Spirit to Saul- Acts 9:17-18
In this portion of Acts Luke is emphasizing Gods call upon Paul's life. Paul had already come to grips with Jesus on the
Damascus road. Also after Paul was baptized with the Spirit the next thing he did, as recorded in the bible, was preach the
name of Jesus in the synagogue. So this would lead me to believe that Paul's in filling here is to lead him to his calling, to
the gentiles. Paul's call was to bring him to the Gentiles first, then to the Kings, the to the sons of Israel. The gentiles
received his message while the Kings just heard him and the sons of Israel rejected him and the message (2, p300). On
the other hand the disciples call went pretty much in the reverse order, but with the same results. In the end the gentiles
were the ones to accept the message the most.
The gift of the Spirit to the house of Cornelius. Acts 10:44-46
"Surely no one can refuse the water for these to be baptized who have received the Holy Spirit just as we
did, can he? And he ordered them to be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ " Acts 10:47-48 Nas
In other words, Peter was saying we have no right to refuse them to be baptized in water because the Holy Spirit
has already approved of them.
The gift of the Spirit to the disciples at Ephesus. Acts 19:1-7
Paul knows that all Christians have the Spirit (Romans 8:9) and he knows that in spite of their limited context of their faith
these disciples are Christians. His question regarding the Holy Spirit is a question regarding the empowerment of the Holy
Spirit. As we talked about in question number 6, the use of the Holy Spirit here is for empowerment after salvation.
Those who say that the baptism with the Spirit takes place at invitation, that it is only an objective initiation, and that it is
not necessarily, a subjective experience of the Spirit, are missing the point behind the description of the baptism with the
Spirit in the bible. (2, p508) Through out the New Testament the baptism of the Spirit happens separately from salvation.
Its like shaking a can of soda once you open it the power explodes outward. But it has to be opened up first.
The means of conferring the Holy Spirit
|Method||Dt 34:9||LK 3:21||Acts 1:14||Acts 4:31||Acts 8:15||Acts 10:44||Acts 19:4||Lk 1:41|
|Laying on of Hands||yes||no||no||no||no||no||yes||no|
I added two methods because the scriptures that have marks in them fall into his category. But judging from the table
prayer happens to be a key to receiving the Holy Spirit. It is not the only way but probably the most common way. I
would figure this to be because the attitude prayer puts us into. It causes us to recognize God, as God, being able to do
anything. This is a requirement for us to receive the Holy Spirit,
that we allow God to be God and do as He sees fit.
Conclusion/Application of study
While researching the scriptures and biblical tools my knowledge of the Holy Spirit has increased greatly. I have come to
believe that the Holy Spirit is not limited to our belief system, regardless if we agree with him or not. One thing that I see in
a different light is the Holy Spirit is not so much as just a gift giver, but one who will bring us to a deeper level of living for
the Lord. As I submit even more to Him, He continues to teach me new things and work through me in new ways that
some who are bound in religion might not accept. The baptism of Holy Spirit is not just something that I became to believe
in but it is something that I know is the truth because I have experienced it. But it is not my experience that validates the in
filling, its the examples in scripture that tell me what I experienced a while back was the Spirit's baptism. Another
observation I have noticed is that each time the Spirit falls the recprients have some kind of manifestation to prove that the
Spirit has been received. And no I'm not going to require tongues to be the sign. But rather one of the gifts of the Spirit,
and I would even go as far as saying that true love can be a sign 1 Cor 13:1-3. Even though it specifically does not say
love is a sign of the Spirit, Paul says the gift are worthless if he has not love. One other sign I could accept easily is the
bold witnessing of Jesus Christ. Just as the disciple were able to be bold, because of the Spirit, we to are able to be bold.
But what ever the manifestation the Spirit brings it will point to Jesus and that would be the true test. Does the Spirit point
to Jesus, if not then its time to leave.